string siddhaant

string siddhaant
Calabi-Yau-alternate.png
ati string siddhaant
is sandook ko: dekhein samvaad


string sidhdaant kan bhautiki ka ek sakreeya shodh kshetr hai jo pramaatra yaantriki aur saamaanya saapekshata mein saamajasya sthapit karne ka prayaas karta hai. ise sarvatatv siddhaant ka pratiyogi siddhaant bhi kaha jaata hai, ek aatmanirbhar ganiteeya pratimaan jo dravya ke roop va sabhi moolabhoot anyonya kriyaaon ko samajhaane mein saksham hai. string siddhaant ke anusaar parmaanu mein sthit moolabhoot kan (ilektraun, kvaark aadi) bindu kan naheen hain arthaat inki vima shoonya naheen hai balki ek vimiya dolak rekhaaen hain (string athva raju).

anukram

avlokan

string siddhaant ke anusaar ilektraun tatha kvaark ki vima shoonya naheen hai balki ek-vimiya stringo se bane huye hain. in stringo ke dolan hamein, prekshit kanon ke flevar, aavesh, dravyamaan tatha spin pradaan karte hain.

parikshan kshamata aur praayogik bhavishyavaani

bhautik vigyaan mein anasulajhi paheliyon ki soochi
kya koi nirvaat string siddhaant hai jo ki brahmaand ki achook paheli ko samjha sake? kya ise nimn oorja aaainkadon dvaara vilkshan roop se gyaat kiya ja sakta hai?

string siddhaant ke parikshan ke prayaason ko vibhinn kathinaaiyaaain mushkile paida karti hain. jinmein sabse mahatvapoorn hai plaank lambaai ki atyant laghu paraas hona jo ki string lambaai (string ki svabhaavik paraas jahaaain stringein, kanon ke saath abhedya na hon.) ki koti ke samaan apekshit hai. anya kathinaai string siddhaant mein vishaal maatra mein mitsthaayi shoonya hain jo nimn oorja par prekshan mein sambhav lagbhag sabhi ghatnaaon ko samajhaane ke liye upayukt hote hue paryaapt bhinn hain.

aalochanaaeain

string sidhdaant ke kuchh aalochakon ka maanana hai ki yeh sab kuchh ka siddhaant ki asafalata hai..[1][2][3][4][5][6] kuchh aam aalochanaaeain is prakaar hain:

  1. kvaantam gurutvaakarshan ko khojane ke liye bahut uchch oorja ki aavashyakta.
  2. halon ki badi sankhya ke kaaran bhavishyavaani ki vishishtata ka abhaav.
  3. prushthabhoomi ki svatantrata ka abhaav.

ye bhi dekhein

  • sarvatatv siddhaant

sandarbh

  1. Peter voit galat bhi naheen hai (not ivan rauङag). Columbia ganit shiksha, 11-07-2012 ko pun:praapt.
  2. li smolin. bhautiki ke saath museebat. bhautiki ke saath museebat. 11-07-2012 ko pun:praapt.
  3. The n-Category Cafe. Golem.ph.utexas.edu (2007-02-25). Retrieved on 2012-07-11.
  4. John Baez weblog. Math.ucr.edu (2007-02-25). Retrieved on 2012-07-11.
  5. P. Woit (Columbia University), String theory: An Evaluation,February 2001, arXiv:physics/0102051
  6. P. Woit, Is String Theory Testable? INFN Rome March 2007

aage ka paathan

lokapriya pustakein aur lekh

string siddhaant ki do aalochanaatmak gair-takaneeki pustakein:

paathya pustakein

  • Becker, Katrin, Becker, Melanie, and John H. Schwarz (2007) String Theory and M-Theory: A Modern Introduction . Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-86069-5
  • Binéatruy, Pierre (2007) Supersymmetry: Theory, Experiment, and Cosmology. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-850954-7.
  • Dine, Michael (2007) Supersymmetry and String Theory: Beyond the Standard Model. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-85841-0.
  • Paul H. Frampton (1974). Dual Resonance Models. Frontiers in Physics. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0-8053-2581-6.
  • Gasperini, Maurizio (2007) Elements of String Cosmology. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-86875-4.
  • Michael Green, John H. Schwarz and Edward Witten (1987) Superstring theory. Cambridge University Press. The original textbook.
    • Vol. 1: Introduction. ISBN 0-521-35752-7.
    • Vol. 2: Loop amplitudes, anomalies and phenomenology. ISBN 0-521-35753-5.
  • Kiritsis, Elias (2007) String Theory in a Nutshell. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-12230-4.
  • Johnson, Clifford (2003). D-branes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0-521-80912-6.
    • Vol. 1: An introduction to the bosonic string. ISBN 0-521-63303-6.
    • Vol. 2: Superstring theory and beyond. ISBN 0-521-63304-4.
  • Szabo, Richard J. (Reprinted 2007) An Introduction to String Theory and D-brane Dynamics. Imperial College Press. ISBN 978-1-86094-427-7.
  • Zwiebach, Barton (2004) A First Course in String Theory. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-83143-1. Contact author for errata.

Technical and critical:

  • Penrose, Roger (2005). The Road to Reality: A Complete Guide to the Laws of the Universe. Knopf. pa॰ 1136. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0-679-45443-8.

online saamagri

baahari kadiyaaain

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string siddhaant ko vikshanari,
ek mukt shabdakosh mein dekhein.