taaraamandal

yadi aap taaraaghar (pleneteriym) par lekh khoj rahe hain to taaraaghar ka lekh dekhein
mrugasheersh ya oraayan (shikaari taaraamandal) ek jaana-maana taaraamandal hai - peeli dhaari ke andar ke kshetr ko oraayan kshetr bolte hain aur uske andar waali hari aakruti oraayan ki aakruti hai

khagolashaastr mein taaraamandal aakaash mein dikhne vaale taaron ke kisi samooh ko kehte hain. itihaas mein vibhinn sabhyataaon nein aakaash mein taaron ke beech mein kalpit rekhaaeain kheenchakar kuchh aakrutiyaaain prateet ki hain jinhein unhonne naam de diye. masalan praacheen Bhaarat mein ek mrugasheersh naam ka taaraamandal bataaya gaya hai, jise yoonaani sabhyata mein oraayan kehte hain, jiska arth "shikaari" hai. praacheen Bhaarat mein taaraamandalon ko nakshatr kaha jaata tha. aadhunik kaal ke khagolashaastr mein taaraamandal unhi taaron ke samoohon ko kaha jaata hai jin samoohon par antarraashtreeya star par antarraashtreeya khagoleeya sangh mein sahamati ho.

aadhunik yug mein kisi taaron ke taaraamandal ke ird-gird ke kshetr ko bhi usi taaraamandal ka naam de diya jaata hai. is prakaar poore khagoleeya gole ko alag-alag taaraamandalon mein vibhaajit kar diya gaya hai. agar yeh bataana ho ki koi khagoleeya vastu raatri mein aakaash mein kahaaain milegi to yeh bataaya jaata hai ki vah kis taaraamandal mein sthit hai.[1] dhyaan rahein ki kisi taaraamandal mein dikhne vaale taare aur anya vastueain pruthvi se dekhne par bhale hi ek-doosare ke sameep lagein lekin zaroori naheen hai ki aisa vaastav mein bhi ho. jis tarah door dekhne par do pahaad ek-doosare ke najdeek lag sakte hain lekin sameep jaane par pata chalta hai ke unamein bahut faasala hai aur ek pahaad vaastav mein doosare pahaad se meelon peechhe hai.

anukram

anya bhaashaaoain mein

"taaraamandal" ko sanskrut mein "nakshatr" kehte the aur vibhinn bhaarateeya bhaashaaoain mein iske liye aaj bhi yeh shabd prayog hota hai. taaraamandal ko angreji mein "kaunstaileshan" (constellation) aur arabi mein "majamuaa-al-najoom" (مaaجaaمaaع اaaلaaنaaجaaوaaم) kehte hain.

taaraaguchh aur taaraamandal mein antar

taaraamandal ve taare aur khagoleeya vastuen hoti hain jo pruthvi ki satah se dekhne par sthaai roop se aakaash mein ek hi kshetr mein ikaththi nazar aati hain. iska matlab yeh naheen hai ke ye vaastav mein ek-doosare ke paas hain ya inka aapas mein koi mahatvapoorn gurutvaakarshak bandhan hai. iske vipreet taaraaguchh ("star klastar") ke taare vaastav mein ek guchhe mein hote hain aur inka aapas mein gurutvaakarshak bandhan hota hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Discovering the Essential Universe, Neil F. Comins, pp. 6, Macmillan, 2008, ISBN 978-1-4292-1797-2, ... Whereas asterisms such as the Big Dipper are often called "constellations" in normal conversation, astronomers use the word constellation to describe an entire area of the sky and all the objects in it ...