tokyo

tokyo preefekchar
Japani : 東aa京aa都
Tōakyō-to
Map of Japan with टोक्यो highlighted
rajdhani alaagoo
kshetr kaanto
dweep honshoo
raajyapaal shintaaro isheehaara
kshetrafal (shreni) 2,187.08 kimee² (45 vaan)
- % jal 1.0%
janasankhya (1 October 2007)
- janasankhya 1,27,90,000
(vishesh vaardo) mein 86,52,700) (pratham)
- ghanatv 5796 /kimee²
jile 1
nagarapaalikaaeain 62
ISO 3166-2 JP-13
website metro.tokyo.JP (Japani)
raashtreeya chinh
- pushp somei-yoshino chairi blausam
- vruksh jinkago vruksh (Ginkgo biloba)
- pakshi shyaam siri gal (Larus ridibundus)
टोक्यो महानगरीय चिह्न
mahaanagareeya chinh aur tokiyo ke do aadhikaarik chihnon mein se ek
saaainchavaartapaimaane ■ vikipriyojana Japan

tokyo (Japani: 東aa京, uchchaaran: toukyou) Japan ki rajdhani aur sabse bada nagar hai. yeh Japan ke honshoo dweep par basa hua hai aur iski janasankhya lagbhag 86 lakh hai, jabki tokyo kshetr mein 1.28 karod aur upanagareeya kshetron ko milaakar yahaaain anumaanit 3.7 karod log rahate hain jo ise duniya ka sabse adhik janasankhya wala mahaanagareeya kshetr banaata hai. tokyo lagbhag 80 kimi ke kshetr mein faila hua hai aur yeh kshetrafal ki drushti se bhi vishv ka sabse bada nagareeya kshetr hai.

tokyo vishv ke sabse viksit nagaron mein se ek hai. yeh Japan ki raajaneetik, aarthik aur saanskrutik gatividhiyon ka pramukh kendra hone ke saath-2 vishv ka ek pramukh aarthik kendra bhi hai. yeh vishv ki sabse badi mahaanagareeya arthavystha bhi hai jiska sakal ghareloo utpaad, kraya shakti ke aadhaar par 2005 mein 1,191 arab dollar tha. New York nagar aur London ke saath milkar yeh vishv arthavyastha ko sanchaalit karne wala engine hai aur ise alfa+ nagar ka darja praapt hai. vibhinn sansthaao dvaara karaae gaye sarvekshanon mein tokyo ko vishv ka lagaataar sabse mahainga mahanagar hone ka gaurav praapt hai.

anukram

naam

tokyo ko mool roop se ido ke naam se jaana jaata tha, jiska Japani mein arth hai muhaana. 1868 mein jab ise Japan ki rajdhani banaaya gaya to iska naam badalkar tokyo (toukyou: tou (poorv) + kyou (rajdhani)) kar diya gaya. aarambhik meiji kaal mein, is nagar ko "toukei" ke naam se bhi jaana jaata tha jo cheeni bhaasha mein likhe gaye shabd ke liye vaikalpik uchchaaran tha. bahut se puraane angreji dastaavejo mein abhi bhi "tokei" (Tokei) likha jaata hai lekin ab yeh aprachalit shabd hai aur "tokyo" shabd ka hi ab upayog kiya jaata hai.

itihaas

tokyo moolat: ek chhota machhali pakadne gaanv tha jo ido naamit kiya gaya tha.

ise pehli baar ido vanshaavali dvaara, uttarottar 12 veen shataabdi mein kilaabaddh kiya gaya tha.

1457 mein, ota dokaan ne ido kaisal banaaya. 1590 mein, tokugaava iyaasu ne ido ko apna aadhaar banaaya aur jab vah 1603 mein shogun ban gaya, to nagar desh mein sainik shaasan ka kendra ban gaya. baad mein pashchaadgaami ido avadhi ke dauraan, ido 18 veen sadi mein 10 lakh ki janasankhya ke saath duniya ke sabse bade nagaron mein se ek ban gaya.


prashaasanik prabhaag


23 vishesh ward

mukhya lekh: tokyo ke vishesh ward

vishesh ward ya tokoobetsoo-koo, tokyo ke ve kshetr hain jo pehle aupachaarik roop se tokyo nagar tha. 1 July, 1943 ko, tokyo nagar ko tokyo preefekchar ke saath mila diya gaya jo vartamaan "mahanagar preefekchar" bana. parinaamasvaroop, Japan mein anya nagar wardon se alag, ye ward kisi vishaal mahanagar ka bhaag naheen hain. pratyek ward ek nagarapaalika hai jiska swayam ka chayanit mahaapaur aur vidhaanasabha hoti hai. tokyo ke vishesh ward hain:

  • adaachi
  • araakaava
  • boonkyo
  • chiyoda
  • chooo
  • idogaava
  • itaabaashi
  • kaatsooshika
  • kita
  • koto
  • megooro
  • minaato
  • naakaano
  • nerima
  • ota
  • setaagaaya
  • shibooya
  • shinaagaava
  • shinjookoo
  • sooginaami
  • soomida
  • taaito
  • toshima

jalavaayu aur bhookamp vigyaan


janasaankhyiki

tokyo ki janasankhya[1]
kshetrafalaanusaar1

tokyo
vishesh ward
taama kshetr
dweep

1.279 karod
86.53 lakh
41.09 lakh
28,000

aayu anusaar2

tarun (aayu 0-14)
kaaryasheel (aayu 15-64)
sevaanivrut (aayu 65+)

14.61 lakh (11.8%)
85.46 lakh (69.3%)
23.32 lakh (18.9%)

ghante anusaar3

dopahar
raatri

1.4978 karod
1.2416 karod

raashtreeyataanusaar

videshi nivaasi

3,64,6534

1 1 October 2007 tak ka anumaan.

2 1 January 2007 tak ka.

3 2005 ki raashtreeya janaganana tak ka.

4 1 January 2006 tak ka.

October 2007 tak, aadhikaarik antarajanagananeeya anumaano ke aadhaar par tokyo mein 1.279 karod log nivaas karte hain, jinmein se 86.53 lakh tokyo ke 23 wardon mein nivaas karte hain. dopahar ke samay, janasankhya mein lagbhag 25 lakh ki vruddhi ho jaati hai kyonki karmik aur vidyaarthi aaspaas ke kshetron se tokyo mein aate hain. yeh sthiti teen kendreeya wardon chiyoda, chooo aur minaato mein aur adhik spasht hoti hai, jinki 2005 ki raashtreeya janaganana ke anusaar saamoohik janasankhya raatri ke samay 3,26,00 hoti thi, par dopahar ke samay 24 lakh tak pahuainch jaati thi.

samooche prifekchar mein 2007 mein 1,27,90,000 (23 wardon mein 86,53,000) nivaasi the, jismein dopahar ke samay 30 lakh ki vruddhi hoti thi. tokyo ki ab tak ki sarvaadhik janasankhya 1965 ki janaganana mein thi, jab 23 wardon ki aadhikaarik janasankhya 88,93,094 thi aur 1995 ki janaganana mein yeh sankhya 80 lakh se neeche chali gayi.[krupaya uddharan jodein] lekin uske baad se log bhoomi ke daam girne ke kaaran nagar ke bheetari bhaag mein basate rahe.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

2005 tak, tokyo me rahane vaale videshiyon mein sarvaadhik janasankhya cheeneeyon (1,23,661) ki hai, fir Koreai (1,06,697), filipeeno (31,077), ameriki (18,848), british (7,696), braajeeliyaai (5,300) aur fraanseesi (3,000)[2].

1889 ki janaganana mein [tathya vaanchhit], tokyo mein 13,89,600 log darj kiye gaye the, jo us samay Japan mein sarvaadhik the.

arthavyavastha

tokyo share baajaar

tokyo, vishv arthavyavastha ka sanyachaalan karne vaale teen kendron mein se ek hai, anya do hain London aur New York. tokyo vishv ki sabse badi mahaanagareeya arthavyavastha bhi hai. praaisavautarahaausakoopars dvaara karaae gaye ek sarvekshan ke anusaar tokyo nagareeya kshetr (3.52 karod) ka kul sakal ghareloo utpaad varsh 2008 mein kraya shakti ke aadhaar par 1,479 arab ameriki dollar tha jo soochi mein sarvaadhik tha. 2008 ki sthiti tak, global 500 mein soocheebaddh samavaayon mein se 47 ke mukhyaalaya tokyo mein sthit hain, jo doosare sthaan ke nagar pairis se lagbhag dogune hain.

tokyo, vishv ka ek pramukh vitteeya kendra bhi hai, jahaaain par vishv ke sabse bade nivesh bainko aur beema samavaayon ke mukhyaalaya sthit hain aur yeh nagar Japan ke parivhan, prakaashan aur prasaaran udyogon ka ek pramukh kendra bhi hai. dviteeya vishv yuddh ke pashchaat Japan ki kendreeyakrut vruddhi ke dauraan, bahut se vyavasaaya-sangh apne mukhyaalaya osaaka se tokyo le gaye taaki sarkaar tak uttamatar pahuainch ho sake. lekin tokyo mein badhti janasankhya aur mahainge jeevan star ke kaaran ab is chalan mein kami aane lagi hai.

ikaunamist intelijens unit dvaara tokyo ko vishv ke sabse mahainge nagar ke roop mein moolyaankit kiya jo lagaataar 14 varshon tak jaari raha aur 2006 mein jaakar samaapt hua. yeh vishleshan nigmeeya kaaryakaari jeevan shaili ke liye tha, jismein asanlagn ghar aur bahut se vaahanon jaise madon ko sammilit kiya gaya tha.

tokyo share baajaar, Japan ka sabse bada share baajaar hai aur baajaari pooainjeekaran ke aadhaar par vishv mein doosra sabse bada aur share bikri ke aadhaar par chautha sabse bada. 1990 ke ant mein Japani parisanpatti moolya gubaar ke samay iski vishv stock baajaar nidhi mein 60% ki bhaageedaari thi.

parivhan

tokyon, vruhadatar tokyon kshetr ka kendra hone ke kaaran, Japan ka sabse bada ghareloo aur antarraashtreeya rel, vaayu aur bhootaleeya parivhan ka kendra- bindoo hai. tokyo ka saarvajanik parivhan saaf-suthare aur kushal trainon aur bhoomigat relon ka vishaal tantr hai jo vibhinn sanchaalakon dvaara sanchaalit kiya jaata hai, jismein basein, monorel aur traamein gaun aur sahaayak parivhan ki bhoomika mein hai.

ota ke bheetar, jo 23 vishesh wardon mein se ek hai, sthit tokyon antarraashtreeya havaai adda ("haaneda") ghareloo vimaan seva pradaan karta hai, jabki cheeba preifekchar mein sthit narita antarraashtreeya havaai adda, Japan aane vaale yaatriyon ke liye Japan ka praveshadvaar hai.

tokyo metro maarg ka maanachitr

relein, tokyo mein parivhan ka pramukh saadhan hain aur tokyo ka rel tantr vishv ka sabse vishaal mahaanagareeya rel tantr hai aur satahi maargon ka bhi itna hi vishaal tantr hai. jeaar East, tokyo ke sabse bade rel tantr ka sanchaalan karta hai, jismein yaamaanote loop line bhi sammilit hai jo daaunataaun tokyo ke kendra ka chakkar lagaati hai. do sangathan bhoomigat tantr ka sanchaalan karte hain: niji tokyo metro aur sarkaari tokyon mahanagar parivhan bureau. mahaanagareeya sarkaar aur niji vaahak bas maargon ko sanchaalit karte hai. sthaaneeya, kshetreeya aur raashtreeya sevaaen vishaal relamaarg stationon par sthit pramukh terminalon par se upalabdh hain.

ekspes-maarg rajdhani ko vruhadtar tokyo kshetr ke anya binduon se jodte hain, jaise kaanto kshetr aur kyushu aur shikokoo dweep.

anya parivhan ke saadhan hai teksiyaan jo vishesh wardon aur nagaro aur kasbon mein sevaaen pradaan karti hain. lambi doori ki naukaaen tokyo ke dveepon par sevaaen pradaan karti hai aur yaatriyon aur kaargo (saamaan) ko ghareloo aur videshi bandaragaahon tak laati-le jaati hain.

shiksha

tokyo mein bahut se vishvavidyaalaya, junior college aur vokeshnal school hain. Japan ke bahut se naami vishvavidyaalayon mein se kai tokyo mein sthit hain, jinmein tokyo vishvavidyaalaya, hitotsoobaashi vishvavidyaalaya, tokyo praudyogiki sansthaan, vaaseeda vishvavidyaalaya aur keeo vishvavidyaalaya sammilit hain. sarvaadhik bade raashtreeya vishvavidyaalayon mein se tokyon mein nimnalikhit sthit hai:

  • ochaanomijoo vishvavidyaalaya
  • vaidyut-sanyachaar vishvavidyaalaya
  • tokyo vishvavidyaalaya
  • tokyo aayurvigyaan aur dant vishvavidyaalaya
  • tokyo videshi shiksha vishvavidyaalaya
  • tokyo samudri vigyaan aur praudyogiki vishvavidyaalaya
  • tokyo gaakoojei vishvavidyaalaya
  • tokyo kala vishvavidyaalaya
  • tokyo praudyogiki sansthaan
  • tokyon krushi evain praudyogiki vishvavidyaalaya
  • hitotsoobaashi vishvavidyaalaya

khelakood

tokyo mein vividh prakaar ke khel khele jaate hain aur yeh do peshevar besabaul clubon ka ghar hai, yomiyoori jaayants jo tokyo dom mein khelte hain aur tokyo yaakult svailoj jo meijei-jingoo stadium mein khelte hain. Japan soomo sangh ka mukhyaalaya bhi tokyo mein ryogokoo kokoojikn soomo ereena mein sthit hai jahaaain par teen vaarshik aadhikaarik soomo pratiyogitaaeain aayojit ki jaati hain (January, May aur September). tokyo ke football club hain ef. si. tokyo aur tokyo verdi 1969 aur donon hi ajinomoto stadium, chofoo mein khelte hain.

tokyo ne 1964 greeshmakaaleen olympic ki mejbaani ki thi. naishnal stadium, jise olanpik stadium, tokyo ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai mein bahut si antarraashtreeya khel pratiyogitaaon ka aayojan kiya jaata hai. tokyo ke bahut se vishv-stareeya khel sthalon mein bahut si raashtreeya aur antarraashtreeya khel pratiyogitaaon ka aayojan kiya jaata hai jaise tennis, tairaaki, marathon, joodo, karaate, ityaadi.

sanskruti


paryatan sthal

tokyo ke paryatan sthal nimnalikhit hain:

shaahi mahal

shaahi mahal Japan ke raaja ka aadhikaarik nivaas hai. is mahal mein Japani paranparaaon ko dekha ja sakta hai. mahal mein bahut se suraksha bhavan aur daravaajein hain. yahaan ki sabse prasiddh jagahon mein se kuchh hain- East garden, plaaja aur nijubaashi pul. yeh mahal samraat ke janmadin ke din janta ke liye khola jaata hai.

tokyo tower

is tower ka nirmaan 1958 mein hua tha. 333 meter ooncha yeh tower efil tower se bhi 13 meter ooncha hai. yahaan par do vedhashaalaaen hain jahaaain se tokyo ka drushya dekha ja sakta hai. saaf mausam mein yahaan se mount fyooji bhi dikhta hai. mukhya vedhashaala 150 meter oonchi hai aur vishesh vedhashaala 250 meter oonchi hai. is tower ke andar tokyo tower mom sangrahaalaya, rahasmaya paidal kshetr aur hastalaaghav kala galiyaara bhi hai.

asaakusa shraain

dantakathaaon ke anusaar saikadon varsh pehle hirokuma bandhuon ke machhali pakadne ke jaal mein kainan ki pratima fans gayi. tab gaanv ke mukhiya ne vahaan pratima ki sthaapana ki. in teen logon ko samarpit asaakusa shraain ki sthaapana 1649 mein hui thi. iske baad is mandir ka ek upanaam sanja-sama pada. yeh tokyo ka sabse pramukh mandir hai. May ke maheene mein yahaan sanja utsav bhi manaaya jaata hai.

meeji jingoo shraain

yeh mandir shinto vaastukala ka uttam namoona hai. iska nirmaan 1920 mein yahaan ke shaasak meeji (1912) ki smruti mein kiya gaya tha. 72 haikteyar mein faile pedon aur meeji jingoo park ki Japani vanaspatiyon se ghira yeh sthaan Japani ki sabse sundar aur pavitra jagahon mein se ek hai.

ameyoko

ameyoko mein jooton se lekar kapadon tak, har prakaar ki upabhokta vastu khareedi ja sakti hain. baalon par lagaane waali kreem ho ya chhatari yahaan sab kuchh milta hai. yeh baajaar ueno station ke paas hai isliye yahaan aane vaale log is baajaar mein aana pasand karte hain. yadi aap Japan ke kaamkaaji logon ko nikat se dekhna chaahate hain aur adbhut cheejein kam daam par khareedna chaahate hain to yeh jagah bilkul upayukt hai.

indradhanushi pul

is anokhe naam ka kaaran is pul par raat ko jalne waali rangabirangi roshani hain. yeh pul mintoku aur odaiba ko jodta hai. yahaan par aath yaataayaat len aur do relamaarag hain. paidal chalne vaalon ke liye bhi raasta hai. yeh pul 1993 mein chaaloo kiya gaya tha. is pul ki sundarata ko dekhne ka ek anya upaaya hai monoral, jo shimbaashi se chalti hai. iske atirikt hinok peeyar se asaakusa ke beech krooj se yaatra karke iski sundarata ko nihaara ja sakta hai.

samay: subah 9 baje se raat 9 baje tak, April se October: subah 10 baje se shaam 6 baje tak

maheene ke teesar somvaar aur raashtreeya avakaash ke din band

toshogu mandir

is mandir ka mukhya aakarshan patthar ki bani 50 vishaal laalaten hain. inmein se kai saamanti daason dvaara daan ki gayi theen. yahaan ka mukhya bhavan jiska nirmaan 1651 mein hua tha, sone se bani thi. ise banaane ka shreya teesar shogum imeetsu tokugaava ko jaata hai. yeh mandir Japan ki raashtreeya sanpada ka bhaag hai.

soomo sangrahaalaya

soomo rasaling Japan ka sabse prasiddh khel hai. is sangrahaalaya mein samaaroh ke dauraan pehle jaane vaale kapadon, soomo vastron, raifari ke paidalon ko pradarshit kiya gaya hai aur prasiddh rasalaron ke baar mein bataaya gaya hai. yeh sangrahaalaya national soomo stadium ke saath bana hai.

ginja

ginja Japan ka aur kadaachit Asia ka sabse achha aur bhavya shopping area hai. duniya bhar ke prasiddh braind store yahaan mil jaaenge. mitsukoshi, matsuya aur matsujakaaya dipaartameintal store yahaan hain, saath hi yaamaha myoojik shaup aur sabse mashahoor kausmetiks sheesedo bhi yahaan hain. ginja kaaryaalaya mein kaam karne vaalon se lekar vidyaarthiyon tak ko pasand aata hai. yahaan par madira, paani aur khaana khaane ki kai jagahein mil jaaengi. inmein saadhaaran aur mahangi donon tarah ke sthaan sammilit hain.

national myoojiym of western Art

yeh sangrahaalaya paryatakon ke beech bahut ki prasiddh hai kyonki yahaan sudoor poorv mein pashchimi kala ka aadhuniktam sangrah hai. is sangrah ke peechhe ka itihaas bahut rochak hai. sain fraansisko shaanti samakshaute mein kaha gaya ki kojiro matsukaata sangrah jo dviteeya vishvayuddh ke samay fraans ke paas chala gaya tha, ab France ki sampatti hoga. baad mein France sarkaar ne yeh sangrah Japan ko vaapas kar diya. yeh sangrahaalaya 1959 mein khula tha.

kul milaakar dekhein to yeh shahar aadhunikta aur paranparaao ka ek anupam udaaharan hai. atyaadhunik mahanagar hote hue bhi isne apni paranparaaon ko chhoda naheen hai. yahaan aapko Japan ki unnati dikhaai degi, to saath hi iski sanskruti bhi.

nagar drushyaavali

mount fooji ka vihangam drushya
tokyo impeeriyl pailes ka vihangam drushya
tokyo impeeriyl mahal mein sakoora

bhagini nagar

tokyo ke gyaarah bhagini nagar hain:[3]

iske atirikt, tokyo ka London, sanyukt raajashaahi ke saath ek "bhaageedaari" samjhauta bhi hai.[3]

yeh bhi dekhein

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain