tirupati

తaaిaaరaaుaaపaaతaaి tirupati
major city
View of తిరుపతి  तिरुपति, India
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Andhra pradesh
jila chittoor
MLA veinkat raman
janasankhya 736,569 (chautha)
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)

• 161 meter (528 fee॰)

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 13°a39′aN 79°a25′aE / 13.65°aN 79.42°aE / 13.65; 79.42 tirupati Bhaarat ke sabse prasiddh teerthasthalon mein se ek hai. yeh Andhra pradesh ke chittoor jile mein sthit hai. prativrsh laakhon ki sankhya mein darshanaarthi yahaan aate hain. samudra tal se 3200 feet oonchaai par sthim tirumala ki pahaadiyon par bana shri vainkatesh‍aavar mandir yahaan ka sabse bada aakarshan hai. kai shataabdi poorv bana yeh mandir dakshin bhaarateeya vaastukala aur shilp kala ka adabhoot udaaharan hain.

anukram

naamaavali

chitr:Tirumala Map.jpg
tirumalaya maanachitr

tamil ke shuruaati saahitya mein se ek sangam saahitya mein tirupati ko triveingadam kaha gaya hai. tirupati ke itihaas ko lekar itihaasakaaron mein matabhed hain. lekin yeh spasht hai ki 5veen shataabdi tak yeh ek pramukh dhaarmik kendra ke roop mein sthaapit ho chuka tha. kaha jaata hai ki chol, hoyasal aur vijyanagar ke raajaaon ka aarthik rup se is mandir ke nirmaan mein khaas yogadaan tha.

bhoogol

tirupati Andhra pradesh ke dakshini bhaag mein sthit hai.[1] yahaan ki adhiktam ausat oonchaai hai 162 meter (531 feet).

mukhya aakarshan

garud moorti

yahaan aane vaale pratyek vyakti ki sabse badi ichha Bhagwan vainkateshvar ke darshan karne ki hoti hai. bhakton ki lambi kataarein dekhkar sahaj ki is mandir ki prasiddhi ka anumaan lagaaya jaata hai. mukhya mandir ke alaava yahaan anya mandir bhi hain. tirumala aur tirupati ka bhaktimya vaataavaran man ko shraddha aur aastha se bhar deta hai.

tirumala ke darshaneeya sthal

shri vainkateshvar mandir

Front View of Tirumala Temple

shri vainkateshvar ka yeh praacheen mandir tirupati pahaad ki saataveen choti (vainkatachala) par sthit hai. yeh shri svaami pushkarini ke dakshini kinaare par sthit hai. maana jaata hai ki veinkat pahaadi ka svaami hone ke kaaran hi in‍aahein vainkatesh‍aavar kaha jaane laga. in‍aahein saat pahaadon ka Bhagwan bhi kaha jaata hai. mandir ke garbhagruh mein Bhagwan vainkateshchar ki pratima sthaapit hai. yeh mukhya mandir ke praangan mein hai. mandir parisar mein khoobsoorti se banaae gaye anek dwaar, mandapam aur chhote mandir hain. mandir parisar mein mukhsh darshaneeya sthal hain:padi kavali mahaadvaar sanpang pradakshinm, Krishna devarya mandapam, rang mandapam tirumala rai mandapam, aaina mahal, dhvajastanbh mandapam, nadimi padi kavili, vimaan pradakshinm, shri varadaraajasvaami shraain potu aadi.

kaha jaata hai ki is mandir ki utpatti vaishnav sanpradaaya se hui hai. yeh sanpradaaya samaanata aur prem ke siddhaant ko maanata hai. is mandir ki mahima ka varnan vibhinn dhaarmik granthon mein milta hai. maana jaata hai ki Bhagwan vainkatesh‍aavar ka darshan karne vaale harek vyakti ko unki vishesh krupa praapt hoti hai. haalaanki darshan karne vaale bhak‍aaton ke liye yahaan vibhin‍aan jagahon tatha bankon se ek vishesh‍aa parchi katati hai. isi parchi ke maadh‍aayam se aap yahaan Bhagwan vainkatesh‍aavar ke darshan kar sakte hai.

tirupati ke darshaneeya sthal

shri padmaavati samovar mandir, tiruchanoor

chitr:Tirumala.jpg
raatri avalokit tirumalaya mandir

tiruchanoor (ise alamelumangapuram bhi kehte hain) tirupati se paanch kimi. door hai. yeh mandir Bhagwan vainkateshvar ki patni shri padmaavati ko samarpit hai. kaha jaata hai ki tirumala ki yaatra tab poori naheen ho sakti jab tak is mandir ke darshan naheen kiye jaate. maana jaata hai ki Bhagwan vainkateshvar vishnu ke avataar the aur padmaavati swayam lakshmi ki avataar thi. tirumala mein subah 10.30 baje se dopahar 12 baje tak kalyaanotsav manaaya jaata hai. yahaan darshan subah 6.30 baje se shuru ho jaata hain. shukravaar ko darshan subah 8baje ke baad shuru hota hain. tirupati se tiruchanoor ke beech dinbhar basein chalti hain.

shri govindaraajasvaami mandir

shri govindaraajasvaami Bhagwan Balaji ke bade bhaai hain. yeh mandir tirupati ka mukh‍aaya aakarshan hai. iska gopuram bahut hi bhavya hai jo door se hi dikhaai deta hai. is mandir ka nirmaan sant raamaanujaachaarya ne 1130 isavi mein ki thi. govindaraajasvaami mandir mein hone vaale utsav aur kaaryakram vainkateshvar mandir ke samaan hi hote hain. vaarshik bahmot‍aasav vaisaakh maas mein manaaya jaata hai. is mandir ke praangan mein sangrahaalaya aur chhote-chhote mandir hain jinmein bhi paarthasaarathi, godaadevi aandal aur pundarikaavalli ka mandir shaamil hai. mandir ki mukhya pratima shayanamoorti (Bhagwan ki nindraaleen avastha) hai. darshan ka samay hai- praat: 9.30 se dopahar 12.30, dopahar 1.00 baje se shaam 6 baje tak aur shaam 7.00 se raat 8.45 baje tak.

shri kodaadanramasvaami mandir

kodandaraajasvaami mandir

yeh mandir tirupati ke madhya mein sthit hai. yahaan seeta, Ram aur Lakshman ki pooja hoti hai. is mandir ka nirmaan chol raaja ne dasveen shataabdi mein karaaya tha. is mandir ke theek saamane anjaneyasvaami ka mandir hai jo shri kodaadanramasvaami mandir ka hi upamandir hai. ugadi aur shri raamanavami ka parv yahaan bade dhoomadhaam se manaaya jaata hai.

shri kapileshvarasvaami mandir

yeh tirupati ka ekamaatr Shiv mandir hai. yeh tirupati se teen kimi.door uttar mein tirumala ki pahaadiyon ke neeche sthit hai. yahaan par kapila teertham naamak pavitra jharana bhi hai. ise alavar teertham ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. yahaan mahaabahmot‍aasav, maha shivraatri, skhand shashti aur annabhishekam bade dhoomadhaam se manaaya jaata hain. varsha ritu mein jharane ke aaspaas ka vaataavaran bahut hi manoram hota hai. Kapil teertham jaane ke liye bas aur auto riksha yaataayaat ka mukhya saadhan hain.

shri kalyaan vainkateshvarasvaami mandir, shreenivaas mangaapuram

Bhagwan veinkateshvar ka abhinandan karte gajaraaj

yeh mandir tirupati se 12 kimi.pashchim mein sthit hai. pauraanik kathaaon ke anusaar shri padmaavati se shaadi ke baad tirumala jaane se pehle Bhagwan vainkateshvar yahaan thahare the. yahaan sthaapit Bhagwan vainkateshvar ki patthar ki vishaal pratima ko reshami vastron, aabhooshanon aur foolon se sajaaya gaya hai. vaarshik brahmot‍aasav aur saakshaatkaar vaibhavam yahaan dhoomadhaam se manaaya jaata hai.

shri kalyaan vainkateshvarasvaami mandir, naaraayanavanam

yeh mandir tirupati se 40 kimi door hai. Bhagwan shri vainkateshvarasvaami aur ak‍aasa mahaaraaj ki putri padmaavati ammavaru yahi parinya sootr mein bandhe the. yahaan mukhya roop se shri kalyaan vainkateshvarasvaami ki pooja hoti hai. yahaan paanch upamandir bhi hain. shri padmaavati ammavari mandir, shri andal ammavari mandir, sameta raamulavari mandir, shri rangaanaayakul mandir aur shri seeta Lakshman mandir. iske alava mukhya mandir se jude paanch anya mandir bhi hain. shri paraashareshvar svaami mandir, shri veerabhadr svaami mandir, shri shakti vinaayak svaami mandir, shri agasthishvar svaami mandir aur avanakshamma mandir. vaarshik brahmot‍aasav mukhya mandir shri veerabhadrasvaami mandir aur avanakshamma mandir mein manaaya jaata hai.

shri ved naaraayanasvaami mandir, nagalapuram

nagalapuram ka yeh mandir tirupati se 70 kimi door hai. maana jaata hai ki Bhagwan vishnu ne mat‍aas‍aaya avataar lekar somakudu naamak raakshas ka yaheen par sanhaar kiya tha. mukhya garbhagruh mein vishnu ki matsya roop mein pratima s‍aathaapit hai jinke donon or shreedevi aur bhoodevi viraajamaan hain. Bhagwan dvaara dhaaran kiya hua sudarshan chakr sabse adhik aakarshak lagta hai. is mandir ka nirmaan vijyanagar ke raaja shri krushnadev rai ne karavaaya tha. yeh mandir vijyanagar ki vaastukala ke darshan karaata hai. mandir mein manaaya jaane wala mukhya utsav brahmotsav aur sooryat pooja hai. yeh pooja faal‍aagun maas ki 12veen, 13veen aur 14veen tithi ko hoti hai. is dauraan soorya ki kiran praat: 6baje se 6.15 minute tak mukhya pratima par padti hain. aisa lagta hai maano soorya Dave swayam Bhagwan ki pooja kar rahe hon.

shri venugopaalasvaami mandir, kaaraveteenagaram

yeh mandir tirupati se 58 kimi. door sthit hai. yahaan mukhya roop se Bhagwan venugopaal ki pratima sthaapit hai. unke saath unki patniyaan shri rukmani ammavaru aur shri satsabhaama ammavaru ki bhi pratima s‍aathaapit hain. yahaan ek upamandir bhi hai.

shri prasanna vainkateshvarasvaami mandir, appalaayagunta

maana jaata hai ki shri padmaavati ammavaru se vivaah ke pashchaat shri vainkteshvarasvaami ammavaru ne yaheen par shri siddheshvar aur anya shish‍aayon ko aasheervaad diya tha. anjaneyasvaami ko samarpit is mandir ka nirmaan karaveteenagar ke raajaaon ne karavaaya tha. kaha jaata hai ki aanuvaanshik rogon se grast rogi agar yahaan aakar vaayudev ki pratima ke aage praarthana karein to Bhagwan jarur sunate hain. yahaan devi padmaavati aur shri andal ki moortiyaan bhi hain. saal mein ek baar brahmotsav manaaya jaata hai.

shri chennaakeshavasvaami mandir, tallapaka

tallapaka tirupati se 100 kimi. door hai. yeh shri annaamachaarya (sankeertan aachaarya) ka janmasthaan hai. annaamachaarya shri naaraayanasoori aur lakkaamaanba ke putr the. anooshruti ke anusaar kareeb 1000 varsh puraane is mandir ka nirmaan aur prabandhan matti raajaaon dvaara kiya gaya tha.

shri kariya manikyasvaami mandir, neelagiri

shri kariya manikyasvaami mandir (ise shri perumala svaami mandir bhi kehte hain) tirupati se 51 kimi. door neelagiri mein sthit hai. maana jaata hai ki yaheen par prabhu mahaavishnu ne makar ko maar kar gajeindr naamak haathi ko bachaaya tha. is ghatna ko mahaabhagavatam mein gajeindramoksham ke naam se pukaara gaya hai.

shri annapoorna samet kaashi vishveshvarasvaami mandir, bagga agraharam

kushasthali nadi ke kinaare bana yeh mandir tirupati se 56 kimi. ki doori par sthit hai. yahaan mukhya roop se shri kaashi vishveshvar, shri annapoorna ammavaru, shri kaamaakshi ammavaru aur shri devi bhoodevi samet shri prayaag maadhav svaami ki pooja hoti hai. mahaashivraatri aur kaartik somvaar ko yahaan vishesh‍aa aayojan kiya jaata hai.

svaami pushkarini

(pavitra jalakund) is kund ke paani ka prayog keval mandir ke kaamon ke liye hi kiya ja sakta hai. jaise Bhagwan ki pratima ke snaan ke liye, mandir ko saaf karne ke liye, mandir mein rahane vaale parivaaron (pandit, karmachaari) dvaara aadi. is paani ka upayog mukhya roop se yahaan aane vaale shraddhaaluon dvaara kiya jaata hai jo is kund ke pavitra paani mein dubaki lagaate hain. kund ka jal poori tarah svachh aur keetaanurahit hai. yahaan ise pun:chakrit kiye jaane vyavastha ki bhi v‍aayavas‍aatha ki gayi hai.

maana jaata hai ki vaikunth mein vishnu push‍aakarini kund mein hi s‍aanaan kiya karte the. isliye garud shri vainkateshvar ke liye ise dharati par lekar aae the. yeh jalakund mandir se sata hua hai. yeh bhi kaha jaata hai ki pushkarini mein snaan karne se vyakti ke saare paap dhul jaate hain aur bhakt ko sabhi sukh praapt hote hain. mandir mein pravesh karne se poorv bhakt yahaan dubaki lagaate hain. aisa karne se shareer va aatma donon pavitra ho jaate hain.

aakaashaganga vautarafaul

aakaashaganga vautarafaul tirumala mandir se teen kimi. uttar mein sthit hai. iski prasiddhi ka mukhya kaaran yeh hai ki isi jal se Bhagwan ko s‍aanaan karaaya jaata hai. pahaadi se niklata paani teji se neeche dhaati mein girta hai. baarish ke dinon mein yahaan ka drush‍aaya bahut ki manamohak lagta hai.

shri varaahasvaami mandir

tirumala ke uttar mein sthit shri varaahasvaami ka prasiddh mandir pushkirini ke kinaare sthit hai. yeh mandir Bhagwan vishnu ke avataar varaah svaami ko samarpit hai. aisa maana jaata hai ki tirumala mool roop se aadi varaah kshetr tha aur varaah svaami ki anumati ke baad hi Bhagwan vainkateshvar ne yahaan apna nivaas sthaan banaaya. brahm puraan ke anusaar naivedyam sabse pehle shri varaahasvaami ko chadhaana chaahiye aur shri vainkateshvar mandir jaane se pehle yahaan darshan karne chaahiye. atri samahit ke anusaar varaah avataar ki teen roopon mein pooja ki jaati hai: aadi varaah, pralaya varaah aur yajana varaah. tirumala ke shri varaahasvaami mandir mein inke aadi varaah roop mein darshan hote hain.

shri bedi anjaneyasvaami mandir

svaami pushkirini ke uttar poorv mein sthit yeh mandir shri varaahasvaami mandir ke theek saamane hai. yeh mandir hanumaan ji ko samarpit hai. yahaan sthaapit Bhagwan ki pratima ke haath praarthana ki avastha hain. Abhishek ravivaar ke din hota hai aur yahaan hanumaan jayanti bade dhoomadhaam se manaai jaati hai.

teeteedi garden

is garden ka kul kshetrafal 460 ekad hai. tirumala aur tirupati ke aas-paas bane in khoobsoorat bageechon se tirumala ke mandiron ke sabhi jaruraton ko pura kiya jaata hai. in foolon ka prayog Bhagwan aur mandap ko sajaane, pandaal nirmaan mein kiya jaata hai.

dhyaan mandirm

mool roop se yeh shri vainkateshvar sangrahaalaya tha. jiski sthaapana 1980 mein ki gayi thi. patthar aur lakdi ki bani vastuen, pooja saamagri, paaramparik kala aur vaastushilp se sambandhit vas‍aatuon ka pradarshan kiya gaya hai.

khaanapaan

tirumala mein

nitya anna daana hall (mandir se ek kimi door, shopping complex ke paas) mein shaakaahaari khaana, chatani, chaaval, saanbhar, rasam ni:shulk milta hai. rojaana 25 hajaar log yahaan khaana khaate hain. dakshin bhaarateeya bhojan ke liye saptagiri vudalainds restaurant (saptagiri gestahaaus ke paas) ek achha vikalp hai. saste khaane ke liye aap svaameepushkarni teerth ke paas sthit dhaabon ka maja le sakte hai. tirumala ke sabhi restoreints mein khaane ki keemat teeteedi dvaara nirdhaarit ki jaati hai.

tirupati mein

raami gestalaain hotel ke restaurant mein shaakaahaari aur maansaahaari donon prakaar ka bhojan milta hai. tirupati railway station ke paas self service upalabdh karaane wala deepam food plaaja mein badi sankhya mein yaatri aate hain. yahaan safaai ka khaas dhyaan rakha jaata hai. epeeteedeesi dvaara sanchaalit punnami restaurant mein sasta, svaadisht aur s‍aavach‍aachh bhojan milta hai.

utpaad

tirupati mein chandan ki lakdi se banaai gayi Bhagwan veinkateshvar aur padmaavati ki moortiyaan prasiddh hain. yahaan par vaise kalaakaar bhi hai jisse aap chaaval ke daanon par apna naam likhva sakte hai. yeh vaastav mein ek anokhi cheej hai jise yaadagaar ke taur par apne paas rakha ja sakta hai. Andhra pradesh sarkaar ke lipaakshi inporiym mein paaramparik hastashilp aur vastron ki bunaai ke vibhinn roop dekhne ko milte hain. mandir mein Bhagwan vainkateshvar ki tasveer vaale sone se sikke bhi beche jaate hain.

mausam

tirupati mein aamtaur par varshabhar garmi hoti hai. tirumala ki pahaadiyon mein vaataavaran thanda hota hai. yahaan aane ka sahi samay September se February ke beech hai.

aavaagaman

havaai maarg

yahaaain se niktam havaai adda renigunta mein sttith hai. Indian airlines ki Hyderabad, Delhi aur tirupati ke beech pratidin seedhi udaan upalab‍aadh hai.

rel maarg

yahaan se sabse paas ka railway jankshan tirupati hai. yahaan se Bangalore, chennai aur Hyderabad ke liye har samay train upalab‍aadh hai. tirupati ke paas ke shahar renigunta aur gudoor tak bhi train chalti hai.

sadak maarg;

raajya ke vibhinn bhaagon se tirupati aur tirumala ke liye epeeesaaarateesi ki basein niyamit roop se chalti hain. teeteedi bhi tirupati aur tirumala ke beech ni:shulk bas seva upalabdh karaati hai. yahaan ke liye taxi bhi milti hai.

shikshan sansthaan

tirupati mandir jo ek praacheen kalaakruti hai, ab shri veinkateshvar vishvavidyaalaya (1954) ka kendra hai.

janasankhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusaar is shahar ki janasankhya 2,27,657 hai aur upanagar (N.M.A) ki janasankhya 25,670 hai.

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaan