sudoor sanvedan

sudoor sanvedan (angreji: Remote Sensing) ka saamaanya arth hai kisi vastu ke seedhe sampark mein aaye bina uske baare mein aaainkade sangrah karna. lekin vartamaan vaigyaanik pariprekshya mein sudoor sanvedan ka taatparya aakaash mein sthit kisi platform (jaise havaaijahaaj, upagrah ya gubbaare) se pruthvi ke kisi bhoobhaag ka chitr lena. yeh ek aisi unnat vidha hai jiske maadhyam se ooainchaai par jaakar bina kisi bhautik sampark ke pruthvi ke dharaataleeya roopon aur sansaadhanon ka adhyayan vaigyaanik vidhi se kiya jaata hain.

sudoor sanvedan ki takaneek ko sanvedak (Sensor) ki prakruti ke aadhaar par mukhyat: do prakaaron mein baaainta jaata hai ektiv aur paisiv. jyaadaatar paisiv sanvedakon dvaara soorya ka paraavartit prakaash sanvedit kiya jaata hai. ektiv sanvedak ve hain jo khud hi vidyut chunbakeeya vikirn utpann karke use pruthvi ki or feinkate hain aur paraavartit kirnon ko sanvedit (rikaard) karte hain.

havaai chhaayaachitr aur upagrah chitr sudoor sanvedan ke do pramukh utpaad hain jinka upayog vaigyaanik adhyayanon se lekar anya bahut se kaaryon mein ho raha hai.

anukram

itihaas

sabse pehle ji. toraankan naamak gubbaarebaaj ne peris shahar ka gubbaare se chitr san 1858 E. mein kheencha. havaaijahaajon dvaara chhaayaachitr kheenchne ki shurooaat pratham vishvayuddh ke dauraan sainya aasoochana ekatran ke liye hui. baad mein krutrim upagron ke vikaas ne ise nae aayaam diye.

aakadon ka prasanskaran

sudoor sanvedan se praapt aaainkadon ka prasanskaran (processing) karna padta hai.

Bhaarat mein sudoor sanvedan

Bhaarat mein sudoor sanvedan ke saare kaaryon ka aayojan evam nireekshan raashtreeya sudoor sanvedan kendra, Hyderabad dvaara kiya jaata hai jo Bhaarat sarkaar ke vigyaan mantraalaya ke antariksh vibhaag ke antargat kaam karne waali agency hai.

training aur shiksha

Bhaarat mein is vidha ki shiksha aur training ke liye mukhya sansthaan bhaarateeya sudoor sanvedan sansthaan (aai.aai.aar.S.) deharaadoon mein hai. iske saath hi anya kai vishvavidyaalayon mein bhi prashikshan diya jaata hai jaise Allahabad vishvavidyaalaya ke bhoogol vibhaag sthit remote seinsing divijn mein post graduate diploma karaaya jaata hai.

bhaugolik soochana tantr

sudoor sanvedan ki yeh takaneek bhaugolik soochana tantr (jee॰aaai॰aesa॰) ke saath milkar bhaugolik soochana vigyaan (GeoInformatics) ka nirmaan karti hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain