the hoo

The Who

The Who following a performance in 1975. Left to right: Roger Daltrey, John Entwistle, Keith Moon, Pete Townshend
prushthabhoomi ki jaankaari
nivaas Shepherd's Bush, London, England
shaili Rock, hard rock, pop rock, art rock
sakriya varsh 1964–1982
1989
1996–present
record lebal

UK: Brunswick, Reaction, Polydor

USA: Decca, MCA, Warner Brothers, Universal
jaalasthal/website www.thewho.com
vartamaan sadasya
Roger Daltrey
Pete Townshend
pichhle sadasya
John Entwistle†
Keith Moon†
Kenney Jones


the hoo ek angreji rock band hai, jiska gathan 1964 mein gaayak Roger daaltre, guitarvaadak peet taaunasheind, baasavaadak John entavisl aur drum vaadak keeth moon ne milkar kiya tha. ve apne oorjaavaan live pradarshan ke jariye mashahoor hue jismein aksar vaadya yantron ki kshati hoti thi.[1][2] the hoo 100 million record bech chuka hai aur Britain mein sheersh 27 chaalees ekal elabam tatha sanyukt raajya America mein 17 top ten (sheersh das) elabam la chuka hai,[3] jinmein 18 svarn, 12 platinum aur 5 malti platinum elabam puraskaar sirf sanyukt raajya America mein shaamil hain[4].

the hoo ne das ekal hit dekar Britain mein prasiddhi haasil ki aur January 1965 mein "I can't eksaplen" se aarambh kar kairalaain radio jaise paairet radio stationon dvaara kai bhaagon mein pehchaan haasil ki. maai jenareshan (1965), a kvik van (1966) aur the hoo sel out (1967) jaise elabam diye, jinmein pehle do ne Britain ke paanch sheersh elabamon mein apni jagah bana li. 1967 mein haippi Jack ke saath unhonne pehli baar America ke sheersh 40 mein jagah banaai aur baad mein usi saal "I kain si for maails" se sheersh das hit mein shaamil hue. monteri paup[5] aur vudastauk[6] jaise sangeet samaarohon mein yaadagaar pradarshan ke jariye unki prasaddhi badhi. 1969 mein Tommy America ke das sheersh elabamon ki shrrunkhala mein pehla nirmochan tha, uske baad live eight leeds (1970), hoo is next (1971), kvaadrofeniya (1973), the hoo baai nambars (1975) aur hoo aar you (1978), tatha the kids aar all right (1979) jaari kiye gaye.

1978 mein 32 ki umr mein moon ka nidhan ho gaya, jiske baad 1983 mein band ko bhang karne se pehle, band ne drum vaadak kene jons ke saath do studio elabam jaari kiye, jinmein face daanses (1981) Britain aur America ke sheersh paanch mein tatha its hard (1982) America ke sheersh das mein shaamil hue. live Ed aur apni 25veen varshagaanth yaatra (1989) tatha 1996 aur 1997 mein kvaadrofeniya daure jaise punarmiln maukon par ve fir se sangathit hue. 2000 mein teenon mool sadasyon ne nai saamagri ka ek elabam record banaane ki yojana banaai, lekin 2002 mein 57 varsh ki aayu mein entavisl ki maut se unki yojanaayein asthaayi taur par ruk gayi. taaunasheind aur daaltre ne the hoo ke taur par apna pradarshan jaari rakha aur 2006 mein unhonne apna studio elabam endales wire jaari kiya, jo America aur Britain mein sheersh das mein pahunch gaya.

apni paatrata ke pehle varsh 1990 mein the hoo ko rock end rol hall of fem mein shaamil kiya gaya.[6][7] vahaan ke unke pradarshan ne unhein "bahuton ke man mein duniya ki sabse badi rock band ki upaadhi ke pramukh daavedaar" ke roop mein varnit kiya hai.[8] 1979 mein time patrika ne likha ki "anya kisi bhi rock samooh ne kabhi rock ko itni door tak naheen pahunchaaya aur na hi isse itna kuchh haasil karna chaaha hai."[9] roling ston patrika ne likha: "beetals aur roling stons ke saath-saath the hoo ne british rock ki pavitra trimoorti ko poora kiya hai".[10] unhonne 1988 mein british fonograafik industry se aur rikaarding kshetr mein mahatvapoorn kalaatmak utkrusht yogadaan ke liye 2001 mein gremi foundation se lifetime achievement award praapt kiya.[11][12] 2008 mein 31vein vaarshik kainedi center onars dvaara jeevit sadasyon, taaunasheind aur daaltre ko sammaanit kiya gaya.[13]

anukram

itihaas

1960 ka dashak

praarambhik din

1960 ke dashak ke shuruaati dinon mein taaunashed aur entavisl ne the kaunfedarets naamak ek traid jaaj band ki shuruaat ki. taaunasheind bainjo aur entavisl French haurn bajaaya karte the, jise bajaana unhonne apne school band mein seekha tha. jab daaltre ki mulaakaat entavisl se hui us samay ve apne kandhe par ek baas gitaar rakhe sadak par ja rahe the aur unhonne unase apne band the deeturs mein shaamil hone ko kaha, jiska gathan unhonne ek saal pehle kiya tha. kuchh hafton ke baad entavisl ne daaltre ko atirikt guitarvaadak ke roop mein niyukt kiya. shuruaati dinon mein band pab aur hall ke liye anukool vibhinn tarah ke sangeet ki dhun bajaaya karta tha, baad mein ve ameriki blooj aur country myoojik se prabhaavit hokar adhiktar ridm aur blooj bajaane lage. vaadakon ke kram mein daaltre gitaar bajaakar netrutv karte the, taaunasheind ridm gitaar, entavisl base, daug sandom drum bajaate the aur kaulin daavasan gaate the. daavasan ke chhod dene ke baad daaltre kanth sangeet mein chale gaye aur taaunasheind ekal guitarvaadak ban gaye. 1964 mein sandom ne chhod diya aur keeth moon drum vaadak ban gaye.

deeturs ne 1964 fravari mein apna naam badalkar the hoo rakh liya aur us varsh moon ke aagaman ke saath line-ap (kram) poora ho gaya. haalaanki, 1964 ki garmiyon mein Peter maiden ke prabandhan mein ek chhoti avadhi ke liye un logon ne apna naam badalkar the haai nambars rakh liya aur "joot soot/I M the face" release kiya jiska ekamaatr lakshya aadhunik prashansakon ko lubhaana tha. jab yeh ekal chart mein vifal raha tab band ne fir se the hoo naam apna liya. kit laimbret aur kris staimp ki team, jisne band ko railway saraaya mein pradarshan karte dekha tha, unka prabandhan karne ki peshakash ki aur team ke prabandhak maiden ko khareed kar unhein team se baahar kar diya tatha khud team ke prabandhak ban gaye. ve 1960 mein nae fashion, skootaron tatha ridm aur blooj, sol evam beet sangeet jaisi sangeet shailiyon mein yukt ek upasanskruti vaale british mauds mein lokapriya ho gaye.[14]

1964 September mein hairo end veldaston, London ke railway saraaya mein ek pradarshan ke dauraan taaunasheind ne galati se chhat se takaraakar apne gitaar ka oopari hissa tod diya. darshakon ki behooda hansi se naaraaj hokar unhonne apne vaadya yantr ko manch par hi nasht kar daala. ek doosra gitaar utha kar usane pradarshan jaari rakha. agale kansart mein ek badi bheed ne bhaag liya lekin taaunasheind ne ek aur gitaar todne se mana kar diya. iske bajaay moon ne dramakit ko tod daala. [15][16] yantr vinaash kai saal tak the hoo ke pradarshanon ki visheshata ban gayi. railway saraaya ki ghatna ke vishay mein roling ston patrika ne likha "50 minute jisne rock 'N' rol ka itihaas badal daala.[17]

band mukhya geetkaar aur rachanaatmak oorja ke roop mein taaunasheind ke ird gird saghan ho utha. entavisl ne bhi geetkaar ke roop mein yogadaan kiya hai, moon aur daaltre ne bhi 60 aur 70 ke dashak mein saamayik roop se geeton ka kaafi yogadaan diya hai.

praarambhik ekal aur maai jenareshan

January 1965 mein "I can't eksaplen" the hoo ka pehla vimochan aur pehla hit kinks se prabhaavit rikaard hai, jo uske saath ameriki nirmaata shel taalmi ki saajhedaari mein tha. yeh geet flint Michigan mein dablyooteeesi eem (WTAC AM) 600 par DJ Peter si kevenauf dvaara amareeka ke kuchh baajaaron mein hi sunaaya gaya tha.[18] "I kaant eksaplen" Britain ke sheersh 10 gaanon mein tha, jiske baad "eneeve, eneehaaoo, eneevheyar" gaana aaya jo taaunasheind aur daaltre ko samarpit tha.

pehla prasiddh elabam maai jenareshan (Britain mein the hoo sings maai jenareshan) bhi usi saal jaari kiya gaya tha. ismein "the kids aar olaraait" aur sheershak track "maai jenareshan" bhi shaamil tha. iske baad ke hit, jaise 1966 ka ekal "sabasteechyoot", ek yuvak ke baare mein hai jo khud ko dhokhebaaj samajhta hai, "I M a bvauya", ek ladke ke baare mein hai jo ladkiyon ki tarah kapde pahanata hai aur "haippi Jack" maanasik roop se pareshaan yuvak ke baare mein hai, jo yeh darshaata hai ki taaunasheind ne yaun tanaav aur kishor aakrosh jaise vishyon ko kitne behatareen dhang se pesh kiya hai.

a kvik van aur the hoo sel out

chitr:Thewho60s.jpg
the hoo left too right: daaltre, entavisl, taaunasheind aur moon CA.1967

ek ekal band ke roop mein safal hone ke baad bhi taaunashed chaahate the ki the hoo ke elabam geeton ka sangrah hone ke bajaay ekeekrut hon. taaunasheind ne "I M a bvauya" ko shuruaat mein rock opera se alag kar diya tha, iska pehla sanket 1966 ke elbam a kvik van mein najar aaya jismein mishran kahaani "a kvik van vhaail hi is ave" shaamil hai, jise ve mini opera kehte the. is geet ka sabse jaanadaar pradarshan roling stons ke rock end rol sarkas ke manch par hua tha, jahaan "bura" pradarshan karne vaalon par sade tamaatar feinke jaate the, haalaanki unhein mili prashansa ne darshaaya ki ve poori tarah safal rahe.

1967 mein a kvik van ke baad ekal "pictures of lili" aur the hoo sel out - ek avadhaarana elabam ek apatateeya radio station ki tarah jaari kiya gaya jo vinodi chhandon aur vijnyaaapanon se poori tarah se bhara hua tha. ismein ek mini rock opera "raayal" (jiska antim vishay Tommy par khatm hota hai) aur the hoo ka sabse bada ameriki ekal, "I kain si for maails" shaamil hai. montere paup mahotsav mein the hoo ne us saal apne upakaranon ko nasht kar diya aur the smoothars brothers Comedy aavar mein bhi yahi doharaate hue visfotak pradarshan kiya jahaan moon ne apne drum keet ko kshati pahunchaayi. saalon baad, the kids aar all right filmaate vakt taaunasheind ne daava kiya tha ki yeh unke karnakshved (tinits) ki shuruaat hai. moon dvaara kisi manch vaale ko rishvat diye jaane ke baad drum kit mein bahut adhik parimaan mein gola-baarood rupi upakaran bhar liye gaye the. iske parinaamasvaroop ummeed se kaheen jyaada shaktishaali visfot hua jiska kisi ne andaaja bhi naheen lagaaya tha, yahaan tak ki moon ne khud bhi naheen socha tha. sangeet channel veeech van(VH1) ne teleevijn par is ghatna ko apni soochi ke 100 sabse bade rock 'eऩ' rol lamhon mein #10 par soocheebaddh kiya tha.

Tommy

1968 mein the hoo ne New York city ke central park mein skaifar sangeet samaaroh mein sheershata ki aur pehla ekal "maijik bas" jaari kiya. December mein unhonne the roling stons rock end raul sarkas mein hissa liya aur apne mini opera "a kvik van vhaail hi ij ave" ka pradarshan kiya. us varsh, taaunasheind pehle roling ston saakshaatkaar ke vishay banein. taaunasheind ne kaha ki ve ek poorn rock opera par kaam kar rahe hain.[19] unki is rachana ka naam Tommy tha jo unki ek aisi pehli rachana thi jiska vigyaapan ek rock opera ke roop mein kiya gaya tha aur jo aadhunik sangeet ki ek aitihaasik ghatna thi.

is dauraan taaunasheind ka sangeet lekhan Bhaarat ke mehar Baba ki shikshaaon se prabhaavit hua, jo kai saalon tak jaari raha. Tommy mein Baba ko "avataar" ke roop mein darshaaya gaya hai. vaanijyik safalta ke alaava Tommy ek mahatvapoorn prahaar ban gaya, life kehta hai," Tommy studio rikaurding se baahar nikla aisa aavishkaar hai jismein shakti, avishkaar aur pradarshan ki pratibha hai, jo pehle kabhi naheen hua" aur melodi mekar ne ghoshana ki ki, "nishchit roop se the hoo ab aisa band hai jinke samaksh anya sabhi ka aankalan karna hoga."[13]

us saal the hoo ne vudastauk sangeet aur kala mahotsav mein Tommy par sarvaadhik pradarshan kiya. isne aur aagaami film ne America mein the hoo ki lokapriyta badha di. haalaanki samaaroh ni:shulk kar diya gaya fir bhi the hoo ne pradarshan se pehle bhugataan kiye jaane ki maang ki, jabki ravivaar ki subah 2-3 baje bankon aur sadkon ko band kiya ja chuka tha aur pradarshan karne ke liye tabhi raaji hue jab ek promoter joel rosanamain $11,200 ($ vartamaan dollar ke pariprekshya mein) ka ek check saath lekar aaye. [20][21]

vudastauk mein the hoo ke pradarshan ke dauraan sangeet samaaroh mein ek sabse kukhyaat ghatna ghati. the hoo ke set par yeeppi neta ebbi haufamain kansart aayojak Michael laing ke saath manch par baith gaye. haufamain samaaroh ke shuruaat se hi medical teint mein kaam kar rahe the elaesadi (LSD) se prabhaavit the. haufamain John sinkleyar ke maamale ko prachaarit karne ka man bana chuke the, jise narcotics adhikaari ko maarijuaana ke do cigarette dene ke jurm mein 10 saal jail ki saja ho gayi thi. haufamain the hoo ke Tommy ke pradarshan ke dauraan ek sankshipt viraam mein ek maaikrofon pakadkar kood gaye aur kaha, "mujhe lagta hai ki yeh gandagi ka dher hai, jabki John sinkleyar jail mein sad rahe hain!" taaunasheind ne apashabdon ka prayog karte hue kaha, "hat jaao, mere stage se door hato.! mere manch se bakavaas band karo! "[22] aur haufamain par apne gitaar se hamla kar diya. haufamain manch se koodakar bheed mein kho gaye.[23]

1970 ka dashak

group ne 1970 ki shuruaat BBC par atyadhik dekhe jaane vaale saath ke dashak ke sangeet pradarshan "paup go the siksatees" ke jariye ki jismein 1 January 1970 ko BBC van (BBC1) par inke "I kain si for maails" ka prasaaran kiya gaya.

live eight leeds

1970 fravari mein the hoo ne live eight leeds rikaard kiya, jise kai aalochakon ne sabhi rock elabamon ki tulana mein sarvottam paaya.[24][25][26][27][28][29][30] elabam, jo moolat: jyaadaatar sho ke hard rock gaanon se yukt hai, use aur adhik vistaar aur sansodhit sanskaranon mein dubaara jaari kiya gaya. in sanskaranon mein mool sanskaran ki takaneeki samasyaaon ko door kiya gaya hai aur inmein Tommy ke pradarshan ke kuchh bhaagon ke saath pichhle sanskaranon ke ekal aur manch ke parihaas ko vistaarit roop mein shaamil kiya gaya hain. ek double disk sanskaran mein Tommy ka poora pradarshan shaamil hai. leeds vishvavidyaalaya gig Tommy daure ka hissa tha jismein na sirf yooropiyn opera haauson ke gig shaamil the, balki ismein the hoo ko New York city mein metropolitan opera house mein pehla rock adhiniyam bante hue dekha. March mein the hoo ne Britain ka sheersh bees hit "the seekar" jaari kiya.

laaifahaaus aur hoo ij next

March 1971 mein, band ne New York mein keet laimbart ke saath taaunasheind dvaara likhe geeton se laaifahaaus par upalabdh saamagriyon ki rock opera ki rikaurding shuroo ki, uske baad April mein glin jauns ke saath fir se satr ki shuruaat ki. saamagri mein se entavisl ke ek geet ko ek paramparaagat studio elabam, hoo ij next ke roop mein jaari kiya gaya. yeh elabam aalochakon aur prashansakon ke beech sabse safal elabam saabit hua, magar laaifahaaus pariyojana samaapt ho gayi. "hoo ij next " America ke paup chart mein #4 par aur Britain mein #1 par pahunch gaya. is elabam ke do track "Baba O rile" aur "vont gate foold agen" rock sangeet mein prayog kiye jaane vaale sinthesaaijar ke agrani udaaharan ke roop mein uddhrut kiye gaye. donon track ke keebord saaund loare oragan dvaara utpann kiye gaye. (haalaanki "vont gate foold agen" mein aargan veeseeesa3 (VCS3) sinthesaaijar ke maadhyam se utpann kiya gaya). [31] elabam mein "baargen", "going mobile" aur "the saang ij over" par kaheen bhi sinthesaaijars sun sakte hain." October mein the hoo ne Britain ka sheersh bees hit "lets si action" jaari kiya. 4 November 1971 ko the hoo ne London mein renabo theatre khola aur teen raaton tak pradarshan kiya. unhonne London ke yang vik mein laaifahaaus set ka pradarshan bhi kiya. yeh vartamaan mein "hoo ij next" deelaks sanskaran ke disk 2 par upalabdh hai. 1972 mein unhonne Britain ke sheersh das aur America ke sheersh bees ekal "jauyan tugedar" aur Britain aur America ka sheersh chaalees "the rile" jaari kiya.

kvaadrofeniya aur baai nambars

hoo ij next ke baad the hoo ne kvaadrofeniya (1973) naamak doosra sampoorn double elabam rock opera jaari kiya. yeh kahaani jimmi naamak ladke ki hai jo apne aatm-sammaan ke liye apne parivaar aur doosaron se sangharsh karta hai aur jo maanasik roop se beemaar hai.[32] usaki kahaani 1960 ke dashak ke aarambh mein Britain, vishesh roop se braaitan mein mauds aur raukars ke beech sangharsh par aadhaarit hai. unke is elabam ne atalaantik ke aar-paar apne uchchatam chaarting par safalta praapt ki aur Britain aur America mein #2 ke sheersh sthaan par pahunch gaya. ameriki daura 20 November 1973 ko sain Francisco ke daily city mein California kaau pailes mein shuroo hua jahaan moon ne "vont gate foold agen" aur manch ke peechhe ek break ke baad "maijik bas" ka pradarshan kiya. taaunasheind ne darshakon se poochha, "kisi ko drum bajaana aata hai? - mera matlab hai vaastav mein achhi tarah se." ek darshak sadasya, Scott haalpin ne baaki ke sho "smokastaik laaitaning", "spoonafool" aur "neked I" ke ek jaim mein drum bajaaya.[33]

1975 mein moon

1974 mein the hoo ne aautateks elabam ods end sods jaari kiya, jismein adhiktar gaane laaifahaaus pariyojana se liye gaye hain. 1975 mein unke elabam the hoo baai nambars mein aatmavishleshi geet the jo ek anya hit ekal "skveej box" se prabhaavit hai. kuchh aalochakon ne "baai nambars " ko taaunasheind ki aatmahatya soochana samjha.[34] ken Russel dvaara nirdeshit aur daaltre dvaara abhineet Tommy ka film sanskaran us varsh jaari hua tha jisne taaunasheind ko behatareen mool score ke liye academy award ka naamaankan arjit karaaya. 6 December 1975 ko the hoo ne ponatek silvaradom mein sabse bada inador kansart karaane ka rikaard banaaya jismein 75,962 logon ne bhaag liya.[35] 31 May 1976 mein the hoo ne the valley mein aisa pradarshan kiya jise ek dashak se adhik avadhi tak ginij book of world rikaards mein vishv ke sarvaadhik shor-sharaabe vaale samaaroh ke roop mein soocheebaddh kiya gaya.[36]

hoo aar you aur moon ki mrutyu

daaltre aur taaunasheind, 21 October 1976

18 August 1978 ko band ne hoo aar you jaari kiya. us taareekh ko yeh unka sabse bada aur sabse teji se bikne wala elabam saabit hua aur America mein #2 ki jagah par pahunch gaya tatha 20 September ko America mein platinum pramaanit kiya gaya tha. 7 sitmbar ko paul maikakaartane dvaara di gayi party ke kuchh hi ghanton baad sharaab chhodne se utpann pareshaaniyon ka saamana karne ke liye nirdhaarit- heminevarin ka adhik maatra mein sevan karne ki vajah se neend mein hi hui keeth moon ki mrutyu ne is safalta ko dhak liya[37]. elabam ke kavar par moon in shabdon ke saath ek kursi par dikhaai dete hain "not too bi teken ave"; "myoojik mast change" geet mein drum ki koi aavaaj naheen hai. the smaal fesej aur the fesej ke keni jons moon ke uttaraadhikaari ke roop mein group mein shaamil hue.

manch par the hoo ki vaapasi 2 May 1979 ko London mein renabo theatre ke bahu-prashanshit kansart se hui, iske baad basant aur garmi mein skautalaind mein France ke kens film festival mein, vest Germany mein London ke vembali stadium mein, new jersey mein pasiyaak ke kaipitl theatre mein aur New York city mein medisn square gaarden mein paanch taareekhon ko lagaataar pradarshan kiya.

iske atirikt hoo ne 1979 mein the kids aar olaraait naamak ek vrutachitr aur kvaadrofeniya ka ek film sanskaran jaari kiya, jinmein se film Britain mein box office hit rahi aur pehle arthaat vrutachitr mein keeth moon ke saath unke antim pradarshan sahit manch par band ke sabse adhik shaanadaar kshanon ko sangrahit kiya gaya. December mein the hoo times ke kavar par beetals aur the band ke baad chhapane wala teesara band ban gaya. J kauks dvaara likhe gaye lekh mein kaha gaya ki the hoo ne apne sabhi samakaaleen rock baindon se "aage jaakar, sthaayi aur behtar bankar unhein khatm kar diya".[9]

sinsinaati traasadi

3 December 1979 ko sinsinaati, ohiyo ki traasadi ne sanyukt raajya America ke ek chhote daure ko bigaad diya, jismein rivrafrant kolisiym par bheed ki dhakka-mukki mein 11 prashansakon ki maut ho gayi tatha anek log ghaayal ho gaye the. aisa festival siting ki vajah se hua tha- jo baithane ki aisi vyavastha hai jismein farsh par baithane ka koi nirdhaarit ya nishchit niyam naheen hota, isliye jo samaaroh sthal mein pehle pravesh karte hain unhein sabse achha sthaan milta hai. iske atirikt, baahar intajaar kar rahe anek prashansakon ne band dvaara saaund check arthaat dhvani ki jaanch ko vaastavik sangeet samaaroh samajh liya aur jabaradasti andar jaane ka prayaas karne lage. jab is kshetr ke pravesh maarg ke darvaaje ka maatr ek ansh khola gaya tha jisse ek tonteedaar botal jaisi sthiti ban gayi aur hajaaron logon dvaara ek saath pravesh paane ki koshish karne ki vajah se yeh dhakka-mukki ghaatak ban gayi.

kaaryakram ke samaapt hone tak band ko iske baare mein naheen bataaya gaya tha kyonki naagrik adhikaariyon ko dar tha ki agar sangeet kaaryakram radd kar diya to bheed samasya utpann kar sakti hai.[38] band is ghatna se atyadhik vichlit ho gaya tha aur unhonne anya sthaanon par apne agale sangeet kaaryakramon ke liye upayukt suraksha saavadhaaniyon aur sahaayata ka anurodh kiya. agali shaam bafelo, New York mein daaltre ne manch se upasthit bheed se kaha "pichhli raat humne apne parivaar ke anek sadasyon ko kho diya hai aur yeh kaaryakram unke liye hai."

1980 ka dashak

parivartan aur sambandh-vichhed

chitr:82Who-PST-Who.jpg
hoo ke 1982 daure ke liye poster, jons sahit, (daaen)

drum vaadak ke taur par jons ke saath band ne do studio elabam face daansej (1981) aur its hard (1982) jaari kiye. face daansej America ke sheershasth bees mein aur "you betar you bet" ke saath Britain ke top ten hit mein aur "anadar triki de" jaise emateevi (MTV) aur eoaar (AOR) hiton ki kadi mein shaamil hua. emateevi par is elbam se teen video ka pradarshan kiya gaya jab August 1981 mein ise radio par prasaarit kiya gaya. haalaanki donon elabam achhi bikeen aur its hard ko roling ston mein five star ki sameeksha praapt hui, par kuchh prashansakon ko nai dhvaniyaan pasand naheen aayeen. "ethena" America ki sheersh tees hit mein thi aur "emeeneins frant" bhi pasandeeda ban gaya. baharahaal, taaunasheind ki jindagi bahut ast-vyast thi - unke peene ki aadat ki vajah se unki shaadi toot gayi aur ve heroin ke aadi ho gaye. unke doston ko isse kaafi hairaani hui kyonki pehle ve drag sevan ke virodhi the. unhonne 1982 mein shuruaat ki lekin daaltre ne unase kaha ki taaunasheind ko jinda rakhane ke liye agar jarurat hui to ve daure khatm kar deinge. its hard ke turant baad taaunasheind ke kehne par ki the hoo ko studio band mein badalne se pehle ve ek aur daure par jaana chaahate hain, the hoo ne taaunasheind ke liye ek vidaai daura aarambh kiya. yeh is saal sabse adhik safal aanka jaane wala daura tha, jab poore uttari America ke stadium aur rangashaalaaon mein bhaari bheed umadi thi.[39]

taaunasheind ne 1983 ka adhiktar vakt studio elabam ke liye saamagri likhne mein bita diya, jo 1980 mein ek anubandh ke baad se vaarnar brothers rikaards (Warner Bros. Records) ke svaamitv mein hai. tathaapi, 1983 ke ant tak, taaunasheind ne the hoo ke liye upayukt saamagri likhne mein apne aksham hone ki baat sveekaar ki aur December mein band se apni vidaai ki ghoshana bhi kar di aur daaltre, entavisl aur jauns ko unke chaahane par apne bagair bhi aage badhte rahane ke liye shubhakaamanaaen Dean. iske baad unhonne White City: A Novel, the aayaran main (jismein daaltre evam entavisl aur "the hoo" ke ek elabam ke do gaanon ko darshaaya gaya tha) aur saaikoderelikt (radio kaarya laaifahaaus ka ek agradoot) jaisi ekaaki pariyojanaaon par apna dhyaan kendrit kiya.

punarmiln

vembali mein Bob jeldauf ke live Ed sangeet kaaryakram keni jons sahit the hoo ke sabhi sadasya ekasaath pun:sangathit hue. "maai jenareshan" ki shuruaat mein BBC (BBC) ke prasaaran truck se ek fyooj ud gaya, jiska matlab hai ki tasveer poori tarah gaayab ho gayi thi, lekin band ne pradarshan jaari rakha. iski vajah se "maai jenareshan" aur "pinbaul vijrd" ke adhiktar video baaki ki duniya tak naheen pahunch paae lekin "vijrd" ke audio aur baaki gaane radio ki maarfat prasaarit hue the. "love, ren over mi" aur "vont gate foold agen" ke baad prasaaran shuroo hua.

February 1988 mein, band ko british fonograafik industry ke lifetime echivmeint award se sammaanit kiya gaya tha. the hoo ne samaaroh mein ek sankshipt set ka pradarshan kiya (jons ne aakhiri baar the hoo ke saath kaam kiya). 1989 mein, unhonne 25veen varshagaanth par the kids aar olaraait par punarmiln daura aayojit kiya jismein Tommy ke gaanon ko vishesh mahatva diya gaya tha. Simon filips drum baja rahe thein, Steve "boltj" bolton gitaar baja rahe the, jabki taaunasheind dhvanik gitaar aur kuchh bijli se chalne vaale taal gitaar ko taal de rahe the taaki unke sunane ki kshamata ko kam nuksaan pahunche. dhvani ko samruddh karne ke liye ek seeng anubhaag (haarn sekshan) aur samarthak gaayakon ko bhi shaamil kiya gaya jabki manch ki dhvani prabalata ko pichhle dauron se kaafi kam rakha gaya. nyoojaveek ne kaha, "the hoo ka daura khaas hai kyonki beetals aur stons ke baad, ve IT (IT) hain." jaaents stadium mein chaar raaton sahit poore uttari America mein unke kaaryakram mein bheed umad padi.[40] kul milaakar do lakh se adhik ticket beche gaye the. daure mein New York ke radio city myoojik hall mein Tommy aur kai atithi sitaaron ke saath loss enjels ke yoonivrsal emfeethiyetar ka kaaryakram shaamil tha. 1990 mein jvaayan tugedar naamak ek 2-seedi (2-CD) live elabam jaari kiya gaya jo America (US) mein #188 par pahuainch kar ruka. yoonivrsal emfeethiyetar ke kaaryakram ka ek video bhi jaari kiya gaya aur vah America (US) mein platinum ban gaya tha.

1990 ka dashak

aanshik punarmiln

apni paatrata ke pehle varsh 1990 mein, the hoo ko you 2 (U2) dvaara rock end rol hall of fem mein shaamil karaaya gaya, bono ne kaha "the hoo kisi bhi anya band ki apeksha hamaare liye adhik anukaraneeya (rol model) hain." rock hall mein the hoo ke pradarshan ne unhein "vishv ke sabse bade rock band" ki upaadhi ke liye pramukh daavedaar ke roop mein varnit karta hai. keval beetals aur roling stons ne hi rock hall mein is tarah ki prashansa praapt ki hai.

1991 mein the hoo ne eltan John ke "saitarade night ij olaraait for faaiting" ke ek abhivaadan elabam ke liye ek kavar record kiya. yeh antim baar tha jab unhonne entavisl ke saath kiya gaya koi studio kaarya jaari kiya. 1994 mein daaltre 50 varsh ke ho gaye aur ise kaarnegi hall mein do samaarohon ke saath manaaya. inmein entavisl aur taaunasheind atithi kalaakaar ke roop mein shaamil the. haalaanki the hoo ke teenon jeevit mool sadasyon ne bhaag liya lekin ve anya atithiyon ke saath samaapan pradarshan "jvaayan tugedar" ke alaava kabhi bhi ek saath manch par naheen aaye. daaltre ne us varsh entavisl aur keebord par John "raibit" bandrik, drum par jaak staarki aur apne bhaai ki jagah bhar rahe Simon taaunasheind, ke saath daura kiya. peet taaunasheind ne daaltre ko apne band ke liye the hoo ke naam ka prayog karne ki anumati di lekin daaltre ne aisa karne se inkaar kar diya. in sangeet samaarohon ke dauraan daaltre sings taaunasheind ke live elabam rikaard kiye gaye lekin ve vaanijyik safalta naheen pa sake. 1994 mein bhi the hoo ne thirty iyars of maiksimm aaraendabi (R&B) naamak box set jaari kiya.

kvaadrofeniya punaruddhaar

1996 mein taaunasheind, entavisl aur daaltre ne atithi sitaaron ke saath haaid park ke ek sangeet kaaryakram mein kvaadrofeniya ka pradarshan kiya. staarki drum vaadak the. pradarshan ko fil Daniel dvaara varnit kiya gaya jisne film mein Jimmy the maud ki bhoomika nibhaai. takaneeki kathinaaiyon ke baavajood yeh kaaryakram safal raha aur maidisn square gaarden mein six night rejeedensi arthaat chhah raat nivaas ki or agrasar kiya. taaunasheind ne vishesh roop se dhvanik gitaar bajaaya. ye kaaryakram the hoo ke naam se naheen kiye gaye. kvaadrofeniya sho ki safalta ne 1996 aur 1997 mein America aur Europeeya daure ka netrutv karne ka maarg prashast kiya. taaunasheind jyaadaatar dhvanik gitaar bajaaya karte the, lekin chayanit geeton par vidyut gitaar bhi bajaate the. veeechavan (VH1) ne 1998 mein rock end rol ke apne 100 mahaanatam kalaakaaron ki soochi mein the hoo ko nauvein sthaan par soocheebaddh kiya.

1999 ke uttaraarddh mein, the hoo ne keebord par bandrik aur drum par staarki ke saath 1985 ke baad se pehli baar samaaroh mein paanch baar pradarshan kiya. loss Vegas mein emajeeem (MGM) grand gaarden mein 29 October,1999 ko pehla sho aayojit hua. uske baad California ke maaunten vyoo ke sherolin empeethiyetaramein 30 aur 31 October ko unhonne neel yangs brij school benifit ke liye sho kiye. uske baad unhonne mereevil aikadami ke laabh ke liye Chicago ke house of bloos mein 12 aur 13 November ko pradarshan kiya. ant mein, London ke shefards bush empaayar mein 22 aur 23 December ko christmas ke liye do chairiti sho mein hissa liya. 1982 ke baad ye pehle sampoorn kansart the jismein taaunasheind ne kaaryakram ke poore samay tak vidyut gitaar bajaaya. loss Vegas mein 29 October ka sho aanshik roop se TV par aur saath hi Internet par bhi dikhaaya gaya tha tha jo baad mein the Vegas jaub ke taur par deeveedi ke roop mein release hoga. kaaryakram ke liye achhi sameekshaaen huin.

2000 ka dashak

chairiti sho aur entavisl ki maut

1999 ki safalta ne 2000 mein ek ameriki daure ka aur November mein Britain ke ek daure ka maarg prashast kar diya. unka daura raubin hood foundation ke faayde ke liye 6 June ko New York mein jekaub ke. jevits kanveinshan center se shuroo hua aur 27 November ko teenej center trast ke liye royal elbart hall mein cheriti sho ke saath khatm hua. achhi sameekshaaon ke baad the hoo ke teenon sadasyon ne nae elabam par charcha ki. [41] usi varsh veeechavan (VH1) ne the hoo ko apne hard rock ke 100 mahaanatam kalaakaaron ki soochi mein aathavein sthaan par rakha. band ne 20 October 2001 ko New York city ke samaaroh mein drum par Jack staarki ke saath New York city ke agni va police vibhaag ke liye "hoo aar you", "Baba O rile", "bihaaind blue aaij" aur "vont gate foold agen" ka pradarshan kiya. us varsh the hoo ko gremi lifetime achievement award se bhi sammaanit kiya gaya.[42]

the hoo ne 7 aur 8 fravari ko albart hall mein teenej Cancer trast benifit ke liye do sho ki taiyaari ke liye 2002 mein England ke portsamaauth mein 27 aur 28 January ko aur vaataford mein 31 January ko paanch sho mein hissa liya. the hoo ke saath entavisl ke ye aakhiri sho the. apne ameriki yaatra ke shuroo hone ke theek pehle 27 June ko entavisl loss Vegas mein hard rock hotel mein mrut paaye gaye the. iska kaaran dil ka daura tha jismein kokeen ek pramukh kaarak tha.[43] thodi si deri aur do gigs ke radd hone ke baad, yeh daura entavisl ke (ab sthaayi) pratisthaapan ke roop mein baasist pino palaadino ke saath Hollywood baaul se yeh daura shuroo hua. daure ke adhikaansh sho ko aadhikaarik taur par enakor seerij 2002 seedi ke roop mein jaari kiya gaya tha. September mein, kyoo patrika ne the hoo ko "50 band mein se ek aise band ke roop mein naamit kiya jise marne se pehle jaroor dekhein". November 2003 mein the hoo ne roling ston patrika ke apne samay ke 500 sabse mahaanatam elabam mein apne saat elbam ko jaari kiya, jismein apavaad ke roop mein beetals, the roling stons, Bob daailan aur brus springasteen jaise kalaakaar bhi shaamil the.

2004 mein the hoo ne "old red vaain 'aur' real gud luking bvauya" (pino palaadino aur Greg lek kramash: baas gitaar par) ko ekal sankalanThe Who: Then and Now ke roop mein jaari kiya aur 18 dinon ke daure par Japan, Australia, Britain aur America mein pradarshan kiya. sabhi pradarshanon ko enakor seerij 2004 ke seedi ke roop mein jaari kiya gaya hai. band ne ijl of vaait mahotsav mein bhi soorkhiyaan haasil keen.[44] us varsh roling ston ne bhi apne 100 mahaanatam kalaakaaron ki soochi mein the hoo ko #29 par soocheebaddh kiya.[45]

endales wire

2007 mein the hoo daure par.baaen: Roger daaltre, daaen: peet taaunasheind jaik staarki (drams par) aur John "raibit" bandrik (keebord par) ke saath

the hoo ne ghoshana ki ki vasant 2005 andaajan WHO2 (dablooechao2) 23 varshon mein unka pehla studio elbam dekhega. taaunasheind ne elabam par apna kaam jaari rakha aur apne blog par the bvaaya hoo hard myoojik naamak ek laghu upanyaas pravisht kiya. yeh ek mini opera wire end glaas naam se viksit hua jo the hoo ke naye elabam ke beej ke roop mein viksit hua aur baad mein poorn opera bana jise taaunasheind ne vassaar college mein pradarshit kiya.

July 2005 mein London stage par the hoo ne live 8 sangeet samaaroh mein pradarshan kiya. us varsh the hoo ko Britain sangeet ke hall of fem mein bhi shaamil kiya gaya. 2006 mein vodaafon sangeet samaaroh mein the hoo fredi markari lifetime achievement award grahan karne vaalon mein pehle number par the.[2]

30 October 2006 (31 October ko America mein) ko endales wire jaari kiya gaya tha. 1982 mein its hard ke baad yeh nayi saamagri ka pehla poorn elabam tha aur 1967 mein "rayel" ke baad the hoo sel out ka yeh pehla mini opera tha. endales wire ne bilbord par #7 aur Britain ke elabam chart par #9 se shuruaat ki. apne release (29 October) ki poorv sandhya par the hoo ne London ke raaundahaaus mein BBC ilektrik proms ke samaapan par mini opera ke kuchh ansh aur nae elabam ke kai geeton par pradarshan kiya.

apne elabam ke pehle aur uske samarthan mein the hoo ne 2006-2007 daura aarambh kiya. enakor seerij 2006 ke hisse ke roop mein seedi aur deeveedi par sho jaari kiye gaye. April 2006 mein staarki ko oesis mein aur November 2006 mein the hoo mein shaamil hone ke liye aamantrit kiya gaya tha lekin unhonne mana kar diya aur donon ke beech apne samay ko vibhaajit karna pasand kiya. 24 June 2007 ko glaasatanabari samaaroh mein the hoo bill ke sheersh par tha.

amejing jarni

26 October 2008 ko filaadelfiya mein daaltre aur taaunasheind

November 2007 mein, vruttachitrAmazing Journey: The Story of The Who jaari kiya gaya tha. is vruttachitr mein vo footage bhi shaamil hain jo pehle ke vruttachitron mein naheen the, jismein 1970 ke leeds vishvavidyaalaya ke pradarshan ki film aur 1964 mein jab ve sheersh par the us samay railway hotel mein kiye gaye pradarshan bhi shaamil hain. amejing jarni ko ek gremi puraskaar 2009 ke liye manoneet kiya gaya tha.

the hoo ko loss enjils mein 2008 veeechavan (VH1) rock haunars se sammaanit kiya gaya tha. sho ki teping ka 12 July,[46] ko aur 17 July ko network prasaaran kiya gaya. usi hafte, 12 geeton ka ek sarvashreshth sangrah sangeet video game rock band ke liye jaari kiya gaya tha. 2008 mein i3 (E3) media aur vyaapaar shikhar sammelan ke dauraan the hoo ne orafiym theatre mein rock band party mein pradarshan kiya. October 2008 mein, the hoo ne chaar Japani shaharon aur uttari America ke nau shaharon ka daura kiya. December mein, the hoo ko kainedi center onars mein maanyata mili. anya mashahoor hastiyon dvaara sangeet pradarshan kiye jaane ke baad, final mein police aur raahat karmiyon ke koras ne hairat mein daal diya, 9-11 ke sadme ke baad New York shahar mein sangeet kaaryakram mein the hoo ke pradarshan ne dil ko chhoo liya tha.[47]

2009 ke praarambh mein Australia aur nyoojeelaind ka ek daura poora hua. August mein, taaunasheind ne the hoo ke website par ghoshana ki ki ve flaus naamak nae myoojikl par kaam kar rahe hain jo ek umradaraaj raukar vaaltar ki kahaani hai, jiske kuchh geet 2010 mein hoo ke prastaavit ek nae elabam mein shaamil kiye jaayeinge. daaltre ne ghoshana ki ki ve 2010 mein the hoo ke saath daura kareinge. [48]

2010 ka dashak

the hoo ne 7 fravari 2010 ko Miami gaardens, florida ke san life stadium mein super baul XLIV ke kaaryakram mein half time sho kiya.[49] unhonne "pinbaal vijrd", "Baba O' rile", "hoo aar you", "si mi, feel mi" aur "vont gate foold agen" ka ek mishran bajaaya.[50]

30 March 2010 ko royal alabart hall mein teenaej Cancer trast seerij ke 10 gig ke ek bhaag ke roop mein kvaadrofeniya ka pradarshan kiya. rock opera ke is ekal pradarshan mein parl jam ke pramukh gaayak Eddy vedar aur kasabiyn ke pramukh gaayak Tom meeghan atithi kalaakaar ke roop mein shaamil hue the.[51]

taaunasheind ne roling ston patrika se kaha ki band ne 2010 ke aarambh mein ek daure ki yojana banaai thi; taaunasheind ne yeh bhi kaha ki unke tinits karnakshved ki samasya ke lautane ki vajah se shaayad aisa na ho sake. ve kaan ke andar ki ek nae maunitring pranaali ke saath prayog kar rahe hain jiske sujhaav unhein unke raukar saathi neel yang aur unke odiyolaujist ne diya hai.[52] 30 March ko royal alabart hall mein kvaadrofeniya sangeet samaaroh ke dauraan is kaan ke andar ki maunitring pranaali ke pareekshan ka nirnaya kiya gaya.[53] yadi yeh pranaali taaunasheind ke liye kaaragar hoti hai to 2010 ke ant mein ek daura sambhav hai. Roger daaltre ne erik klaiptan ke samarthan ke liye haal mein hue ek kaaryakram mein iska sanket kiya tha. haalaanki, baad ke ek saakshaatkaar mein apne gale ki pareshaaniyon aur apni badhti umr ka havaala dete hue unhonne kaha ki albart hall mein hone wala haal ka pradarshan unka antim kaaryakram ho sakta hai. aane vaale saptaahon mein band dvaara apne bhavishya ki yojana ke baare mein ghoshana karne ki aasha ki jaati hai.[54]

viraasat aur prabhaav

the hoo 1960 se '70 ke dashak ke sabse prabhaavashaali rock samoohon mein se ek hai.[6] unhonne green de,[55] the jaim,[56] led jeplin,[13] judaas preest,[57] black sabaath,[58] queen,[59] vain helen,[60] sveet,[61] eyarosmith,[62] kis,[63] AC/deesi,[64] deep parapal,[65] linird skeeneerd,[66] steeks,[67] aayaran meden,[68] rash,[69] nirvaan,[70] the klaish,[71] U2[72] (bono ke saath yoo2 (U2) ko "the hoo ke uttaraadhikaari" kehte hue)[73] aur parl jaim[74]" (Eddy vedar ke saath, "ek baat jisse mujhe the hoo ke prati chidh hoti hai vah hai unka tareeka jisse unhonne rock 'N' rol ke anajaan galiyaare mein har darvaaje mein ghuskar tod-fod ki aur hamaare liye malabe ke kuchh dheron ke alaava kuchh naheen chhoda, jis par ham daava kar sakein. aadi baindon ko prabhaavit kiya.)[75]

chitr:Petetownshend.jpg
2007 mein manch par peet taaunasheind

the hoo ke aadhunik prajanm ne 1990 ke madhya mein britpaup lahar ke blar,[76] oesis,[77] aur aish,[78] baindon ko prerana di. rock ke prati unke teevr aur aakraamak tareeke evam "maai jenareshan" jaise gaanon mein dikhaai dene vaale vyavahaar ki vajah se band ko "the gaudafaadar of pank"[79] bhi kaha gaya hai. the stoojes,[80] MC5,[81] remones,[82] sex pistals,[83] the klaish,[84] green de,[85] evam anya anek pank rock aur protopank rock baindon ne the hoo ke prabhaav ka sanket kiya hai.

samooh ko "rock opera" ka shreya diya gaya aur isne pehle ullekhaneeya kaunasept elabamon mein se ek elabam banaaya. Tommy ke baad David bauvi ki the raaij end faul of jiggi stardust end the spaaidars fraum maars, jenesis ki the laimb laais daaun on braudave aur pink flauyad ki the vaal 1970 ke mukhya aakarshan rahe. rock opera shaili mein baad ke prayaason mein maai kemikl romance ka the black parade aur green de ka ameriken idiyt tatha 21st century break daaun release shaamil hain.

1967 mein taaunasheind ne the hoo ke saath ke dashak ke singals (ekal) ka varnan karne ke liye "power paup" shabd gadha.[86] raaspaberi se chip trik tak sattar ke dashak ke power paup aandolan ki maargadarshak roshani ne the hoo se prerana li. [87] hoo is next mein yantr ke vishesh roop se upayog mein sinthesaaijar ke praarambhik samaavesh[88] mein bhi the hoo ke prabhaav ko dekha ja sakta hai.

the hoo ke jeevit sadasyon, peet taaunasheind aur Roger daaltre ko lokapriya sanskruti par sthaayi prabhaav daalne ke liye kainedi center onars diya gaya.[13] rock pratiroopan ke unke yogadaan mein vindamil stram (pavan chakki jhankaar), maarshal staik aur gitaar todna shaamil hai. unke aarambhik dinon mein paup kala ko gale lagaana aur apne kapadon ke liye union Jack ke naveen upayog se fashion par unka ek prabhaav pada.[89]

aaj bhi the hoo ka sangeet baaragen, maai jenareshan, the oham, the rile, the sabasteechyoots (Australia),[90] Japan mein taaunajen, the hudalums (Britain), the hooleegens, the hoo sho, hoo-danait, hoo is neksat yoo॰aesa॰, hoo is next UK, hoo is hoo UK jaise shraddhaanjali baindon dvaara bajaaya jaata hai.

ameriki forensic naatak seeesaaai CSI: Crime Scene Investigation CSI: Miami aur CSI: NY ke sabhi teen sanskaranon ke feature geet kramash: "hoo aar you", "vont gate foold agen" aur "Baba O' rile" the hoo dvaara theem (vishay) gaanon ke roop mein likhe aur pesh kiye gaye. CBS sitkaum too end A hauf main ne ek baar "skveej box" vishay geet sahit steefs naamak sankshipt seeesaaai spoof kiya. fauks naatak house hag laauri mein "Baba O' rile" ke liye air piyaano aur air drum bajaate hue bhi dekha ja sakta hai.

puraskaar aur saraahana

1976 mein Roger daaltre aur peet taaunasheind

the hoo ko 1990[91] mein rock end rol hall of fem mein, 2005 mein Britain myoojik hall of fem[92] mein parichit karaaya gaya aur 2006 mein isne live sangeet mein pehla vaarshik fredi markari lifetime achievement award jeeta. [2] unhonne 1988 mein british fonograafik industry[11] se aur 2001 mein rikaarding kshetr mein mahatvapoorn utkrusht kalaatmak yogadaan ke liye gremi foundation[12] se lifetime achievement award praapt kiya.

1998 mein Tommy ko, 1999 mein "maai jenareshan" ko aur 2007[93] mein hoo ij next ko gremi hall of fem mein shaamil kiya gaya. 7 December 2008 ko 31vein vaarshik puraskaar samaaroh mein taaunasheind aur daaltre ne kenedi center onars praapt kiya, is prakaar sammaanit kiya jaane wala yeh pehla rock band hai.[47] 2009 mein maai jenareshan ko sanyukt raajya America raashtreeya rikaurding panjeekaran mein sanrakshan ke liye chayanit kiya gaya tha.[94] veeechavan (VH1) rock sammaan 2008 ne parl jam, foo faaitars,fleming lips, inakyoobs aur tenaasiys di ke shraddhaanjali kaaryakramon ke saath the hoo ke prati shraddha samarpit ki.

About.com ke "sheersh 50 classic rock band" ki taalika mein the hoo #3 par kramabaddh hain.[95]

band ke sadasya

vartamaan sadasya

  • Roger daaltre - leed vokals, ridm gitaar aur haaramonika (1962-vartamaan)
  • peet taaunasheind - leed gitaar, keebords, sinthasaaijr, vokals (1962-vartamaan)

poorv sadasya

  • John entavisl - baas, braas, kanthasangeet (1962-2002)†
  • keeth moon - drams, taalavaadya (1964-1978)†
  • kenni jons - drams, taalavaadya (1979-1988)

vartamaan daura sadasya

  • John "raibit" bandrik - keebords, samarthak kanthasangeet (1979-1981, 1985-vartamaan)
  • Jack staarki - drams, taalavaadya (1996-present)
  • simon taaunasheind - ridm gitaar, samarthak kanthasangeet (1996-1997, 2002-vartamaan)
  • pino pallaadino- baas (2002-vartamaan)

diskograafi

studio elabam

  • maai jenareshan (1965)
  • a kvik van (1966)
  • the hoo sel out (1967)
  • Tommy (1969)
  • hoo ij next (1971)
  • kvaadrofeniya (1973)
  • ods end sauds (1974)
  • the hoo baai nanbars (1975)
  • hoo aar yoon (1978)
  • face daanses (1981)
  • its hard (1982)
  • endales wire (2006)

inhein bhi dekhein

  • the hoo ke sangeet upakaran

tippaniyaan

  1. Vedder, Eddie (15 April 2004). "The Greatest Artists of All Time: The Who". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/5939229/29_the_who/. abhigman tithi: 16 May 2008.
  2. a aa i "2006 Vodafone Live Music Awards". Vodafone. http://www.vodafonemusic.co.uk/awards/2006/winners.cfm. abhigman tithi: 16 May 2008.
  3. too rock lejeinds, basking in the VH1 spautalaait. nytimes.com. 22 October 2008 ko punaruddhaarit.
  4. RIAA.com
  5. britaanika online vishvakosh mein moneeteri paup samaaroh
  6. a aa i "The Who". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/642975/the-Who. abhigman tithi: 16 May 2008.
  7. "The Who". The Rock And Roll Hall of Fame and Museum, Inc.. http://www.rockhall.com/inductee/the-who. abhigman tithi: 16 May 2008.
  8. emateevi (MTV)
  9. a aa time patrika - rock's outer limits
  10. rauling ston mein the hoo ka jaiv
  11. a aa brit (BRIT) avaards
  12. a aa Grammy lifetime achievement avaards
  13. a aa i E the hoo kainedi center onars
  14. BBC (BBC)
  15. rock end rol: ek saamaajik itihaas
  16. the maarkvi club
  17. 50 kshan jisne rock end rol ke itihaas ko parivrtit kar diya.
  18. sthaaneeya DJ - rock 'N' rol ka itihaas
  19. the rauling ston ka saakshaatkaar: peet taaunasheind
  20. spitj, Bob (1979). beyarafoot in bebeelaun: vudastauk sangeet samaaroh ka nirmaan. dabloo. dabloo. nortan end company. prushth 462 ISBN 0-393-30644-5.
  21. 1969 vudastauk samaaroh kansart - how vudastauk haipeind - bhaag.5
  22. vudastauk: the hoo banaam ebbi haufamain
  23. the hoo cement deyar place in rock history
  24. "hope I dont haiv a heart ataik". Telegraph.co.uk (22 June 2006). 3 January 2007 ko punaruddhaarit.
  25. Popmatters.com, the hoo: live ait leeds.
  26. live ait leeds: hoo ka sarvashreshth ... the indipeindeint (7 June 2006). 3 January 2007 ko punaruddhaarit.
  27. heden, steeven. PopMatters.com (29 January 2003)
  28. 170 live ait leeds.
  29. the hoo: live ait leeds. BBC (BBC) - leeds - manoranjan (18 August 2006). 3 January 2007 ko punaruddhaarit.
  30. rauling ston patrika (1 November 2003). 3 January 2007 ko punaruddhaarit.
  31. peet ke upakaran| lauveri barkashaayar dilks TBO-1 | hutaibs| peet taaunasheind
  32. Quadrophenia.net
  33. Whiting, Sam (17 October 1996). "WHO'S DRUMMER? Teen got his 15 minutes of fame". San Francisco Examiner. http://www.quadrophenia.net/1973tour/us.html. abhigman tithi: 22 fravari 2008.
  34. the hu baai nambars laainar nots
  35. pontiyek silvaradom
  36. sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; Sanctuary naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  37. keeth moon baayo
  38. CrowdSafe.com, the hoo kansart trejidi taask fors ki report
  39. the hoo kansarts guide 1982.
  40. the hoo kansarts guide 1989.
  41. the hoo kansarts guide akhbaaron ki sameeksha.
  42. Grammy lifetime avaards ki soochi aur varsh jinmein ve diye gaye.
  43. kokeen 'killed the hoo star' BBC (BBC) samaachaar
  44. Wolfson, Richard (14 June 2004). "Sheer genius". Telegraph.co.uk. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml?xml=/arts/2004/06/14/bmwight14.xml&sSheet=/arts/2004/06/15/ixmusicmain.html. abhigman tithi: 7 January 2007.
  45. "The Immortals: The First Fifty". Rolling Stone Issue 946 (Rolling Stone Magazine). 24 March 2004. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/5939214/the_immortals_the_first_fifty. abhigman tithi: 3 January 2007.
  46. FOXNews.com: loss enjels mein the hoo ko 'rock sammaan' mila
  47. a aa dev grohal, kris kaurnel ne kainedi kendra par the hoo ko shraddhaanjali arpit ki
  48. peet taaunasheind raaiting new musical, saungs heded for hoo LP
  49. "Long live rock: The Who set to play Super Bowl XLIV halftime". http://www.nfl.com/superbowl/story?id=09000d5d8147baad&template=with-video-with-comments&confirm=true. abhigman tithi: 26 November 2009.
  50. "The Who Rock Super Bowl XLIV With Explosive Medley of Big Hits". 7 fravari 2010. http://www.rollingstone.com/rockdaily/index.php/2010/02/07/the-who-rock-super-bowl-xliv-with-explosive-medley-of-big-hits. abhigman tithi: 9 fravari 2010.
  51. http://www.thewho.com/index.php?module=news&news_item_id=409
  52. "The Who's Future Uncertain as Townshend's Tinnitus Returns". Rolling Stone. 18 fravari 2010. http://www.rollingstone.com/rockdaily/index.php/2010/02/18/the-whos-future-uncertain-as-townshends-tinnitus-returns. abhigman tithi: 18 fravari 2010.
  53. http://www.royalalberthall.com/press/pressreleases/release.aspx?id=9660
  54. thewho.com par samaachaar
  55. olamyoojik par green de
  56. Rollingstone.com
  57. olamyoojik par judaas preest
  58. olamyoojik par black sabaath
  59. Rollingstone.com
  60. olamyoojik par vain halen
  61. olamyoojik par sveet
  62. olamyoojik par erosmith
  63. olamyoojik par kis
  64. Rollingstone.com
  65. Rollingstone.com
  66. olamyoojik par linird skineerd
  67. olamyoojik par steekas
  68. olamyoojik par aayaran meden
  69. olamyoojik par rash
  70. spin patrika ke 50 sabse bada band
  71. mik jons prashansa saakshaatkaar
  72. maik kormik (2006), U2 dvaara U2 prushth 113
  73. maik kormik (2006), U2 dvaara U2 prushth 147
  74. olamyoojik par parl jaim
  75. vikalp: the saungs of the hoo seedi laainar nots
  76. the gaarjiyn
  77. olamyoojik par oesis
  78. britpaup jadein aur prabhaav
  79. rock aur rol ka naya rauling ston vishvakosh
  80. olamyoojik par the stoojes
  81. olamyoojik par MC5
  82. intaratenameint weekly ke liye 106547,00.html jauya raamone saakshaatkaar
  83. sex pistaul ka pehla saakshaatkaar
  84. olamyoojik par the klaish
  85. green de ki spin (spin) se vaarta
  86. rock'sbackpageslibrary (rauks ke pichhle prushthon ka pustakaalaya)
  87. erik kaaramen ke saath paupamaitars ka saakshaatkaar
  88. akaustik saaunds ink
  89. sangh raajya - desh ke lokapriya sangeet aur fashion udyog dvaara british jhande ka upayog kiya gaya
  90. the sabstitoot
  91. rock aur rol hall of fem
  92. UK myoojik hall of fame
  93. Grammy hall of fem
  94. etta James, the hoo ne raashtreeya rikaurding rajistri banaai
  95. dev white. sheersh 50 classic rock band. About.com. 21 April 2006 ko punaruddhaarit.

sandarbh

  • marsh, dev (1983). bifor I gate old: the story of the hoo . seint maartins press. ISBN 0-312-07155-8.

baahari link

saaaincha:The Who