thaane

thaane
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
janasankhya
ghanatv
1,818,872 (2011 tak )
kshetrafal 147 km² (57 sq mi)
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: [http://thanecity.gov.in thanecity.gov.in]

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 19°a10′a21″aN 72°a57′a25″aE / 19.172431°aN 72.957019°aE / 19.172431; 72.957019 thaane ek Maharashtra praant mein sthit shahar hai. thaane Mumbai ke uttareeya chhor par tatha bhootapoorv thaana, dakshin-pashchim Bhaarat ke Maharashtra raajya ke ulhaas nadi ke muhaane par, Mumbai ke poorvottar mein sthit hai.. yeh thaane jile ka mukhyaalaya bhi hai. yeh pehle Mumbai ka ek aavaaseeya upanagar tha. ispar purtagaaliyon, maraathon aur angrejon ka adhikaar rah chuka hai. 16 April 1853 mein Mumbai aur thaane ke beech Bhaarat ki pehli rel patari shuroo hui. samudra tal se saat meter ki oonchaai par basa thaane, chaaron taraf se pahaadiyon se ghira hua hai. is shahar ko shri sathaannak ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. yeh ab rasaayan, engineering utpaad evam vastr ka vishaal audyogik kendra ban gaya hai. yahaaain par anek aitihaasik bhavan hain, jinmein ek kila aur kai church shaamil hai.

anukram

itihaas

bhaarateeya itihaas ke pannon par thaane ka mahat‍aavapoorn s‍aathaan hai. thaane ki ut‍aapatti aur khojakarta ke baare mein kuchh khaas pata naheen chala. 135 E. se 159 E. ke dauraan greek ke jiyograafar potelemi dvaara likhe gaye patron mein is jagah ko cherasoniss kaha gaya tha. kuchh an‍aaya das‍aataavejon ke anusaar, 1321 E. se 1324 E. tak thaane ko muslim saamraaj‍aaya ke adheen bataaya gaya. iske baad purtagaaliyon ne thaane mein basera basaaya. maraathon ne purtagaaliyon ko bhagaakar khud ko vahaan ka shaasak bana liya lekin british shaasakon ne thaane par kab‍aaja karke iski rooparekha hi badal di.

1855 mein Mumbai se thaane jaati ek yaatri gaadi. chitr mein gaadi dapoori pul ke oopar se gujar rahi hai, yahi vo pul hai jo 1854 mein ban kar taiyaar hua tha aur jisne Mumbai ko thaane se joda tha.

16 April 1853 ko 3:35 baje great Indian peninsula railway ki pehli relagaadi Mumbai (ab mumbai) ke bori bandar se thaane (ab thaane) jaane ke liye ravaana hui.[1] relagaadi ko is 21 meal (33.8 kimi) ke safar ko tay karne mein 57 minute ka samay laga.[2] 14 dibbon waali is relagaadi jinmein 400 yaatri savaar the ko, teen lokomotiv jinka naam sultaan, sindh aur saahib tha, kheench rahe the. Bhaarat ka pehla rel pul jo thaane kol (thaane creek) par sthit hai san 1854 mein ban kar taiyaar hua tha. 1863 mein thaane ko pehla nagar parishad mila.[3]


bhaugolik sthiti

उपवन झील

yeh aanshik roop se saalset dweep par, Mumbai ke uttar poorv mein sthit hai aur aanshik roop se thaane khaadi mein mukhya bhoomi par lagbhag 147 varg kilometer ke ek kshetr mein faile shahar samudra tal se 7 meter ki oonchaai par sthit hai. yeh shahar yeoor aur paarasik pahaadiyon se ghira hua hai. yeh kshetr raajaneetik roop se ulhaas nadi se arab saagar ke beech do bhaagon me vibhaajit hai. do sadak pul aur ek rel pul shahar ke do bhaagon ko jodne ka kaam karti hai. thaane shahar dweep ke uttar-poorv kone par thaane khaadi par sthit hai. raajaneetik roop se dweep ka adhikaansh bhaag Mumbai nagarapaalika mein aata hai. yeh nagarapaalika do bhinn jilon, Mumbai shahar aur Mumbai upanagaron mein vibhaajit hai. dweep ka uttari bhaag thaane jile mein aata hai, jo vasai aur thaane khaadiyon par se hota hua mukhya ilaake tak faila hai. yeh Bhaarat ke sabse puraane shaharon mein se ek hai.

thaane jheelon ke shahar ke roop mein bhi jaana jaata hai. is shahar mein 35 ke aaspaas jheelein hain.[4] unamein se sabse sundar talaav paali aur masoonda talaav ke roop mein jaana jaata hai.[5] in jheelon mein naukaayan aur paani scooter ki suvidha pradaan ki gayi hai. gadkari rangaayatan ke paas sthit jheel, thaane mein manoranjan ke liye ek bahut lokapriya kendra hai jo ek naatak theatre ke paas hai. aisi kahaavat hai ki masoonda talaav ke tat par sthit kopineshvar mandir poore thaane jile mein paaya jaanevaala sabse puraana mandir hai. yeh 1750 E. mein chimaaji appa dvaara nirmit hai.[5]upavan jheel yeoor pahaadiyon par sthit ek sundar jagah hai. thaane ka har har gange jharana Bhaarat ka sabse bada aur krutrim jharana hai. yahaan aane vaale shraddhaalu varg ke liye am‍aabaranaath mandir darshaneeya hai jo heinmadavaathi shaili mein bana hua hai. yahaan ka sanjaya Gandhi raashtreeya udyaan bhi aakarshak site hai jo van‍aaya jeev premiyon aur prakruti pasand logon ko khaasa pansad aata hai. kaashi meera yahaan ka manoram gantav‍aaya s‍aathal hai.

yahaaain ki anya jheelon mein shaamil hai :

  • masoonda jheel talaav paali.
  • kacharaali jheel, pachapakadi
  • makhamali jheel
  • ambe ghonsaali jheel
  • siddheshvar jheel
  • jail jheel
  • Joshi jheel
  • vaagale jheel
  • upavan jheel
  • yashasvi nagar jheel
  • kausa jheel
  • kharegaanv jheel
  • raila devi jheel
  • revaale jheel
  • braamahala-kolavaad jheel
  • hariyaali-cheindaani koleevaada jheel

mausam

yahaaain ki jalavaayu ushnakatibandheeya monsoon hai, jo ushnakatibandheeya geela aur shushk jalavaayu ke beech sthit hai. yahaaain hamesha uchch varsha ki sthiti bani rahati hai jabki atyadhik taapamaan ki sthiti bahut hi kam hoti hai. saamaanya sthiti mein yahaaain ka taapamaan 22 se degree celcius se 36 degree celcius ke beech hota hai, sardiyon mein taapamaan 12 degree celcius se 20 degree celcius ke beech, jabki garmiyon mein taapamaan 36 degree celcius se 41 degree celcius ke beech hota hai. kul varsha mein se, 80% varsha October.-June. ke dauraan hota hai. yahaaain ki ausat vaarshik varsha 2000-2500 mimi hai aur nami 61-86% hai. yahaaain sarvaadhik nami July ke maheene mein aur sarvaadhik shushkata sardiyon mein dekhi ja sakti hai.


thaane ke liye mausam jaankaari
maheena January fravari March April May June July August sitmbar October November December varsh
ausat adhiktam °aC (°aF) 30.6
(87.1)
31.3
(88.3)
32.7
(90.9)
33.1
(91.6)
33.3
(91.9)
31.9
(89.4)
29.8
(85.6)
29.3
(84.7)
30.1
(86.2)
32.9
(91.2)
33.4
(92.1)
32.0
(89.6)
31.7
(89.1)
ausat nyoonatam °aC (°aF) 16.4
(61.5)
17.3
(63.1)
20.6
(69.1)
23.7
(74.7)
26.1
(79)
25.8
(78.4)
24.8
(76.6)
24.5
(76.1)
24.0
(75.2)
23.1
(73.6)
20.5
(68.9)
18.2
(64.8)
22.1
(71.8)
himpaat/varsha mm (inch) 3.1
(0.122)
1.0
(0.039)
1.5
(0.059)
2.3
(0.091)
25.1
(0.988)
541.3
(21.311)
922.0
(36.299)
539.7
(21.248)
326.9
(12.87)
93.2
(3.669)
19.1
(0.752)
2.3
(0.091)
2,477.5
(97.539)
srot: Government of Maharashtra

janasaankhyiki

2011 ki janaganana ke anusaar[6]thaane ki aabaadi 2,486,941 hai. thaane shahar ki ausat saaksharata dar purush aur mahila saaksharata 94.19 hai, jismein se 91.36 pratishat aur 88.14 pratishat hai. thaane shahar ka ling anupaat 1000 purushon par 882 mahilaaen hai. ladkiyon ke baal ling anupaat 2011 ki janaganana Bhaarat report se prati vyakti ke roop mein 186259 hain. bachchon ke lingaanupaat ki drushti se thaane shahar mein 1000 ladkon par 900 ladkiyaan hai. isaprakaar 88,242 ladkiyaan hain, jabki 98,017 ladkon. thaane shahar ki kul aabaadi ke 10.24% bachche hain.[7]

sanskruti

padosi shahar Mumbai ki tarah, yeh shahar bhi ek mahaanagareeya sanskruti se juda hua hai, haalaanki thaane, mukhya roop se maraathi sanskruti ka hissa hai. Mumbai ke paas ke shahar hone ke kaaran aur vishaal aavaaseeya ufaan ki vajah se, desh-videsh ke vibhinn raajyon ke shaharon se aapravaasiyon ki ek badi sankhya yahaaain dekhi ja sakti hai. shahar ka chehara aajkal teji se mahaanagareeya hota ja raha hai. maraathi ke alaava, Pakistan sahit vibhinn kshetron se uttar bhaarateeya, dakshin bhaarateeya, sindhi, gujaraati aur maaravaadi aur anya logon ki kaafi badi aabaadi mukhya roop se yahaaain hai kyonki Mumbai ke liye apni niktata ke kaaran log thaane mein apna pravaas bana rakhein hain. thaane ek taraf yeoor pahaadiyon se ghira hai aur Mumbai ki tulana mein koolar mausam ke kaaran kai khoobsoorat jheelon se saja hua hai. yahaaain ganesh chaturthi, deevaali, gudi padva, holi, durga pooja, mahaashivraatri aur shivaaji jayanti ke roop mein samaaroh mahaan utsaah ke saath manaaya jaata hai. thaane mein gokulaashtami tyohaar ke dauraan dahi haandi khel ke vijetaaon ke liye 1 lakh rupae (25,000 ameriki dollar) ki raashi uchch puraskaar pradaan kiya jaata hai.

manoranjan

manoranjan ki drushti se thaane shahar mein kuchh malteepleks ke saath-saath do ​a​asinemaagharon, arthaat, gadkari rangaayatan aur heeraanandaani meedoj ke paas sthit ek nae dau॰ kaasheenaath ghaanekar sabhaagaar shaamil hain. donon ka svaamitv aur prabandhan thaane nagar nigam ke antargat hain. iske alaava thaane mein malteepleks / film theatre nimnalikhit hai:

  • aainauks malteepleks, koram mall
  • cinema star malteepleks, haai street mall
  • sinemaiks malteepleks, anant kaal mall
  • sinemaiks malteepleks, vandar mall
  • gold digital, prabhaat mall
  • vandana taukeej
  • malhaar taukeej
  • aanand taukeej (thaane poorv)
  • ganesh taakeej aadi.

uparokt ke alaava thaane ke paas mulund mein malteepleks ke ek jode hain. udyaan TMC aur van vibhaag ki ek sanyukt pahal par varsh-2011 mein yahaaain ek vanaspati udyaan ka udaghaatan kiya gaya.[8] yeh baara bangala kshetr ke nikat kopari mein sthit hai aur shivsena neta datta ji saalvi ke naam par hai. yeh bachchon ke manoranjan ki drushti se behad upaayukt jagah hai. iske alaava ovaala, yeoor mein hans club aur sanyukt-21 par blue roof club jaise tairaaki, vyaayaamashaala, khel aur restaurant suvidhaaon se yukt teen sampoorn club hain. sanyukt 21 bhi thaane mein pehla hai jo ek diskothek hai, jahaan bhojan aur rahane ki suvidha ke liye, chaar sitaara hotel, masaale aur saus bhojanaalaya, oriental spaais, blue lau, diskothek hai. yahaaain kai jheelon mein shaam ke samay mein bheed bahut hoti hai aur log prakruti ka aanand lete hain.

vidyaalayon ki soochi

  • alfa academy
  • aar J thaakur school aur college
  • S vi pi ti sarasvati vidyaalaya haai school aur junior college
  • Kashmir Joshi english meediym haai school
  • bilaabong haai intaranaishanal school
  • bi S M ke angreji meediym school
  • bedekar vidyaalaya
  • bhaarataratn shreemati indira Gandhi vidyaamandir
  • new english school
  • new girls school
  • little flaavar haai school
  • little enjals english meediym haai school
  • lokapuram pablik school
  • lodha world school
  • sarasvati education society'za haai school aur junior college, paaainchapakhaadi
  • seint John baipatist haai school aur junior college
  • shreemati sulochanaadevi singhaaniya school
  • vasant vihaar school
  • heeraanandaani foundation school
  • holi kraus kaunveint haai school
  • pi E S ti ke noobanes uchch vidyaalaya
  • thaane police school, aadi.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Costa, Roana Maria (17 April 2010). "A sepia ride, from Boree Bunder to Tannah". Mumbai: the times of indiya . p. 6.
  2. Rao, M.A. (1988). Indian Railways, New Delhi: National Book Trust, p.17
  3. netiv plaanet mein thaane - jheelon ka shahar naamak lekh
  4. http://thanecity.gov.in/uploadpdf/MasterPlan1344664341.pdf
  5. a aa "Masunda Talao, Thane". Native Planet. http://www.nativeplanet.com/thane/attractions/masunda-talao/. abhigman tithi: 12 June 2013. sandarbh truti: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Native_Planet" defined multiple times with different content
  6. http://censusindia.gov.in/PopulationFinder/Sub_Districts_Master.aspx?state_code=27&district_code=21
  7. http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/367-thane.html
  8. Aphale, Apoorv. "State-of-the-art botanical garden inaugurated". Mumbai Mirror. http://m.mumbaimirror.com/index.aspx?Page=article&sectname=CITY%20-%20Briefs&sectid=35&contentid=2011122820111228121443968f3171e26. abhigman tithi: 11 June 2013.

baahari kadiyaaain