svaahili bhaasha


svaahili bhaasha
Kiswahili, اaaلaaلaaغaaة اaaلaaسaaوaaاaaحaaلaaيaaة
boli jaati hai Flag of Burundi.svg burundi
Flag of the Comoros.svg komoroj (shikomori ke roop mein)
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg kaango lokataantrik ganaraajya
Flag of Kenya.svg keeniya
Flag of Malawi.svg malaavi
Flag of Mauritius.svg Mauritius
Flag of Mozambique.svg mojaambeek
Flag of Oman.svg omaan
Flag of Rwanda.svg ravaanda
Flag of Seychelles.svg seshels (as Shimaore)
Flag of Somalia.svg somaaliya (as Kibajuni and Chimwini)
Flag of South Sudan.svg dakshin soodaan
Flag of Tanzania.svg tanjaaniya
Flag of Tanzania.svg tanjaaniya[1]
kul bolne vaale maatrubhaasha: 50 laakh–1 karod[krupaya uddharan jodein]
maatrubhaasha aur dusara bhaasha: 10+ karod[2]
bhaasha parivaar naaijar-kaungo
  • svaahili bhaasha
aadhikaarik star
aadhikaarik bhaasha ghoshit afreeki sangh
Flag of Kenya.svg keeniya
Flag of Tanzania.svg tanjaaniya
Flag of Tanzania.svg tanjaaniya
niyaamak koi aadhikaarik niyman naheen
bhaasha koot
ISO 639-1 sw
ISO 639-2 swa
ISO 639-3 either:
swc – Congo Swahili
swh – Coastal Swahili
Maeneo penye wasemaji wa Kiswahili.png

svaahili (Kiswahili) vibhinn jaateeya samoohon dvaara boli jaane waali bhaasha hai, jo hind mahaasaagar tat se lage dakshini somaaliya se lekar komoros dweep sahit, uttari mojaambik mein rahati hai. yadyapi keval ek karod se lekar 50 lakh tak ki aabaadi is bhaasha ko maatrubhaasha ke roop mein prayukt karti hai, lekin svaahili chaar deshon ki raashtreeya ya aadhikaarik bhaasha hai, saath hi afreeki sangh ki aadhikaarik bhaashaaon mein akeli afreefi mool ki bhaasha hai.

anukram

sameeksha

svaahili ek baantoo bhaasha hai ki paramparaagat roop se vibhinn poorvi afreeki tat ke kuchh hisson mein rahane vaale samoohon ke liye ek doosari bhaasha ke roop mein kaarya karta hai. svaahili shabdaavali ke baare mein 35% arabi bhaasha se vyutpann, arabi bolne vaale vyaapaariyon ke saath sampark ke baarah se adhik sadiyon ke maadhyam se praapt ki. yeh bhi apne shabdaavali mein, jarman, purtagaali, angreji aur French shabd faarasi shaamil kiya gaya hai pichhle paanch shataabdiyon ke dauraan sampark ke maadhyam se. svaahili ek doosare ke teen deshon, tanjaaniya, kenya aur kaango (DRC), jahaan yeh ek aadhikaarik bhaasha hai ya raashtreeya mein laakhon ki dasiyon dvaara boli jaane waali bhaasha ban gayi hai. yugaanda ke padosi desh ek aavashyak vishay banaaya svaahili mein praathamik schoolon mein 1992 haalaanki is janaadesh naheen kiya gaya hai achhi tarah se kaaryaanvit kiya aur yeh poorvi afreeki sangh ke liye taiyaar karne mein 2005 mein ek aadhikaarik bhaasha ghoshit kiya. svaahili, ya anya bhaashaaon ke nikat se sambandhit hai, lagbhag komoros ki poori janasankhya aur burundi, ravaanda, uttari jaambiya, malaavi aur mojaambik mein logon ki apekshaakrut kam sankhya ke dvaara boli jaati hai [4] aur abhi bhi bhaasha mein samjha gaya tha. dakshini laal saagar ke bandaragaahon aur beesaveen sadi mein dakshini arab aur faaras ki khaadi ke coasts saath [5] Bantu bhaasha Guthrie gair aanuvanshik vargeekaran mein, svaahili jon ke tahat ji shaamil hai.


yadyapi mool roop se arabi lipi mein likha, svaahili hijje ab laitin varnamaala ki isaai mishnariyon aur aupaniveshik prashaasak ke dvaara pesh kiya gaya tha par aadhaarit hai. yahaaain dikhaaya gaya paath Bhagwan ki praarthana ke Catholic sanskaran hai [6.] naam 'Kiswahili' arabi shabd saahil (سaaاaaحaaل ka bahuvachan sawāaaḥaail (سaaوaaاaaحaaل) se aata hai), "" seema "ya" tat (ek ke roop mein istemaal arth visheshan "tateeya" 'ki', ["bhaasha"] jodkar ya nivaasi, matlab karne ke liye "tateeya" bhaasha) matlab hai. (yeh bhi shabd "Sahel" sahaara ke seema kshetr ke liye prayog kiya jaata hai ("" registaan)).

jald se jald pata svaahili mein likhit dastaavej 1711 mein Kilwa mein likha arabi lipi mein akshar, kar rahe hain, ve mojaambik ke purtagaali aur unke sthaaneeya sahayogiyon ke liye bheja gaya tha. mool patra ab Goa ke aitihaasik abhilekhaagaar mein sanrakshit kar rahe hain, Bhaarat 7] [. ek aur praacheen likhit dastaavej arabi lipi mein ek mahaakaavya kavita hai Utendi va Tambuka ("Tambuka ka itihaas") sheershak se, yeh 1728 dinaankit hai. laitin varnamaala Europeeya aupaniveshik shaktiyon ke prabhaav mein maanak ban gaya hai.

(jaise "" Haraka haraka Haina baraka Methali - jaldi jaldi naheen "aasheervaad" hai http://www.kiswahili.net/3-reference-works/proverbs-and-riddles/proverbs-and-riddles-east-african.. html.), arthaat "wordplay, aapattipoorn ya vichaarottejak puns aur geet kavita, gahra svaahili sanskruti mein ankit hain, svaahili drushtaanton, kahaavat ke roop mein aur" roopak [8.] Methali hai bheetar vishv star par khula 'Swah raip sangeet yeh. samruddh saanskrutik, aitihaasik aur sthaaneeya textures aur antardrushti ke saath sangeet pradaan karta h

vaarg

saavaa:ili vaakyaansh ekta ki ek pranaali mein nouns se sahamat hooain, lekin agar sanjnyaa sanjnyaa 1 vargon aur 2 ke saath ek maanav, ve samjhaute ko sandarbhit karta hai sanjnyaa varg ki paravaah kiye bina. Verbs unke vishyon aur vastuon ki sanjnyaa varg se sahamat hooain, visheshan, prepositions aur demonstratives unke nouns ki sanjnyaa varg se sahamat hooain. maanak svaahili (Kiswahili sanifu) aur janjeebaar ke roop mein aise kshetron mein jahaan svaahili mool bhaasha pranaali ki jatil hai, lekin, yeh teji se kai sthaaneeya sanskaran mein saral hai, jahaan svaahili aise mein nairobi ke roop mein mool bhaasha hai, naheen hai.

nairobi mein, ekta hi animacy ko darshaata hai. maanav vishyon aur vastuon ko trigr ek aur meter paani, maukhik ekta mein va, jabki gair maanav vishyon aur vastuon ke jo bhi varg ke trigr main, ji aur kriya ke saadhaaran roop verbs maanak koo ke beech antar aur kam main [10 -.] "(ke 'chetan hai paani aur fir jad, za.) standard svaahili mein, maanav vishyon aur jo bhi ek aur meter paani, paani ki kaksha mein trigr animacy ekta ki vastuon, jabki gair maanav vishay vastu aur ling ke ek kism-ekta upasargon ko trigr.

adhik jaanakari

[2](angraji mein)

sandarbh

  1. Ethnologue list of countries where Swahili is spoken
    Thomas J. Hinnebusch, 1992, "Swahili", International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, Oxford, pp. 99–106
    David Dalby, 1999/2000, The Linguasphere Register of the World's Languages and Speech Communities, Linguasphere Press, Volume Two, pg. 733–735
    Benji Wald, 1994, "Sub-Saharan Africa", Atlas of the World's Languages, Routledge, pp. 289–346, maps 80, 81, 85
  2. [1]