sthaayi paryatan

Koya Kujia Eco Tourism Park, Bongaigaon.jpg

sthaayi paryatan ko "darshakon ki jarooraton ko sambodhit karte hue apne vartamaan aur bhavishya ke aarthik, saamaajik aur paryaavaraneeya prabhaavon ka poora lekha jokha leta hai ki paryatan, udyog, paryaavaran aur mejabaan samudaayon" vyakt kiya gaya hai|[1] paryatan saamaanya sthaan ke liye praathamik parivhan, sthaaneeya parivhan, aavaas, manoranjan, manoranjan, poshan aur shopping shaamil kar sakte hain. yeh avakaash, vyaapaar ke liye yaatra se sambandhit ho sakta hai aur vi ef ar (jaakar doston aur rishtedaaron) kya kaha jaata hai.[2] paryatan vikaas tikaaoo hona chaahiye ki vyaapak sahamati ab naheen hai; haalaanki, is lakshya ko haasil karne ke savaal bahas ka ek vastu bani hui hai.[3]

yaatra ke bina koi paryatan naheen hai, isliye sthaayi paryatan ki avadhaarana ko kasakar satat gatisheelata ki avadhaarana se juda hua hai.[4] do praasangik vichaar jeevaashm indhan aur jalavaayu parivartan par paryatan ke prabhaav par paryatan ki nirbharata rahe hain. paryatan ke seeo 2 ke 72 pratishat parivhan, aavaas se 24 pratishat, aur sthaaneeya gatividhiyon se 4 pratishat se aate hain. vimaanan un parivhan seeo 2 utsarjan (ya paryatan ke kul ka 40%) ka 55% ke liye khaaton. haalaanki, paryatan se sabhi greenahaaus gas utsarjan aur kaha ki vimaanan utsarjan ke prabhaav par vichaar jab jalavaayu par unke prabhaav parilkshit hota hai, jahaan uchch oonchaai par bana rahe hain, vimaanan akele paryatan ki jalavaayu prabhaav ka 75% ke liye khaaton.[5]

international air transport association (aaieteee) 2050 ke maadhyam se prati varsh 2 pratishat ki vimaanan indhan dakshata mein ek vaarshik vruddhi yathaarthavaadi hona maanata hai. haalaanki, eyarabas aur Boeing donon havaai parivhan ke yaatri kilometer ki doori par kisi bhi dakshata laabh bhaari, vaarshik se kam se kam 2020 ke maadhyam se ke baare mein 5 pratishat ki vruddhi ki ummeed hai. anya aarthik kshetron mein kaafi unke seeo 2 utsarjan kam hone ke saath 2050 tak, paryatan vaishvik kaarban utsarjan ka 40 pratishat paida ho jaane ki sambhaavana hai. mukhya kaaran kai varshon ke liye liya yaatraaon ki sankhya ki tulana mein ek tej dar se badh rahi hai, jo paryatakon, se kooch ausat doori mein vruddhi hui hai. "tikaaoo parivhan ab maatr arakshaneeya hai ki ek vaishvik paryatan udyog se bhidne mahatvapoorn mudde ke roop mein sthaapit kiya hai, aur vimaanan is mudde ke dil mein hai| (goslig iti al, 2010)

Dustbin kambalakonda eco tourism park Visakhapatnam

anukram

vikaasasheel deshon mein sthaayi paryatan

vikaas rananeeti ke hisse ke roop mein sthaayi paryatan

teesari duniya ke deshon mein antararaashtreeya paryatan ke kshetr mein vishesh roop se ruchi rakhate hain, aur kai ise deshon mein rojagaar ke avsar, laghu vyavasaaya vikaas sahit aarthik laabh ka ek bada chayan laata hai vishvaas hai, aur videshi mudra ke bhugataan mein vruddhi hui hai. kai aur adhik paisa is aayaatit utpaadon, videshi nivesh aur pravaasi kaushal par ek deshon nirbharata badh jaati hai ki is tathya ke baavajood vilaasita ke saamaan aur sevaaon ke vikaas ke maadhyam se praapt ki hai ki maan. is classic 'milne ke neeche' vitteeya rananeeti shaayad hi kabhi ek jameeni star par logon ko laabh pahunchaane ke liye neeche se apna raasta bana deta hai.

yeh bade paimaane par paryatan ke aarthik laabh par shak naheen kar rahe hain, lekin bajat mein yaatri kshetr aksar teesari duniya ki sarkaaron dvaara ek sambhaavit vikaas kshetr ke roop mein upekshit hai ki kaha gaya hai. is kshetr ko sashakt banaane aur is kshetr mein shaamil samudaayon ko shikshit karne mein madad kar sakta hai, jo mahatvapoorn gair-aarthik laabh laata hai. "'kam' eming sthaaneeya aabaadi ke kaushal par banaata hai, aatmanirbharata ko badhaava deta hai, aur baahari logon ke saath nipatne mein samudaaya ke sadasyon ke aatmavishvaas ko viksit karta hai, sabhi sashaktikran ke sanket" aur sabhi ek raashtra ke samagr vikaas mein jo sahaayata ki.

jimmedaar paryatan

jimmedaar paryatan ek vyavahaar ke roop mein maana jaata hai. yeh paryatan ke saath sanlagn karne ke liye ek drushtikon ka pratinidhitv ke roop mein yeh paryatan ke ek firm se adhik hai, ek paryatak, ek vyaapaar, sthaaneeya logon ke ek gantavya par ya kisi bhi anya paryatan hitdhaarak ke roop mein ho sakta hai ki. yeh sabhi hitdhaarakon ve viksit ya vibhinn samoohon ke alag alag tareekon se jimmedaari dekheinge nadeem. mein sanlagn paryatan ki tarah ke liye jimmedaar hain ki jor deti hai, saajha samajh jimmedaar paryatan paryatan ke kshetr mein ek sudhaar karna padega chaahiye. paryatan jimmedaar paryatan ke drushtikon ka ek parinaam ke roop mein 'behtar' ban jaana chaahiye.

behatari ki dhaarana ke bheetar paraspar virodhi hiton ko santulit karne ki jaroorat hai ki paavati rahata hai. haalaanki, uddeshya logon mein rahate hain aur yaatra karne ke liye behtar jagah banaane ke liye hai. sthaanon aur sanskrutiyon ke aadhaar par bhinn ho sakti hai jimmedaar samjha jaata hai kya: mahatvapoorn baat hai, jimmedaar paryatan ke liye koi khaaka naheen hai. jimmedaar paryatan alag hone vaale baajaaron mein alag alag tareekon se aur duniya ke vibhinn sthalon (gudavin, 2002) mein mahasoos kiya ja sakta hai ki ek aakaanksha hai.

jimmedaar paryatan par kep taaun ghoshana ke anusaar, kaarobaar par vishesh roop se keindrit hai, yeh nimnalikhit visheshataaen hoga:

  • nakaaraatmak aarthik, paryaavaran aur saamaajik prabhaavon ko kam karta hai
  • sthaaneeya logon ke liye adhik se adhik aarthik laabh utpann karta hai aur mejabaan samudaayon ke kalyaan ko badhaata hai, udyog ke liye kaam karne ki sthiti aur pahunch ko behtar banaata hai
  • unke jeevan aur jeevan ke avsaron ko prabhaavit karne vaale faisalon mein sthaaneeya log shaamil
  • duniya ki vividhta ke rakharakhaav ke liye praakrutik aur saanskrutik viraasat ke sanrakshan ke liye sakaaraatmak yogadaan, banaata hai
  • sthaaneeya logon ke saath aur adhik saarthak kanekshan ke maadhyam se paryatakon ke liye aur adhik sukhad anubhav hai, aur sthaaneeya saanskrutik, saamaajik aur paryaavaran ke muddon ka ek bada samajh pradaan karta hai
  • viklaang aur saath logon ke liye pahuainch pradaan karta hai,saanskrutik roop se samvedansheel hai paryatakon aur mejabaan ke beech sammaan, janmaana aur sthaaneeya garv aur vishvaas banaata hai.

paryatakon unki chhutti ka aanand lein aur ek hi samay mein logon ki sanskruti ka sammaan karte hain aur yeh bhi paryaavaran ka sammaan kar sakte hain jahaan sthaayi paryatan hai. yeh bhi (jaise Masaai ke roop mein) sthaaneeya logon ko ek nishpaksh mil paryatan ke baare mein kehne ke liye aur bhi laabh jo khel reserve banaane se kuchh paise praapt hai ki iska matlab hai. paryaavaran paryatakon dvaara kaafi kshatigrast kiya ja raha hai aur sthaayi paryatan ka hissa haanikaarak par le jaane ke liye naheen karta hai sunishchit karne ke liye hai.

aise saastaenebl vijit, fer traavamal eya aar, aur mool roop se ek pariyojana thi jo varld hotel-link ke roop mein kai niji siddhaanton aur jimmedaar paryatan ke pahaluon, nigmit saamaajik daayitv gatividhiyon ke prayojan ke liye kuchh gale lagaate mein kaam kar rahe hain jo companiyon, aur doosaron rahe hain antararaashtreeya vitt nigam ki, chhote aur madhyam paryatan udyamon ke liye jimmedaar paryatan, sthaaneeya kshamata nirmaan aur badhti baajaar pahunch ke chaaron or apne poore vyaapaar model ka nirmaan kiya hai.

sandarbh