sooryapath

khagoleeya madhya rekha pruthvi ki bhoomadhya rekha ke theek oopar hai aur kraantivrutt se 23.4 degree ke kon par hai. 21 March aur 23 sitmbar (vishuv/ikvinoks ke din) ko kraantivrutt aur khagoleeya madhya rekha ek dusare ko kaatati hain. 21 June aur 21 December (sankraanti/saulsatis ke din) ko kraantivrutt aur khagoleeya madhya rekha ek dusare se charam doori par hote hain.

khagolashaastr mein kraantivrutt ya sooryapath ya ऍkliptik aakaash ke khagoleeya gole par vah maarg hai jise jameen par baithe kisi darshak ke drushtikon se sooraj varsh bhar mein leta hai.

aam bhaasha mein agar yeh kalpana ki jaae ke pruthvi ek kaalpanik gole se ghiri hui hai (jise khagoleeya gola kaha jaata hai) aur sooraj usapar sthit ek roshani hai, to agar saalabhar ke liye koi har roj dopahar ke baraah baje sooraj khagoleeya gole par jahaaain sthit hai vahaaain ek kaalpanik bindu bana de aur fir in 365 binduon (varsh ke har din ka ek bindu) ko jod de aur us rekha ko donon taraf badhaakar kshitij ki or le jaae to use kraantivrutt mil jaaega. kraantivrutt khagoleeya gole par bana hua ek kaalpanik mahaavrutt (great circle) hota hai. kyonki apne kaksha mein sooraj ki parikrama karti hui pruthvi ka aksh (aiksis) 23.4° ke kon (aingal) par hai isliye yahi kon kraantivrutt (ऍkliptik) aur khagoleeya madhya rekha (sailaistiyl ikvetar) mein bhi hai.

anya bhaashaaoain mein

"kraantivrutt" ko angreji mein "ऍkliptik" (ecliptic) aur arabi-faarasi mein "daayara al-barooj" (دaaاaaیaaرaaةaaاaaلaaبaaرaaوaaج) kehte hain. "khagoleeya madhya rekha" ko angreji mein "sailaistiyl ikvetar" (celestial equator) kehte hain. "khagoleeya gole" ko angreji mein "sailaistiyl sfeyar" (celestial sphere), faarasi mein "kara-A-aasmaan" (کaaرaaه آaaسaaمaaاaaن) aur bangaali mein "kh-golok" (খ-গaaোaaলaaক) kehte hain.

bhinn mausamon mein sooraj ki kraantivrutt par sthiti

vishuv (ikvinoks) ke dinon mein, jo 21 March aur 23 sitmbar ko aate hain, baarah baje sooraj theek pruthvi ki bhoomadhya rekha ke theek oopar hota hai. kyonki khagoleeya madhya rekha ki paribhaasha yahi hai ke vah pruthvi ke bhoo madhya rekha ke oopar hoti hai, isliye in kraantivrutt aur khagoleeya madhya rekha in do sthaanon mein ek dusare ko kaatati hain. sankraanti (saulsatis) ke dinon mein (21 June aur 21 December) sooraj pruthvi ki bhoomadhya rekha se sab se adhik doori par hota hai, jo yahi kraantivrutt ki bhi khagoleeya madhya rekha se charam dooriyon ke do din hain.

ise bhi dekhein