subhaashit

subhaashit (su + bhaashit = sundar dhang se kahi gayi baat) aise shabd-samooh, vaakya ya anuchhedon ko kehte hain jismein koi baat sundar dhang se ya buddhimttaapoorn tareeke se kahi gayi ho. suvachan, sookti, anmol vachan, aadi shabd bhi iske liye prayukt hote hain.

anukram

subhaashit ke lakshan (paribhaasha)

harshacharit mein subhaashit ki nimnaankit paribhaasha di gayi hai-

puraaneshvitihaaseshu tatha raamaayanaadishu.
vachanan saarabhootan yat tat subhaashitmuchyate..

mahaatmya

pruthivyaan treeni ratnaani jalamannan subhaashitm.
moodhai: paashaanakhandeshu ratnasanjnyaa vidheeyate .

pruthvi par jal, ann aur subhaashit - ye teen ratn hai. (kintu) moodh log patthar ke tukade ko "ratn" sanjnyaa se pahachaanate hain !

subhaashitmayairdravyai: saङagrahan na karoti y:.
soऽpi prastaavayajnyaeshu kaan pradaasyati dakshinaam..

(y: subhaashit-mayai: dravyai: saङagrahan na karoti s: api prastaav-yajnyaeshu kaan dakshinaam pradaasyati ?)

bhaavaarth : subhaashit kathan roopi sannpada ka jo sangrah naheen karta vah prasangavishesh ki charcha ke yagya mein bhala kya dakshina dega ? samuchit vaartaalaap mein bhaag lena ek yagya hai aur us yagya mein ham doosaron ke prati subhaashit shabdon ki aahuti de sakte hain. aise avsar par ek vyakti se meethe bolon ki apeksha ki jaati hai, kintu jisne subhaashan ki sanpada na arjit ki ho yaani apna svabhaav tadanuroop na dhaala ho vah aise avsaron par auron ko kya de sakta hai ?

sansaarakatuvrukshasya dve fale amrutopame.
subhaashitrasaasvaad: saङagati: sujane jane..

(sansaar-katu-vrukshasya amrut-upame dve fale, subhaashit-ras-aasvaad: sujane jane saङagati:.)

bhaavaarth : sansaar roopi kaduve ped se amrut tulya do hi fal upalabdh ho sakte hain, ek hai meethe bolon ka rasaasvaadan aur doosra hai sajjanon ki sangati. yeh sansaar kashton ka bhandaar hai, pag-pag par niraashaaprad sthitiyon ka saamana karna padta hai. aise sansaar mein doosaron se kuchhaek madhur bol sunane ko mil jaaen aur sadvyavahaar ke dhani logon ka saannidhya mil jaae to aadmi ko tasalli ho jaati hai. meethe bol aur sadvyavahaar ki koi keemat naheen hoti hai, parantu ye anya logon ko apne kasht bhoolane mein madad karti hain. kashtamaya sansaar mein itna hi bahut hai.

bhaashaasu mukhya madhura divya geervaan-bhaarati.
tasmaaddhi kaavyam madhuran tasmaadapi subhaashitm..

subhaashit sangrah

neeche kuchh subhaashit sangrahon ki soochi di gayi hai:

kramaank rachana sangrahakarta kaal teeka
1 subhaashitratnakosh vidyaakar 12veen shataabdi ye bauddh vidvaan the. inki kruti mein 1300 E ke pehle ke kaviyon ke padya samaahit hain. ismein amarook aur bhartruhari se bahut se shlok liye gaye hain.[1][2]
2 subhaashitaavali Kashmir ke vallabhadev praay: 5veen shataabdi 360 kaviyon ke 3527 padyon ka sangrah[1]
3 saduktikaamrut shreedharadaas 1205 485 kaviyon (mukhyat: Bengal ke) ke 2380 padyon ka sangrah[1]
4 sooktimuktaavali jalhan 13veen shataabdi ye dakshin Bhaarat ke raaja Krishna ke mantri the[1]
5 saarङagadhar paddhati saarङagadhar 1363 E 4689 padya hain.[1]
6 padyaavali agyaat - 125 kaviyon ke 386 padya [1]
7 sooktirtnahaar sooryakalingaaraya 14veen shataabdi -
8 padyaveni veneedatt - 144 kaviyon ke padya [1]
9 subhaashitaanivi vedaant deshik 15veen shataabdi dakshin bhaarateeya the.[1]
10 padyarachana Lakshman bhatt 17veen shataabdi ke aarambh mein 756 padya[1]
11 padya amrut tarangini haribhaaskar 17veen shataabdi ka uttaraardh -[1]
12 sooktisaundarya sundaradev 17veen shataabdi ka uttaraardh -[1]

kuchh udaaharan

rigved ki kuchh sooktiyaaain

vidvaan path: puraet riju neshati.

vidvaan gan purogaami hokar saral path se manushyon ka netrutv karein.

ila sarasvati mahi tistro deveermayobhuv:.

maatrubhoomi, maatrusanskruti aur maatrubhaashaa—aaye teenon sukhad hoti hain.

uttishthit ! jaagrat ! praapyaparaan nirodhak.

utho, jaago ! sadguruon dvaara gyaan praapt karo.

yatemahi svaraajye.

ham svaraajya ke liye prayatn karte rahein.

rayin jaagruvaanso anugman.

jaagaruk jan aishvarya paate hain.
vijetavya laङaka charanataraneeyo jalanidhi: .
vipksh: paulastyo ranabhuvi sahaayaashch kapay: .
tathaapyeko raam: sakalamavadheedraakshasakulan .
kriyaasiddhi: satve bhavati mahataan nopakarane .

bhojaprabandh se uddhrut yeh padya manushya ke prayatn ka moolya pratipaadit karta hai.

na dhyaatan padameeshvarasya vidhivnni:shreyasaavaaptaye .
svargadvaarakapaatapaatanapatu: dharmoऽpi nopaarjit: .
nareepeenapayodharoruyugalan svapneऽpi naaliङagitm .
maatu: kevalamev yauvanavanachhede kuthaara vayam .

yeh bhartruhari ke vairaagyashatak se liya gaya hai.

shaastran svadheetamapi tatparichintaneeyan .
preeto nrupoऽpi satatan parisevaneey: .
aङake sthitaaऽpi taruni parirkshaneeya .
shaastre nrupe ch yuvatau ch kuto vashitvam .

aajanm vidyaarati, aajanm sevaamanobhaav ityaadi ki mahatta pradipaadit hai.

ayan nij: paro veti ganana laghuchetasaan .
udaaracharitaanaan tu vasudhaivakutumbakam .

ismein bhaarateeya sanskruti ka mool vasudhaivakutumbakam varnit hai.

puraanamityev na saadhu sarvan .
na chaapi kaavyan navamityavadyan .
sant: pareekshyaanyataradbhajante .
moodh: parapratyayaneyabuddhi: .

apne vivek aur buddhi se apne kartavya ka nirdhaaran karna chaahiye.

udyoginan purushasinhamupaiti lakshmee: .
daiven deyamiti ka purusha vadanti .
daivan vihtya kuru paurushamaatmashaktya .
yatne krute yadi na sidhyati kotr dosh: .

yeh shlok geeta ke karmanyevaadhikaaraste . ma faleshu kadaachan " ka hi doosra roop lagta hai.

sant: sadaabhigntavya yadi nopadishntyapi .
yaastu svairakathaasteshaan upadesha bhavanti taa: .
aksharaani pareekshyantaan ambaraadambaren kim .
shamburambaraheenopi sarvajnya: kin nu kathyate .
daanaaya lakshmee: sukrutaaya vidya .
chinta parabrahmavinishchayaaya .
paropakaaraaya vachaansi yasya .
vandyastriloki tilk: s ev .

saarthak jeevan ke aadhaar sthambh yahaaain bataaye gaye hain.

na maansabhakshane dosh: na madye na ch maithune .
pravruttiresha bhootaanaan nivruttistu mahaafala .

manusmruti ka yeh shlok: saarvakaaleen hai. isko padhne par " dharmaaऽviruddho bhooteshu kaamosmi bharatarshabh " - geetaachaarya ka yeh vachan smrutiptal par aata hai.

sandarbh

  1. a aa i E u oo A ai O au k sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; indology naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  2. Lal, Mohana (1992). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature: sasay to zorgot, Volume 5. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 3885. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 9788126012213. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=eaCbv1NcbHwC&lpg=PA1&pg=PA1#v=onepage&q&f=false.

inhein bhi dekhein

  • subhaashitratnakosh

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