svar varn

svar (vowel) un dhvaniyon ko kehte hain jo bina kisi anya varnon ki sahaayata ke uchchaarit kiye jaate hain.

anukram

vargeekaran

svaron ko kai tarah se vargeekrut kiya ja sakta hai :

  1. jihva ki ooainchaai ki drushti se :
    1. vivrut (khula hua, yaani ki jeebh neeche giri hui hai) / Open
    2. ardhavivrut / half-open
    3. beech ka
    4. ardhasanvrut / half-closed
    5. sanvrut (atyant sankeern, yaani ki jeebh muainh ki chhat tak uthi hui hai) / closed
  2. jihva ka kaun hissa utha hua hai :
    1. agrasvar / front vowel
    2. madhyasvar / mid vowel
    3. pashvasvar / back vowel
  3. honthon ki sthiti se :
    1. prasrut (khule honth) / unrounded
    2. vartul (golaakaar honth) / rounded
    3. ardh-vartul / semi-rounded
  4. maatra ki drushti se :
    1. hrasv / short
    2. deergh / long
    3. plut / very long

neeche di gayi taalika mein sabhi bhaashaaon ke svaron ka vaigyaanik vargeekaran aur unke IPA varnaakshar diye gaye hain :

agrasvar lagbhag agrasvar madhyasvar lagbhag pashvasvar pashvasvar
prasrut vartul prasrut vartul prasrut vartul prasrut vartul prasrut vartul
sanvrut i y ɨ ʉ ɯ u
lagbhag sanvrut ɪ ʏ ʊ
ardhasanvrut e ø ɘ ɵ ɤ o
beech ka Schwa: ə
ardhavivrut ɛ œ ɜ ɞ ʌ ɔ
lagbhag vivrut æ ɐ
vivrut a ɶ ɑ ɒ

jis svar par balaaghaat lagta hai, uske shabdaansh ke pehle ek << ' >> ka nishaan laga diya jaata hai. jis svar mein naasikeekaran hota hai, uske oopar tild << ~ >> ka nishaan laga diya jaata hai. deergh svaron ke baad << : >> ka nishaan lagaaya jaata hai.

hindi bhaasha ke svar

  • a / ə /
  • aa / ɑ: /
  • i / i /
  • E / i: /
  • u / u /
  • oo / u: /
  • (ri = 'ri', aadhunik hindi mein / ri /)
  • A / ei /
  • ai / æ: /
  • O / o: /
  • au / ɔ: /
  • ऍ / ɛ /
  • (o / ɔ /)

angreji bhaasha ke svar

A E I O U

sandarbh

mobi.bharatdiscovery.org/india/svara_(vyaakaran)