tiruvanantapuram

tiruvanantapuram
തaaിaaരaaുaaവaaനaaനaa്aaതaaപaaുaaരaaം
capital
केरल विधान सभा की ओर दृश्य
Kerala vidhaan sabha ki or drushya
samay mandal: aaiesati (yooteesi+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Kerala
jila tiruvanantapuram
mahaapaur si.jayan babu
janasankhya
ghanatv
7,44,739 (2001 tak )
• 5,284 /kimi2 (13,685 /varg meal)
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)
141.74 ki.mee² (55 varg meal)
• 5 meter (16 fee॰)
mausam
varsha
Am (kaupen)
1,700 mm (66.9 in)
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: trivandrum.nic.in

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 8°a29′a15″aN 76°a57′a07″aE / 8.4874°aN 76.952°aE / 8.4874; 76.952

tiruvanantapuram (malayalam - തaaിaaരaaുaaവaaനaaനaa്aaതaaപaaുaaരaaം) ya trivendram Kerala praant ki rajdhani hai. yeh nagar tiruvanantapuram jile ka mukhyaalaya bhi hai. Kerala ki raajaneeti ke alaava shaikshanik vyavastha ka kendra bhi yahi hai. kai shaikshanik sansthaanon mein vikram saaraabhaai antariksh kendra, Rajiv Gandhi jaiv praudyogiki kendra kuchh prasiddh naamon mein se hain. Bhaarat ki mukhya bhoomi ke sudoor dakshini pashchimi tat par base is nagar ko mahaatma Gandhi ne Bhaarat ka sadaabahaar nagar ki sanjnyaa di thi.

anukram

naam

tiruvanantapuram ka sandhivichhed hai: tiruvanantapuram = tiru+ anant+ puram

ponamudi parvat

tiru ek dakshin bhaarateeya aadarasoochak aadyaakshar hai (jaise ki - tiruchiraapalli,tirupati,tiruvalluvar) jiska hindi samaanaantar hai shri (jaise - shreemaan, shreekaakulam, shreenagar, shreevishnu ityaadi). anant Bhagwan anant ke liye hai tatha sanskrut shabd puram ka arth hai ghar, vaasasthaan.

iska shaabdik arth hota hai Bhagwan anant ka vaasasthaan. Bhagwan anant, hindu maanyataaon ke anusaar, sheshanaag hain jinpar Bhagwan vishnu ka viraajate hain. yahaan ka shri padmanaabhasvaami mandir, jahaan Bhagwan vishnu sheshanaag ji par aaraam ki mudra mein baithe hain, nagar ki pehchaan ban gaya hai.

angrejo ke shaasan ke dauraan ise trivendram ke naam se bhi jaana jaata tha. 1991 mein raajya sarkaar ne iska naam badalkar tiruanantapuram kar diya. hanlaanki ab bhi trivendram naam bahut prayukt hota hai.

hindi vartani

hindi mein ise in vartaniyon mein bhi likha jaata hai - tiruvanantapuram ya tiruvanantapuram ya tiruanantapuram.

hindi (tatha anya bhaarateeya bhaashaaon) mein sandhi ke anusaar tiru+anant = tiruvanant. isliye ise tiruvanantapuram likhte hain.

halant () lagaane ka kaaran uchchaaran hai. hindi (tatha uttar bhaarateeya bhaashaaon) mein, antim akshar mein, bina likhe halant hone ka prachalan hai. masalan, ganit ka uchchaaran ganit ki tarah hi hota hai. hamein shabd ke ant mein halant lagaane ki aavashyakta naheen padti kyonki ye maana hua hota hai ki shabd ke ant mein ek halant laga hota hai. par dakshin bhaarateeya bhaashaaon mein halant lagaana padta hai. at: tiruanantapuram (ya tiruvanantapuram) ke naam ka yadi malayalam se lipyaanuvaad kiya jaae to yeh tiruanantapuram (ya tiruvanantapuram) hota hai. hindi mein halant lagaane ki aavashyakta to naheen hai par chunki ye naam dakshin bhaarateeya hai isliye ismein halant laga liya jaata hai. iske atirikt kuchh log hrasv ukaar (u) ke badle deergh ookaar (oo), yaani ki tiruanantapuram (ya tiruvanantapuram) ke sthaan par tirooanantapuram (ya tiroovanantapuram), ka prayog bhi karte hain jo lipyaantaran tatha uchchaaran dono ki drushti se ashuddh hai.

dakshin bhaarateeya bhaashaaon mein t ke svar ko angreji mein Th se likha jaata hai, kyonki ise T likhne se (jo uttar Bhaarat mein kiya jaata hai), t ki maatra ke saath vibhed naheen ho paata hai. par kai log is angreji ke shabd ka hindi mein lipyaantar karte samay ise "thiruanantapuram" likhte hai lekin yeh galat hai.

itihaas

Kerala ki rajdhani tiruvanantapuram ko triveindram ke naam se bhi pukaara jaata hai. devataaon ki nagari ke naam se mashahoor is shahar ko mahaatma Gandhi ne sadaabahaar shahar ki sanjnyaa di thi. is shahar ka naam sheshanaag anant ke naam par pada jinke oopar padmanaabhasvaami (Bhagwan vishnu) vishraam karte hain. tiruvanantapuram, ek praacheen nagar hai jiska itihaas 1000 isa poorv se shuru hota hai. traavanakor ke sansthaapak maratadavarma ne tiruvanantapuram ko apni rajdhani banaaya jo unki mrutyu ke baad bhi bani rahi.

aajaadi ke baad yeh traavanakor- kocheen ki rajdhani bani. 1956 mein Kerala raajya ke banane ke baad se yeh Kerala ki rajdhani hai. pashchimi ghaat par sthit yeh nagar praacheen kaal se hi ek pramukh saanskrutik kendra raha hai. tiruvanantapuram ki sabse badi pehchaan shri padmanaabhasvaami ka mandir hai jo kareeb 2000 saal puraana hai. antarraashtreeya havaai adda banane ke baad se yeh shahar ek pramukh paryatak aur vyavasaayik kendra ke roop mein sthaapit hua hai. iski samruddh saanskrutik dharohar aur khoobsoorat taton se aakarshit hokar prativrsh hajaaron paryatak yahaan kheechein chale aate hain.

bhaugolik dasha

tiruvanantapuram Bhaarat ke Kerala raajya ke dakshin-pashchimi tat par 8°a30′aN 76°a54′aE / 8.5°aN 76.9°aE / 8.5; 76.9 par sthit hai. iski oonchaai samudra tal se 16 feet hai, evam iska kshetrafal arab saagar evam pashchimi ghaat ke beech 250 varg ki॰mee॰ hai.

mausam

tiruvanantapuram
jalavaayu saarani (vyaakhya)
j f ma a m joo ju a si a na di
26
29
23
21
29
23
33
31
24
125
31
25
202
29
24
306
28
24
175
28
24
152
28
24
179
29
24
223
29
24
206
29
24
65
29
23
ausat adhiktam evam nyoonatam taapamaan (°ase.)
kul varsha (mi.mi)
srot: Weather Underground

mukhya aakarshan

shri padmanaabhasvaami mandir

yeh mandir Bhaarat ke sabse pramukh vaishnav mandiron mein se ek hai tatha tiruvanantapuram ka aitihaasik sthal hai. poorvi kile ke andar sthit is mandir ka parisar bahut vishaal hai jiska ehsaas iska saat manjila gopuram dekhkar ho jaata hai. Kerala aur dravi‍adiyn vaastushilp mein nirmit yeh mandir dakshin bhaarateeya vaastukala ka ut‍aakrush‍aat udaaharan hai. padma teertham, pavitra kund, kulashekar mandap aur navaraatri mandap is mandir ko aur bhi aakarshak banaate hain. 260 saal puraane is mandir mein keval hindu hi pravesh kar sakte hain. purush keval safed dhoti pahan kar yahaan aa sakte hain. is mandir ka niyantran traavanakor shaahi parivaar dvaara kiya jaata hai. is mandir mein do vaarshikotsav manaae jaate hain- ek pankuni ke maheene (15 March-14 April) mein aur doosra aippasi ke maheene (October-November) mein. in samaarohon mein hajaaron ki sankhya mein shraddhaalu bhaag lete hain.

tiruvanantapuram vedhashaala

yeh vedhashaala tiruvanantapuram ke sangrahaalaya parisar mein sthit hai. mahaaraaja svaati tirul ne 1837 mein iska nirmaan karavaaya tha. yeh Bhaarat ki sabse puraani vedhashaalaaon mein se ek hai. yahaan aap antariksh se judi saari jaankaari praap‍aat kar sakte hai. pahaadi ke saamane ek khoobsoorat bageecha hai jahaan gulaab ke foolon ka behatareen sangrah hai. vartamaan mein iski dekharekh bhautiki vibhaag, Kerala vishvavidyaalaya dvaara ki jaati hai.

chidiyaaghar

vijinjam pattan

pi.M.ji. jankshan ke paas sthit yeh chidiyaaghar Bhaarat ka doosra sabse puraana chidiyaaghar hai. 55 ekad mein faila yeh jaivik udyaan vanaspati udyaan ka hissa hai. iska nirmaan 1857 E. mein traavanakor ke mahaaraaja dvaara banaae gaye sangrahaalaya ke ek bhaag ke roop mein hua tha. yahaan deshi-videshi vanaspati aur jantuon ka sangrah hai. yahaan aane par aisa lagta hai jaise ki shahar ke beechon beech ek jungle basa ho. raiptaail house mein saanpon ki anek prajaatiyaan rakhi gayi hain. is chidiyaaghar mein neelagiri langoor, bhaarateeya gainda, Asiaee sher aur royal Bengal tiger bhi aapko dikh jaaegein. samay: subah 10-shaam 5 baje tak, somvaar ko band

vaaijinjaam

chandrashekhar naiyar football stadium

tiruvanantapuram se17 kimi. door vaaijinjaam machhuaaron ka gaanv hai jo ayurvedik chikitsa aur beech rijaurt ke liye prasiddh hai. vaaijinjaam ka ek anya aakarshan chattaan ko kaat kar banaai gayi gufa hai jahaan vinandhara dakshinmoorti ka ek mandir hai. is mandir mein 18veen shataabdi mein chattaanon ko kaatkar banaai gayi pratimaaen rakhi gayi hain. mandir ke baahar Bhagwan Shiv aur devi paarvati ki ardhanirmit pratima sthaapit hai. vaaijinjaam mein maireen ekvairiym bhi hai jahaan rangabirangi aur aakarshak machhaliyaan jaise klaaun fish, skviril fish, laayan fish, bataraflaai fish, trigr fish rakhi gayi hain. iske alaava aap yahaan sarjian fish aur shaark jaisi shikaari machhaliyaan bhi dekh sakte hain. samay: subah 9 baje- raat 8 baje tak doorabhaash: 0471-2480224

kanakakunnu mahal

nepiar sangrahaalaya se 800 mi. uttar poorv mein sthit yeh mahal Kerala sarkaar se sanbanddh hai. ek chhoti-si pahaadi par bane is mahal ka nirmaan shri moolam tirunal raaja ke shaasan kaal mein hua tha. is mahal ki aantarik sajaavat ke liye khoobsoorat deepadaanon aur shaahi furniture ka prayog kiya gaya hai. yahaan sthit nishaagandhi open air oditoriam aur sooryakaanti oditoriam mein anek saanskrutik sammelanon aur kaaryakramon ka aayojan kiya jaata hai. paryatan vibhaag nishaagandhi open air oditoriam mein prativrsh akhil bhaarateeya nrutyotsav ka aayojan karta hai. is dauraan jaanemaane kalaakaar bhaarateeya shaastreeya sangeet ka kaaryakram prastut karte hain.

nepiyr sangrahaalaya

lakdi se bani yeh aakarshak imaarat shahar ke uttar mein myoojiym road par sthit hai. yeh Bhaarat ke sabse puraane sangrahaalayon mein se ek hai. iska nirmaan 1855 mein hua tha. Madras ke Governor Lord chaalrs nepiyr ke naam par is sangrahaalaya ka naam rakha gaya hai. yahaan shilp shaastr ke anusaar 8veen-18veen shataabdi ke dauraan kaanse se banaai gayi Shiv, vishnu, paarvati aur lakshmi ki pratimaaen bhi pradarshit ki gayi hain.

chaacha neharu baal sangrahaalaya

yeh bachchon ke aakarshan ka kendra hai. iski sthaapana 1980 mein ki gayi thi. yeh city central bas station se 1 kimi. uttar mein sthit hai. is sangrahaalaya mein vibhinn paridhaanon mein saji 2000 aakrutiyaan rakhi gayi hain. yahaan helth education disple, ek chhota ekveriam aur malayalam mein prakaashit pehli baal saahitya ki prati bhi pradarshit ki gayi hai.

shankhumukham beech

yeh beech shahar se lagbhag 8 kimi. door hai. iske paas hi tiruvanantapuram havaai adda hai. indor manoranjan club, chaacha neharu traffic training park, matsaya kanyak aur star fish ke aakaar ka restaurant yahaan ke mukhya aakarshan hain. naav chalaate saikadon machhuvaare aur sooryaast ka najaara yahaan bahut hi sundar dikhaai deta hai. mandiron mein hone vaale utsavon ke samay is beech par Bhagwan ki pratimaaon ko pavitra snaan karaaya jaata hai.

kovalam beech

tiruvanantapuram ke paas rehnevaali kovalam beech

tiruvanantapuram se 16 kimi. door sthit kovalam beech Kerala ka ek pramukh paryatak kendra hai. reteele taton par naariyl ke pedon aur khoobsoorat laigoon se saje ye beech paryatakon ko apni or aakarshit karte hain. kovalam beech ke paas teen aur tat bhi hain jinmein se dakshintam chhor par sthit laait house beech sabse adhik prasiddh hai. yeh vishv ke sabse achhe taton mein se ek hai. kovalam ke taton par anek restaurant hain jinmein aapko si food mil jaaegein.

aattukaal devi ka mandir

attukal pongal mahilaaon dvaara manaaya jaane wala ek prasiddh utsav hai. yeh utsav tiruvanantapuram se 2 kimi. door devi ke praacheen mandir mein manaaya jaata hai. 10 dinon tak chalne vaale pongal utsav ki shuruaat malayalam maah makaram-kunbham (February-March) ke bharaani diwas (kaartik chandra) ko hoti hai. pongal ek prakaar ka vyanjan hai jise gud, naariyl aur kele ke nishchit maatra ko milaakar banaaya jaata hai. aisa maana jaata hai ki yeh devi ka pasandeeda pakavaan hai. dhaarmik kaarya praat:kaal hi shuru ho jaate hain aur dopahar tak chadhaava taiyaar kar diya jaata hai. pongal ke dauraan purushon ka mandir mein pravesh varjit hota hai. mukhya pujaari devi ki talavaar haathon mein lekar mandir praangan mein ghoomta hai aur bhakton par pavitra jal aur pushp varsha karta hai.

niktavarti darshaneeya sthal

agastyakoodam

aisa maana jaata hai ki yeh trrushi agastya ka nivaas sthaan tha. samudratal se 1890 mi. oopar sthit yeh jagah Kerala ka doosra sabse ooncha s‍aathaan hai. sahaadri parvat shrrunkhala ka hissa agastyakoodam ke jungle apne yahaan milne waali jadi bootiyon aur vanaspati ke liye jaana jaata hain. yahaan milne waali chikitseeya aushadhiyon ki sankhya 2000 se bhi jyaada hai. vanaspatiyon ke alaava is jungle mein haathi, sher, teinduaa, jangali sooar, jangali billi aur dhabbedaar hirn jaise jaanavar bhi milte hain. 1992 mein 23 varg kimi. ke kshetr ko agastya van ko biological park bana diya gaya tha. aisa karne ke peechhe mukhya uddeshya is sthaan ka shaikshanik prayog karna tha. traiking ke shaukeenon ke liye yeh sthaan upayukt hai. iske liye December se April ke beech yahaan aa sakte hain.

neyyar vanyajeev abhyaaranya aur neyyar baandh

tiruvanantapuram se 30 kimi. door sthit yeh jagah pashchimi ghaat par sthit hai. yahaan ki jheel aur baandh paryatakon ko bahut lubhaate hain. abhyaaranya ki sthaapana 1958 mein ki gayi thi. iska kshetrafal 123 varg kimi. mein faila hai. yeh abhyaaranya nennayar, mullayar aur kallar nadiyon ke pravaah kshetr mein aata hai. vauch tower, krokodaail firm, laayan safaari park aur diyr park yahaan ke mukhya aakarshan hain. yahaan se pahaadon ka bahut hi sundar najaara dikhaai deta hai. vanya jeevon ki baat karein to gaur, bhaaloo, jangali billi aur neelagiri langoor yahaan paae jaate hain. yahaan traiking aur boting ki suvidhaaen bhi upalabdh hain.

aavaagaman

vaayu maarg

tiruvanantapuram antarraashtreeya havaai adde ke liye chainnai, Delhi, Goa, Mumbai se udaane jaati hain.

rel maarg

maingalor, arnaakulam, Bangalore, chainnai, Delhi, Goa, Mumbai, kanyaakumaari aur anya shaharon se yahaan ke liye railgaadiyaan chalti hain. trisoor ke rojaana kareeb saat trainein yahaan aati hain. kolam aur kochchi se bhi pratidin yahaan train aati hai.

sadak maarg

kochchi, chainnai, madurai, Bangalore aur kanyaakumaari se tiruvanantapuram ke liye basein chalti hain. lambi doori ki basein central bas station (keesaaarateesi, tiruvanantapuram bas terminal) se jaati hain.

aakarshak utpaad

khareedaari ke shaukeenon ke liye tiruvanantapuram bilkul sahi jagah hai. yahaan aisi anek cheejein milti hain jo koi bhi vyakti apne saath le jaana chaahega. Kerala ka hastashilp poori duniya mein mashahoor hai. yahaan se paaramparik hastashilp jaise taanbe ka saamaan, baans ka furniture liya ja sakta hain. kathakakali ke mukhaute aur paaramparik paridhaan anek dukaanon par milte hain. sarkaari dukaanon ke alaava chalaai baajaar, konnemaara market, paavan house road ke paas ki dukaanein aur M.ji.road, attukal shopping complex (poorvi kila), narmada shopping complex (kodiyaar) se bhi khareedaari ki ja sakti hai. adhiktar dukaanein subah 9 baje-raat 8 baje tak tatha somvaar se shanivaar tak khuli rahati hain.

khaanapaan

triveindram ke har pramukh road ke kone par chai aur paan ki dukaanein mil jaaengi. kele ke chips yahaan ki khaasiyat hai. svaadisht kele ke chips ke liye kaithaamukku ya vaaidablyooseee road, british laaibreri ke paas ja sakte hain. yahaan taaje aur achhe chips milte hain. triveindram mein aise kai restaurant bhi hain jo uttar bhaarateeya bhojan parosate hai. yahaan naariyl ke tel ka prayog praaya: har vyanjan mein hota hai.

pramukh shikshan sansthaan

chitr deergha

tippaniyaan

sandarbh

Thiruvananthapuram ke baare mein, vikipeediya ke bandhuprakalpon par aur jaane:
Wiktionary-logo-en.png shabdakosheeya paribhaashaaen
Wikibooks-logo.svg paathya pustakein
Wikiquote-logo.svg uddharan
Wikisource-logo.svg mukt strot
Commons-logo.svg chitr evam media
Wikinews-logo.svg samaachaar kathaaen
Wikiversity-logo-en.svg gyaan saadhan
  • Manorama Yearbook 1995 (Malayalam Edition) ISSN 0970-9096
  • Manorama Yearbook 2003 (English Edition) ISBN 81-900461-8-7
  • Frank Modern Certificate Geography II ISBN 81-7170-007-1
  • Growing Populations, Changing Landscapes - Studies from India, China and United States 2001 (National Academy Press, Washington DC)

baahari kadiyaan