the jungle book

the jungle book
JunglebookCover.jpg
John laukavud kipling ke rekhaankanon par aadhaarit the jungle book ke mool sanskaran ka gulakrut aavaran prushth
lekhak rudayaard kipling
chitr rachanaakaar John laukavud kipling (rudayaard kipling ke pita)
desh sanyukt raajashaahi
bhaasha angreji
shrrunkhala the jungle books
prakaar baal pustak
prakaashak maikamiln pablishrs
prakaashan tithi 1894
media prakaar mudrit (sajild va ajild)
poorvavarti "in the rukha”
uttaravarti the second jungle book

the jungle book (angreji:The Jungle Book) (1894) Nobel puraskaar vijeta angreji lekhak rudayaard kipling ki kahaaniyon ka ek sangrah hai. in kahaaniyon ko pehli baar 1893-94 mein patrikaaon mein prakaashit kiya gaya tha. mool kahaaniyon ke saath chhape kuchh chitron ko rudayaard ke pita John laukavud kipling ne banaaya tha. rudayaard kipling ka janm Bhaarat mein hua tha aur unhone apni shaishav avastha ke pratham chhah varsh Bhaarat mein bitaaye. iske uparaant lagbhag das varsh inglaind mein rahane ke baad ve fir Bhaarat laute aur lagbhag agale saadhe chhah saal tak yaheen rah kar kaam kiya. in kahaaniyon ko rudayaard ne tab likha tha jab vo varmont mein rahate the. jungle book ke kathaanak mein mogali naamak ek baalak hai jo jungle me kho jaata hai aur usaka paalan poshan bhediyon ka ek jhund karta hai, ant me vah gaaainv mein laut jaata hai.

pustak mein varnit kahaaniyaan (aur 1895 mein prakaashit 'the second jungle book' mein shaamil mogali se sambandhit paaainch kahaaniyaan bhi) vastut: dantakathaaen hain, jinmein jaanvaron ka maanavaakruteeya tareeke se prayog kar, naitik shiksha dene ka prayaas kiya gaya hai. udaaharan ke liye 'the law of the jungle' (jungle ka kaanoon) ke chhand mein, vyaktiyon, parivaaron aur samudaayon ki suraksha ke liye niyamon ka paalan karne ki hidaayat di gayi hai. kipling ne apni in kahaaniyon mein un sabhi jaankaariyon ka samaavesh kiya hai jo unhein bhaarateeya jungle ke baare mein pata thi ya fir jiski unhonein kalpana ki thi. anya paathakon ne unke kaam ki vyaakhya us samay ki raajaneeti aur samaaj ke roopak ke roop mein ki hai. unamein se sabse adhik prasiddh teen kahaaniyaan hain jo ek parityakt "maanav shaavak" mogali ke kaaranaamon ka varnan karti hain, jise Bhaarat ke jungle mein bhediyon dvaara paala jaata hai. anya kahaaniyon ke sabse prasiddh katha shaayad "rikki-tikki-taavi" naamak ek veer nevale aur "haathiyon ka toomaai” naamak ek mahaavat ki kahaani hai. kipling ki har kahaani ki shuruaat aur ant ek chhand ke saath hoti hai.


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