tarki

Bhaarat mein Turkey ki naslein 1. board brested bronj: inke pankhon ka rang kaala hota hai na ki kaansya. maadaaon ki chhaati par kaale rang ke pankh hote hain jinke siron ka rang safed hota hai jiske kaaran 12 saptaah ki chhoti aayu mein hi unke ling ka pata lagaane mein sahaayata milti hai. 2. board brested hvaait yeh board brested bronj tatha safed pankhon vaale hvaait haulaind ki sankar nasl hai. safed pankhon vaale Turkey bhaarateeya krushi jalavaayu sthitiyon ke liye adhik upayukt hote hain kyonki inmein garmi sahane ki kshamata adhik hoti hai aur dresing ke baad ye sundar aur saaf dikhaai dete hain. 3. beltsavile smaul hvaait yeh rang tatha aakaar mein bahut kuchh board brested hvaait se milti-julati hai lekin iska aakaar thoda chhota hota hai. ismein andon ka utpaadan, janan kshamata tatha andon se bachche dene ki kshamata aur broodeenes bhaari prajaatiyon ki tulana mein kam hoti hai. 4. nandanam Turkey-1 nandanam Turkey-1 prajaati, kaali desi prajaati tatha chhoti videshi beltsavile ki safed prajaati ki sankar nasl hai. yeh Tamil Nadu ki jalavaayu sthitiyon ke liye anukool hai.

Turkey paalan mein aarthik maanadand nar-maada anupaat 1:5 ande ka ausat bhaar 65 gram ek din ke bachche ka ausat vajan 50 gram prajanan kshamata praapt karne ki aayu 30 saptaah andon ki ausat sankhya 80 -100 inkyoobeshan avadhi 28 din 20 saptaah ki aayu mein shareer ka ausat bhaar 4.5 – 5 (maada) 7-8 (nar) anda dene ki avadhi 24 saptaah bechne yogya aayu nar maada 14 -15 saptaah 17 – 18 saptaah bechne yogya bhaar nar maada 7.5 kilo 5.5 kilo khaadya kushalata 2.7 -2.8 bechne yogya hone ki aayu tak pahuainchane tak bhojan ki ausat khapat nar maada

24 -26 kilo 17 – 19 kilo brooding avadhi ke dauraan mrutyu dar 3-4%


Turkey paalan mein apnaai jaane waali paddhatiyaaain I. anda sena Turkey mein anda-sena (udbhavanakaal) ki avadhi 28 din hoti hai. anda sene ke do tareeke hain. k) brooding maadaaon ke saath praakrutik anda-senaa: praakrutik roop se turkiyaaain achhi broodar hoti hain aur broodi maada 10-15 ando tak sene ka kaarya kar sakti hai. achhe khol tatha aakaar vaale saaf andon ko brooding ke liye rakha jaana chaahiye taaki 60-80 % ande sene ka kaam kiya ja sake aur svasth bachche milein.


kh) krutrim roop se anda senaa: krutrim inkyoobeshan mein andon ko inkyoobetaron ki sahaayata se anda sene ka kaarya kiya jaata hai. saitar tatha haichar mein taapamaan tatha saapeksh aadrata nimnalikhit hai: taapamaan (degree ef) saapeksh aadrata (%) saitar 99.5 61-63 haichar 99.5 85-90 andon ko pratidin ek-ek ghante ke antar par palatana chaahiye. andon ko baar-baar ikattha kiya jaana chaahiye taaki unhein ganda hone aur tootane se bachaaya ja sake aur unki haiching behtar tareeke se ho.


II. brooding Turkey mein 0-4 saptaah ki avadhi ko brooding avadhi kaha jaata hai. sardiyon mein brooding avadhi 5-6 saptaah tak badh jaati hai. yeh anubhav dvaara siddh baat hai ki chiken ki tulana mein Turkey ke bachchon ko hovar sthaan doguna chaahiye. ek din ke bachchon ki brooding infra red balbon ya gas broodar ki sahaayata aur paramparaagat brooding sistamon dvaara ki ja sakti hai. brooding ke dauraan dhyaan rakhane yogya baatein: • 0-4 saptaah tak prati pakshi 1.5 varg feet sthaan ki aavashyakta hoti hai. • bachchon ke nikalne se do din poorv broodar gruh ko taiyaar kar lena chaahiye. • neeche bichhaai jaane waali saamagri ko 2 meter ke vyaas mein golaakaar roop mein failaaya jaana chaahiye. • nanhein bachchon ko taap ke srot se door jaane dene se rokane ke liye 1 feet ooainchi baad avashya lagaai jaani chaahiye. • shuruaati taapamaan 95 degree faarenahaait hai jismein 04 saptaah ki aayu tak prati saptaah 5 degree faarenahaait ki kami ki jaani chaahiye. • paani ke liye kam gahre vaatarar ka upayog kiya jaana chaahiye. jeevan ke pehle 04 saptaah ke dauraan ausat mrutyu dar 6-10% hai. apne jeevan ke shuruaati dinon mein chhote bachche khaana khaane aur paani peene mein anichhuk hote hain. iska mukhya kaaran unki kharaab drushti aur ghabaraahat hoti hai. isliye unhein jabaradasti khilaana padta hai.


jabaradasti khilaana chhote bachchon mein mrutyu dar ka ek pramukh kaaran bhookh se mar jaana hai. isliye khaana khilaane tatha paani pilaane ke liye vishesh dhyaan rakhana padta hai. jabaradasti khilaane ke liye pandrah dinon tak prati ek liter paani par 100 ML ki dar se doodh tatha prati 10 bachchon par ek ubala anda diya jaana chaahiye. yeh chhote bachchon ki proteen tatha shakti ki aavashyakataaon ko poora karega. khaane ke bartan ko ungaliyon se dheere-dheere thapathapaakar bachchon ko bhojan ki taraf aakarshit kiya ja sakta hai. feedar tatha vaatarar (paani peene ka baratan) mein rang-birange kanche ya pattharon ko rakhane se bhi chhote bachche unki taraf aakarshit honge. choonki turkiyon ko hara rang bahut pasand hota hai isliye unke khaane ki maatra ko badhaane ke liye usamein kuchh kate hue hare patte bhi mila dene chaahiye. pehle 02 dinon tak rang-birange ande filron ko bhi feedar ke roop mein istemaal kiya ja sakta hai.


neeche bichhaane ki saamagrees brooding ke liye aamtaur par neeche bichhaai jaane waali saamagri mein lakdi ka buraada, chaaval ka chhilka tatha kati hui lakdi ke chhilke aadi istemaal kiye jaate hain. shuroo mein bachchon ke liye bichhaai jaane waali saamagri ki motaai 2 inch honi chaahiye jise samay ke saath-saath 3-4 inch tak badhaaya jaae. bichhaai gayi saamagri mein keking ko rokane ke liye use kuchh samay ke antaraal par palat dena chaahiye.


III. paalan pranaali turkiyon ko free range ya gahan pranaali ke antargat paala ja sakta hai. k) paalan ka free range pranaali laabh • isse bhojan ki laagat mein 50 pratishat tak ki kami aati hai. • kam nivesh • laagat-laabh anupaat adhik. free range pranaali mein ek ekad baad lagi hui bhoomi mein ham 200-250 vyask turkiyon ko paal sakte hain. prati pakshi 3-4 varg feet ki dar se raat mein rahane ke liye aashray upalabdh karavaaya jaana chaahiye. safaai ke dauraan unhein parabhakshiyon se bhi bachaaya jaana chaahiye. chhaaya tatha thanda vaataavaran upalabdh karavaane ke liye ped lagaana bhi jaroori hai. range ko baari-baari se upayog kiya jaana chaahiye jisse parajeevi ke paida hone ki sankhya mein kami aati hai. free range bhojan choonki turkiyaaain bahut achhi safaaikarmi hoti hai isliye ye kechuon, chhote keedon, ghongho, rasoi ghar se utpann honevaale kachare tatha deemakon ko kha jaati hain jo ki proteen ke achhe srot hote hain. iske kaaran khaane ki laagat mein pachaas pratishat ki kami aati hai. iske atirikt legyoominis chaara jaise lyookren, desmainathas, staailo aadi bhi khilaaya ja sakta hai. free range mein paale jaane vaale pakshiyon ke pairon mein kamjori aur langadaahat rokane ke liye oyastar shail ke roop mein prati saptaah prati pakshi 250 gram ki dar se kailshiym bhi milaaya jaana chaahiye. bhojan ki laagat ko kam karne ke liye das pratishat bhojan ke sthaan par sabjiyon ka apashisht diya ja sakta hai. svaasthya suraksha free range pranaali mein turkiyon ko aantarik (round varm) tatha baahari (foul maait) parajeeviyon se bahut adhik khatra hota hai. isliye pakshiyon ke vikaas ko badhaane ke liye har maheene use keetaanumukt tatha deeping karna aavashyak hai.


B. paalan ka gahan pranaali laabh: • utpaadan kshamata mein vruddhi • behtar prabandhan tatha beemaari niyantran aavaas • aavaas turkiyon ko dhoop, baarish, hava, parabhakshiyon se bachaati hai aur unhein aaraam bhi upalabdh karavaati hai. • desh ke garm bhaagon mein ghar ki lanbaai poorv se pashchim disha ki or honi chaahiye. • do gharon ke beech mein doori kam se kam 20 meter honi chaahiye tatha bachchon ka ghar, vyaskon ke ghar se kam se kam 50 se 100 meter ki doori par honi chaahiye. • khule ghar ki chaudaai 9 meter se adhik naheen honi chaahiye. • ghar ki oonchaai farsh se chhat tak 2.6 se 3.3 meter tak ho sakti hai. • baarish ke paani ke chheenton ko rokane ke liye ek meter ka chhajja bhi upalabdh karavaaya jaana chaahiye. • ghar ka farsh sasta, tikaaoo tatha surakshit hona chaahiye, vishesh roop se nami proof sahit kankreet ka ho. jab turkiyon ko gahre koode pranaali (deep liter system) ke antargat paala jaata hai to saamaanya prabandhan paristhitiyaaain chiken jaisi hi hoti hai kintu yeh dhyaan rakha jaana chaahiye ki unhein paryaapt sthaan, paani peene tatha khaana khaane ka sthaan upalabdh karavaaya ja sake, jismein badi pakshi aasaani se rah sake.


IV. turkiyon ko pakadna aur unka rakh-rakhaav sabhi aayu-samoohon ki turkiyon ko ek chhadi ki sahaayata se ek sthaan se doosare sthaan par aasaani se le jaaya ja sakta hai. turkiyon ko pakadne ke liye ek andhera kamara sarvottam hai jahaaain unhein bina kisi chot ke unki donon taangon se pakad kar uthaaya ja sakta hai. fir bhi, vyask turkiyon ko 3-4 minute se jyaada der tak naheen latakaaya jaana chaahiye.

V. turkiyon ke liye satah, bhojan va paani peene ke baratan rakhane ke sthaan ki aavashyakta aayu farsh par sthaan (varg feet) feedar sthaan (seinti meter) (liniyr feedar vaatarar sthaan (seinmi) (liniyr vaatarar) 0-4 saptaah 1.25 2.5 1.5 5-16 saptaah 2.5 5.0 2.5 16-29 saptaah 4.0 6.5 2.5 Turkey breedar 5.0 7.5 2.5 turkiyon ka svabhaav aamtaur par ghabaraahat wala hota hai, isliye ve har samay dar jaati hai. isliye Turkey ke ghar mein aane vaalon ka pravesh seemit kiya jaana chaahiye.

VI. pankhon ko hataana (deebeeking) pankhon ko ukhaadne tatha apne saath ke bachchon ko khaane se rokane ke liye chhote bachchon ke pankh ko hata deni chaahiye. pankh hataane ka kaam ek din ya 3-5 saptaah ki aayu mein ki ja sakti hai. chonch ki nok se naasika tak ki lanbaai ki aadhi chonch ko hata dein.


VII. disnooding ek doosare pakshiyon ko chonch maarane aur ladaai ke dauraan sir mein lagne vaale choton se bachaane ke liye snood ya dyoo bill (chonch ki jad mein se nikalne waali maans ki sanrachana) ko hataaya jaata hai. jab bachcha ek din ka ho jaata hai to snood ko ungali ke dabaav se hataaya ja sakta hai. 3 saptaah ka hone par ise tej kainchi ki sahaayata se sir ke paas se kaata ja sakta hai.

VIII. naakhoon ki kataai ek din ki aayu ke bachchon ke naakhoon ki kataai ki jaati hai. poore panje ke naakhoonon ki lanbaai sahit iske antargat sabse baahar vaale panje ke andar ki doori tak panje ka sira hata diya jaata hai.

IX.bhojan bhojan ke tareekon mein mishrit bhojan (maish feeding) aur tikiya ke roop bhojan (pailet feeding) shaamil hain. • chiken ki tulana mein turkiyon ki shakti, proteen, vitaamin tatha mineral sambandhi aavashyakataaeain adhik hoti hain. • choonki nar tatha maada ki shakti tatha proteen aavashyakataaeain alag-alag hoti hain isliye behtar parinaamon ke liye unhein alag-alag paala jaana chaahiye. • bhojan ko sambandhit baratan mein hi diya jaana chaahiye jameen par naheen. • jab kabhi ek prakaar ke bhojan se doosare prakaar ke bhojan ki or koi parivartan kiya jaata hai to vah dheere-dheere kiya jaana chaahiye. • turkiyon ko har samay nirtanr aur saaf paani ki aapoorti karni chaahiye. • garmi ke dinon mein adhik sankhya mein paani ke baratan upalabdh karavaaeain. • garmiyon ke dauraan turkiyon ko din ke thande samay ke dauraan hi bhojan dein. • taangon mein kamjori rokane ke liye pratidin prati pakshi 30-40 gram ki dar se seep ya shankh ka choorn dein. hare bhojan gahan pranaali mein kul bhojan ke 50 pratishat tak sookhe mishran ke aadhaar par hare padaarthon ko milaaya ja sakta hai. sabhi umr ke Turkey ke liye taaja lyusarn (ek prakaar ka ghaas jo pashu khaate hain) uttam koti ka hara chaara hota hai. iske alaava bhojan laagat kam karne ke liye deesmainthas aur staailo ko kaatkar bhi khilaaya ja sakta hai.


shareer ka vajan aur chaara ki khapat saptaah mein umr ausat shareer bhaar (kilo gram) kul chaara ki khapat (kilo gram) sakal chaara kshamata

 nar maada nar maada nar maada

4the saptaah tak 0.72 0.63 0.95 0.81 1.3 1.3 8vein saptaah tak 2.36 1.90 3.99 3.49 1.8 1.7 12vein saptaah tak 4.72 3.85 11.34 9.25 2.4 2.4 16vein saptaah tak 7.26 5.53 19.86 15.69 2.8 2.7 20vein saptaah tak 9.62 6.75 28.26 23.13 3.4 2.9



X prajanan kaarya praakrutik prajanan vayask nar tom ke sahavaas kaarya ko strat kaha jaata hai. is dauraan yeh apni pankh failaakar baar-baar ek ajeeb si aavaaj nikaalata hai. praakrutik sahavaas mein madhyam prakaar ke turkiyon ke liye nar aur maada ka anupaat 1:5 hota hai aur bade turkiyon ke liye yeh anupaat 1:3 hota hai. saamaanyataur par pratyek vayask maada se 40-50 bachchon ki ummeed ki jaati hai. urvaratv ya prajanan kam hone ke kaaran pehle saal ke baad vayask nar ka prayog shaayad hi kiya jaata hai. vayask nar mein yeh pravrutti paayi gayi hai ki unhein kisi khaas maada se jyaada lagaav ho jaata hai isliye hamein pratyek 15 dinon mein vayask nar ko badalna padta hai.


krutrim garbhaadhaan (inasemineshan) krutrim shukr sechan ka laabh yeh hota hai ki poori mausam ke dauraan Turkey ke samoohon mein uchch urvaratv ya prajanan kshamata banaaye rakha jaae.


vayask nar se simen (veerya) sanchaya karna • veerya sanchaya ke liye Tom ka umr 32-36 saptaah hona chaahiye. • veerya sanchaya se kareeb 15 din pehle Tom ko alag ekaant mein rakhana chaahiye. • Tom ki dekhbhaal niyamit roop se ki jaani chaahiye aur simen praapt karne mein 2 minute ka samay lagta hai. • choonki Tom ka dekhbhaal karna mushkil hota hai isliye ek hi sanchaalak ka prayog adhiktam veerya praapt karne ke liye kiya jaana chaahiye. • ausat veerya aayatan 0.15 se 0.30 mili liter hota hai. • veerya praapt karne ke ek ghanta ke andar iska prayog kar lein. • ise saptaah mein teen baar ya ek din chhodkar praapt karein.


murgiyon mein garbhaadhaan (inasemineshan) • jab samooh, 8-10% anda utpaadan ki kshamata praapt kar leti hai to krutrim garbhaadhaan kiya jaata hai. • pratyek 3 saptaah ke baad 0.025-0.050 mili liter shuddh veerya (anadaailyuted simen) ka prayog kar maada mein garbhaadhaan karein. • mausam ke 12 saptaah ke baad pratyek 15 dinon baad garbhaadhaan karna behtar hoga. • maada ko shaam ke 5-6 baje ke baad garbhaadhaan karein. • 16 saptaah ke prajanan mausam ke baad ausat oorvarata 80-85% ke beech honi chaahiye.



XI Turkey mein honevaali saamaanya beemaari beemaari kaaran lakshan rokathaam eraaijonosis sailmonela erijona kharcheela hota hai aur aaainkh ki dhundhalaapan aur andhaapan ho sakta hai. sanbhaavya umr 3-4 saptaah. sankramit nasl samooh ka hataana aur haichari mein dhooni aur safaai karni chaahiye. blue kaumb beemaari korona virus avasaad, vajan mein kami, frauthi ya paani jaisi drauping, sar aur chamado ka kaala hona. firm ki turkiyon aur sandooshan kam karna. use aaraam ka samay dein. deerghakaalik shvasan beemaari maaikoplaajma gailiseptikm khaaainsi, gargaling, chheenkana, naak se sraav maaikoplaajma mukt samooh ko surakshit karein. erisaaipelas erisaaipelothriks riyusiyopaithaaidi achaanak kami, foola hua snood, chehare ke bhaag ka rang udna, draapi teekaakaran murgi haija (faaval kolera) paisturela maltosida baingani sir, hara peela draupings, achaanak mrutyu safaai aur mare hue pakshiyon ka hataana murgi chechak (faaval pauks) pauks virus chhote kanghi aur baali par peela foda aur chhaale banana teekaakaran raktasraavi aaaintrashoth vishaanu ek ya ek se adhik mare pakshi teekaakaran sankraamak sinovaaitis maaikoplaajma gailiseptikm badhe hauks, pair pad, langadaapan, stan chhaale svachh bhandaar khareedein. sankraamak sinusaaitis jeevaanu naak se sraav, foola hua saainas aur khaaainsi beemaari mukt nasl se bachchon ki raksha karein. maaikotauksikosis fafooaind ki utpati raktasraav, peela, vasa leevar aur kidni kharaab bhojan se bachein. naveen ghareloo beemaari pairaamaaikso vishaanu haanfana, gharagharaahat, gardan ka ghoomana, pakshaaghaat, naram kholeedaar ande teekaakaran taaifvauyad sailmonela pyuloram chooja mein atisaar rokathaam aur samooh ki safaai Turkey korija bordetela eviym sniking, rels aur naak se adhik balagam ka sraav teekaakaran koksidaayosis koksidiya esapeepi khoon dast aur vajan mein kami uchit svachhata aur bachche ke janm ka prabandhan Turkey yaun rog maaikoplaajma meliyegris prajanan kshamata aur bachchon mein kami sudrudh svachhata


teekaakaran-saarani janm ke kitne din ND- bee1 tanaav 4tha va 5 vaan saptaah murgi maata 6tha saptaah ND- (aar 2bee) 8 – 10 saptaah haija ka teeka


Turkey ki bikri 16vein saptaah mein vayask nar aur maada ka vajan 7.26 kilo gram aur 5.53 kilo gram ho jaata hai. Turkey ka bikri karne ke liye yeh aadarsh vajan hota hai. Turkey ka anda • Turkey apne umr ke 30 saptaah baad se anda dena shuroo karta hai. pehli baar anda dene ke 24 saptaah baad utpaadan shuroo ho jaata hai. • uchit bhojan aur krutrim prakaash prabandhan ke tahat maada Turkey varshabhar mein kareeb 60-100 anda dete hain. • lagbhag 70 pratishat ande dopahar mein diye jaate hain. • Turkey ke ande rangeen hote hain aur iska vajan kareeb 85 gram hota hai. • anda ek kone par kuchh adhik nukeela hota hai aur iska aavaran majaboot hota hai. • Turkey ke anda mein proteen, lipid, carbohydrate aur khanij saamagri kramash: 13.1%, 11.8%, 1.7% aur 0.8% hota hai. prati gram jardi mein 15.67-23.97 mili gram kaulestraul hote hain.


Turkey ka maaains : Turkey ke maaains ka patala hone ke kaaran log ise kaafi pasand karte hain. Turkey ke maaains ke pratyek 100 gram mein proteen, vasa aur oorja maan kramash: 24%, 6.6%, 162 kailori hota hai. potaishiym, kailsiym, maigneshiym, lauh padaarth, seleniym, jink aur sodiym jaise khanij bhi paaye jaate hain. yeh emeeno aml aur niyaasin, vitaamin bee6 aur bee12 jaise vitaaminon se bhi bharpoor hota hai. yeh asantrupt vasa aml aur doosare aavashyak vasa aml se bhara hota hai tatha kolestaraul ki maatra kam hoti hai. ek adhyayan ke anusaar 24 saptaah ki aayu aur 10-20 kilo gram vajan vaale nar maada ko yadi 300 se 450 rupaye mein becha jaata hai to ismein kareeb 500 se 600 rupaye ka laabh hota hai. isi tarah ek maada mein 24 saptaah ki samayaavadhi mein kareeb 300 se 400 rupaye ka laabh milega. iske alaava Turkey ko safaai aur ardh-safaai vaale sthiti mein bhi paalan kiya ja sakta hai.