tatsam

tatsam (tat + sam = uske samaan) aadhunik bhaarateeya bhaashaaon mein prayukt aise shabd jinko sanskrut se bina koi roop badle le liya gaya hai. hindi, baangla, maraathi, gujaraati, punjabi, telugu kannad, malayalam, sinhal aadi mein bahut se shabd sanskrut se seedhe le liye gaye hain kyonki ye sabhi bhaashaaeain sanskrut se hi janmi hain.

tatsam shabdon mein samay aur paristhitiyon ke kaaran kuchh parivartan hone se jo shabd bane hain unhein tadbhav (tat + bhav = usase utpann) kehte hain. bhaarateeya bhaashaaon mein tatsam aur tadbhav shabdon ka baahulya hai. iske alaava in bhaashaaon ke kuchh shabd 'deshaj' aur anya kuchh 'videshi' hain.

hindi mein prayukt kuchh tadbhav shabdon ke tatsam roop

tatsam -- tadbhav

aabheer -- aher
aarya -- aaraj
anaarya -- anaadi
aashvin -- aasoj
aashcharya -- acharaj
akshar -- achhar
agamya -- agam
akshat -- achhat
Akshay -- aakha
ashtaadash -- athaarah
agni -- aag
aamrachoorn -- amachoor
aamalak -- aaainvala
amoolya -- amol
anguli -- aainguri
akshi -- aaainkh
ark -- aak
attaalika -- ataari
asheeti -- assi
irshya -- irsha
ujjval -- ujala
udvartan -- ubatan
utsaah -- uchhaah
ooshar -- oosar
ulookhal -- okhali
uchhavaas -- usaas
kiran -- kirn
katu -- kadva
kapardika -- kaudi
kartavya -- karatab
kankan -- kangan
kuputr -- kapoot
kaashth -- kaath
Krishna -- kisn
kaartik -- kaatik
kaarya -- kaaraj
karm -- kaam
kinchit -- kuchh
kadali -- kela
kukshi -- kokh
kevart -- kevat
ksheer -- kheer
kshetr -- khet
gaayak -- gavaiya
gardabh -- gadha
granthi -- gaaainth
godhoom -- gehooain
graameen -- gainvaar
gomaya -- gobar
gruhini -- gharani
dhrut -- ghi
chandra -- chaaaind
chandika -- chaaaindani
chitrakaar -- chitera
chatushpad -- chaupaaya
chaitr -- chait
chhidr -- chhed
yamuna -- jamuna
yajnyaopaveet -- janeoo
jyeshth -- jeth
jaamaata -- javaai
jihva -- jeebh
jyoti -- jot
yav -- jau
danshtra -- daadh
tapasvi -- tapasi
treeni -- teen
tund -- tond
stan -- dhan
dadhi -- dahi
dant dhaavan -- daatun
deepashalaaka -- deeya salaai
deepaavali -- deevaali
drushti -- deethi
doorva -- doob
dugdh -- doodh
dviprahari -- dupahari
dharitri -- dharati
dhoom -- dhuaan
nakshatr -- nakhat
naapit -- naai
nishthur -- nithur
nidra -- neend
nayan -- nain
paryank -- palang
prahar -- pahar
pankti -- pangat
pakvaann -- pakavaan
paashaan -- paahan
pratichhaaya -- parachhaai
patra -- patta
faalgun -- faagun
vajraang -- bajarang
vals -- bachcha/bachhada
varayaatra -- baraat
baleevard -- vail
bali vard -- veent
vivaah -- byaah
vyaaghr -- baagh
bhakt -- bhagat
bhikshuk -- bhikhaari
bubhukshit -- bhookha
bhaadrapad -- bhaadaun
makshika -- makkhi
mashak -- machhar
mishtaann -- mithaai
mauktik -- moti
markati -- makadi
mashru -- mooainchh
raajaputr -- rajput
lauh -- loha
lavang -- laung
lomasha -- lomadi
saptashati -- satasai
svapn -- sapana
saakshi -- saakhi
saubhaagya -- suhaag
shvasur -- sasur
shyaamal -- saaainvala
shreshthi -- sethi
shrungaar -- singaar
haridra -- haldi
haasya -- hainsi
ela -- ilaayachi
naarikel -- naariyl
vat -- bad
amrut -- amiya
vadhoo -- bahoo
agaanit -- anaganit
anchal -- aaainchal
aaingarakha -- angarakshak
ajnyaaan -- ajaan
anyatr -- anat
andhakaar -- aaindhera
aashish -- asees
amrut -- ameeya
amaavasya -- amaavas
arpan -- arapan
angusht -- aaingootha
aashray -- aasara
adya -- aaj
arddh -- aadha
aalasya -- aalas
akhil -- aakha
ank -- aaaink
amlika -- imali
aadityavaar -- itavaar
ikshu -- ikh
ishtika -- int
utsaah -- uchhaah
uchch -- ooaincha
ulook -- ulloo
ekatr -- ikattha
kachhap -- kachhuaa
klesh -- kalesh
karn -- kaan
kajjal -- kaajal
kantak -- kaaainta
Kumar -- kuainar
kukkur -- kutta
kunbhakaar -- kumhaar
kashth -- kodh
kapaat -- kivaad
koshth -- kotha
koop -- kuaaain
karpat -- kapda
karpoor -- Kapoor
kapot -- kabootar
kaas -- khaaainsi
kroor -- koor
Goswami -- gusaai
gonduk -- geind
gram -- gaaainv
gopaalak -- gvaala
gruh -- ghar
ghatika -- ghadi
garmi -- ghaam
charvan -- chabaana
chikkan -- chikna
choorn -- chooran
chak -- chaak
chaturvinsh -- chaubees
kshati -- chhati
chhaaya -- chhaaainh
ksheen -- chheen
kshatriya -- khatri
khatava -- khaat
yagya -- jag/jajnya
janm -- janam
yati -- jati
yooth -- jattha
jandha -- jaaaindh
yukti -- jugati
jyoti -- jot
jharan -- jharana
jeern -- jheena
dansh -- danka
taamr -- taaainba
teekshn -- teekha
trun -- tinka
teerth -- teerath
tvarit -- turant
trayodash -- terah
sthal -- thal
sthir -- thir
dvipt -- dupatta
durbal -- dubala
du:kh -- dukh
dviteeya -- ija
dakshin -- daahina
dhooli -- dhoori
dhur -- dhur
dhannashreshthi -- dhannaasethi
dhairya -- dheeraj
dhoom -- dhuainaa
dant -- daaaint
dadru -- daad
dishaantar -- dishaavar
dharm -- dharam
nrutya -- naach
nirvaah -- nivaah
nimb -- neem
nakul -- nevala
nayan -- nain
nav -- nau
sneh -- neh
paksh -- pakh
path -- panth
pareeksha -- parakh
paarshv -- padosi
prushth -- peeth
pushkar -- pokhar
poorn -- poora
pancham -- paaainch
paush -- poos
poorv -- poorab
panchadash -- pandrah
pakshi -- panchhi
pakk -- paka
pattika -- paati
prakat -- pragat
vaanik -- baniya
dauhitr -- dohita
Dave -- dai
pavan -- paun
priya -- piya
puchh -- poonchh
parpat -- paapad
vak -- bagula
bandhya -- baaainjh
vadhoo -- bahoo
vansh -- baaains
vaddh -- buddha
bhagini -- bahan
dvaadash -- baarah
vishtha -- beent
vrushchik -- bichhu
deep -- deeya
dvivr -- devar
veen -- veena
raksha -- raakhi
rajju -- rassi
raashi -- raas
rikt -- reeta
lajja -- laaj
lauhakaar -- luhaar
lavanata -- lunaai
lepan -- leepana
sarsap -- sarason
shraavan -- saavan
Lakshman -- lakhan
sharkara -- shakkar
sapatni -- saut
svarnakaar -- sunaar
shookar -- suar
shaap -- shraap
vikaar -- vigaad
bhakt -- bhagat
bhadr -- bhala
bhraatja -- bhateeji
bhiksha -- bheekh
bhramar -- bhauraan
bhroo -- bhaun
bhasm -- bhasmi
mitr -- meet
medh -- meh
mrutyu -- maut
mayoor -- mor
mushal -- moosal
namr -- naram
naasika -- naak
fani -- fan
padm -- padam
parakh: -- parson
paash -- funda
puhup -- pushp
prasved -- paseena
manushya -- maanus
mahishi -- bhais
maarg -- maarag
mrut -- ghatt/maraghat
mareech -- mirch
roodan -- rona
riksh -- reechh
shaiya -- sej
shushk -- sookha
shrung -- seeng
shiksha -- seekh
hasti -- haathi
hatt -- haat
holika -- holi
hrudaya -- hiya
handi -- haaaindi
vachan -- bachan
vyatha -- vitha
shuk -- suaa
varsha -- barasaat
vidhut -- bijli
shyaali -- saali
shmashaan -- masaan
sarp -- saaainp
yashoda -- jasoda
mastak -- maatha
mukh -- muainh

baahari kadiyaaain