trilochan shaastri

vaasudev Singh trilochan
Trilochan.jpg
trilochan shaastri
upanaam: trilochan shaastri
janm: 20 August, 1917
sultaanapur, uttar pradesh, Bhaarat
mrutyu: 9 December, 2007
gaajiyaabaad, uttar pradesh, Bhaarat
kaaryakshetr:
raashtreeyata: bhaarateeya
bhaasha: hindi
kaal: aadhunik kaal
vidha: gadya aur padya
vishay: geet, navageet, kavita, kahaani, lekh
saahityik
aandolan
:
pragatisheel dhaara
yathaarthavaad


kavi trilochan ko hindi saahitya ki pragatisheel kaavyadhaara ka pramukh hastaakshar maana jaata hai. ve aadhunik hindi kavita ki pragatisheel trayi ke teen stambhon mein se ek the. is trayi ke anya do satanbh naagaarjun va shamasher bahaadur Singh the.[1]

anukram

jeevan parichay

uttar pradesh ke sultaanapur jile ke kathaghara chiraani patti mein jagaradev Singh ke ghar 20 August 1917 ko janme trilochan shaastri ka mool naam vaasudev Singh tha.[2] unhonne kaashi hindu vishvavidyaalaya se emae angreji ki evam Lahore se sanskrut mein shaastri ki upaadhi praapt ki thi.

uttar pradesh ke sultaanapur jile ke chhote se gaanv se banaaras vishvavidyaalaya tak apne safar mein unhonne darjanon pustakein likheen aur hindi saahitya ko samruddh kiya. shaastri baajaaravaad ke dhur virodhi the. haalaanki unhonne hindi mein prayogadharmita ka samarthan kiya. unka kehna tha, bhaasha mein jitne prayog honge vah utani hi samruddh hogi. shaastri ne hamesha hi navasrujan ko badhaava diya. vah nae lekhakon ke liye utprerak the. saagar ke muktibodh srajan peeth par bhi ve kuchh saal rahe.

9 December 2007 ko gaajiyaabaad mein unka nidhan ho gaya.[3]

kaaryakshetr

trilochan shaastri hindi ke atirikt arabi aur faarasi bhaashaaon ke nishnaat jnyaaata maane jaate the. patrakaarita ke kshetr mein bhi ve khaase sakriya rahe hai. unhonne prabhaakar, vaanar, hans, aaj, samaaj jaisi patra-patrikaaon ka sanpaadan kiya.

trilochan shaastri 1995 se 2001 tak jan sanskruti manch ke raashtreeya adhyaksh bhi rahe. iske alaava Varanasi ke jnyaaanamandal prakaashan sanstha mein bhi kaam karte rahe aur hindi va urdoo ke kai shabdakoshon ki yojana se bhi jude rahe. unhein hindi saunet ka saadhak maana jaata hai. unhonne is chhand ko bhaarateeya parivesh mein dhaala aur lagbhag 550 saunet ki rachana ki.[4] iske atirikt kahaani, geet, gjl aur aalochna se bhi unhonne hindi saahitya ko samruddh kiya. unka pehla kavita sangrah dharati 1945 mein prakaashit hua tha. gulaab aur bulabul, us janapad ka kavi hoon aur taap ke taae huye din unke charchit kavita sangrah the. digant aur dharati jaisi rachanaaon ko kalamabaddh karne vaale trilochan shaastri ke 17 kavita sangrah prakaashit hue.

samaalochana

trilochan ne bhaasha shaili aur vishyavastu sabhi mein apni alag chhaap chhodi. trilochan ne vahi likha jo kamzor ke paksh mein tha. vo mehanatakash aur dabe kuchale samaaj ki ek door se aati aavaaj the. unki kavita Bhaarat ke gram aur dehaat samaaj ke us nimn varg ko sambodhit thi jo kaheen daba tha kahi jag raha tha kaheen sankoch mein pada tha. us janapad ka kavi hoon
jo bhookha dookha hai
nanga hai anajaan hai kala naheen jaanta
kaisi hoti hai vah kya hai vah naheen maanata[5]

trilochan ne lok bhaasha avadhi aur praacheen sanskrut se prerana li, isliye unki vishishtata hindi kavita ki paramparaagat dhaara se judi hui hai. majedaar baat yeh hai ki apni parampara se itne najadeek se jude rahane ke kaaran hi unamein aadhunikta ki sundarata aur suvaas thi.

pragatisheel dhaara ke kavi hone ke kaaran trilochan maarksavaadi chetna se sampann kavi the, lekin is chetna ka upayog unhonne apne dhang se kiya. prakat roop mein unki kavitaaen vaam vichaaradhaara ke baare mein us tarah naheen kahateen, jis tarah naagaarjun ya kedaaranaath Agrawal ki kavitaaen kehti hain. trilochan ke bheetar vichaaron ko lekar koi badbolaapan bhi naheen tha. unke lekhan mein ek vishvaas har jagah tairata tha ki parivartan ki kraantikaari bhoomika janta hi nibhaaegi.[6]

vaise to unhonne geet, gajal, saunet, kundaliyaan, baravai, mukt chhand jaise kavita ke tamaam maadhyamon mein likha, lekin saunet (chatushpadi) ke kaaran vah jyaada jaane gaye. vah aadhunik hindi kavita mein saunet ke janmadaata the. hindi mein saunet ko vijaateeya maana jaata tha. lekin trilochan ne iska bhaarateeyakaran kiya. iske liye unhonne rola chhand ko aadhaar banaaya tatha bolachaal ki bhaasha aur laya ka prayog karte hue chatushpadi ko lokarang mein rangane ka kaam kiya. is chhand mein unhonne jitni rachanaaen keen, sambhavat: speinsar, miltan aur sheksapeeyar jaise kaviyon ne bhi naheen keen. saunet ke jitne bhi roop-bhed saahitya mein kiye gaye hain, un sabhi ko trilochan ne aajamaaya.[7]

puraskaar va sammaan

trilochan shaastri ko 1989-90 mein hindi academy ne shalaaka sammaan se sammaanit kiya tha. hindi saahitya mein utkrusht yogadaan ke liye unhe 'shaastri' aur 'saahitya ratn' jaise upaadhiyon se sammaanit kiya ja chuka hai. 1982 mein taap ke taae hue din ke liye unhein saahitya academy ka puraskaar bhi mila tha.[8] iske alaava unhein uttar pradesh hindi samiti puraskaar, hindi sansthaan sammaan, maithileesharan gupt sammaan, shalaaka sammaan, bhavaani prasaad mishr raashtreeya puraskaar, sulabh saahitya academy sammaan, bhaarateeya bhaasha parishad sammaan aadi se bhi sammaanit kiya gaya tha.[9]

prakaashit krutiyaaain

kavita sangrah-

  • dharati(1945),
  • gulaab aur bulabul(1956),
  • digant(1957),
  • taap ke taae hue din(1980),
  • shabd(1980),
  • us janapad ka kavi hooain (1981)
  • aradhaan (1984),
  • tumhein saunpata hooain(1985),
  • mera ghar,
  • chaiti,
  • anakahani bhi,
  • jeene ki kala(2004)

sanpaadit-

  • muktibodh ki kavitaaeain

kahaani sangrah-

  • deshakaal

daayari-

  • dainandini

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain