ujbekistaan

O'zbekiston Respublikasi
Ўaaзaaбaaеaaкaaиaaсaaтaaоaaн Рaaеaaсaaпaaуaaбaaлaaиaaкaaаaaсaaи

ujbekistaan ganaraajya
dhvaj kul chinh
rajdhani
aur sabse badaa nagar
taashakand
41°a16′aN 69°a13′aE / 41.267°aN 69.217°aE / 41.267; 69.217
raajabhaasha(eain) ujbek
maanyata praapt kshetriya bhaashaayein kaaraakaalpak
Language for inter-ethnic
communication
roosi
nivaasi ujbekistaani
sarkaar adhyaksheeya ganaraajya
- raashtrapati islaam kareemov
- pradhaanamantri shaukat mirjiyoyev
svatantrata soviyt sangh se
- gathan 1747 1
- ujbek esaesaaar 27 October 1924
- ghoshana 1 September 1991
- maanyata 8 December 1991
- poorn 25 December 1991
kshetrafal
- kul 447,400 varg kilometer (56 vaan)
172,742 varg meal
- jal (%) 4.9
janasankhya
- 2009 janaganana 27,727,435 (45 vaan)
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2008 praakkalan
- kul $71.501 billion (-)
- prati vyakti $2,629 (-)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2013) Straight Line Steady.svg 0.661[1]
madhyam · 116vaaain
mudra ujbekistaani som (O'zbekiston so'mi) (UZS)
samay mandal UZT (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+5)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) aakalan naheen (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+5)
doorabhaash koot 998
Internet teeeladi .uz
bukhaariyn ameeraat, kokaand khanaate, [khvaarjem]].

Asia ke kendreeya bhaag mein sthit ek desh hai jo chaaro or se jameen se ghira hai. itna hi naheen, iske chahuaindish ke desh ki khud bhi samudra tak koi pahuainch naheen hai. iske uttar mein kajaakhistaan, poorab mein taajikistaan dakshin mein Turkmenistan aur afgaanistaan sthit hai. yeh 1991 tak soviyt sangh ka ek ghatak tha. ujbekistaan ke pramukh shaharon mein rajdhani taashakant ke alaava samarakand tatha bukhaara ka naam pramukhata se liya ja sakta hai. yahaaain ke mool nivaasi mukhyat: ujbek nasl ke hain, jo bolachaal mein ujbek bhaasha ka prayog karte hain.

anukram

itihaas

maanavavaas yahaaain par isa ke 2000 saal pehle se hai. aisa maana jaata hai ki aaj ke ujbekon ne vahaaain par pehle se base aaryon ko visthaapit kar diya. san 327 isaapoorv mein sikandar jab vishv vijay (jo vaastav mein faaras vijay se jyaada adhik naheen thi) par nikla to yahaaain use bahut pratirodh ka saamana karna pada. usane yahaaain ki Rajkumari roksaana se shaadi bhi ki par yuddh mein use bahut faayda naheen hua. sikandar ke baad Iran ke paarthiyn tatha saasaani saamraajya ka ang yeh aathaveen sadi tak raha. iske baad arabon ne khuraasaan par kabja kar liya aur kshetr mein islaam ka prachaar hua.

naunvi sadi mein yeh saamaani saamraajya ka ang bana. saamaaniyon ne paarasi dharm tyaagakar sunni islaam ko aatmasaat kiya. chaudahaveen sadi ke ant mein yeh tab mahatvapoorn kshetr ban gaya jab yahaaain taimoor lang ka udaya hua. taimoor ne madhya aur pashchimi Asia mein adbhut saflata pai. taimoor ne usmaan (otoman) samraat ko bhi hara diya tha. unneesaveen sadi mein yeh badhte hue roosi saamraajya aur 1924 mein soviyt sangh ka sadasya ka ang bana. 1991 mein isne soviyt sangh se aajaadi haasil ki.

praant aur vibhaag

ujbekistaan prashaasanik roop se 12 praanton aur ek svashaasit ganatantr mein banta hua hai. inke alaava rajdhani taashakant ko bhi ek svatantr shahar ka darja praapt hai. ujbek bhaasha mein praanton ko kai arab deshon aur afgaanistaan ki tarah vilaayat bulaaya jaata hai haalaanki iska ujbek uchchaaran 'viloyat' hai. sabhi praant aage jilon mein bante hue hain jinhein ujbek bhaasha mein 'tooman' kaha jaata hai. dhyaan dein ki yeh tooman shabd mangol bhaasha se liya gaya hai aur madhyakaaleen mangol saamraajya mein yeh sena ki ikaai hua karti thi. kul milaakar poore desh mein 160 tooman hain.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain