subhadra kumaari chauhaan

subhadra kumaari chauhaan
SubhadraKumariChauhan Stamp.jpg
subhadra kumaari chauhaan ke sammaan mein jaari daak-ticket
janm: 16 August 1904
nihaalapur Allahabad Bhaarat
mrutyu: 15 February 1948
jabalapur Bhaarat
kaaryakshetr: lekhak
raashtreeyata: bhaarateeya
bhaasha: hindi
kaal: aadhunik kaal
vidha: gadya aur padya
vishay: kavita aur kahaaniyaaain
saahityik
aandolan
:
bhaarateeya svaadheenata aandolan
se prerit deshaprem

subhadra kumaari chauhaan (16 August 1904-15 February 1948) hindi ki suprasiddh kavayitri aur lekhika theen. unke do kavita sangrah tatha teen katha sangrah prakaashit hue par unki prasiddhi jhaaainsi ki raani kavita ke kaaran hai. ye raashtreeya chetna ki ek sajag kavayitri rahi hain, kintu inhonne svaadheenata sangraam mein anek baar jail yaatanaaeain sahane ke pashchaat apni anubhootiyon ko kahaani mein bhi vyakt kiya. vaataavaran chitran-pradhaan shaili ki bhaasha saral tatha kaavyaatmak hai, is kaaran inki rachana ki saadagi hrudayagraahi hai.

anukram

jeevan parichay

unka janm naagapanchami ke din Allahabad ke nikat nihaalapur naamak gaanv mein raamanaathasinh ke jameendaar parivaar mein hua tha. baalyakaal se hi ve kavitaaeain rachane lagi theen. unki rachanaaeain raashtreeyata ki bhaavana se paripoorn hain.[1] subhadra kumaari chauhaan, chaar bahne aur do bhaai the. unke pita thaakur raamanaath Singh shiksha ke premi the aur unheen ki dekh-rekh mein unki praarambhik shiksha bhi hui. 1919 mein khandava ke thaakur Lakshman Singh ke saath vivaah ke baad ve jabalapur aa gayi theen. 1921 mein Gandhi ji ke asahayog aandolan mein bhaag lene waali vah pratham mahila theen. ve do baar jail bhi gayi theen.[2] subhadra kumaari chauhaan ki jeevani, inki putri, sudha chauhaan ne 'mila tej se tej' naamak pustak mein likhi hai. ise hans prakaashan, Allahabad ne prakaashit kiya hai. ve ek rachanaakaar hone ke saath-saath svaadheenata sangraam ki senaani bhi theen. dauo mangala anuja ki pustak subhadra kumaari chauhaan unke saahityik va svaadheenata sangharsh ke jeevan par prakaash daalati hai. saath hi svaadheenata aandolan mein unke kavita ke jariye netrutv ko bhi rekhaankit karti hai.[3] 15 February 1948 ko ek car durghatana mein unka aakasmik nidhan ho gaya tha.[4]

katha saahitya

'bikhre moti' unka pehla kahaani sangrah hai. ismein bhagnaavashesh, holi, paapeepet, manjhaleeraani, parivartan, drushtikon, kadam ke fool, kismat, machhuye ki beti, ekaadashi, aahuti, thaati, amaraai, anurodh, va graameena kul 15 kahaaniyaan hain! in kahaaniyon ki bhaasha saral bolachaal ki bhaasha hai! adhikaansh kahaaniyaan naari vimarsh par keindrit hain! unmaadini sheershak se unka doosra katha sangrah 1934 mein chhapa. is mein unmaadini, asamanjas, abhiyukt, sone ki kanthi, naari hrudaya, pavitra irshya, angoothi ki khoj, chadha dimaag, va veshya ki ladki kul 9 kahaaniyaan hain. in sab kahaaniyon ka mukhya svar paarivaarik saamaajik paridrushya hi hai. 'seedhe saadhe chitr' subhadra kumaari chauhaan ka teesara va antim katha sangrah hai. ismein kul 14 kahaaniyaan hain. roopa, kailaashi naani, biaalha, kalyaani, do saathi, professor mitra, duraachaari va mangala - 8 kahaaniyon ki kathaavastu naari pradhaan paarivaarik saamaajik samasyaayein hain. heengavaala, raahi, taange wala, evam gulaabasinh kahaaniyaan raashtreeya vishyon par aadhaarit hain. subhadra kumaari chauhaan ne kul 46 kahaaniyaan likhi aur apni vyaapak katha drushti se ve ek ati lokapriya kathaakaar ke roop mein hindi saahitya jagat mein supratishthit hain!

sammaan puraskaar

bhaarateeya tatarakshak sena ne 28 April 2006 ko subhadraakumaari chauhaan ki raashtraprem ki bhaavana ko sammaanit karne ke liye nae niyukt ek tatarakshak jahaaj ko subhadra kumaari chauhaan ka naam diya hai.[5] bhaarateeya daakataar vibhaag ne 6 August 1976 ko subhadra kumaari chauhaan ke sammaan mein 25 paise ka ek daak-ticket jaari kiya hai.

krutiyaaain

kahaani sangrah

  • bikhre moti (1932)
  • unmaadini (1934)
  • seedhe saadhe chitr (1947)

kavita sangrah

  • mukul
  • tridhaara
  • prasiddh panktiyaaain
  • yeh kadanb ka ped agar maaain hota yamuna teere. main bhi us par baith kanhaiya banta dheere-dheere.
  • sinhaasan hil uthe raajavanshon ne bhrukuti taani thi, boodhe Bhaarat mein bhi I fir se nayi javaani thi, gumi hui aajaadi ki keemat sabne pahachaani thi, door firangi ko karne ki sabne man mein thaani thi.
  • mujhe chhod kar tumhein praanadhan sukh ya shaanti naheen hogi yahi baat tum bhi kehte the socho, bhraanti naheen hogi.

jeevani

'mila tej se tej'

sandarbh

  1. mishr anurodh, raameshvaranaath (July 2004). raashtrabhaasha bhaarati. Kolkata: nirmal prakaashan. pa॰ 20.
  2. "subhadra kumaari chauhaan" (angreji mein) (echateeem). Indian heeroj. http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/subhadra-kumari-chauhan.html. abhigman tithi: 2008.
  3. "Swaraj pustak maala" (echateeem). Swaraj sansthaan sanchaalanaalaya. http://www.swarajsansthan.org/books.htm. abhigman tithi: 2008.
  4. "great voomen of India" (angreji mein) (echateeem). dakshin kannada feletelik end nyoomismetik asosiyeshan. Archived from the original on 2003-01-14. http://web.archive.org/web/20030114142644/http://www.geocities.com/dakshina_kan_pa/art31/women6.htm. abhigman tithi: 2008.
  5. "kamishning of kost guard ship subhadra kumaari chauhaan" (angreji mein) (echateeem). Indian kost guard. http://www.indiancoastguard.nic.in/Indiancoastguard/dgvisit/Subhadra.html. abhigman tithi: 2008.

baahari kadiyaaain