svej nahar

svej nahar ki sthiti tatha usaka antariksh se liya gaya chitr

svej nahar (Suez canal) laal saagar aur bhoomadhya saagar ko sanbanddh karne waali ek nahar hai. san 1859 mein ek fraanseesi engineer fardeenend ki dekharekh mein svej nahar ka nirmaan shuru hua tha. yeh nahar aaj 165 kimi lambi, 48 mi chaudi aur 10 mi gahari hai. das varshon mein bankar yeh taiyaar ho gayi thi. san 1869 mein yeh nahar yaataayaat ke liye khul gayi thi. pehle keval din mein hi jahaaj nahar ko paar karte the par 1887 E. se raat mein bhi paar hone lage. 1866 E. mein is nahar ke paar hone mein 36 ghante lagte the par aaj 18 ghante se kam samay hi lagta hai.

anukram

itihaas

is nahar ka prabandh pehle "svej canal company" karti thi jiske aadhe share France ke the aur aadhe share Turkey, misr aur anya arab deshon ke the. baad mein misr aur Turkey ke sheyaron ko angrejon ne khareed liya. 1888 E. mein ek antararaashtreeya upasandhi ke anusaar yeh nahar yuddh aur shaanti donon kaalon mein sab raashtron ke jahaajon ke liye bina rokatok samaan roop se aane-jaane ke liye khuli thi. aisa samjhauta tha ki is nahar par kisi ek raashtra ki sena naheen rahegi. kintu angrejon ne 1904 E. mein ise tod diya aur nahar par apni senaaeain baitha Dean aur unheen raashtron ke jahaajon ke aane-jaane ki anumati di jaane lagi jo yuddharat naheen the. 1947 E. mein svej canal company aur misr sarkaar ke beech yeh nishchaya hua ki company ke saath 99 varsh ka patta radd ho jaane par iska svaamitv misr sarkaar ke haath aa jaaega. 1951 E. mein misr mein great Britain ke viruddh aandolan chhida aur ant mein 1954 E. mein ek karaar hua jiske anusaar Britain ki sarkaar kuchh sharton ke saath nahar se apni sena hata lene par raaji ho gayi. peechhe misr ne is nahar ka 1956 mein raashtreeyakaran kar ise apne poore adhikaar mein kar liya.

upayogita

svej nahar se jugarati hui ek kantenar jahaaj

is nahar ke kaaran Europe se Asia aur poorvi Africa ka saral aur seedha maarg khul gaya aur isse lagbhag 6,000 meal ki doori ki bachat ho gayi. isse anek deshon, poorvi Africa, Iran, arab, Bhaarat, Pakistan, sudoor poorv Asia ke deshon, Australia, New Zealand aadi deshon ke saath vyaapaar mein badi suvidha ho gayi hai aur vyaapaar bahut badh gaya hai.

yaataayaat

svej nahar mein yaataayaat kaunvauya (saarthavahan) ke roop mein hota hai. pratidin teen kaunvauya chalte hain, do uttar se dakshin tatha ek dakshin se uttr ki taraf. jalayaanon ki chaal 11 se 16 kilometer prati ghante ke beech hoti hai. is nahar ki yaatra ka samay 12 se 16 ghaton ka hota hai.

varsh jalayaanon ki sankhya net tanej
(1000 tan mein)
dhoya gaya maal
(1000 tan mein)
pathakar (tol)
(million ameriki dollar )
1975[1] 5.579 50.441 n.b.
1980 20.795 281.305 n.b.
1985 19.791 352.579 n.b.
1990 17.664 410.322 n.b.
1995 15.051 360.372 n.b.
2000 14.142 439.041 n.b.
2001 13.986 456.113 372.400
2002 13.447 444.786 368.800
2003 15.667 549.381 457.900
2004 16.850 621.253 521.219 3.077,5
2005 18.224 671.951 571.105 3.453,7
2006 18.664 742.708 628.635 3.815,8
2007 20.384 848.163 710.098 4.601,7
2008 21.415 910.059 722.984 5.381,9
2009 17.228 734.450 559.245 4.289,5
2010 17.993 846.389 646.064 4.768,9
2011 17.799 928.880 691.800 n.b.
2012 17.225 928.452 739.911 n.b.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain

sandarbh

  1. Kanaal gedurende het jaar heropend voor verkeer