thomas baibingatan maikaale

Thomas maikaale

Lord taumas baibingtan maikaule (angreji: Thomas Babington Macaulay; sateek uchchaaran: thaumas baibingtan maikaaaileऽ) (25 October 1800 - 28 December 1859) Britain ka raajaneetijnya, kavi, itihaasakaar tha. nibndhakaar aur sameekshak ke roop me usane british itihaas par jamkar likha. san 1834 se 1838 tak vah Bhaarat ki Supreme kaaunsil mein law member tatha law kamishn ka pradhaan raha. prasiddh dandavidhaan granth "di Indian peenal code" ki paandulipi isi ne taiyaar ki thi. angreji ko Bhaarat ki sarkaari bhaasha tatha shiksha ka maadhyam aur Europeeya saahitya, darshan tatha vigyaan ko bhaarateeya shiksha ka lakshya banaane mein iska bada haath tha.

jeevani

janm, 25 October 1800 rothale tainpil (laistarashir) mein hua. pita, jakaari maikaule, vyaapaari tha. iski shiksha keinbrij ke paas ek niji vidyaalaya mein, fir ek suyogya paadari ke ghar, tadanantar triniti kaalej Cambridge mein hui. 1826 mein vakaalat shuroo ki. isi samay apne vidvatta aur vichaarapoorn lekhon dvaara London ke shisht tatha vijnya mandal mein paith pa gaya.

1830 mein Lord leinsadaaun ke saujanya se parliament mein sthaan mila. 1832 ke reform bill ke avsar par ki hui iski prabhaavashaali vaktaaon ne tatkaaleen raajaneetijnyaon ki agrim pankti kein ise sthaan diya. 1833 se 1856 tak kuchh samay chhodkar, isne leeds tatha edingabarg ka paarlimeint mein kramash: pratinidhitv kiya. 1857 mein yeh house ov laurds ka sadasya banaaya gaya. paarlimeint mein kuchh samay tak isne East India company sambandhi board ov control ke sachiv, tab pemaastar general aur tadanantar saikretari ov di forces ke pad par kaam kiya.

1834 se 1838 tak maikaule Bhaarat ki Supreme kaaunsil mein law member tatha law kamishn ka pradhaan raha. prasiddh dandavidhaan granth "di Indian peenal code" ki paandulipi isi ne taiyaar ki thi. angreji ko Bhaarat ki sarkaari bhaasha tatha shiksha ka maadhyam aur Europeeya saahitya, darshan tatha vigyaan ko bhaarateeya shiksha ka lakshya banaane mein iska bada haath tha.

saahitya ke kshetr mein bhi maikaule ne mahatvapoorn kaam kiya. isne anek aitihaasik aur raajaneetik nibandh tatha kavitaaeain likhi hain. iske klaaiv, heÏaastags, miraavo, maikiaavali ke lekh tatha "lej ov ensheint rom" tatha "aaramaida" ki kavitaaeain ab tak bade chaav se padhi jaati hain. iski pramukh kruti "history ov England" hai, jo isne bade parishram aur khoj ke saath likhi thi aur jo adhoori hote hue bhi ek anupam granth hai.

maikaule bada vidvaan, meghaavi aur vaakchatur tha. iske vichaar udaar, buddhi prakhar, smaranashakti vilkshan aur charitra ujval tha. 28 December 1859 ko iska dehaant ho gaya.

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