the beetals

the bitls ka prateek chinh
the beetals

the beetals, 1964
oopar: lenan, mekaaratani
neeche: hairisn, star
prushthabhoomi ki jaankaari
sakriya varsh 1960-70
jaalasthal/website thebeatles.com


the beetals 1960 ka ek angreji rock baind tha jiska nirmaan livrapool mein kiya gaya tha. John lenan, paul mekaaratani, jorj hairisn aur ringo star ke saath ve vyaapak prabhaavashaali kalaakaar ke roop me maane jaate hai. 1950 ke dashak ke rock end ऱaol ke shaili me shuru kiya tha aur uske baad beetals ne kai saare shailiyon ke saath prayog kiya. paup gaathageet se saaikedelik rock ko lekar vah aksar shaastreeya tatavo ko apnaakar, Abhinav taareeke se in tatavo ko apne sangeet me shaamil karte.

1960 ke kaal me beetals ko bahut lokapriyta mili. jab vah "beetalameniya" ke roop me ubhare. lekin jaise unke geet lekhan ki vridhi hui ve saamaajik aur saanskrutik kritiyo ke dvaara apne aadarshein ke avataar ke roop se maana jaane lage. 1960 me sathaapit hue beetals ne apni khyaati livrapool aur Hamburg me kalb kholkar teen saal ki avadhi me lokapriytaaarjit ki. prabandhak baraayan epstataain ek peshavar adhiniyam me daala aur nirmaata George maarteen unke sangeet ki kshamta badaai. 1962 me "love mi doo: unka pehla hit hone ke baad Britain me prasidhi haasil ki. ve "beetalmainiya" ke naam se maane jaane lage.

vah upnaam "faib for" ke roop se maane jaane lage. jaldi 1964 me pramukh antaraasashtऱaeeya sitaare ban gaye jo America paup baajaar ke "briteesh aakraman" ke sanyukt bane. par 1pa65 se beetals kai prabhaavashaali elbam banaae jaise rabar sol (1965), rivaalvar (1966), saarjit pepars lonali haartas kalb baind (1967), the beetals (safed elbam) (1968) aur abhaya road (1969). 1970 me unke tootne ke baad ve ekal vayavasaaya ka aanand liya. lenan ko December 1980 me goli maar diya gaya aur hairisn ko November 2011 me fefadon ke kainasar ke kaaran mrtyu ho gayi. mekaaratani aur star, baaki sadasya apne sangeet ko jaari rakha.

RIAA ke anusaar beetals pramaaneet ikaaiyo ke saath, sayunkt rajya America me sabse zyaada bikne wala baind tha. ve british chart par adhik sankhya me sabse aval elabm tha. 2008 me samuh ke sabse safal "haat 100" kalaakaaro me bilbord patrika ki soochi me sabse upar rahe. 2014 ke roop me ve sabse adhik sankhya me ek 20 ke saath haat 100 chart par rekaard pakada rakha. ve das Grammy puraskaar sarvashreshth mool score ke liye ek akaadami puraskaar aur 15 ivor novelo puraskaar praapt kiye hai. saamustonahik roop se 20vi sadi ke 100 sabse prabhaavshaali logo ki time patrika ke sankalan me shaamil hai. ve EMI rikaards me arase se zyaada ikaaiyon ki bikri ke aakalan ke saath me itihaas me adhik bikne wala baind hai. 2004 me roling ston sabhi samay ke mahaantam kalaakaar ke roop me beetals sthaan par rahe.

anukram

sangeet shaili aur vikaas

prabhaav

beetals ke sabse pehle prabhaav hai elvis praisali, kaarl paarkins, little richrd aur chak bairi hai. 1962 me jab beetals little richrd ke saath star kalb, haimabarg, April se May me unhone salaah di ki vah apne geet ke liye uchit pravidhi ka pradarshan kare. presli ke liye lenan ne kaha "maine jab tak elvis ko suna, tab tak mujhe vaastav me kuchh bhi prabhaavit na hiaa, agar Alice na hota to beetals bhi na hota."

anya praarambhik prabhaav the jaise ki badi holi, Eddy kokaraan, Roy aurbisn aur evarli brothers the. vah aksar Bob diln aur fraink jaipa ke geet sahit ko sunne ke dvara nae sangeet gaate aur geetaatmak raaste khojane lagte. hairisn ne 1966, Bhaarat me 6 saptaah ke samay ke liye ravi shanakar ke saath adhyayan kiya tha. baind ke baad ke varshon ke dauraan unke sangeet me ravi shanakar ke vikaas ka mahatvpoorn prabhaav tha.

vaseeyat

"ऱaolliङ stones" naamak patrik ke poorv esosiyet edeetar ne beetals ki tulana pikaasso se ki, jo "kalaakaar apne samay ke dabaav todkar kuchh nayi kala ko praapt kiya jo adviteeya aur mool tha. lokapriya sangeet ke prapatr mein koi bhi itna kraantikaari, itna rachnaatmak, itna vishisht nahi ho sakta." America ke khilaaf anggreji aakraman rachaane ke saath saath ve vishv star par prabhaavashaali ghatna ban gaye the.

unke sangeet navaachaaron aur vyaavasaayik safalta ne duniya ke kai sangeetakaaron ko prerana di. kai kalaakaaron ne beetals ke prabhaav ko sveekaar kiya hai aur beetals se liye gaye unke sangeet ko safalta mili hai. radiyo par unke aagaman ne ek naya yug sthaapit kiya; 1986 mein new york ke "WABC" radio station ke prograaming nideshak ne apne radiyo ko koi bhi beetals ke pehale ka sangeet bajaane se mana kar diya tha. ve aadhoonik sangeet ke praathamik naveen aavishkaaron kahalaaye jaate the. "the shiya stediam sho" mein lagbhag 55600 log aaye, jisse unhone apna 1965 ka north America sangeet yaatra ko shuru kiya, jo us samay ka sabse bada sangeet kaaryakram maana gaya; spitj is ghatna ko is tarah se varnan karte hain - "yeh badi safalta hai. ise sangeet kaaryakram ke vyaapaar mein ek bada kadam hai." unke vastr aur jyaadaatar unke keshvinyaas ka anukaran, jo vidroh ka ek nishaan ban gaya, ne vaishvik fashion ko prabhaavit kiya, aisa gold ne kaha.

gold ke anusaar, beetals ne logon ke sangeet ka maja lene k tareeka badal diya tha aur in logon ne apne jeevan mein beetaals ki bhoomika ka anubhaav kiya. jo "beetalameniya" se shuru hua tha, is samuh ki lokapreeyata dheere dheere dashak ki saamaajik saanskrutik aandolanon ka avataar ban gayi. 1960 ke javaabi sanskruti ke aaikaun hone ki vajah se ve bohemiynism aur sakriyta jaise anek saanskrutik aur saamaajik kshetr mein utprerak maane jaate the aur mahila mukti, samalaingik mukti aur paryaavaranavaad ke maamalo mein unhone apn haath badhaaya. Peter lavejjoli ke anusaar, 1966 ke "yeeshu se zyaada lokapreeya" vivaad ke baad, beetals ko yeh sahi laga ki unhe sahi cheeje kahini chaahiye aur ve gyaan ka sandesh aur uchch chetna failaane ka prayog karne lage.

puraskaar aur upalabdhiyaan

1965 mein, raani elijbeth 2 ne lenan, mekaaratani, hairisn aur star ko "membars of the order of the british empaair" mein niyukt kiya. "let it bi" (1970) naamak chalachitr ko 1971 academy puraskaar "best orijinl saang score" se sammanit kiya gaya tha. 7 graammi puraskaar aur 15 ivor novello puraskaar ke vijeta, beetals ko 6 daaimand elabam, 24 malti pmetinm elabam, 39 pmetinm elabam aur 45 gold elabam se America mein sammaanit kiya gaya hai. England mein, beetals ke naam 4 malti pmetinm elabam, 4 pmetinm elabam, 8 gold elabam aur 1 silver elabam hain. 1988 mein unhe "rock end rol hall of fame" mein shaamil kiya gaya tha.

itihaas ke sabse sarvashreshth vikraya baind, beetals ne 60 karod aur 100 karod se adhik ikaaiyon ko becha hai. unke paas duniya ke doosare baind se zyaada numbar ek elabam british chaarts par hain aur England mein 2 karod se zyaada gaano ko becha hai. 2004 mein, "rolling ston" naamak patrika ne beetals ko duniya ke sabse sarvashreshth sangeetakaar ka pad saunpa. "time" patrika ke "20 sadi ke 100 pramukh prabhaavashaali log" ke bhaag mein beetals ko saamuhik roop me shaamil kiya gaya tha. 2014 mein unhein "graammi lifetime achievement puraskaar" se sammanit kiya gaya tha.

baahari kadiyaaain