taaainka

taaainka (短aa歌) Japani kaavya ki kai sau saal puraani kaavya vidha hai. is vidha ko nauveen shataabdi se baarahaveen shataabdi ke dauraan kaafi prasiddhi mili. us samay iske vishay dhaarmik ya darabaari hua karte the. haaiku ka udbhav isi se hua.[1]

iski sanrachana 5+7+5+7+7=31 varnon ki hoti hai. ek kavi pratham 5+7+5=17 bhaag ki rachana karta tha to doosra kavi doosare bhaag 7+7 ki poortti ke saath shrunkhala ko poori karta tha. fir poorvavarti 7+7 ko aadhaar banaakar agali shrunkhala mein 5+7+5 yeh kram chalta; fir iske aadhaar par agali shrunkhala 7+7 ki rachana hoti thi. is kaavya shrunkhala ko reinga kaha jaata tha.

is prakaar ki shrunkhala sootrabaddhata ke kaaran yeh sankhya 100 tak bhi pahuainch jaati thi. taaainka paaainch panktiyon aur 5+7+5+7+7=31 varnon ke laghu kalevar mein bhaavon ko gumfit karna satat abhyaas aur sajag shabd saadhana se hi sambhav hai. ismein yeh bhram naheen hona chaahiye ki iski pehli teen panktiyaaain koi svatantr haaiku hai. iska arth pehli se paaainchaveen pankti tak vyaapt hota hai.

taaainka ka shaabdik arth hai laghugeet athva chhoti kavita.[2] layaviheen kaavyagun se shoonya rachana chhand ka shareer dhaaran karne maatr se taaainka naheen ban sakti. saahitya ka daayitv bahut vyaapak hai. at: taaainka ko kisi vishay vishesh tak seemit naheen kiya ja sakta.

sandarbh

  1. Ueda, Makoto. Modern Japanese Tanka. NY: Columbia University Press, 1996. p1. ISBN 978-0-231-10433-3
  2. Keene, Donald. A History of Japanese Literature: Volume 1. NY: Columbia University Press, 1999. p98, 164. ISBN 978-0-231-11441-7