soorat

soorat
shahar jila mukhyaalaya
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Gujarat
kshetrafal 327 ki.mee²

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 21°a10′aN 72°a50′aE / 21.17°aN 72.83°aE / 21.17; 72.83 soorat Gujarat praant ka ek pramukh shahar hai. yeh shahar soorat jile ka prashaasanik mukhyaalaya bhi hai. taapi nadi soorat shahar ke madhya se hokar gujarati hai. soorat mukhyat: kapda udyog aur daayamand cutting & polishing ke liye prasiddh hai, isliye is shahar ko silk city aur daayamand city ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai|


anukram

itihaas

aisa samjha jaata hai ki aadhunik soorat shahar ki sthaapana pandrahavi sadi ke antim varshon mein hui| kaha jaata hai ki 1516 mein ek hindu braahman gopi ne ise basaaya tha. 12veen se 15veen shataabdi tak yeh shahar muslim shaasakon, purtagaaliyon, muglon aur maraathon ke aakramanon ka shikaar hua. 1514 mein purtagaali yaatri duaarate baarabosa ne soorat ka varnan ek mahattvapoorn bandargaah ke roop mein kiya tha. 18veen shataabdi mein dheere-dheere soorat ka patan hone laga tha. us samay angrej aur dach, donon ne soorat par niyantran ka daava kiya, lekin 1800 mein angrejon ka is par adhikaar ho gaya.

bhaugolik sthiti

soorat Bhaarat ke pashchim mein sthit hai aur iske nirdeshaank 21.17º u. evam 72.83º pu. hai|

yaataayaat aur parivhan

yeh sadak, rel aur havaai maargon se juda hua hai.

krushi aur khanij

aaspaas ke ilaake mein kheti hoti hai. kapaas, baajara, dalahan aur chaaval yahaaain ki mukhya paidaavaar hain. vastrodyog soorat shahar mein hi keindrit hai. 1990 mein ganna, angoor aur kele jaise nakadi fsalo ki kheti ki shuruaat ki gayi.

udyog aur vyaapaar

purtagaaliyon dvaara (1512 evam 1530) soorat ko jala diye jaane ke baad yeh ek bada vikraya kendra bana, jahaaain se kapde aur sone ka niryaat hota tha. vastrodyog aur jahaaj nirmaan yahaaain ke mukhya udyog the. angrejon ne 1612 mein pehli baar apni vyaapaarik chauki yaheen par sthaapit ki thi. yahaaain ke sooti, reshami, kimkhvaab (jareedaar kapda) ke vastr tatha sone va chaaaindi ki vastuen prasiddh hain. soorat ke heere par paulish ke udyog ne pravaasi majdooron kon apni aur aakarshit kiya hai. vartamaan mein soorat shahar desh mein vastr nirmaan mein pratham sthaan par hai. yahaaain par har prakaar ke vastron saadi, dres maiteriyl aur sabhi prakaar ke redeemed vastron ka bhi vruhat paimaane par utpaadan hota hai. yahaaain par Bhaarat ke lagbhag sabhi raajyon ke log nivaas karte hai.isi kaaran yeh "laghu Bhaarat"ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai.

janasankhya

19veen shataabdi ke madhya mein soorat ek gatiheen nagar tha, jiski aabaadi 80,000 thi, lekin bhaarateeya railway ki shuruaat ke saath soorat fir se samruddh hone laga. 2011 ki janaganana ke anusaar nagar ki janasankhya 44,67,797 hai. soorat jile ki kul janasankhya 49,96,391 hai.

jalavaayu

jile se ausat vaarshik varsha 1,071 mimi hai.

soorat ke samaachaar patra

inhein bhi dekhein