tiraana

tiraana
Tiranë
nagarapaalika

Flag

Coat of arms
तिराना is located in अल्बानिया
tiraana
albaaniya mein tiraanaaka sthaan
nirdeshaank : 41°a19′a48″aN 19°a49′a12″aE / 41.33°aN 19.82°aE / 41.33; 19.82
desh Flag of Albania.svg albaaniya
kaaunti Qarku Tiranë.svg tiraana
sthaapana 1614
upakshetr 11 nagarapaalika ikaai
shaasan
• mayor luljeem basha (prajaataantrik party)[1]
• sarkaar shahar parishad
kshetr
• nagarapaalika 41.8
• nagar 1,652
ooainchaai 110
janasankhya (2011)[2]
• nagarapaalika 621
• ghanatv 10,553
nagareeya 421
• nagareeya ghanatv 14,746
nagareeya 802
samay mandal kendreeya yuropeli samay (UTC +1)
• greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) kendreeya yuropeli greeshm samay (UTC+2)
postal code 1001-1028[3]
doorabhaash code +355 4
jaalasthal tirana.gov.al

tiraana (albaaniyaai: Tiranë) albaaniya ki rajdhani aur sabse bada nagar hai. 2008 ke anumaan ke anusaar yahaaain ki janasankhya lagbhag 9 lakh hai. tiraana ki sthaapana sulejman paasha dvaara 1614 mein ki gayi thi aur 1920 yeh nagar albaaniya ki rajdhani bana. yeh nagar 1614 mein sulejmaan paasha dvaara sthaapit kiya gaya tha aur 1920 mein albaaniya ki raajdhaani bana. tiraana nagarapaalika ishem nadi ke kinaare sthit hai aur tiraana jile mein sthit hai. tiraana samudra tal se 100 meter ki ooainchaai par sthit hai aur adhikt ooainchaai wala bindoo 1,828 meter par sthit hai. iske atirikt do mukhya nadiyaan yaha se hokar bahti hain: laane aur tiraane. nagar mein chaar krutrim jheele bhi hain: tiraana jheel, kodar-kaamej jheel, faaraka jheel aur tufina jheel. yeh nagar usi samaanaantar par sthit hai jis par nepals, Madrid aur istaanbul sthit hain aur iski madhyaahn rekha vahi hai jo budaapest aur kraakauv ki hai.

anukram

itihaas

tiraana ki sthaapana 1614 me otoman general sulejmaan paasha ne ki thi, jisne vahaaain ek masjid, ek bakery aur ek turk snaanaghar ki sthaapana ki.

20 veen sadi tak yeh chhote aakaar ka nagar tha. 1910 mein yahaaain keval 12,000 nivaasi rahate the. janasankhya ki vruddhi iske 1920 mein rajdhani banane ke baad hui jahaaain par lushnje dvaara anantim sarkaar ki sthaapana ki gayi thi. 1944 mein saamyavaadi neta envar hokja ne iska rajdhani ka darja banaae rakha.

dveeteeya vishv yuddh ke antim dinon mein, jab is par jarmano ne adhikaar kar liya tha, iski janasankhya 60,000 thi. uske baad audyogik sudhaaro ka samay aaya aur 1960 tak yahaaain ki janasankhya doguni se bhi adhik hokar 1,37,000 pahuainch gayi. 1991 mein saamyavaadi shaasan ke patan ke baad se tiraana mein abhootapoorv janasankhya vruddhi hui hai, kyonki bahut se log achhe jeevan ki aas mein graameen kshetron se (mukhyat: uttar albaaniya se) yahaaain aae.

haal ke varsho mein is nagar ko bhi badhti bheed se do chaar hona pada hai jisse aadhaarbhoot dhaaaincha charamara gaya hai. yahaaain par seevar ki gandagi ke prashodhan ki samasya ke saath-2 bijli aapoorti aur jal aapoorti ki bhi samasya hai. nae-2 bhavanon ka nirmaan jaari hai.

yahaaain ki ek anya samasya hai vaayu pradooshan ki vruddhi, jiska mukhya kaaran hai nagar mein aniyntrit roop se badhta yaataayaat. albaaniya mein adhiktar kaare Europeeya maanakon par khari naheen utarateen. bahut si kaare puraani marsidees ki hain jo deejl chaalit hain aur albaaniya mein bikne vaale indhan mein gandhak aur seese ki maatra shesh mahaadveep ki tulan mein bahut adhik hai.

janasaankhyiki

September 2008 mein, tiraana ki aadhikaarik anumaanit janasankhya 6,16,396 thi.[4]

1703 mein tiraana mein keval 4,000 nivaasi the aur 1820 tak yeh sankhya tiguni hokar 12,000 ho gayi. pratham janaganana 1923 (1920 mein tiraana, albaaniya ki rajdhani bana tha) mein ki gayi thi aur tab yahaan 10,845 nivaasi the.

1950 ke dashak mein tiraana mein teji se audyogikran hua aur 1960 mein janasankhya badhkar 1,37,000 ho gayi.

1991 mein saamyavaadi shaasan ke patan ke baad se tiraana mein abhootapoorv janasankhya vruddhi hui hai, kyonki bahut se log achhe jeevan ki aas mein graameen kshetron se yahaaain aae. 1990 mein janasankhya 3,00,000 thi, lekin tab se teji se hue apravaasan ke kaaran 2009 tak janasankhya badhkar 9,00,000 tak pahuainch gayi hai.

neeche tiraana ki janasankhya ki vistrut vivran diya gaya hai:

varsh kshetrafal
(kimee²)
janasankhya
(us samay mein nagareeya seema ke bheetar)
nots
1431-32 7,300 otoman saamraajya ke adheen pratham bhoomi panjeekaran
1583 20,000 tiraana kshetr ki janaganana
1703 4,000
1820 12,000
1901 15,000
1923 10,845 pratham janaganana
1930 8.0 25,079
1937 5.0 35,000
1945 59,900 1957 viniyaamak yojana ke aaainkade
1950 10.6
1955 1,08,200 1957 viniyaamak yojana ke aaainkade
1970 31.0 1,80,000 shaikshik patrika stoodim historik (Studime Historike ) se
1985 15.4 2,00,000
1989 2,77,567 1989 raashtreeya tiraana County ki janaganana
2001 6,10,000 2001 raashtreeya tiraana County ki janaganana
2008 41.8 7,26,547 tiraana civil sthiti kaaryaalaya
yeh aaainkade tiraana nagarapaalika aur instait ke aadhikaarik jaalaprushth par prakaashit sankhya ko sandarbhit karte hain.[5][6](albaaniyaai)

arthavyastha

tiraana, albaaniya ka sabse pramukh audyogik kendra hai. 1920 ke baad se nagar mein teji se vikaas hua hai kai nae vyavasaaya yahaaain sthaapit hue hain. sabse bade vyavasaaya hain krushi utpaad aur machinery, vastr udyog, aushadheeya udyog aur dhaatu utpaad.

tiraana ek nagar ke roop mein viksit hona 16 veen sadi aarambh se hua jab yahaaain ek baajaar sthaapit kiya gaya aur yahaan resham aur rui utpaadan, cheeni mitti ke utpaad, loha, chaaaindi aur svarn utpaad banane lage. choonki tiraana ek upajaaoo kshetr mein sthit hai, yahaaain ke krushak prachoor maatra mein krushi utpaad uga sakte the aur is kshetr ne 1749 mein viyena ko 3,10,025 liter (2,600 barrel) jautoon ke tel aur tanbaakoo ke 14,000 packet niryaat kiye. 1901 mein yahaaain jaitoon ke 1,40,000 vruksh, 400 tel milein aur 700 dukaane theen. vartamaan mein tiraana apne paryatan udyog ko sthaapit karne ki or dhyaan de raha hai, lekin in prayaason ko aadhaarbhoot dhaaainche ki kami aur raajanaitik asthirta ke kaaran dhakka laga hai.

shiksha

tiraana ka pramukh vishvavidyaalaya hai tiraana vishvavidyaalaya, jo 1957 mein sthaapit kiya gaya tha. iske atirikt yahaaain bahut se sarkaari bhavan aur saamaajik bhavan bhi hain jaise albaaniya vigyaan sansthaan, kala academy, krushi vishvavidyaalaya, sainya academy, aantarik maamalon ke mantraalaya ka sansthaan, sansad bhavan ityaadi.

mausam

daajti parvat se tiraana ka ek vihangam drushya.

tiraana ka mausam bhoomadhyeeya hai. ausat taapamaan January mein 2°aase se lekar July aur August mein 31°ase ke beech hota hai. July aur August sarvaadhik shushk maheene bhi hain aur tab pratyek maheene ke dauraan varshan keval 3 semi rahata hai. sarvaadhik aadrata vaale maheene hain November aur December jab varshan ausat 19 semi hota hai. himaapat bahut kam hi hota hai lekin tiraana mein shoonya se kam taapamaan darj kiye gaye hain.

Nuvola apps kweather.svg tiraana ke liye mausam ke ausat Weather-rain-thunderstorm.svg
maheene January fravari March April May June July August sitmbar October November December
uchchamaana°aC (°aF) 19
(66)
22
(72)
26
(79)
28
(82)
33
(91)
37
(99)
38
(100)
40
(104)
35
(95)
31
(88)
25
(77)
22
(72)
ausat uchcha°aC (°aF) 12
(54)
12
(54)
15
(59)
18
(64)
23
(73)
28
(82)
31
(88)
31
(88)
27
(81)
23
(73)
17
(63)
14
(57)
ausat nimn °aC (°aF) 2
(36)
2
(36)
5
(41)
8
(46)
12
(54)
16
(61)
17
(63)
17
(63)
14
(57)
10
(50)
8
(46)
5
(41)
nimnamaan °aC (°aF) -8
(18)
-8
(18)
-4
(25)
-1
(30)
-3
(27)
6
(43)
11
(52)
10
(50)
5
(41)
1
(34)
-3
(27)
-7
(19)
varsha mm (inch) 135
(5.31)
152
(5.98)
128
(5.04)
117
(4.61)
122
(4.8)
86
(3.39)
32
(1.26)
32
(1.26)
60
(2.36)
105
(4.13)
211
(8.31)
173
(6.81)
srot: BBC mausam kendra[7]

bhagini nagar[8]

yeh bhi dekhein

  • tiraana ke mahaapauron ki soochi

sandarbh

  1. "www.tirana.gov.al". www.tirana.gov.al. http://www.tirana.gov.al/. abhigman tithi: 2013-01-21.
  2. "Population and Housing Census in Albania". Institute of Statistics of Albania. 2011. http://census.al/Resources/Data/Census2011/Instat_print%20.pdf.
  3. (albaaniyaai) Kodi postar Posta Shqiptare. www.postashqiptare.al. Retrieved on 13 November 2008
  4. janasankhya aaainkade tirana.gov.al se (albaaniyaai)
  5. tiraana nagar paalika ki janasankhya ke aankade(albaaniyaai)
  6. instait ke janasankhya anumaan
  7. "ausat sthiti - tiraana". research masheens peeelasi 2006. Archived from the original on 2009-01-15. http://web.archive.org/web/20090115035406/http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/city_guides/results.shtml?tt=TT003310. abhigman tithi: 1 September 2008.
  8. tiraana ke antarraashtreeya sambandh tiraana nagarapaalika

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