stainaford vishvavidyaalaya

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 37°a26′aN 122°a10′aW / 37.43°aN 122.17°aW / 37.43; -122.17

stainaford vishvavidyaalaya
Leland Stanford Junior University
165px
Seal of Stanford University
dhyeya Die Luft der Freiheit weht
(jarman)[1]
hindi mein dhyeya svatantrata ki hava bah rahi hai[1]
sthaapana 1891[2]
prakaar niji
anudaan $12.6 billion[3]
adhyaksh John L. hennisi
provost John chemeindi
sankaaya 1,878[4]
chhaatr 15,319
snaatak 6,878[5]
paraasnaatak 8,441[5]
avasthiti stainaford, kaileeforniya, sanyukt raajya America
parisar Suburban, 8,180 ekad (33.1 kimi2)[6]
upanaam kaardinl
rang kaardinl laal aur safed
shubhankar

kaardinl laal


stainaford ped (anaaadhikaarik)
aithaletiks Division I (FBS)
jaalasthal www.stanford.edu
Stanford logo.png

lelaind stainaford junior vishvavidyaalaya, jise saamaanyat: stainaford vishvavidyaalaya ya stainaford ke roop mein sandarbhit kiya jaata hai, ek niji anusandhaan vishvavidyaalaya hai, jo stainaford, keliforniya, sanyukt raajya America, mein sthit hai. is vishvavidyaalaya ki sthaapana 1891 mein California ke relarod vyavasaayi lelaind stainaford dvaara ki gayi jiska naamakaran unke mrut bete ke naam par kiya gaya. iske poorv chhaatron ne hyulet-pekard, electronic Arts, san maaikrosistams, enaveediya, Yahoo!, sisko sistams, silikaun graafiks, sanaran aur Google companiyon ki sthaapana ki hai.

stainaford mein, sanyukt raajya America aur duniya bhar se lagbhag 6,800 poorvasnaatak aur 8,300 snaatak chhaatron ki bharti ki jaati hai. vishvavidyaalaya kai schoolon mein vibhaajit hai jismein stainaford graduate school of business, stainaford law school, stainaford school of medisn aur stainaford school of engineering shaamil hain. .

akedamik ranking of world yoonivrsiteej dvaara stainaford vishvavidyaalaya ko vishv mein doosare sthaan par rakha gaya hai aur U.S. news & world report dvaara iske snaatak kaaryakram ko desh bhar mein chautha sthaan diya gaya hai.

vishvavidyaalaya ki parisampattiyon mein US$12.6 billion daan shaamil hai, jo kisi bhi shaikshanik sansthaan ke maamale mein teesara sabse vishaal hai.

stainaford ke ethaletik kaaryakram ne pichhle pandrah saal ke pratyek NACDA daairektars cup ko jeeta hai. pesifik-10 conference mein pratispardha karne vaale do niji vishvavidyaalayon mein, stainaford ki mukhya ethaletik pratidvandvita kaal ke saath hoti hai.

anukram

itihaas

utpatti

stainaford ki sthaapana ek relarod diggaj, sanyukt raajya ke senator aur California ke poorv raajyapaal lelaind stainaford dvaara ki gayi thi, jinki patni ka naam jen stainaford tha. iska naamakaran unke ekamaatr bete lelaind stainaford, jooniar ke sammaan mein rakha gaya, jo apne 16vein janmadin se theek pehle mrutyu ko praapt ho gaya. unke maata-pita ne ek vishvavidyaalaya ko apne hi bete ko samarpit karne ka faisala kiya aur lelaind stainaford ne apni patni se kaha ki, "California ke bachche hamaare bachche honge."

senator aur shreemati stainaford ne Harvard ke raashtrapati iliyt se mulaakaat ki aur poochha ki paalo alto mein Harvard jaisi sthaapana karne mein kitni laagat lagegi. iliyt ne kaha ki unke hisaab se $15 million paryaapt hoga. baharahaal, kaurnel vishvavidyaalaya ke preseedeint A.di. white ko stainaford ke sansthaapak adhyaksh ke roop mein laane ke stainaford ki ichha ko sammaanapoorvak nakaar diya gaya.[7][8] lekin iske bajaay white ne David star Jordan ki sifaarish ki, jo ki white ke poorv chhaatr evam indiyaana vishvavidyaalaya ke preseedeint the. stainaford ke nirdeshan ke liye ve inka antim vikalp the, haalaanki do baar unhonne IV league ke agraniyon ko unke vetan par aane ki peshakash ki thi.[9]

sthaaneeya log aur vishvavidyaalaya samudaaya ke sadasya school ko the firm ke roop mein ullikhit karte hain. jo is tathya ki or ishaara karti hai ki yeh vishvavidyaalaya aise sthaan par sthit hai jahaan pehle lelaind stainaford ke ghode ka firm tha.

stainaford vishvavidyaalaya ka aadarsh vaakya "Die Luft der Freiheit weht" (di luft der fraaihaait vet) preseedeint jaurdan dvaara chayanit hai. yeh jarman se anuvaadit hai, is uddharan ularish faun hattan ka arth hai "svatantrata ki hava bahti hai. " yeh aadarsh vaakya pratham vishv yuddh ke dauraan tab vivaadaaspad tha jab Germany mein har cheej par sandeh kiya jaata tha; us samay vishvavidyaalaya ne is baat se inkaar kiya ki yeh unka aadhikaarik aadarsh vaakya hai.[10]

vishvavidyaalaya ke sansthaapak anudaan ko 11 November 1885 mein likha gaya aur pratham nyaasi board dvaara 14 November ko sveekaar kiya gaya. 14 May 1887 ko aadhaarashila rakhi gayi aur yojana aur nirmaan ke chhah saal baad vishvavidyaalaya ko aadhikaarik taur par 1 October 1891 ko khola gaya, jismein 559 chhaatr aur 15 shikshak the jismein saat kaarnel se the.[11] jab school khola gaya tab chhaatron se tuition ke liye raashi naheen li gayi, yeh vyavastha 1930 ke dashak tak chali.[12] pratham varg ke chhaatron ke beech bhavishya ke bhaavi raashtrapati harabart hoovar the, jinhonne baad mein stainaford ke aise ekamaatr chhaatr hone ka gaurav praapt karne ka daava kiya, jo pratham varg ke chhaatraavaas mein sone vaale pratham chhaatr the.[13]

mool 'inar kvaad' bhavan (1887-1891) ke design ka nirmaan fredarik law omasted, Francis A. vaulkar, chaarles alerataun koolij aur swayam lelaind stainaford dvaara kiya gaya tha.

sahashiksha

school ko ek sahashiksha sanstha ke roop mein sthaapit kiya gaya tha. haalaanki, mahilaaon dvaara badi sankhya mein daakhila lene ki vajah se jaldi hi jen stainaford ne ek neeti ki shurooaat ki jiske tahat keval 500 mahila chhaatr hi daakhila le sakti thi. vah naheen chaahati thi ki yeh school "the vassar of the vest" bane kyonki unhonne mahasoos kiya ki aisi haalat mein yeh unke betein ke liye ek upayukt smaarak naheen ban paaega. 1933 mein is neeti ko sanshodhit kiya gaya jiske tahat poorv snaatak ke liye stri purush ka anupaat 3:01 nirdisht kiya gaya.[14] 3:1 ka "stainaford anupaat" 1960 ke dashak tak banaae rakha gaya.

1960 ke dashak ke ant tak poorv snaatak ke "anupaat" ko 2:1 rakha gaya, lekin maanaviki mein chhodkar snaatak star par yeh anupaat kaafi visham ho gaya. 2005 tak, snaatak naamaankan ke liye lingon ke beech vibhaajan lagbhag samaan ho gaya, lekin snaatak star par purushon ki sankhya mahilaaon ki tulana mein badhkar lagbhag 2:01 ho gayi.[15][16]

praarambhik vitteeya prabandh

jab senator stainaford ki mrutyu 1893 mein hui tab vishvavidyaalaya ka satat astitv khatre mein tha. senator stainaford ki $15 million ki sampatti ke khilaaf sarkaari mukadame aur saath hi saath 1893 ki khalabali ke kaaran iske kharchon ko chala paana kaafi mushkil ho gaya tha. nyaasi board ke adhikaansh sadasyon ne aarthik sthiti ki samasya ke hal hone tak ise asthaayi roop se band karne ki salaah di. haalaanki, jen ne stainaford vishvavidyaalaya ke sanchaalan ko jaari rakhane par jor diya. vishvavidyaalaya ki vitteeya barbaadi ki sambhaavit aashanka ke baad unhonne 1893-1905 tak vishvavidyaalaya ke aarthik, prashaasanik aur vikaas maamalon ka prabhaar apne haathon mein le liya; aur ek maata aur ek gruhini ke apne anubhav ke aadhaar par unhonne use ek parivaar ke roop mein chalaaya. agale kai varshon ke liye, vah apne niji sansaadhanon se vetan ka bhugataan karti rahi, yahaan tak ki vishvavidyaalaya ko chalaane ke liye unhonne apne gahane tak ko girvi rakha. jab mukadame ko 1895 mein samaapt kar diya gaya, us din vishvavidyaalaya mein chhutti ghoshit ki gayi.[17][18]

Edward alsavarth Ross ne ameriki samaajashaastr ke sansthaapak janak ke roop mein khyaati praapt ki, lekin 1900 mein jen stainaford ne ativaad aur naslavaad ke liye unhein nikaal diya aur ek pramukh shaikshanik svatantrata ke maamale ko shuroo kiya.[19]

jen stainaford ki kaarravaai kabhi-kabhi sanak bhari thi. 1897 mein, unhonne board ke nyaasiyon ko nirdesh diya "ki chhaatron ko yeh padhaaya jaae ki dharati par paida hue har vyakti mein ek aatma ka rogaanu hota hai aur yeh ki uske vikaas par hi, yahaan ka jeevan aur anant jeevan nirbhar karta hai.[20] unhonne life-draaing kaksha mein nagn prateekon ke skech karne se chhaatron ko mana kar diya, parisar mein automobile par pratibandh lagaaya aur ek aspataal banaane ki anumati dene se mana kar diya taaki logon ke beech yeh dhaarana na bane ki stainaford asvaasthyakar hai. 1899 aur 1905 ke beech, unhonne stainaford parivaar ke liye ek smaarak ke roop mein ek bhavya bhavan ka nirmaan kiya jiski laagat $3 million thi, jabki vishvavidyaalaya sankaaya aur svaavalanbi chhaatr gareebi mein rah rahe the.[20]

20veen shataabdi

1906 sen Francisco bhookamp ke baad stainaford laaibreri ka khandahar

1906 sen Francisco bhookamp se mukhya bhaag (jismein memoriyl church ki mool punaraavruti bhi shaamil thi) saath hi saath vah gate jo school ke pravesh dwaar ko chinhit karta hai, nasht ho gaye, bruhat paimaane par punarnirmaan ka kaam turant hi shuroo kiya gaya.

football

1906 se 1919 mein kai prakaar ki samasyaaon ke kaaran, intarakaulej football ko sankaton se joojhna pada. jabki kuchh collegeon mein se football ko poori tarah se hata diya gaya, California vishvavidyaalaya aur stainaford vishvavidyaalaya jaise kuchh sansthaaon mein football ko hataakar usaki jagah angreji ragbi ko rakha gaya. 1906 se 1914 mein do schoolon mein ragbi ko pramukh khel ke roop mein khela jaata raha, lekin unhonne jaldi hi paaya ki football ke aapattijanak vyavahaaron ko ragbi mein bhi shuroo kiya jaane laga. antat:, jab football ke niyamon ko badla gaya tab football ki or vaapasi ka rukh shuroo hua, jisne antar college khel ko pun: sthaapit kiya aur chhaatron aur poorv chhaatron ko football ke saath judne mein saksham banaaya jo ek ameriki khel tha.[21]

hoovar insteetyooshan

stainaford mein hoovar insteetyooshan (poora naam: the hoovar insteetyooshan on vaar, revalushan end pees) ko harabart si. hoovar dvaara sthaapit kiya gaya tha, jo stainaford ke pratham snaatakon mein se ek the. 1928 mein unke sanyukt raajya America ke raashtrapati ke roop mein chayanit hone se pehle pratham vishv yuddh ke baad Europe mein ameriki raahat prayaason ke ve prabhaari the. hoovar ne samakaaleen itihaas ke record ko darj karne ke apne prayojan ko vyakt kiya jaisa vah ghatit ho raha tha. hoovar ke sahaayakon ne unke vruttachitr aur durlabh mudrit saamagri ke liye aksar apne jeevan ko jokhim mein daala, vishesh roop se naaji ya saamyavaadi shaasan ke tahat deshon se. unki kai safalataaon mein roja laksamabarg ke patra, the gobels daayari aur peris mein roosi gupt police ke record shaamil hain. hoovar ke prabhaav ke tahat anusandhaan sansthaanon ko bhi sthaapit kiya gaya, haalaanki nishchit roop se mooving fors, hoovar aur mejabaan vishvavidyaalaya ke beech sangharsh ho raha tha. 1960 mein, dablyoo. glen Campbell ko nideshak ke roop mein niyukt kiya gaya aur jaldi hi paryaapt bajat mein badhotri hui jo adhigrahan aur sambandhit anusandhaan pariyojanaaon mein anukool badhotri ki or agrasar hui. 1960 ke dashak mein chhaatr ashaanti ke baavajood sanstha ne stainaford ke saath ghanisht sambandh ko badhaaya aur vikaas ko jaari rakha. vishesh roop se, cheeni aur roosi sangrah mein kaafi vruddhi hui. khaaskar 1980 ke baad se Washington ke sambandhon ke saath sansthaan teji se ek roodhivaadi vichaarak banta gaya. yeh vishvavidyaalaya ke ek abhinn ang ke roop mein jaari raha.[22]

1945 ke baad

jeev vigyaan

1946 se 1972 tak jaivik vigyaan vibhaag mein teji se vikaas hua kyonki iske anusandhaan ka kendra bindu badal gaya jiska kaaran tha sheet yuddh aur anya mahatvapoorn aitihaasik paristhitiyaan jo academic kshetr se baahar ki ghatna thi. stainaford vigyaan us dauraan praayogik disha ke teen charanon se gujra. 1950 ke dashak ke praarambh mein, ant:vishya sahayog aur atyadhik sarkaari nidheeyan ko chhodte hue vibhaag paaramparik svatantrata aur aatm-nirdeshit anusandhaan mod mein nishchit bane rahe. 1950 aur 1960 ke dashak ke madhya mein jaivik anusandhaan ka kendrabindu aanavik star ke beech sthaanaantarit kar diya gaya. fir, 1960 dashak ke ant ke aage se, stainaford ka lakshya proyogik anusandhaan aur maanavavaadi samaapan ki khoj ban gaya. pratyek charan ko bade saamaajik muddon, jaise sheet yuddh ki vruddhi, spatanik ka aarambh karna aur chikitsa ke badhte durupyog par saarvajanik chinta dvaara roka jaata tha.[23]

uchch takaneek

kshetreeya ekajutata ki ek shaktishaali bhaavana silikaun valley ki vruddhi ke saath the. 1890 ke dashak se, vishvavidyaalaya ke karnadhaaron ne iske lakshya ko pashchim ki seva karne ke roop mein dekha aur tadanusaar school ko gadha. isi samay, poorvi hiton ke liye pashchim ke kathit shoshan ne boostar ke samaan prayaason ko badhaaya taaki aatmanirbhar sthaaneeya svadeshi udyog ka nirmaan kiya ja sake. is prakaar, silikaun valley ke vikaas ke pratham pachaas saalon mein kshetravaad ne stainaford ke hiton ko us kshetr ki uchch-takaneek companiyon ke saath judne mein madad ki. 20veen sadi ke pratham bhaag ke dauraan, pashchim ka vishisht kshetreeya lokaachaar, silikaun valley ke pehle se taiyaar parivesh ka ek ghatak hai, ek aisa ghatak jise bhaavi repliketar apne sankat par upeksha karte hain. .[24]

1940 aur 1950 ke dashak ke dauraan engineering aur provost ke deen ke roop mein fredarik terman ne sankaaya aur companiyon ke snaatakon ko swayam ki company shuroo karne ke liye protsaahit kiya. unhein hyoolet-paikard, veriyn esosiyets aur anya uchch takaneeki companiyon ke vikaas ka shreya diya jaata hai, jiske chalte stainaford parisar ke aas-paas silikaun veli ka vikaas hua. terman ko aksar "silikaun veli ka janak kaha jaata hai"[25]

bhautiki

1962-70 mein, Cambridge ilektraun tvarak prayogashaala (Harvard aur praudyogiki ke maisaachusets Institute dvaara saajha), stainaford raikhik tvarak kendra aur America ke parmaanu oorja aayog ke beech stainaford pojeetraan ilektraun esimetreek ring ke 1970 mein prastaavit nirmaan ko lekar samjhauta vaarta ki gayi. yeh pehla US ilektraun-pojeetraan kolaaiding beam-bhandaaran ring tha. peris (2001), do vishvavidyaalaya prayogashaalaaon ke beech pratiyogita aur sahayog ki padtaal karta hai aur prastaavit suvidhaaon ke aarekh, avasthiti kaarakon ke vivran ka chart aur 1967 aur 1970 ke beech alag-alag pariyojana prastaavon ke pairaameetar ko prastut karta hai. pariyojana ke liye nidhi praapt karne ke paanch saalon ke dauraan Europe mein kai ringon ko banaaya gaya, lekin vyaapak pariyojana sanshodhan ek behtar design mein falit hua jiska teji se nirmaan kiya gaya aur jisne 1976 mein bartan richter aur 1995 mein Martin parl ke liye Nobel puraskaar paane ke raaste ko saral banaaya.[26] 1955-85 ke dauraan, stainaford vishvavidyaalaya mein thos raajya praudyogiki anusandhaan aur vikaas ne audyogik navaachaar ki teen dhaaraaon ka anukaran kiya jise sambhav banaane mein niji nigmon dvaara sahaayata praapt thi jismein mukhya roop se bail telifon leboretari, shaukale semeekandaktar, feyarachaaild semeekandaktar aur jeerauks PARC shaamil the. 1969 mein stainaford anusandhaan sansthaan ne chaar mool nods mein se ek ka sanchaalan kiya jismein Internet ka poorvavarti, ARPANET shaamil hai.[27]

parisar

stainaford vishvavidyaalaya parisar ka ek havaai photo

stainaford vishvavidyaalaya 8,180 ekad (3,310 ha)[6] ke parisar par sen Francisco, peninsula mein sthit hai jo sainta klaara ghaati (silikaun veli) ke uttar pashchimi bhaag mein hai aur sen Francisco se lagbhag 37 meal (60 kimi) dakshinpoorv aur sen jos ke 20 meal (32 kimi) uttar pashchim mein hai. mukhya parisar paalo olto shahar ke sameep hai aur al kaimino real, stainaford evenyoo, junipero sera vulevaard aur saind hil road dvaara ghira hua hai. vishvavidyaalaya monatere khaadi mein pesifik grov, keliforniya mein hopakins marine station ko bhi sanchaalit karta hai.

stainaford vishvavidyaalaya ka failaav 8,183 ekad (3,312 ha) hai, jo ise sannihit kshetr ke maamale mein duniya ka doosra sabse bada vishvavidyaalaya banaata hai.[28] Moscow state university ka nirmaan lambavat roop se kiya gaya hai aur iska kshetr sabse adhik hai lekin kul bhoomi ke ek chhote se hisse ka hi istemaal kiya gaya hai. rom, jorjiya ke najdeek beri college ke paas sannihit bhoomi ka 28,000 ekad (11,000 ha) hai aur uttari New York ke aadeeronadek pahaadi ke paul smith college ke paas 14,200 ekad (5,700 ha) bhoomi par kabja hai, lekin ye donon hi vishvavidyaalaya naheen hai. Duke vishvavidyaalaya ka failaav 8,709 ekad (3,524 ha) hai, lekin ve sannihit naheen hain. .[29] sanyukt raajya vaayu sena academy ke paas 18,000 ekad (7,300 ha) sannihit bhoomi hai, lekin yeh vishvavidyaalaya naheen hai. vishaal bhoomi anudaan[30] ke saath daartamaauth college ke paas 50,000 ekad (20,000 ha) se bhi adhik bhoomi hai, lekin usaka keval 269 ekad (109 ha) hi parisar ka hissa hai.[31][32] Sewanee: The University of the South apne domen mein 13,000 ekad (5,261 ha) par kabja hai, haalaanki iske adhikaansh hisse aprayukt jungle hai.

1886 ki garmiyon mein, jab sabse pehle parisar ki yojana banaai ja rahi thi, stainaford ne, maisaachusets Institute of taiknolauji ke preseedeint Francis amaasa vaakar aur pramukh Boston paridrushya vaastukaar fredarik kaanoon olmsated ko paraamarsh ke liye bulaaya. olmsated ne parisar ke saamaanya khaake aur iski imaaraton par kaam kiya aur adhik vyaavahaarik samatal bhoomi ke paksh mein pahaadi bhoomi ko asveekaar kiya. iske baad Charles alerataun koolij ne apne divangat guroo henari hobason Richardson ki richrdasoniyn remanesik shaili mein is avadhaarana ka vikaas kiya, jo ardh-vruttaakaar chaap ke toran se jude aayataakaar pattharon se pradarshit hoti hai. mool parisar ka bhi dijaain Spanish-aupaniveshik shaili mein banaaya gaya jise mission reevaaival ke naam se jaana jaata hai jo California ke liye saamaanya shaili hai. laal taail ki chhat aur choona patthar ke thos kaarya ki shaili dikhne mein kailiforniyaai hai aur us kshetr mein aam roop se dekhe jaane vaale ujjval neele aakaash ka prasiddhi roop se poorak hai aur baad mein bani adhikaansh imaaraton ka baahya svaroop usi ke anuroop hai.

pratham nirmaan ka adhikaansh bhaag 1906 sain Francisco bhookamp dvaara nasht kar diya gaya, lekin vishvavidyaalaya mein kvaad, puraani kemistri imaarat (jo prayog mein naheen hai aur 1989 ke loma preta bhookamp ke baad se parityakt hai) aur enasina hall (apne stainaford ke samay mein harbart hoovar, John staainabek aur enthoni kenedi ka nivaas sthaan) abhi bhi bache hue hain. . 1989 ke bhookamp ke baad aur bhi nuksaan hua aur vishvavidyaalaya ne puraane bhavanon ka naveekaran karne aur pun: sthaapit karne ke liye ek beeliyn dollar poonji ki sudhaar yojana laagoo ki.

vaastav mein stainaford vishvavidyaalaya, nigmit santa klaara County ke bheetar janaganana-naamit sthaan hai, haalaanki vishvavidyaalaya ki kuchh bhoomi (stainaford shopping center aur stainaford reesarch park shaamil hain.) paalo alto ke shahari seema ke bheetar hai. menalo park ki shahari seema mein bhi parisar ki kuchh bhoomi (stainaford hills nebarahud) aur sen meteo County ke niktavarti nigmit bhoomi (SLAC national ekseeletar leboretori aur jespar rij biological preesarv sahit) shaamil hai. stainaford ka adhikaansh bhaag paalo alto shahar ke saath juda hai, jismein jila school aur agni vibhaag shaamil hain. baharahaal police bal isse alag hai. ameriki daak seva ne stainaford ko do jip code diya hai: parisar mel ke liye 94305 aur P.O.box mel ke liye 94309 diya hai. kshetr ke bheetar nihit kshetr code 650 hai aur parisar ka phone number 721, 723, 724, 725, 736, 497, ya 498 se shuroo hota hai.

bhautik vigyaani varnar haaijenabarg ko ek baar poochha gaya tha ki kya ve jaante the ki stainaford vishvavidyaalaya kahaan hai. "mujhe lagta hai ki yeh sanyukt raajya America ke pashchimi tat par hai, sen Francisco se door naheen hai. vahaan nikat mein ek aur school hai aur ve ek doosare se len-den mein jhagadte hain. " unhonne stainaford ke pratidvandi keliforniya vishvidyaalaya, barkile ko sandarbhit karte hue javaab diya.[33] [34]

prasiddh sthal

Orthographic panorama of the Main Quad, located in the heart of the Stanford University campus.

parisar ke samakaaleen prasiddh sthalon mein mukhya chauk memoriyl church, drushya kala ke liye keintar center aur kala gailari, stainaford samaadhi enjil of greef, hoovar tower, rodin moortikla garden, paapuaa new gini moortikla garden the arijona kaiktas gaarden, stainaford vishvavidyaalaya araboratam, green laaibreri aur the dish shaamil hain. . Frank lauyad right ke 1937 hanna-haneekomb house aur 1919 ke loo henari aur harbart hoovar house donon ko raashtreeya aitihaasik rajistar par soocheebaddh kiya gaya tha.

sankaaya nivaas

stainaford ke sankaaya sadasya hone ke laabhon mein se ek hai "sankaaya basti" jahaan sankaaya ke sadasya parisar ke bheetar chal kar jaane laayak ya baayaking doori par rah sakte hain. . sankaaya basti ki bhoomi ka svaami poorn roop se stainaford hai. sah-svaamitv ki hi tarah gharon ko khareeda aur becha ja sakta hai lekin un gharon ki jameen 99-varsh ki leej par hai. basti ke gharon ke moolyon ko badhaaya aur ghataaya ja sakta hai lekin silikaun veli ke moolyon ki tarah jaldi-jaldi parivartan naheen kiya ja sakta hai. haalaanki, yeh ek mahanga kshetr hai jahaan apni sampatti khareedna kaafi mahanga hota hai aur parisar mein ekal parivaar ke gharon ki ausat keemat vaastav mein paalo alto ki tulana mein bhi adhik hai. silikn valley ke bhoo-svaamiyon ke poonji laabh se swayam stainaford bhi laabhaanvit ho rahaan hai, jabki vishvavidyaalaya ki sthaapana ki sharton ke anusaar bhoomi ko becha naheen ja sakta.

gair-mukhya parisar

sthaapana anudaan par lekin mukhya parisar se door jespar rij biological prijrv ek praakrutik sanrakshan hai jo vishvavidyaalaya ke adheen hai lekin vanyajeev vigyaani dvaara anusandhaan ke liye prayog kiya jaata hai. keliforniya ke pesifik grov mein sthit hopakins marine station ek samudri jeev vigyaan anusandhaan kendra hai jo 1892 se vishvavidyaalaya ke adheen hai. vishvavidyaalaya ke paas ek apna golf course aur A mausami jheel (lagunita jheel, vaastav mein ek jalaashaya sinchaai) bhi hai, donon hi keliforniya ke khatarnaak tiger salamandar ka hissa hain. . lagunita jheel aksar ab sookhi hi rahati hai lekin krutrim tareeke se ise bharne ki vishvavidyaalaya ki koi yojana naheen hai.[35]

Lake Lagunita in early spring; the Dish is visible in the foothills behind the lake.

stainaford mein sanposhaneeyata

stainaford ek mukt shatal bas seva pradaan karta hai jiska naam hai maaragveraai aur apne karmachaariyon ko saarvajanik taur par car saajha karne ke liye aarthik protsaahan deta hai. vishvavidyaalaya mein kai sthirta prastaav bhi jaari hai. 21,000 varg fut (2,000 mi2) green dorm, jo vartamaan mein professor gil master ke design paryavekshan ke tahat vichaaraadheen hai, usamein chaalees se pachaas chhaatron ke liye ghar banaaya jaaega, jismein shuddh kaarban utsarjan shoonya hoga aur bilding mein bijli ki jitni khapat hogi usase kaheen adhik imaarat swayam bijli ka utpaadan karegi.[36] paryaavaran ke anukool ek naya paryaavaran aur oorja nirmaan ki bhi yojana hai. Woods sansthaan bhi "bahu-vishyak paryaavaran anusandhaan, shikshan aur aautareech ke liye ek kendra ke roop mein paryaavaran aandolan mein sakreeya hai".[37] stainaford uchchatar shiksha mein association for the edavaansameint of sastenaabiliti ka ek sadasya hai.[38] duniya bhar ke 590 schoolon mein espen Institute ne saamaajik aur paryaavaraneeya muddon ke liye bhavishya vyavasaaya netaaon ko prashikshan dene ke roop mein MBA program ke liye stainaford graduate school of business ko number van ghoshit kiya hai.[39] aur 2009 mein, sastenebal enadomeints sansthaan ne iske vaarshik college sastenebiliti report card mein stainaford vishvavidyaalaya ko A-gred se sammaanit kiya aur U.S. aur Canada ke sheersh 300 college aur vishvavidyaalayon mein sheersh pandrah mein sthaan dilaaya. (jalavaayu, oorja aur parivhan kamjor bindu the.)[40][41]

prashaasan aur sangathan

stainaford vishvavidyaalaya ek mukt-kar kaarporet trast hai jo niji taur par ek 35 sadasyeeya board samiti ki niyukti dvaara svaamitv aur shaasit hai.[42] samiti ka gathan paanch varshon ke liye kiya jaata hai (lagaataar do baar se adhik naheen) aur salaana paanch baar sadasyon ki baithak hoti hai.[43] stainaford samiti stainaford research park, stainaford shopping center, keintar center for vijuel Arts, stainaford university medical center aur isse jude kai chikitsa suvidhaaon (lusi pekard shishu aspataal sahit) ki dekharekh karte hain. .

vishvavidyaalaya ke ek mukhya kaaryakaari adhikaari ke roop mein seva karne ke liye aur profesaron ke kartavyon aur adhyayan ke liye paathyakram nirdhaaran ke liye, vitteeya aur vyaapaar maamalon ka prabandhan karne ke liye aur nau upaadhyakshon ki niyukt ke liye board ek adhyaksh ki niyukti karta hai.[44] October 2000 mein John L. henesi ko vishvavidyaalaya ka 10vaan adhyaksh niyukt kiya gaya tha.[45] provost shaikshik pramukh aur bajat adhikaari hota hai, jise saaton school ke deen report karte hain. .[46] September 2000 mein John echemeindi ko 12vaan provost naamit kiya gaya.[47]

yeh vishvavidyaalaya saat schoolon mein aayojit hai: school of hyumeneteej end saainses, school of engineering, school of arth saainses, school of edukeshan, graduate school of business, stainaford law school aur stainaford university school of medisin.[46] sankaaya ki shaktiyaan aur praadhikaar academic parishad mein samaahit hoti hai, jo kaaryakaal aur gair kaaryakaal line sankaaya, anusandhaan sankaaya, kuchh neeti kendron aur sansthaanon mein varishth saathiyon, vishvavidyaalaya ke adhyaksh aur kuchh anya shaikshanik prashaasakon dvaara bani hai, lekin jyaadaatar maamale sankaaya senate dvaara niyantrit hote hain. jo sankaaya ke 55 chune hue pratinidhiyon se nirmit hai.[48]

2006 mein, adhyaksh henesi ne ek stainaford chaileinj shuroo kiya, jisne $4.3 billion ke kosh ko jutaate hue teen ghatakon par dhyaan keindrit kiya: bahu-vishyak anusandhaan prastaav, utkrushth shiksha prastaav aur kor support.[49] 2006-2007 mein stainaford ne 69,350 donaro se $832.2 million niji daan prapt kiya tha, jo ki America ke kisi bhi college se adhik tha.[42]

associated studeint of stainaford university (ASSU) stainaford yunivrsiti ke liye chhaatr sarkaar hai aur sabhi panjeekrut chhaatr iske sadasya hain. .[50] iske nirvaachit neta, poorv snaatak chhaatron dvaara chune gaye poorvasnaatak senate, snaatak chhaatron dvaara chune gaye snaatak chhaatr parishad aur samast chhaatron dvaara ek ticket ke roop mein chune gaye adhyaksh aur upaadhyaksh se yukt hote hain. .[50]

academic

kvaad ke paas udyaanapath

stainaford vishvavidyaalaya snaatak aur vyaavasaayik chhaatron ke vishaal naamaankan ke saath vruhad uchch anusandhaan aavaaseeya vishvavidyaalaya hai.[51] chaar saal ke poorn samay ke snaatak kaaryakram ko "atyadhik chayanaatmak" ke roop mein vargeekrut kiya gaya hai aur snaatak ke chhaatron ki uchch sah-maujudagi ke saath ismein kala aur vigyaan par jor hota hai .[51] stainaford vishvavidyaalaya western association of school end kaulejes dvaara maanyata praapt hai.[52] 2008-2009 ke liye poorn samay snaatak ka adhyaapan $36,030 tha.[53][54]

anusandhaan kendra aur sansthaan

mukhya kvaad se hoovar tauvar ka drushya.

stainaford se jude anya sansthaanon mein shaamil hain. SLAC national ekseeliretar leboretari (moolat: stainaford liniyr ekseeliretar center) aur stainaford reesarch instootyoot, ab ek svatantr sanstha hai, stainaford maanaviki kendra ki vruddhi mein iska udbhav vishvavidyaalaya mein hua tha.

stainaford mein ek pramukh saarvajanik neeti ka vichaar kendra, hoovar insteetyooshan on vaar, revulushan end pees bhi hai[sandigdh ] jo duniya bhar se vidvaanon ko aakarshit karta hai aur freemen spogali instootyoot for international stadij jo antarraashtreeya sambandhon ke vishisht adhyayan ko samarpit hai. apne pustakaalayon mein koi bhi pratilipi praapt na kar paane ki sthiti mein, soviyt sangh ne hoovar insteetyooshan se praavada ke mool sanskaran ki ek maaikrofilm maangi (dinaank 5 March 1917).[55]

stainaford center ek gahan bhaasha prashikshan sansthaan ko moolat: national taaivaan vishvavidyaalaya (NTU) mein sthaapit kiya gaya tha taaki stainaford mein snaatak chhaatron ko cheeni mandaarin mein prashikshan ki jarooraton ko poora kiya ja sake. baad mein, anya pratishthit vishvavidyaalaya board mein shaamil hue aur sansthaan ka naam badal kar intar university program (IUP) rakha gaya. vartamaan mein IUP, Beijing sthaanaantarit ho gaya hai, jabki Taipei mein mool program NTU ke ek sansthaan ke roop mein maujood hai aur vartamaan mein antararaashtreeya cheeni bhaasha program (ICLP) ke roop mein jaana jaata hai.

vyaavasaayik patrakaar ke liye John S night failoship ki shurooaat stainaford se hui.

pustakaalaya aur digital sansaadhan

stainaford vishvavidyaalaya pustakaalaya mein aath meeliyn se adhik khandon ka sangrah upalabdh hai. SU pustakaalaya pranaali mein mukhya pustakaalaya green laaibreri hai. meyer pustakaalaya mein poorvi Asia ka vishaal sangrah hai aur chhaatr-sulabh media sansaadhan hai. anya mahatvapoorn sangrahon mein len medical pustakaalaya, terman engineering pustakaalaya, Jackson business pustakaalaya, faalakoner baayolauji pustakaalaya, kyoobbarale edukeshan laaibreri, brenar arth saainses laaibreri, sven kemistri end kaimikl engineering laaibreri, jonason sarkaari dastaavej sangrah, kraaun law pustakaalaya, stainaford okjeeliyri pustakaalaya (SAL), SLAC laaibreri, hoovar pustakaalaya, hopakins marine station paramilr marine baayolauji laaibreri, sangeet pustakaalaya, laaibreri for Ed vith daaun sindrom (LADS) aur vishvavidyaalaya ke vishesh sangrah shaamil hain. . kulamilaakar vahaan 20 pustakaalaya hain. .

digital pustakaalaya aur paath sevaaon mein digital chhavi sangrah, haaivaayar press, maanaviki digital soochana seva samooh aur media maaikrotekst kendra shaamil hain. . kai shaikshanik vibhaagon aur kuchh nivaas sthaanon mein bhi unke swayam ke pustakaalaya hain. .

stainaford CENIC, California mein shiksha network pahal ke liye nigam, gair laabh sangathan jo California K-20 anusandhaan aur shiksha ke liye atyant uchch pradarshan Internet aadhaarit networking pradaan karta hai, ka ek sansthaapak aur chaartar sadasya hai.

chhaatr nikaaya

chhaatr nikaaya ki janasaankhyiki[53][56][57]
poorvasnaatak snaatak California ameriki janaganana
afreeki ameriki 10% 3% 6.2% 12.1%
asian American 23% 13% 12.3% 4.3%
shvet ameriki 36% 35% 59.8% 65.8%
hispainik ameriki 13% 5% 35.9% 14.5%
mool ameriki 2.8% <1% 0.7% 0.9%
antararaashtreeya vidyaarthi 7% 33% N/A N/A
hoovar tauvar se kvaad ke dek aur aaspaas ke kshetr ka avlokan jiska mukh pashchim ki or hai

2009 mein stainaford mein 6,602 poorv snaatakon aur 11,896 snaatak chhaatron ki bharti ki gayi thi.[53] poorv snaatak men mahila chhaatron ki sankhya 48.7% aur snaatak aur vyaavasaayik mein 39% hai.[53] 2008 ke liye pratham varsheeya chhaatr pratidhaaran dar 98% thi, chaar varsheeya snaatak dar 79.4% hai aur chhah saalaana dar 94.4% hai.[53] apekshaakrut nimn chaar saal snaatak dar ya degree vishvavidyaalaya ki sah-terminal (ya "kotarm") kaaryakram ki kriya hai, jo chhaatron ko unke snaatak paathyakram ke vistaar ke roop mein para-snaatak ki degree praapt karne ki anumati deta hai.[58]

2008 mein stainaford ne 1646 poorvasnaatak degree, 1984 snaatakottar degree, 673 dauktaret degree aur 271 peshevar degree pradaan ki.[53] saamaajik vigyaan, ant:vishya adhyayan aur engineering sabse lokapriya snaatak degree thi.

2007-2008 program mein poorv snaatak ke pravesh ke liye stainaford mein 25,299 aavedan-patra praapt hue the, jismein se 2,400 (9.8%) ko sveekaar kiya gaya tha aur 1703 ko daakhila (71%) diya gaya, jo vishvavidyaalaya ke 117 saal ke itihaas mein sabse kam pratishat tha.[53][59] 92% chhaatr apne haai school kaksha mein sheersh das mein snaatak hue aur SAT ke liye intar-chaturthak varg mein ganit ke liye 680–780, lekhan ke liye 670–760, pathan ke liye 650–760 the.[53]

2013 ki kaksha ke liye, stainaford ne 5300 ekal-pasand poorv kaarravaai aavedan patra praapt kiya aur unamein se 689 aavedan sveekaar kiye gaye, unamein se praarambhik pravesh dar lagbhag 13% hai. is aavedan satr mein stainaford ne niyamit aur poorv daur, donon se 30,000 se jyaada aavedan-patra praapt kiye aur use 7.2% ke samagr pravesh dar ki ummeed hai, jo vishvavidyaalaya ke itihaas mein abhi tak ki sabse nimn dar aur 2012 ki kaksha ki tulana mein 2% se bhi adhik thi.

stainaford ki pravesh prakriya ameriki naagrikon ke liye unki aarthik sthiti se tatasth hoti hai. vishvavidyaalaya ne 2,960 chhaatron ke liye $75.6 million ki vitteeya sahaayata pradaan ki, jiska ausat package $33,108 hota hai.[53] $60,000 se kam ki aay vaale parivaaron se stainaford ko parivaarik yogadaan ki aavashyakta naheen hoti aur $100,000 se kam ki aay vaale parivaaron ke bachchon ko vartamaan mein tuition shulk maaf kiya jaata hai.[53][60]

ranking

University rankings (overall)
ARWU World[61] 2nd
ARWU National[62] 2nd
Times Higher Education[63] 16th
USNWR National University[64] 4th
WM National University[65] 4th

U.S. news end world report (USNWR) dvaara raashtreeya vishvavidyaalayon ke beech stainaford vishvavidyaalaya ke snaatak kaaryakram ko chautha sthaan diya gaya hai.[66] akedamik ranking of world yoonivrsiteej, Shanghai jiaao tong university[67] dvaara world university mein stainaford ko doosra sthaan diya gaya hai aur America ke vishvavidyaalaya ke beech bhi doosra sthaan pradaan kiya gaya hai, THES - QS world university rainkig mein world university ke beech ise satrahavaan sthaan diya gaya hai (vishay ranking: saamaajik vigyaan, praudyogiki: teesara, jeevan vigyaan aur baayomedisin: chhatha, kala aur maanaviki, praakrutik vigyaan: aathavaan),[68][69] the Washington manthali[70] ke dvaara raashtreeya vishvavidyaalayon mein chautha, nyoojveek[71] ke dvaara vaishvik vishvavidyaalayon ke beech doosra aur center for mijring university parpormeins dvaara raashtreeya vishvavidyaalayon mein pratham shreni diya gaya hai.[72] "U.S. news end world report" ke anusaar stainaford law school desh mein teesare sthaan par hai jabki iske edukeshan school doosare sthaan par aur business school pehle sthaan par hain. Forbes ne apne 2009 ki "best business school" ki soochi mein stainaford graduate school of business ko sheersh sthaan par rakha.[73] U.S. news end world report ke anusaar vartamaan mein stainaford school of medisin anusandhaan mein chhathe sthaan par hai. sanyukt raajya mein sabhi stainaford schoolon ka pravesh dar (poorvasnaatak, snaatak aur vyaavasaayik) sabke beech kam hai (yadi sabse kam naheen).
top stadi links ki 2010 ki vishvavidyaalaya ranking mein stainaford vishvavidyaalaya ko vishv mein teesare sabse behatareen ke roop mein maana jaata hai.[74] .

kala

agaste rodin dvaara nirmit kaansya moortiyaan parisar mein bikhri hui hain. jismein ye barghers of keles bhi shaamil hai.
lelaind stainaford, jeen Louis-arnest mesoniyr, 1881, kaintar kendra.

stainaford vishvavidyaalaya mein 24 gailari, moortikla, chabootare aur ek praangan wala keintar center for vijuel Art sangrahaalaya sthit hai jiski sarvapratham sthaapana 1891 mein jen aur lelaind stainaford ne apne ekamaatr bete ke smaarak ke roop mein ki thi. ullekhaneeya roop se, peris, France ke baahar rodin ki krutiyon ka sabse vishaal sangrah is kendra mein hai. yahaan kainpas ke chaaron taraf vruhad maatra mein mukt kalaakrutiyon ko sthaapit kiya gaya hai, mukhya roop se moortikla ko lekin kuchh bhitti chitr bhi maujood hain. . robal hall ke sameep paapuaa new gini moortikla baag mein hastanirmit lakdi ki nakkaashi aur "ganachihn pol" banaae gaye hain. .

stainaford mein ek sampann kalaatmak aur sangeet samudaaya hai. paathyetar gatividhiyon mein Ram pramukh naatya samaaj aur stainaford sheksapiyr society jaise naatya samooh, puraskaar-vijeta A kappela sangeet samooh jaise medikeints, kaauntarapvaaint, stainaford fleet street singar, haaramoniks, miksd company, testeemoni, talismaan, evari de pipul, raagaapela aur gilvart aur suleevan ke kaaryon par samarpit pradarshanakaari stainaford saavoyaards jaise sangeet samooh shaamil hai. inke alaava, music department kai saamoohik kaaryakramon ko praayojit karta hai jismein Stanford Symphony Orchestra, stainaford taaiko aur stainaford vind onasembal shaamil hain. .

stainaford ka nrutya samudaaya desh ke sabse prabhaavi samudaayon mein se ek hai jismein naatya vibhaag mein ek sakriya nrutya shaakha hai aur stainaford band ki doli nrutya mandali ke saath-saath 30 se bhi adhik vibhinn nrutya sambandhit chhaatr samooh hain. .

shaayad ismein sabse vishisht iska saamaajik aur vintej nrutya samudaaya hai, jiska nirmaan nrutya itihaasakaar Richard pauvars ne kiya tha aur jiska saikadon chhaatron aur hajaaron puraane chhaatron ne aanand uthaaya. stainaford mein har maheene anaupachaarik nrutya (jise jaimiks kaha jaata hai) ka aayojan kiya jaata hai aur teen maheene mein ek bhavya nrutya kaaryakram ka aayojan hota hai jismein raigataaim baul (patajhad mein), stainaford vineej baul (sardiyon mein) aur big dance (vasant) shaamil hain. . stainaford mein ek chhaatr-prachaalit swing mandali pradarshan jise svingataaim kaha jaata hai aur kai poorv chhaatr pradarshan ke samooh jismein dikaadaans aur academy of dance laaibar shaamil hai, ka aayojan kiya jaata hai.

steganar feloship aur anya snaatak chhaatravrutti kaaryakramon ke maadhyam se rachanaatmak lekhan kaaryakram, yuva lekhakon ko parisar ki or aakarshit karta hai. dis byauj life ke lekhak tobiaas volf, poorvasnaatak aur snaatak chhaatron ko lekhan sikhaate hain. . night jarnalijm ke adhyetaaon ko apni pasand ke seminaaron aur paathyakramon ko lene ke liye parisar mein ek saal bitaane ke liye aamantrit kiya jaata hai. yahaan ek paathyetar lekhan aur pradarshan samooh bhi hai jise stainaford spoken vard kalektiv kaha jaata hai, jo school ki slam kavita team ke roop mein bhi kaarya karta hai.

stainaford, peshevaron ke liye vibhinn prakaashan paathyakramon ko pradaan karta hai. stainaford profeshanal pablishing course ki shurooaat 1970 ke dashak ke ant se ki gayi thi aur patrikaaon aur pustak prakaashan mein parivrtit vyaapaar model par charcha ke liye ek saath antarraashtreeya prakaashan peshevaron ko laaya gaya.

vruttidaan aur anudaan sanchayan

30 June 2008 ko samaapt hone vaale vitteeya varsh mein $785 million ke saath stainaford, sanyukt raajya mein sheersh kosh-sanchayan karne wala vishvavidyaalaya tha.[75]

stainaford prabandhan company dvaara prabandhit vishvavidyaalaya ka vruttidaan 2008 mein $17.2 billion tha aur 1998 se use vaarshik dar ka 15.1% vaapas mila hai.[42][76] haalaanki January 2009 ki aarthik giraavat ke samay vrutidaan 20 se 30 pratishat kam hua tha.[77] sain Francisco kraunikl ke anusaar "2008 ke baad se stainaford iske moolya ka lagbhag $4 billion $5 billion, ya 20 se 30 pratishat kam ho gaya hai. jiske parinaam svaroop 2009 mein parisar ki sabhi ikaaiyon mein apne bajat mein 15 pratishat ki katauti ki ja rahi hai.[78]

chhaatr jeevan

vishaal parisar mein aane-jaane ke liye kai chhaatr cycle ka upayog karte hain.

shayanagruh aur chhaatr aavaas

89% poorvasnaatak chhaatr, vishvavidyaalaya parisar ke aavaas mein rahate hain. aanshik roop se isliye kyonki pratham varsh ke chhaatron ka parisar mein rahana aavashyak hai aur kyonki chhaatron ko unke snaatak career ke sabhi chaar saal ke liye aavaas dene ki guaranty di jaati hai.[53][79] stainaford aavaas kaaryabhaar kaaryaalaya ke anusaar, poorvasnaatak chhaatr alag-alag 80 gharon mein rahate hain. jismein shayanagruh, ko-ops, ro-haauj, maitreesangh aur mahilaasangh shaamil hain. .[80] 1960 se 1991 tak manjaanita park mein 118 chal aavaas ko asthaayi aavaas ke roop mein sthaapit kiya gaya tha lekin vartamaan mein yeh kastaano, kimbaul aur lantaana mein aadhunik chhaatraavaas ka kshetr hai.[81] adhikaansh chhaatr nivaas parisar se thode hi baahar sthit hai jo ki adhikaansh kakshaaon aur pustakaalayon se das minute ki doori par hai (paidal ya baaik se). jismein se kuchh nae vidyaarthiyon ke liye hi hote hain. kuchh anya doosare varsh ke chhaatron ko prathamikta dete hain. kuchh anya pratham aur doosare varsh donon ko; kuchh keval uchch kaksha ke chhaatron ke liye aur kuchh sabhi chaaron kakshaaon ke liye khule hote hain. . adhikaansh aavaas sah-shiksha vaale hote hain. ; jismein se saat keval puroosh maitreesangh ke liye hain. teen keval-mahilaaon ke liye aur saath hi saath yahaan ek keval-mahilaasangh gair-maitreesangh aavaas hai, roth house. adhikaansh aavaason mein puroosh aur mahila samaan talle par hi rahate hain. lekin kuchh hostalo mein puroosh aur mahila alag-alag talle par rahate hain. (ekal-ling talla), ismein aroyo aur okaada ko chhodkar sabhi vilbar hostal shaamil hain. .[82] 2009-10 se shuroo hone waali vishvavidyaalaya aavaas yojana ka poorvaanumaan tha ki sabhi nae chhaatr jo nae hostal mein rahane ko ichhuk honge, unhein nae hostal mein rakha jaaega. varsh 2009-10 mein lagbhag do tihaai nae chhaatron ko stern aur vilbar haulan mein rakha jaaega. ek tihaai chhaatron ko, jinhonne chaar shreni ke aavaas ka anurodh kiya hai, unhein parisar ke anya hostalon mein rakha jaaega, jismein floreins moor (FloMo) shaamil hai.[83] April 2008 mein, stainaford ne parisar ke paanch hostalon mein tatasth ling aavaas ke pareekshan ke liye ek nai pilot yojana ka anaavaran kiya, jiske tahat purushon aur mahilaaon ko ek hi kamre mein rahane ki anumati hai. chhaatron aur saath hi saath isi tarah ki neetiyon ke samakaksh sansthaaon jaise vesaleyaan, oberalin, Clark, daartamaauth, brown aur yoopen ke thos dabaav ke baad is kadam ko uthaaya gaya tha.[84]

kai aavaason ko vishay aavaas maana jaata hai. academic, bhaasha aur sanskruti aavaason mein EAST (East asian stadeej theem), Hammarskjöald (antarraashtreeya theem), hauus mitelauropa (madhya Europeeya theem), la kaasa itaaliyaana (itaalavi bhaasha aur sanskruti), la meson fraaainse (French bhaasha aur sanskruti house), slaaviynsaki dom (slaavik / poorvi Europeeya theem house), store (maanav jeevavijnyaaan theem house) aur yost (Spanish bhaasha aur sanskruti) shaamil hain. .paar-saanskrutik vishay aavaason mein shaamil hain. kaasa jpaata (shikaano/latino Stern hall mein vishay), muvekma-tah-rook (ameriki bhaarateeya/alaaska mool nivaasi aur havaaiyan mool nivaasi vishay), okaada (vilbar hall mein Asiaee-ameriki mool ke vishay) aur ujama (lagunita court mein ashvet/afreeki-ameriki vishay). focus aavaason mein shaamil hain. pratham-dviteeya varsh ke college (nae chhaatron par focus), branner hall (saamudaayik seva) kimbaul, (kala aur drushya kala), krothars (vaishvik naagarikta) aur toyon (dviteeya varsh ke chhaatron ki praathamikta) shaamil hai.[85]

stainaford mein aavaas ki ek anya prasiddh shaili ko-ops hai. in aavaason mein sahakaari rahan-sahan ek visheshata hai, jahaan aavaasi aur bhojan sahayogi, pratyek us aavaas ko chalaane mein madad karte hain. jaise bhojan banaane ya vibhaajit hisson ke sthaanon ki safaai karna. parisar mein chi theta chi, kolumbe, enachaanted brokoli forest (EBF), Hammarskjöald (jo ki antarraashtreeya theem house bhi hai), keros, terra aur sinrji ko-ops hain. .[86]

kabhi bhi parisar mein snaatak ki lagbhag 50 pratishat aabaadi parisar mein rahati hai. ab jab ki nae munger snaatak nivaas mein nirmaanakaarya ko sampann kar diya gaya hai, iseeliye shaayad is pratishat mein hijaafa hua hai. pratham varsh ke snaatak chhaatron ke paas aavaas ki guaranty hoti hai.

parampara

vintej postakaard stainaford vishvavidyaalaya
  • ful moon on the kvaid: vishvavidyaalaya ke mukhya chauk mein ek chhaatr sabha hai. paramparaagat roop se, varishth apne nae chhaatron ke saath chunban ka aadaan-pradaan karte hain. haalaanki sabhi chaar kakshaaon ke chhaatr-chhaatraaen (saath hi saamayik snaatak chhaatr ya ajnabi bhi shaamil hote hain.) bhaag lene ke liye jaane jaate hai. sitmbar 2009 mein prashaasan ne yeh ghoshana ki ki chhaatron ke svaasthya aur swine flu ke khatre ke chalte is saal ke ful moon utsav ko radd kiya jaata hai.[87]
  • Sunday fliks: memoriyl sabhaagaar mein ravivaar ki raat ko ek saaptaahik film pradarshan kiya jaata hai. aamtaur par, screening ke dauraan chhaatr kaafi uttejit aur unmaadi hote hain. aur ek doosaron par kaagaj ke havaai jahaaj ya akhbaar ke bandal ko feinkate hue unhein dekha ja sakta hai. 2006 mein fliks mahatvapoorn vitteeya museebat se gujar raha tha aur ASSU ki madad se baad mein sabhi chhaatron ke liye ise muft kar diya gaya.
  • steem-tanaling: stainaford parisar ke neeche steem tanal ko khojana.
  • faaunten-hauping: parisar mein ek favvaare se doosare mein daudne ki ek prakriya, ya stainaford ke kai favvaare ke chaaron or keval faangane/tairane ka ek khel hai (jaise white plaaja mein stainaford klau favvaara).
  • big game iveints: saptaah mein hone vaale kaaryakram jo big game banaam UC baarkle tak jaanhan, jismein shaamil hai geiteej (raams head theatrical society ke chhaatron dvaara likhit, rachit, nirmit aur pradarshit), the biyeriyl (jahaan stainaford band ek daah-sanskaar sareekha pradarshan karta hai aur stainaford klau favvaare ki nok ek bhare hue bhaaloo mein chhed karta hai) aur ek prati-ghanta train seeti jo big game tak ghante ki ginti karti hai, jise stainaford ex committee dvaara aayojit kiya jaata hai.
  • praaimal skreem: ded week (final ke pehle wala saptaah) mein tanaavapoorn chhaatron dvaara kiya jaata hai.
  • midnaait brekafaast: sheetakaaleen timaahi ke ded week ke dauraan stainaford ke shikshak parisar ke kai sthaanon mein chhaatron ko naashta karaate hain. (aap ek up-adhyaksh ko naarangi ka ras bharate hue dekh sakte hain.).
  • vineej baul: vaaltj ki ek aupachaarik geind jise 1970 ke dashak mein viyna videshi kaaryakram mein ab band ho chuke stainaford se lautane vaale chhaatron dvaara shuroo kiya gaya.
  • stainaford povavo: stainaford ameriki bhaarateeya sangathan dvaara sangathit aur pratyek maatru diwas vaale saptaah ke saptaahaant mein aayojit kiya jaata hai.[88]
  • musoliam party: stainaford samaadhi par manaaya jaane wala ek vaarshik hailovin utsav, jismein lelaind stainaford junior aur unke parivaar ke mrut shareer shaamil hote hain. . 20 saalon se chali aa rahi yeh parampara, poorv chhaatron dvaara nidheeyan ke abhaav ke chalte,[89] 2002 se 2005 tak band thi,[90] lekin ise 2006 mein pun: shuroo kiya gaya. 2008 mein, iska aayojan vaastavik samaadhi ki bajaae old union mein kiya gaya, kyonki baarish ke kaaran generator kiraae par upalabdh naheen hote the.[91] 2009 ki shuruaat mein bajat mein katauti hone ke baavajood, junior kaksha ke preseedeinton aur ASSU kaaryakaari ke dhan ugaahane ke prayaason ke baad kisi tarah is kaaryakram ko vaapas samaadhi par kiya gaya.[92]
  • stainaford chairiti fashion sho: chhaatron dvaara aayojit ek vruhad fashion sho, jismein chhaatron, sthaaneeya logon aur antararaashtreeya dijaainaron ko pradarshit kiya jaata hai jiski shurooaat varsh 1991 mein ki gayi thi.[93]
  • seeneeyar pab night: vidyaalaya varsh ke dauraan, adhikaanshat: guroovaar ko varishth chhaatr, paalo alto ya sen Francisco ke kisi baar mein ikattha hote hain. . milne ke sthaan ko prati saptaah badla jaata hai aur varishth chhaatron ko baar se parisar tak surakshit laane ke liye chaartard bason ka intajaam kiya jaata hai.
  • asaamaanya aurat/asaamaanya aadmi: stainaford, maanad degree pradaan naheen karta,[94][95] lekin 1953 mein vishvavidyaalaya ne aise vishesh vyakti ke liye asaamaanya aurat/asaamaanya aadmi ki maanad degree ka nirmaan kiya jo vishvavidyaalaya ke liye durlabh aur asaadhaaran seva pradaan karta hai. vishvavidyaalaya ke sarvochch sammaan, degree ko nirdhaarit antaraal par naheen diya gaya, lekin keval upayukt asaadhaaran seva pehchaan karne ke liye hi diya gaya. praaptakartaaon mein harbart hoovar, bill hyoolet, dev paikard, lusil paikard aur John gaardanar shaamil hain. .[96]
  • barthadet shaavar: chhaatron ke janmadin par aadhi raat mein unke doston ke dvaara shauvar mein dhakel diya jaata hai.
  • ek kapela samooh, nae chhaatr ke anusthaapan ke dauraan aur saal bhar chhaatr ke nivaason mein pradarshan karte hain. . un haasya-kendrit fleet street ke dvaara kuchh sabse ullekhaneeya mool geet ko shaamil kiya gaya hai jaise "evreevan pees in the shaavar" aur "pre too the gaud of paarshiyl kredit".
  • the game: hostel ke karmachaariyon dvaara ek apamaarjak khoj hai jise aamtaur par garmeeyon aur vasant ki timaahi mein kiya jaata hai.

poorv parisar paranparaaon mein lagunita jheel (ek mausami jheel jo aamtaur par patajhad mein sookhi hoti hai) mein big game agnikreeda shaamil hai, lekin jheel mein luptapraaya saalaamaindar ki maujoodagi ke kaaran yeh filhaal nishkriya ho gaya hai.

yoonaani jeevan

stainaford vishvidyaalaya ke parisar mein maitreesangh aur mahila sangh 1891, yaani vishvidyaalaya ki sthaapana se hi sakriya hain. . 1944 mein vishvavidyaalaya ke adhyaksh donaald treseedar ne atyadhik spardha ke kaaran stainaford mahila sangh par pratibandh laga diya.[97] fir bhi, title IX ka anusaran karte hue trastabord ne mahilaasangh par lage 33 varsh ke pratibandh ko 1977 mein hata diya.[98] stainaford ab 28 greek sangathanon ka ghar hai jahaan 13% poorv snaatak varg ka pratinidhitv karne vaale 12 mahilaasangh aur 16 maitreesangh maujood hain. . kai vishvavidyaalayon ke vipreet, das mein se nau greek sangathanon ke aavaaseeya bhavan vishvavidyaalaya ki neeji jameen par bane hain. sirf sigma chi iska apavaad hai jiska apna niji bhavan the ro mein hai. inmein se paanch adhyaaya afreeki-ameriki maitreesangh tatha mahila sangh ke sadasya hain. 11 adhyaaya antar-maitreesangh parishad ke sadasya hain. 6 adhyaaya antar-mahilaasanghon ke saath jude hue hain. aur 6 adhyaaya sangathan bahusaanskrutik greek parishad se jude hue hain. .[99]

  • stainaford mein do gair-aavaaseeya aitihaasik NPHC (raashtreeya pain-hailenik parishad ya "divaain naain") mahilaasangh hai (alfa kappa alfa aur delta sigma theta) tatha teen gair-aavaaseeya NPHC maitreesangh hain. (alfa fi alfa, omega si fi aur fi beta sigma). ye maitreesangh tatha mahilaasangh AAFSA (aafreekan American maitreesangh-mahila sangh samudaaya) ke adheen kriyaasheel hain. jo stainaford mein hai.
  • chhah aitihaasik NPC (raashtreeya painahailenik sammelan) mahilaasangh jinmein se teen gair-aavaaseeya (alfa epseelon fi, chi aumega aur kappa kappa gamma) aur teen aavaaseeya (delta delta delta, kappa alfa theta aur pi beeta fi) stainaford ghar kahalaate hain. . ye mahilaasangh stainaford antar-mahilaasangh parishad (ISC) ke adheen sanchaalan karte hain. .
  • gyaarah aitihaasik NIC (raashtreeya antar maitreesangh sammelan) maitreesanghon ka bhi pratinidhitv stainaford mein kiya jaata hai, jinmein se chaar gair-aavaaseeya maitreesangh (alfa epsilon pi, jelta kappa epsilon, delta taau delta aur sigma fi epsilon) aur saat aavaaseeya (kappa alfa, kappa sigma, fi kappa si, sigma alfa epsilon, sigma chi, sigma nu aur theta delta chi) maitreesangh hain. . ye maitreesangh stainaford antar-maitreesangh parishad (IFC) ke tahat kaarya karte hain. .
  • iske alaava yahaan chaar gair-aavaaseeya MGC (bahusaanskrutik greek parishad) mahila sangh bhi parisar mein hai (alfa kappa delta fi, lambada theta nu, sigma si jeta aur sigma theta si) aur inke saath-saath do gair-aavaaseeya MGC (gamma jeta alfa aur lambada fi epsilon) maitreesangh bhi hai. lambda fi epsilaun raashtreeya antar maitreesangh sammelan (NIC) dvaara maanyata praapt hai.[100]

chhaatr samooh

stainaford apne chhaatron ko 650 se bhi jyaada samoohon ke saath judne ka mauka deta hai.[101] in samoohon ko aksar, hamesha naheen, aanshik roop se chhaatr sarkaar sangathan ASSU ke dvaara prabantan ke maadhyam se vishvavidyaalaya ki or se dhan ki sahaayata praapt hoti hai. is dhan mein "vishesh shulk" shaamil hota hai, jo chhaatr nikaaya dvaara ek chauthaai mat ke dvaara nirdhaarit hota hai. in samoohon ka vistaar aithaletik/manoranjan/career/ vyaavasaayik, samaaj seva, maanavata sambandhi/ saanskrutik, maitreesangh/ kaaunsaling, media/ prakaashan, sangeet/nrutya/sarjanaatmak kalaaen, raajaneetik/saamaajik chetna aadi kshetron se lekar dhaarmik aur daarshanik kshetron tak hai.

samoohon mein (lekin seemit naheen hain.) shaamil hain. :

  • stainaford daily vastut: ek svatantr sangathan hai. par yeh stainaford vishvavidyaalaya ki seva mein rat ek dainik samaachaar patra hai aur iska prakaashan 1892 se ho raha hai, jab vishvavidyaalaya ki sthaapana ki gayi thi.
  • stainaford ex committee, stainaford ex tatha un sabhi logon ka shaasakeeya sanrakshak hai jo stainaford ki paramparaaon ka saamaanya gyaan rakhate hain. . unako stainaford ki sabhi ghareloo football khelon ke dauraan maidaan mein dekha ja sakta hai.
  • stainaford pre business association,[102] business kendrit poorv snaatak star ke chhaatron ka sabse bada sangathan hai. yeh udyog, poorv chhaatr evam chhaatr samudaayon ke beech ek sakriya sambandh banaae rakhane mein aham bhoomika ada karta hai.
  • stainaford solaar car pariyojana ke antargat chhaatr har do saal mein saurashakti waali car banaate hain. aur use ya to uttar America solaar chaileinj mein ya vishv solaar chainleinj mein daudaate hain. .
  • stainaford khagol samiti ulkaapaat, chandragrahan tatha anya khagol sambandhi ghatnaaon ki pradarshani ka aayojan karti hai.
  • stainaford patang udaan samiti[103] (2008 mein sthaapit) patang udaane ke liye samarpit poorv snaatak chhaatron ka ek samooh hai. is samiti ki meeting aamtaur par vilbar maidaan mein hoti hai jab baahar khoob hava chalti ho.
  • pilipino American chhaatrasangh (PASO) saanskrutik pradhaan samaajasevi tatha saamaajik kaaryakalaapon se sambandhit samooh hai. PASU ke hi antargat saampradaayik kalaaon ko pradarshit karne waali ek shaakha bhi maujood hai jo kaayoomaanaggi kahalaati hai.
  • stainaford finance ek poorv vyaavasaayik sangathan hai jiska lakshya hai – faainens ke kshetr mein career chunanevaale chhaatron ke meintars tatha intarnaship ke dvaara maargadarshan karna.
  • business association of schainaford intaraprinyooral students (BASES) silikaun veli ke antargat upasthit sabse bade vyaavasaayik sangathanon mein se ek hai jiske sadasya 5000 se bhi adhik hain. . iska lakshya hai – aagaami intaraprinyooers peedhi ka samarthan prastut karna.
  • the stainaford fleet street singars ek akaappela sangeet samooh hai jismein sabhi puroosh hote hain. . yeh samooh apne haasyapradhaan maulik sangeet-aayojan, jaij aur stainaford faait geeton mein visheshagya hota hai. choonki fleet street stainaford ke geeton ko apni saamoohik pradarshani ke dauraan niyamit roop se prastut karta hai, stainaford vishvavidyaalaya ne vishvavidyaalaya ke shataabdi utsavon mein fleet street ka apne pratinidhiyon ke roop mein istemaal kiya aur toovard maaunten haayar (1999) sheershak se stainaford ke geeton ka ek elbam bhi nikaala jo duniya ke chaaron taraf maujood poorvachhaatron ko bheja gaya.
  • stainaford maarshal Arts program vishvavidyaalaya ke parisar mein sthit 11 vibhinn prakaar ke maarshal Art groupon ka sammilt sangathan hai jaise: aaikido, kopaaira, eskreema, judo, jujitsoo, kenapo karaate, ving chun, jekee shotokaan, taaikondo aur vooshoo.

parisar ke lokapriya adde

parisar mein aisi kai jagahein hain. jahaan chhaatr kaam kar sakte hain. ya masti kar sakte hain. jo ki haustel mein upalabdh naheen hai.

  • puraatan chhaatr sangh - yeh imaarat chhaatr samooh ki gatividhiyon ka kendra hai. chhaatron ko apne doston se milna ho ya office ke kaam ke liye TA, yahaan rakhe gaye anginat sofe unhein sukoon se aaraam karne ka mauka dete hain. . yahaan kai sangoshthi kaksh bhi hain. jinka istemaal chhaatr-samoohon dvaara meeting aadi ke liye kiya jaata hai.
  • Coho (kaufi house) - trasiyedar union mein sthit ek aaraamadaayak maitreepoorn vaataavaran pradaan karta hai jiski deevaar par chhaatron ki maulik chitrakala ke saath-saath stainaford ke prasiddh hastiyon ke kairikechar bhi ankit hain. . kai baar shaam ke samay yahaan ve sangeet kaaryakram ka bhi aayojan karte hain. .
  • white plaaja - stainaford kitaabaghar aur old union ke beech mein maujood hai jahaan chhaatron ki kaafi halachal dekhne ko milti hai, jaise mele, chhaatr samooh samarthan ki baat-cheet, fauvaare ka aanand uthaate aaraam karne vaale chhaatr-varg, nidheeyan mein lage booth jo challa bred bechate hain. ya paalne ke liye memane bechate hue dikhaai dete hain. .

ethaletiks

stainaford NCAA ke divijn I-A mein bhaag leta hai aur pesifik- 10 sammelan ka sadasya bhi hai. yeh maaunten pesifik sports federation for indor track (purush aur mahilaaon ke liye), vaatar polo (purush aur mahilaaon ke liye) mahila jimnaastik, mahila laikraus, puroosh jimnaastik tatha puroosh vaaleebaul aadi khelon mein bhi bhaag leta hai. mahilaaon ki field hockey team to naarapaak conference ka hissa hai.[104] khel jagat mein stainaford ke paaramparik pratidvandi keliforniya vishvavidyaalaya, barkali hai, jo uttar ki taraf poorvi khaadi mein usaka padosi hai.

stainaford vishvavidyaalaya star par 34 vibhinn sports (18 mahilaaon ke liye, 15 purooshon ke liye aur 1 donon ke liye), 19 club sports tatha 37 paarasparik sports pesh karta hai - antar mahaavidyaalaya star ke khelon mein lagbhag 800 chhaatr bhaag lete hain. . vishvavidyaalaya lagbhag 300 ethaletik sambandhi chhaatravruti bhi pradaan karta hai.

naveen stainaford stadium, sthaaneeya football khel ka sthaan.

kaal tatha stainaford teemon ke beech sampann vaarshik biggem ke vijeta ko har varsh stainaford ex par kabja milta hai. sen Francisco ke heyat street park mein 19 March 1892 ko khele gaye pratham "big game" ne pashchimi ghaat mein football ko sthaapit kiya. ismein stainaford ne 8000 darshakon ke saamane khelte hue 10 ke mukaabale 14 goalon se jeet darj ki. stainaford ki football team ne pratham rojabaaul mein 1902 mein match khela tha. fir bhi, us samay khel ki hinsa tatha kheloparaant piykkad doston dvaara machaae gaye dangon ke kaaran sen Francisco ko 1905 ke baad shahar mein "big game" ko band karna pada. 1906 mein David star Jordan ne football ko stainaford se bahishkrut kar diya. 1906-1914 ke dauraan "big game" pratiyogitaaon mein football ki jagah ragbi hi jyaada dekhne ko mili. stainaford football 1919 mein fir se shuroo hua.[105] stainaford ne 1971 aur 1972 mein lagaataar roj baaul jeeta. stainaford ne 12 raajabaaul mein bhaag liya, abhi haal mein 2000 mein khela. stainaford ke jim pleinkat ne 1970 mein hesamain trophy ka khitaab jeeta.

haalaanki, club sports, aadhikaarik taur par stainaford ethaletiks ka hissa naheen hai, ye stainaford mein anginat hai. in khelon mein teerandaaji, badminton, cricket, saaikling, ikvestriyn, harling, aais hockey, judo, kayaaking, puroosh lekraus, polo, rocket baul, ragmi union, skvaish, skaaing, taaikondo, tennis, trethalaan aur alteemet hai. 1984 aur 2000 mein purushon ki alteemet team ne raashtreeya championship jeeta,[106] mahila alteemet team ne 1997, 1998, 1999, 2003, 2005, 2006 aur 2007 mein championship jeeta,[107] mahila ragbi team ne 1999, 2005, 2006 aur 2008 mein jeeta. saaikling team ne 2007 mein divijn 1 USA saaikling kolijiyet road national chainpiyship jeeta.

1930 tak stainaford ki ethaletik teemon ke liye apna koi "maskat" khel chinh naheen tha. us varsh ethaletik vibhaag ne Indians naam ko apnaaya. lekin 1972 mein kuchh sthaaneeya chhaatron ke dvaara jaatisanbandhi asanvedanasheelata ko lekar darj ki gayi shikaayat ke chalte Indians naam ko hata diya gaya.

the lelaind stainaford junior university maarching band football prashansakon ke saamane se "all raait naau" aur anya samakaaleen sangeet rachana ke saath gujrata hua

ab stainaford ki teemein aadhikaarik roop se stainaford kaardinl ke naam se sanketit hoti hai – par inka sanket kaardinl pakshi ki taraf naheen balki laal rang ki taraf hai. pehle stainaford ka aadhaakaarik rang chamakata laal rang tha lekin 19veen sadi ke baad safed rang ho gaya. band ka aadhikaarik chinh "the tri" saamaanya taur par school ke saath sambaddh raha hai. ped ka ye chinh jo lelaind junior vishvavidyaalaya maarching band (LSJOMB) ka ek hissa hai – L paalo Alto redavud vruksh se vyutpann hai jo stainaford ke paalo Alto saals shahar mein hai.

stainaford the bank of the vest classic naam se taabe stadium par har varsh U.S open series tennis tournament ka aayojan karta hai. yahaan ke kaub track, enjil field aur evari stadium pool ko vishvastar ki ethaletik suvidhaaon ke liye jaana jaata hai. stainaford stadium ne 20 January 1985 ko super baaul XIX ki mejabaani ki jismein sthaaneeya sen Francisco 49 ki team ne 38-16 ke score se Miami daalfins ko shikast di.

stainaford ne uchchashreni ke mahaavidyaalaya-ethaletik kaaryakram- NACDA daayarektars cup, jo siyrs cup ke naam se hi adhik jaana jaata hai, ko gat pandrah varshon se har varsh jeeta hai. yeh cup, pichhle solah varsh se pradaan kiya ja raha hai.

NCAA ki upalabdhiyaan : stainaford ne apni sthaapana se lekar 96 raashtreeya mahaavidyaalaya-ethaletik association ke raashtreeya team khitaab jeete. yeh kisi bhi vishvavidyaalaya ke liye dviteeya uttam upalabdhi hai aur vaiyaktik NCAA championship jeeton ke maamale mein yeh kisi bhi vishvavidyaalaya ki sarvottam upalabdhi hai.[108]

olanpik upalabdhiyaan : "stainaford daily ke mutaabik stainaford pratyek greeshm olanpiyaad mein 1908 se lagaataar bhaag le raha hai. "[109] 2004 mein stainaford ke ethaletiks ne greeshm khelon mein 182 olanpik medal jeete the. "dar asal, 1912 se lekar lagaataar har ek olampiyaad mein stainaford ke ethaletiks ne kam se kam ek padak se lekar 17 padak tak jeeta hai. "[110] stainaford ethaletiks ne 2008 samar khelon mein 24 padak jeete, jinmein 8 svarn padak, 12 rajat padak aur 4 kaansya padak hain. .[111]

ullekhaneeya poorv chhaatr, sankaaya aur staaf

"Internet ke janak" vintan serf ne stainaford se snaatak ki upaadhi praapt ki.

stainaford ke poorv chhaatron dvaara aarambh ki gayi companiyon mein hyoolet-paikard, (William hyoolet aur David paikard), sisko system (sandra leranar aur liyonaard bosaak), NVIDIA, SGI, VMware, MIPS technology, Yahoo!(chi -yuaan yaang aur David fillo), Google (sergei brin aur Lawrence pej), Wipro teknolaujeej, naaike, gaip (doris fishr) aur san maaikrosistams shaamil hain. . san maaikrosistams mein san ka arth moolat: "stainaford vishvavidyaalaya network" tha.[112][113]

stainaford ke vartamaan vidvat samaaj mein shaamil hain. :

  • 16 Nobel puraskaar vijeta;[4]
  • raashtreeya vigyaan academy ke 136 sadasya;[4]
  • raashtreeya engineering academy ke 83 sadasya;[4]
  • kala aur vigyaan ke American academy ke 244 sadasya;[4]
  • raashtreeya vigyaan padak ke 19 praaptakarta;[4]
  • raashtreeya praudyogiki padak ke 2 praaptakarta;[4]
  • raashtreeya shiksha academy ke 27 sadasya;[4]
  • American filaasaufikl society ke 46 sadasya;[4]
  • 4 pulitjar puraskaar vijeta[4]
  • 23 maikaaarthar failo;[4]
  • 8 volf foundation puraskaar vijeta[4]
  • 6 koret foundation puraskaar vijeta[4]
  • 3 presideinshiyel medal of freedom vijeta.[4][114]

poorv Japani pradhaanamantri yukio haatoyaama,[115] poorv ameriki raashtrapati harabart hoovar, America ke poorv sachiv Christopher vauren aur poorv Israeli pradhaanamantri ehud Barack iske poorv chhaatr hain. .

NFL kvaartarabaiks jim plainakait, Trent Edwards aur John elave NFL praaptakarta gaurdan bainks aur Ed maikaafre, NFL ke fulabaik John richi, ranar rayaan hall, MLB ke shurooaati pichr Mike musina, MLB baaen ke kshetrarakshak kaarlos kventin, grand slam tennis vijeta John mekaenaro (snaatak apoorn) (ekal aur yugal) aur (dabals) Bob aur Mike Brian, peshevar golf khilaadi tiger Woods (snaatak apoorn), New Zealand football aur blaikabarn rovars ke defender rayaan nelsen olympic tairaak Jenny thompasan, samar saindars aur paibalo moraales, olympic hasti debi Thomas, olympic vaatarapolo khilaadi toni gerahaart ajevedo aur beranda villa olympic sauftabaul khilaadi Jessica menadoja, hesamain faainalist tobi aur abhinetri reej vidraspoon (snaatak apoorn) iske poorv chhaatr hain. .

abhinetri Jennifer koneli aur sigorne veevar (unki poorv chhaatra ki sthiti ko 2009 ki film avataar mein chitrit kiya gaya hai), abhineta fred sevej aur raajanaitik samaalochak raahel medo iske mahatvapoorn snaatak hain. .

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atirikt pathan

  • ronaald N bresavel, treej of stainaford end envaayarans (stainaford historikl society, 2005)
  • ken feinyo, the stainaford daily 100 iyars of hedalaains (2003/10/01) ISBN 0-9743654-0-8
  • jeen fetar, kvesachans end edamishn: reflection on 100.000 edamishn deesijn eight stainaford (1997/07/01) ISBN 0-8047-3158-6
  • rikaard jonkaas, David numan aur paul vi. turner. stainaford university the kaimpas guide. prinsatan aarkeetekacharal press, 2006. Available online .
  • stuart dablyoo. lesli, the kold vaar end American science:-the militri-industrial-academic complex eight MIT end stainaford, Columbia vishvavidyaalaya press 1994
  • rebeka S. lovein, aar.S lovein, kriyeting the kold vaar university: the traansaforameshan of stainaford, California vishvavidyaalaya press 1997

pradarshan

  • DVD: lejend of stainaford (2008/09/23) UPC: 182490000514 Amazon entry

baahya link