tulasi (paudha)

tulasi
Ocimum tenuiflorum2.jpg
vaigyaanik vargeekaran
jagat: paadap
(ashrenikrut) w:Asterids. ऍstarids
gan: w:Lamiales. laimiyels
kul: w:Lamiaceae. laimiyeshi
prajaati: w:Ocimum. osimm
jaati: O. tenuiflorum
dvipd naam
Ocimum tenuiflorum
L.
paryaaya

osimm sainktam

tulasi ka paudha

tulasi - (oseemam saiktam) ek dvibeejapatri tatha shaakeeya, aushadheeya paudha hai. yeh jhaadi ke roop mein ugata hai aur 1 se 3 foot ooaincha hota hai. iski pattiyaaain baingani aabha waali halke roeain se dhaki hoti hain. pattiyaaain 1 se 2 inch lambi sugandhit aur andaakaar ya aayataakaar hoti hain. pushp manjari ati komal evam 8 inch lambi aur bahurangi chhataaon waali hoti hai, jis par baingani aur gulaabi aabha vaale bahut chhote hrudayaakaar pushp chakron mein lagte hain. beej chapate peetavarn ke chhote kaale chihnon se yukt andaakaar hote hain. nae paudhe mukhya roop se varsha ritu mein ugate hai aur sheetakaal mein foolate hain. paudha saamaanya roop se do-teen varshon tak hara bana rahata hai. iske baad iski vruddhaavastha aa jaati hai. patte kam aur chhote ho jaate hain aur shaakhaaeain sookhi dikhaai deti hain. is samay use hataakar naya paudha lagaane ki aavashyakta prateet hoti hai.

anukram

prajaatiyaaain

tulasi ki saamaanyat: nimn prajaatiyaaain pai jaati hain:

1- oseemam American (kaali tulasi) gambheera ya maamari.
2- oseemam vesilikm (maruaa tulasi) munjariki ya murasa.
3- oseemam vesilikm minimm.
4- aaseemam gretisikm (Ram tulasi / van tulasi / aranyatulasi).
5- oseemam kilimndacherikm (karpoor tulasi).
6- oseemam saiktam tatha
7- oseemam viridi.

inmein oseemam saiktam ko pradhaan ya pavitra tulasi maana gaya jaata hai, iski bhi do pradhaan prajaatiyaaain hain- shri tulasi jiski pattiyaaain hari hoti hain tatha Krishna tulasi jiski pattiyaaain nilaabh-kuchh baingani rang liye hoti hain. shri tulasi ke patra tatha shaakhaaeain shvetaabh hote hain jabki Krishna tulasi ke patraadi Krishna rang ke hote hain. gun, dharm ki drushti se kaali tulasi ko hi shreshth maana gaya hai, parantu adhikaansh vidvaanon ka mat hai ki donon hi gunon mein samaan hain. tulasi ka paudha hindu dharm mein pavitra maana jaata hai aur log ise apne ghar ke aaaingan ya darvaaje par ya baag mein lagaate hain.[1] bhaarateeya sanskruti ke chir puraatan granth vedon mein bhi tulasi ke gunon evam usaki upayogita ka varnan milta hai.[2] iske atirikt ailopaithi, homiyopaithi aur yoonaani davaaon mein bhi tulasi ka kisi na kisi roop mein prayog kiya jaata hai.[3]

raasaayanik sanrachana

tulasi mein anek jaiv sakriya rasaayan paae gaye hain, jinmein trainin, saivonin, glaaikosaaid aur elkelaaids pramukh hain. abhi bhi poori tarah se inka vishleshan naheen ho paaya hai. pramukh sakriya tatv hain ek prakaar ka peela udnasheel tel jiski maatra sangathan sthaan va samay ke anusaar badalate rahate hain. 0.1 se 0.3 pratishat tak tel paaya jaana saamaanya baat hai. 'vailth of indiya' ke anusaar is tel mein lagbhag 71 pratishat yoojeenaul, bees pratishat yoojeenaul mithaail ithar tatha teen pratishat kaarvaakol hota hai. shri tulasi mein shyaama ki apeksha kuchh adhik tel hota hai tatha is tel ka saapekshik ghanatv bhi kuchh adhik hota hai. tel ke atirikt patron mein lagbhag 83 mileegraam pratishat vitaamin si evam 2.5 mileegraam pratishat kaireeteen hota hai. tulasi beejon mein hare peele rang ka tel lagbhag 17.8 pratishat ki maatra mein paaya jaata hai. iske ghatak hain kuchh seetosteraul, anekon vasa aml mukhyat: paamitik, steeyarik, olik, linolak aur linolik aml. tel ke alaava beejon mein shleshmak prachur maatra mein hota hai. is myusilej ke pramukh ghatak hain-pentos, hekja yooronik aml aur raakh. raakh lagbhag 0.2 pratishat hoti hai.[3]

tulasi ka aushadheeya mahatva

bhaarateeya sanskruti mein tulasi ko poojaneeya maana jaata hai, dhaarmik mahatva hone ke saath-saath tulasi aushadheeya gunon se bhi bharpoor hai. aayurved mein to tulasi ko uske aushadheeya gunon ke kaaran vishesh mahatva diya gaya hai. tulasi aisi aushadhi hai jo jyaadaatar beemaariyon mein kaam aati hai. iska upayog sardi-jukaam, khausi, dant rog aur shvaas sambandhi rog ke liye bahut hi faayademand maana jaata hai.[4] [5]

chitr deergha

sandarbh

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain