taal

sangeet mein samay par aadhaarit ek nishchit dhaanche ko taal kaha jaata hai. shaastreeya sangeet mein taal ka badi aham bhoomika hoti hai. sangeet mein taal dene ke liye tabale, mrudang, dhol aur mainjeere aadi ka vyavahaar kiya jaata hai. praacheen bhaarateeya sangeet mein mrudang, ghatam ityaadi ka prayog hota hai. aadhunik hindustaani sangeet mein tabala sarvaadhik lokapriya hai.

bhaarateeya shaastreeya sangeet mein prayukt kuchh taalein is prakaar hain : daadara, jhapataal, tritaal, ekataal. tantri vaadyon ki ek shaili taal ke vishesh chalan par aadhaarit hai. mishrabaani mein dedh aur dhaai antaraal par liye gaye mijraab ke bol jhap-taal, aada chaar taal aur jhoomara ka prayog karte haiain.

sangeet ke sanskrut granthon mein taal do prakaar ke maane gaye hain—aamaarg aur deshi. bharat muni ke mat se maarg 60 hain— chanchatput, chaachaput, shatpitaaputrak, udaghattak, sannipaat, kankan, kokilaarav, raajakolaahal, rangavidyaadhar, shacheepriya, paarvateelochan, raajachoodaamani, jayashri, vaadakaakul, kadarp, nalakoobar, darpan, ratileen, mokshapati, shreerang, sinhavikram, deepak, mallikaamod, gajaleel, charchari, kuhakk, vijyaanand, veeravikram, taingik, rangaabharan, shreekeerti, vanamaali, chaturmukh, sinhanandan, nandeesh, chandrabinb, dviteeyak, jayamangal, gandharv, makarand, tribhangi, ratitaal, basant, jagajhanp, gaarudi, kavishekhar, ghosh, haravallabh, bhairav, gatapratyaagat, mallataali, bhairav- mastak, sarasvateekanthaabharan, kreeda, ni:saaru, muktaavali, rang- raaj, bharataanand, aaditaalak, sanparkeshtak. isi prakaar 120 deshi taal ginaae gaye hain. in taalon ke naamon mein bhinn bhinn granthon mein vibhinnata dekhi jaati hain.

baahari kadiyaaain