teepoo sultaan

teepoo sultaan

teepoo sultaan (1750 - 1799) Karnataka (kannad: ಟaaಿaaಪaa್aaಪaaು ಸaaುaaಲaa್aaತaaಾaaನaa್, urdoo: سaaلaaطaaاaaن فaaتaaح عaaلaaی خaaاaaن ٹaaیaaپaaو) Bhaarat ke tatkaaleen Mysore raajya ke shaasak the.

anukram

janm

teepoo sultaan Mysore kॆ sabasॆ mahaan shaasak thॆ. teepoo sultaan ka janm 20 November 1750 ko Karnataka ke devanaahalli (yoosufaabaad) (bangalaur se lagbhag 33 (21 meal) kimi uttar me) hua tha. unka poora naam sultaan fateh Ali Khan shaahaab tha. unke pita ka naam haidar Ali aur maata ka naam fkrunnisa tha. unke pita [haidar Ali] Mysore saamraajya ke sainaapati the. jo apni taakat se 1761 me Mysore saamraajya ke shaasak bane. teepoo ko Mysore ke sher ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. yogya shaasak ke alaava teepoo ek vidvaan, kushal॰aayogya sainaapati aur kavi bhi the. teepoo sultaan ne hindu mandiron ko tohafe pesh kiye. melakot ke mandir mein sone aur chaandi ke bartan hai, jinke shilaalekh bataate hain ki ye teepoo ne bheint kiye the. ne kalaale ke lakshmeekaant mandir ko chaar rajat cup bheintasvaroop diye the.[2] 1782 aur 1799 ke beech, teepoo sultaan ne apni jaageer ke mandiron ko 34 daan ke sanad jaari kiye. inmein se kai ko chaandi aur sone ki thaali ke tohafe pesh kiye. nanajanagud ke shreekaanteshvar mandir mein teepoo ka diya hua ek ratn-jadit cup hai.[3] nanajanagud ke hi nanajunadeshvar mandir ko teepoo ne ek hara-sa shivling bheint kiya. shreerangapatana ke ranganaath mandir ko teepoo ne saat chaandi ke cup aur ek rajat Kapoor-jvaalik pesh kiya.

hindu sansthaaon ke liye upahaar

1791 mein raghunaath Rao patavardhan ke kuchh maraatha savaaron ne shrrungeri shankaraachaarya ke mandir aur math par chhaapa maara. unhonne math ki sabhi moolyavaan sampatti loot li. is hamle mein kai log maare gaye aur kai ghaayal ho gaye. shankaraachaarya ne madad ke liye teepoo sultaan ko arji di. shankaraachaarya ko likhi ek chitthi mein teepoo sultaan ne aakrosh aur du:kh vyakt kiya. iske baad teepoo ne bedanur ke aasaf ko aadesh diya ki shankaraachaarya ko 200 raahat (fnam) nakd dhan aur anya upahaar diye jaayein. shrrungeri mandir mein teepoo sultaan ki dilchaspi kaafi saalon tak jaari rahi, aur 1790 ke dashak mein bhi ve shankaraachaarya ko khat likhte rahe. teepoo ke yeh patra teesare Mysore yuddh ke baad likhe gaye the, jab teepoo ko bandhakon ke roop mein apne do beton dene sahit kai jhatakon ka saamana karna pada tha. yeh sambhav hai ki teepoo ne ye khat apni hindu praja ka samarthan haasil karne ke liye likhe the.[1]

teepoo sultaan ne anya hindu mandiron ko bhi tohafe pesh kiye. melakot ke mandir mein sone aur chaandi ke bartan hai, jinke shilaalekh bataate hain ki ye teepoo ne bheint kiye the. ne kalaale ke lakshmeekaant mandir ko chaar rajat cup bheintasvaroop diye the. 1782 aur 1799 ke beech, teepoo sultaan ne apni jaageer ke mandiron ko 34 daan ke sanad jaari kiye. inmein se kai ko chaandi aur sone ki thaali ke tohafe pesh kiye. nanajanagud ke shreekaanteshvar mandir mein teepoo ka diya hua ek ratn-jadit cup hai. nanajanagud ke hi nanajunadeshvar mandir ko teepoo ne ek hara-sa shivling bheint kiya. shreerangapatana ke ranganaath mandir ko teepoo ne saat chaandi ke cup aur ek rajat Kapoor-jvaalik pesh kiya.[2] kuchh logon ka daava hai ki ye daan hindu shaasakon ke saath gathabandhan banaane ka ek tareeka the.[3]

mrutyoo

4 May 1799 ko 48 varsh ki aayu mein Karnataka ke shreerangapattana mein teepoo ko dhoke se angrejon dvaara ktl kiya gaya. teepoo apni aakhiri saaains tak angrejo se ladte ladte shaheed ho gaye. unki talavaar angarej apne saath Britain le gaye. teepoo ki mrutyoo ke baad saara raajya angrejon ke haath aa gaya.

sandarbh

  1. Habib, Irfan (2002), p118, Confronting Colonialism: Resistance and Modernization Under Haidar Ali & Tipu Sultan, Anthem Press, London, ISBN 1-84331-024-4
  2. A. Subbaraya Chetty, 2002, "Tipu's endowments to Hindus" in Habib. 111–115.
  3. Hasan, Mohibbul (1951), p360, History of Tipu Sultan, Aakar Books, Delhi, ISBN 81-87879-57-2

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