tithiyaaain

hindu kaal ganana ke anusaar maas mein 30 tithiyaaain hoteen hain, jo do pakshon mein banteen hoti hain. chandr maas ek amaavasya ke ant se shuru hokar doosare amaavasya ke ant tak rahata hai. amaavasya ke din soorya aur chandr ka bhaugaansh baraabar hota hai. in donon grahon ke bhongaash mein antar ka badhana hi tithi ko janm deta hai. tithi ki ganana nimn prakaar se ki jaati hai.

tithi = chandr ka bhogaansh - soorya ka bhogaansh / (Divide) 12.

ye 1-14 tak tithiyon ko nimn kehte hain:-

mool naam tadbhv naam
poornima pooranamaasi
pratipda padva
dviteeya dooj
truteeya teej
chaturthi chauth
panchami panchami
shashthi chhath
saptami saatein
ashtami aathein
navami naumi
dashami dasami
ekaadashi gyaaras
dvaadashi baaras
trayodashi teras
chaturdashi chaudas
amaavasya amaavas


hamaare parv-tyohaar hindi tithiyon ke anusaar hi hote hain, iske peechhe ek vishesh kaaran hai. parv-tyohaaron mein kisi vishesh devata ki pooja ki jaati hai. at: svaabhaavik hai ki ve jis tithi ke adhipti hon, usi tithi mein unki pooja ho. yahi kaaran hai ki us vishesh tithi ko hi us vishisht devata ki pooja ki jaae. tithiyon ke svaami sambandhi varnan nimn hai :

  1. pratipda- agnayaadi devon ka utthaan parv kaartik shukl paksh ki pratipda ko hota hai. agni se sambandhit kuchh aur vishesh parv pratipda ko hi hote hain.
  2. dviteeya- prajaapati ka vrat prajaapati dviteeya isi tithi ko hota hai.
  3. truteeya- chooainki Gauri iski svaamini hai, at: unka sabse mahatvapoorn vrat haritaalika teej bhaadrapad shukl paksh ki truteeya ko hi mahilaaeain karti hain.
  4. chaturthi- ganesh ya vinaayak chaturthi sarvatr vikhyaat hai. yeh isliye chaturthi ko hi hoti hai, kyonki chaturthi ke devata ganesh hain.
  5. panchami- panchami ke devata naag hain, at: shraavan mein Krishna paksh aur shukl paksh ki donon chaturthi ko naagon tatha manasa (naagon ki maata) ki pooja hoti hai.
  6. shashthi- svaami kaartik ki pooja shashthi ko hoti hai.
  7. saptami- desh-videsh mein manaaya jaane wala sarvapriya tyohaar pratihaar shashthi vrat (daalaachhath) yadyapi shashthi aur svaami donon din manaaya jaata hai, kintu iski pradhaan pooja (aur udayakaaleen sooryaarghadaan) saptami mein hi kiya jaata hai. chhath parv ke nirnaya mein saptami pradhaan hoti hai aur shashthi gaun. yahaaain jnyaaatavya hai ki saptami ke devata soorya hain.

vastut: saayankaaleen arghya mein ham soorya ke tejapunj (savita) ki aaraadhana karte hain, jinhein 'chhathamaai' ke naam se sambodhit karke unhein praat:kaaleen arghya grahan karne ke liye nimantrit kiya jaata hai, jise graameen anchalon mein 'nyotan' kaha jaata hai, pun: praat:kaaleen soorya ko 'deenaanaath' se sambodhit kiya jaata hai.

sandarbh