tabaasheer

tabaasheer baaains se aata hai
san 1915 mein chhapi ek pustak mein tabaasheer ke kuchh tukadon ka chitr

tabaasheer ya bansalochan baans ki kuchh naslon ke jodon se milne wala ek paarabhaasi (traansaloosaint) safed padaarth hota hai. yeh mukhya roop se silika aur paani aur kam maatra mein khaar (potaish) aur choone ka bana hota hai.[1] bhaarateeya upamahaadveep ki aayurved aur yoonaani chikitsa pranaaliyon ki dava-soochiyon mein iska aham sthaan hai.[2] paaramparik cheeni chikitsa ke kai nuskhon mein bhi iska prayog hota hai.[3]

anukram

tathaakathit svaasthya-laabh

paaramparik chikitsa vidhiyon mein tabaasheer ke kai faayade bataae jaate hain, jaise ki bukhaar utaarana, spaijm (akadn ki laharein) se raahat dilaana, lakave mein sahaayata karna aur kaamottejak banana (yaani kaam-ichha teevr karna).[4] bansalochan ka upayog Bhaarat mein garbhavati mahilaaon ko ji matlane ki avastha mein ek tukada muh mein rakhakar choosane se laabh milta hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

tabaasheer ke prakaar

halaki neelima vaale tabaasheer (jise aam taur par "neel" ya "neelakanth" bulaaya jaata hai) saadhaaran peele ya safed tabaasheer se uttam maana jaata hai.[5]

tabaasheer dhoondhana

har baans ki dandi mein tabaasheer naheen hota. tabaasheer dhooaindhane ke liye dandiyon ko hilaaya jaata hai. agar andar tabaasheer bana hua ho to aksar uske dale khadkane ki aavaaj paida karte hain. in baanson ko cheerakar tabaasheer nikla jaata hai.[5][6]

itihaas

haalaanki tabaasheer praacheen aayurved chikitsa pranaali ka hissa hai, kuchh itihaasakaaron ka maanana hai ki iska pehla prayog Bhaarat ki aadivaasi samudaayon mein shuroo hua.[1] hajaaron saal tak Bhaarat se tabaasheer niryaat hota tha aur madhya kaal mein yeh aksar arab saudaagaron ke dvaara kiya jaata tha.[1] baarahavi shataabdi isavi mein Bhaarat ke pashchimi tat ke kreeb sthit thaane shahar mein niryaat hone vaale tabaasheer ki mandi laga karti thi.[7] rom mein neero ke jmaane mein rahane vaale pedaaniyos dioskoreedis (Πaaεaaδaaάaaνaaιaaοaaς Δaaιaaοaaσaaκaaοaaυaaρaaίaaδaaηaaς) naamak yoonaani chikitsak ne apni likhaaiyon mein tabaasheer ko saakhaaron (σaaάaaκaaχaaαaaρaaοaaν) ka naam diya.[4]

naamotpatti aur anya naam

"tabaasheer" shabd sanskrut ke "tvaksheer" shabd se aaya hai, jiska arth "tvacha ka ksheer" yaani "(ped ki) chhaal ka doodh" hai.[4][8] is ke liye kuchh anya sanskrut naam bhi prayog hote hain, jaise ki "vans sharkar" (yaani "baans ki shakkar") aur vans karpoor ("baans ka Kapoor").[7] maindaarin cheeni bhaasha mein ise "tiaan jhu huaang" kaha jaata hai, jiska matlab "divya baans peela" (yaani baans ka divya peela padaarth) hai.[3]

sandarbh

  1. a aa i The National druggist, Volume 37, H. R. Strong, 1907, http://books.google.com/books?id=wmvnAAAAMAAJ, "... 'Tabasheer' or 'banslochan' is sold in all Indian bazars ... originated among the aboriginal tribes ... article of commerce with early Arab traders ... silica, with traces of lime and potash ..."
  2. G.K. Ghosh, Bamboo: The Wonderful Grass, APH Publishing, 2008, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9788131303696, http://books.google.com/books?id=FH4Bb7dD4qYC, "... 'Tabasheer' or 'Bangsa Lochan' used in Unani and Ayurvedic medicines ..."
  3. a aa Heather Newman, Tabasheer, Virtual Herbarium, http://www.virtualherbarium.org/grass/bamboo/tabasheer.htm, abhigman tithi: 2010-09-19, "... Called “atian zhu huang” in Mandarin, which translates to “aheavenly bamboo yellow,” tabasheer is a versatile, highly demanded substance described to be cold in nature and sweet in taste ..."
  4. a aa i Sir George Watt, Edgar Thurston, A dictionary of the economic products of India, Department of Revenue and Agriculture, Government of India, 1885, http://books.google.com/books?id=x07iKb5rVk4C, "... the σaaάaaκaaχaaαaaρaaοaaν of the Greeks was tabasjeer 'beyond all controversy' ... The Sanscrit name for tabascher is tvakkschira, bark milk ... called Bansolochan (or tabashir) is supposed to be efficacious in paralytic complications, flatulency, and poisoning cases ... a stimulant and aphrodisiac ... a febrifuge ..."
  5. a aa Edited by Edward Smedley, Hugh James Rose, and Henry John Rose, Encyclopaedia Metropolitana, B. Fellowes, 1845, http://books.google.com/books?id=x2pBAAAAcAAJ, "... On shaking the Bamboo a rattling noise is perceived, as if small stones were contained in the cavity ... that reckoned the best if of a bluish-white color ..."
  6. Sir Norman Lockyer, Nature: international journal of science, Volume 35, Macmillan Journals Ltd., 1887, http://books.google.com/books?id=wI4DbxBSp7AC, "... splitting open those bamboo stems which give a rattling sound when shaken ..."
  7. a aa The National druggist, Volume 30, H. R. Strong, 1900, http://books.google.com/books?id=PWrnAAAAMAAJ, "... Bamboo manna derives its name from the Sanskrit words - Tvak-kshira, 'bark milk'; Vansa-sarkara, 'bamboo sugar'; and Vansa-karpura, 'bamboo camphor' ... known to the early Arab travelers in the East, and the port of Thana, on the western coast of India, was famous for this product in the twelfth century ..."
  8. Nasir Ahmad Khan, Jadeed Hindi-Urdu Shabdkosh: Pa-Ha, Qaumi Council Bara-e-Farogh-e-Urdu Zabāan, New Delhi, India, 2005, aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9788175871144, http://books.google.com/books?id=6l9jAAAAMAAJ, "... tabaasheer aur ..."