skand puraan

skand puraan
स्कन्दपुराण.gif
geetaapres Gorakhpur ka aavaran prushth
lekhak vedavyaas
desh Bhaarat
bhaasha sanskrut
shrrunkhala puraan
vishay shaiv, skand bhakti
prakaar pramukh shaiv evam kaartikeya leela pradhaan granth
prushth 81,100 shlok

vibhinn vishyon ke vistrut vivechan ki drushti se puraanon mein skandapuraan sabse bada hai. Bhagwan skand ke dvaara kathit hone ke kaaran iska naam 'skandapuraan' hai.

yeh khandaatmak aur sanhitaatmak do svaroopon mein upalabdh hai. donon khandon mein 81-81 hajaar shlok hain. khandaatmak skand puraan mein kramash: maaheshvar, vaishnav, braahm, kaashi, avanti (taapti aur revaakhand) naagar tatha prabhaas-ye saat khand hain. sanhitaatmak skandapuraan mein sanatkumaar, shankar, braahm, saur, vaishnav aur soot-chh: sanhitaaeain hain. ismein badarikaashram, ayodhya, jagannaathapuri, raameshvar, kanyaakumaari, prabhaas, dvaaraka, kaashi, kaanchi aadi teerthon ki mahima; ganga, narmada, yamuna, sarasvati aadi nadiyon ke udgam ki manorath kathaaeain; raamaayan, bhaagavataadi granthon ka maahaatmya, vibhinn maheenon ke vrat-parv ka maahaatmya tatha shivraatri, satyanaaraayan aadi vrat-kathaaeain atyant rochak shaili mein prastut ki gayi hain. vichitr kathaaon ke maadhyam se bhaugolik gyaan tatha praacheen itihaas ki lalit prastuti is puraan ki apni visheshata hai. aaj bhi ismein varnit vibhinn vrat-tyohaaron ke darshan Bhaarat ke ghar-ghar mein kiye ja sakte hain.

ismein laukik aur paaralaukik jnyaaanake anant upadesh bhare hain. ismein dharm, sadaachaar, yog, gyaan tatha bhaktike sundar vivechanake saath anekon saadhu-mahaatmaaon ke sundar charitra piroye gaye hain. aaj bhi ismein varnit aachaaron, paddhatiyonke darshan hindu samaaj ke ghar-gharamein kiye ja sakte hain. iske atirikt ismein Bhagwan shivki mahima, sati-charitra, Shiv-paarvati-vivaah, kaartikeya-janm, taarakaasur-vadh aadi ka manohar varnan hai.[1]

anukram

vistaar

skand puraan ek shatakoti puraan hai. jismein Shiv ki mahima ka varnan kiya hai, uske saarabhoot arth ka vyaasaji ne skandapuraan mein varnan kiya hai. skand puraan ikyaasi hajaar shlokon se yukt hai evam saat khand hai. pehle khand ka naam maaheshvar khand hai, ismein baarah hajaar se kuchh kam shlok hai. doosra vaishnavakhand hai, teesara brahmakhand hai. chautha kaasheekhand evam paanchavaaain avanteekhand hai fir kramash: naagar khand evam prabhaas khand hai.[2]

skand puraan ki sankshipt jaankaari[3]

skand puraan mein pramukh paaainch khand ke saath saath anya do khand aur hai, jinka sankshipt vivran is prakaar hai-

maaheshvarakhand

pehle khand ka naam maaheshvar khand hai, yeh param pavitra tatha vishaal kathaaon se paripoorn hai, ismein saikadon uttam charitra hai. maaheshvar khand ke bheetar kedaar maahaatmaya mein puraan aarambh hua hai, usamein pehle daksh yagya ki katha hai, iske baad shivling poojan ka fl bataaya gaya hai, iske baad samudra manthan ki katha aur devaraaj indr ke charitra ka varnan hai, fir paarvati ka upaakhyaan aur unke vivaah ka prasang hai, tatpashchaat Kumar skand ki utpatti aur taarakaasur ke saath unke yuddh ka varnan hai, fir paashupat ka upaakhyaan aur chand ki katha hai, fir doot ki niyukti ka kathan aur naaradaji ke saath samaagam ka vrutaant hai, iske baad Kumar maahaatmya ke prasang mein panchateerth ki katha hai, dharmavarma raaja ki katha tatha nadiyon aur samudron ka varn hai, tadanantar indradyumn aur naadeejang ki katha hai, fir maheenadi ke praadurbhaav aur daman ki katha hai, tatpashchaat mahi saakar sangam aur kumaaresh ka vrutaant hai, iske baad naana prakaar ke upaakhyaanon sahit taarak yuddh aur taarakaasur ke vadh ka varnan hai, fir panchaling sthaapan ki katha aayi hai, tadanantar dveepon ka punyamayi varnan oopar ke lokon ki sthiti brahmaand ki sthiti aur usaka maan tatha varkareshaki katha hai, fir vaasudev ka maatmya aur kotiteerth ka varnan hai. tadanantar guptakshetr mein naana teerthon ka aakhyaan kaha gaya hai, paandavon ki punyamayi katha aur barbareek ki sahaayata se mahaavidya ke saadhan ka prasang hai, tatpashchaat teerthayaatra ki samaapti hai, tadanantar arunaachal ka maahaatmaya hai tatha sanak aur brahmaaji ka samvaad hai. Gauri ki tapasya ka varnan tatha vahaan ke bhinn bhinn teerthon ka varnan hai, mahishaasur ki katha aur uske vadh ka param adbhut prasang kaha gaya hai.

vaishnav-khand

Bhagwan kaartikeya

doosra vaishnavakhand hai, ismein pehle bhoomi aur vaaraah Bhagwan ke samvaad ka varnan hai, fir kamala ki pavitra katha aur shreenivaas ki sthiti ka varnan hai, tadanantar kumhaar ki katha tatha suvarnamukhari nadi ke maahaatmaya ka varnan hai, fir anek upaakhyaanon se yukt bharadvaaj ki adbhut katha hai, iske baad matang aur anjan ke paapanaashak samvaad ka varnan hai, fir utkal pradesh ke purushottam kshetr ka maahaatmaya kaha gaya hai, tatpashchaar maarkandeyaji ki katha, raaja ambareesh ka vrutaant, indradyumn ka aakhyaan aur vidyaapati ki shubh katha ka ullekh hai. brahman ! iske baad jaimini aur naarad ka aakhyaan hai, fir neelakanth aur nrusinh ka varnan hai, tadanantar ashvamegh yagya ki katha aur raaja aa brahmalok mein gaman kaha gaya hai, tatpashchaat rathayaatra vidhi aur jap tatha snaan ki vidhi kahi gayi hai. fir dakshinaamoorti ka upaakhyaan aur gundicha ki katha hai, rath raksha ki vidhi aur Bhagwan ke shayanotsav ka varnan hai, iske baad raaja shvet ka upaakhyaan kaha gaya ahai vir pruthu utsav ka niroopan hai, Bhagwan ke dolotsav tatha saanvatsarik vrat ka varnan hai, tadanantar uddaalak ke niyog se Bhagwan vishnu ki nishkaam pooja ka pratipaadan kiya gaya hai, fir moksh saadhan bataakar naana prakaar ke yogon ka niroopan kiya gaya hai, tatpashchaat dashaavataar ki katha ar snaan aadi ka varnan hai, iske baad badarikaashram teerth ka paap naashak maahaatmaya bataaya gaya hai, us prasang mein agni aadi teerthon aur garun shila ki mahima hai, vahaan Bhagwan ke nivaas ka kaaran bataaya gaya hai. fir kapaalamochan teerth panchadhaara teerth aur merusansthaan ki katha hai, tadanantar kaartik maas ka maahaatmya praarambh hota hai, usame madanaalas ke maahaatmaya ka varnan hai, dhoomrakeshaka upaakhyaan aur kaartik maas mein pratyek din ke krutya ka varnan hai, ant mein bheeshm panchak vrat ka pratipaadan kiya gaya hai, jo bhog aur moksh dene wala hai. tatpashchaat maargasheersh ke maahaatmya mein snaan ki vidhi bataayi gayi hai, fir pundraadi keertan aur maala dhaaran ka punya kaha gaya hai, Bhagwan ko panchaamrut se snaan karavaane tatha ghanta bajaane aadi ka punyafl bataaya gaya hai. naana prakaar ke foolon se bhagavatpoojan ka fl aur tulaseedal ka maahaatmya bataaya gaya hai, Bhagwan ko naivaidya lagaane ki mahima, ekaadashi ke din keertan akhand ekaadasi vrat rahane ka punya aur ekaadashi ki raat mein jaagaran karne ka fl bataaya gaya hai. iske baad matsyotsav ka vidhaan aur naamamaahaatmya ka keertan hai, Bhagwan ke dhyaan aadi ka punya tatha Mathura ka maahaatmya bataaya gaya hai, Mathura teerth ka uttam maahaatmaya alag kaha gaya hai aur vahaan ke baarah vanon ki mahima varnan kiya gaya hai. tatpashchaat is puraan mein shreemadabhaagavat ke uttam maahaatmya ka pratipaadan kiya gaya hai is prasang mein bajranaabh aur shaandilya ke samvaad ka ullekh kiya gaya hai jo braj ki aantarik leelaaon ka prashaasak hai. tadanantar maagh maas mein snaan daan aur jap karne ka maahaatmya bataaya gaya hai, jo naana prakaar ke aakhyaanon se yukt hai, maagh maahaatmya ka das adhyaayon mein pratipaadan kiya gaya hai, tatpashchaat baishaakh maahaatmya mein shayyaadaan aadi ka fl kaha gaya hai, fir jaladaan ki vidhi kaamopaakhyaan shukadev chart vyaadh ki adbhut katha aur akshayatruteeya aadi ke punya ma vishesh roop se varnan hai, iske baad ayodhya maahaatmya praarambh karke usame chakrateerth brahmateerth rinamochan teerth paapamochan teerth sahastradhaaraateerth svargadvaarateerth chandrahariteerth dharmahariteerth svarnavrushtiteerth ki katha aur tiloda-sarayoo-sangam ka varnan hai, tadanantar seetaakund guptahariteerth sarayoo-ghaaghara-sangam goprachaarateerth ksheerodakateerth aur bruhaspatikund aadi paanch teerthon ki mahima ka pratipaadan kiya gaya hai, tatpashchaat ghoshaark aadi terah teerthon ka varnan hai. fir gayaakoop ke sarvapaapanaashak maahaatmya ka kathan hai, tadananatar maandavyaashram aadi, ajit aadi tatha maanas aadi teerthon ka varnan kiya gaya hai.

brahmakhand

isame pehle setumaahaatmya praarambh karke vahaan ke snaan aur darshan ka fl bataaya gaya hai, fir gaalav ki tapasya tatha raakshas ki katha hai, tatpashchaat deveepattan mein chakrateerth aadi ki mahima, vetaalateerth ka maahaatmya aur paapanaash aadi ka varnan hai, mangal aadi teerth ka maahaatmya brahmakund aadi ka varnan hanumatkund ki mahima tatha agastyaateerth ke fl ka kathan hai, raamateerth aadi ka varnan lakshmeeteerth ka niroopan shankhateerth ki mahima saadhyaateerth ke prabhaavon ka varnan hai, fir raameshvar ki mahima tatvajnyaaan ka upadesh tatha setu yaatra vidhi ka varnan hai, iske baad dhanushakoti aadi ka maahaatmya ksheerakund aadi ki mahima gaayatri aadi teerthon ka maahaatmya hai. iske baad dharmaaranya ka uttam maahaatmaya bataaya gaya hai jisme Bhagwan Shiv ne skand ko tatv ka upadesh diya hai, fir dharmaanya ka praadurbhaav uske punya ka varnan karmasiddhi ka upaakhyaan tatha rishivansh ka niroopan kiya gaya hai, iske baad varnaashram dharm ke tatv ka niroopan hai, tadanantar devasthaan-vibhaag aur bakulaaditya ki shubh katha ka varnan hai. vahaan chhaatraananda shaanta shreemaata maatangini aur punyada ye paanch deviyaan sada sthit bataayi gayi hai. iske baad yahaan indreshvar aadi ki mahima tatha dvaaraka aadi ka niroopan hai, lohaasur ki katha gangaakoop ka varnan shreeraamachandr ka charitra tatha satyamandir ka varnan hai, fir jeernoddhaar ki mahima ka kathan aasanadaan jaatibhed varnan tatha smruti-dharm ka niroopan hai. iske baad anek upaakhyaano se yukt vaishnav dharm ka niroopan hai. iske baad munyamaya chaaturamaasya ka maahaatmya praarambh karke usamein paalan karne yogya sab dharmon ka niroopan kiya gaya hai, fir daan ki prasansa vrat ki mahima tapasya aur pooja ka maahaatmya tatha sachhoodr ka kathan hai, iske baad prakrutiyon ke bhed ka varnan shaalagraam ke tatv ka niroopan taarakaasur ke vadh ka upaaya, garudapoojan ki mahima, vishnu ka shaap, vrukshabhaav ki praapti, paarvati ka anubhav, Bhagwan Shiv ka taandav nrutya, raamanaam ki mahima ka niroopan shivlingapatan ki katha, paijavan shoodr ki katha, paarvati ke janm aur charitra, taarakaasur ka adbhut vadh, pranav ke aishvarya ka kathan, taarakaasur ke charitra ka punarvanan, daksh-yagya ki samaapti, dvaadashaaksharamantr ka niroopan jnyaaanayog ka varnan, dvaadash sooryon ki mahima tatha chaaturmaasya-maahaatmya ke shravan aadi ke punya ka varnan, kiya gaya hai, jo manushyon ke liye kalyaanakaarak hai. iske baad braahmottar bhaag mein Bhagwan Shiv ki adbhut mahima panchaaksharamantr ke maahaatmya tatha gokarn ki mahima hai, iske baad shivraatri ki mahima pradoshavrat ka varnan hai, tatha somavaaravrat ki mahima evam seemantini ki katha hai. fir bhadraayu ki utpatti ka varnan sadaachaar-niroopan shivkavach ka upadesh bhadraayu ke vivaah ka varnan bhadraayu ki mahima bhasm-maahaatmya-varnan, shabar ka upaakhyaan umaamaheshvar vrat ki mahima rudraaksh ka maahaatmya rudraadhyaaya ke punya tatha brahmakhand ke shravan aadi ki mahima ka varnan hai.

kaasheekhand

kaasheekhand mein vindhyaparvat aur naaradaji ka samvaad ka varnan hai, satyalok ka prabhaav, agastya ke aashram mein devataaon ka aagaman, pativrataacharitr, tatha teerth yaatra ki prasansha hai, iske baad saptapuri ka varnan sayanmini ka niroopan shivsharma ko soorya indr aur agni lok ki praapti ka ullekh hai. agni ka praadurbhaav niriti tatha varun ki utpatti, gandhavati alakaapuri ar ishaanapuri ke udbhav ka varnan, chandr soorya budh mangal tatha bruhaspati ke lok brahmalok vishnulok dhruvalok aur tapolok ka varnan hai. iske baad dhruvalok ki punyamayi katha, satyalok ka nireekshan, skand agastya samvaad, manikrnika ki utpatti, gangaaji ka praakatya, gangaasahastranaam, kaasheepuri ki prashansa, bhairav ka aavirbhaav, dandapaani tatha jnyaaanavaapi ka udbhav, kalaavati ki katha, sadaachaar niroopan brahmachaari ka aakhyaan stri ke lakshan, kartavyaakartavya ka nirdesh, avimukteshvar ka varnan, gruhasth yogi ke dharm, kaalajnyaaan, divodaas ki punyamayi katha, kaashi ka varnan, bhootal par maaya ganapati ka praadurbhaav, vishnumaaya ka prapanch, divodaas ka moksh, panchanad teerth ki utpatti, vindumaadhav ka praakatya, kaashi ka vaishnav teerth ka darja, shooladhaari shivji ka kaashi mein aagaman, jogeeshavya ke saath samvaad, maheshvar ka jyeshtheshvar naam hona, kshetraakhyaan kandukeshvar aur vyaaghreshvar ka praadurbhaav, shaileshvar ratneshvar tath kruttivaasheshvar ka praakatya, devataaon ka adhishthaan, durgaasur ka paraakram, durgaaji ki vijay, ooainkaareshvar ka varnan, pun: ooainkaareshvar ka maahaatmya, trilochan ka praadurbhaav kedaareshvar ka aakhyaan, dharmeshvar ki katha, vishnubhuja ka praakatya, veereshvar ka aakhyaan, gangaamaahaatmyakeertan, vishvakarmeshvar ki mahima, dakshayajnyaodbhav, sateesh aur amrutesh aadi ka maahaatmya paraasharanandan vyaasaji ki bhujaaon ka stambhan, kshetr ke teerthon ka samudaaya, muktimndap ki katha vishvanaathaji ka vaibhav, tadanantar kaashi ki yaatra aur parikrama ka varnan kaasheekhand ke andar hai.

avanteekhand

isame mahaakaalavan ka aakhyaan, brahmaaji ke mastak ka chhedan, praayashchit vidhi agni ki utpatti devataaon ka aagaman devadeeksha naana prakaar ke paatakon ka naash karne wala shivstotr kapaalamochan ki katha, mahaakaalavan ki sthiti, kakaleshvar ka mahaapaapanaashak teerth apsaraakund, punyadaayak rudrasarovar, kutumbesh vidhyaadhareshvar tatha markateshvar teerth ka varnan hai, tatpashchaat svargadvaar chatu:sindhuteerth, shankaravaapika, shankaraaditya, paapanaashak gandhavateerth, dashaashvameghaadi teerth, ananshateerth harisiddhipradateerth pishaachaadiyaatra, hanumadeeshvar kavacheshvar mahaakaleshvarayaatra, valmeekeshvar teerth, shukreshvar aur nakshatreshvar teerth ka upaakhyaan, kushasthali ki parikrama akroor teerth ekapaadateerth chandraarkavaibhavateerth, karabheshateerth, ladukeshateerth, maarkandeshvarateerth, yajnyaavaapeeteerth, someshavarateerth, narakaantakateerth, kedaareshvar raameshvar saubhaageshvar, tatha naraaditya teerth, keshavaaditya teerth, shaktibhedateerth svarnasaaramukh teerth, ooainkaareshvarateerth, andhakaasur ke dvaara stuti keertan kaalavan mein Shiv lingon ki sankhya tatha svarnashrangeshvar teerth ka varnan hai. kushasthali avanti evam ujjyaneepuri ke padmaavati kumudvati amaraavati vishaala tatha pratiklpa in naamon ka ullekh hai, inka uchchaaran jvar ki shaanti karne wala hai, tatpashchat shipra mein snaan aadi ka fl naagon dvaara ki hui Bhagwan shivki stuti hirnyaaksh vadh ki katha sundarakundateerth neelaganga pushkarateerth vindhyavaasanateerth purushottamateerth aghanaashanateerth gomateeteerth vaamanakundateerth vishnusahastranaam keertan veereshvarateerth kaalabhairavateerth naagapanchami ki mahiaa nrusinhajayanti kutumbeshvarayaatra devasaadhakakeertan, karkaraajateerth, vighneshaaditeerth, surohanateerth, ka varnan kiya gaya hai. rudrakund aadi mein anek teerthon ka niroopan kiya gaya hai, tadanantar aath teerthon ki punyamayi teerthayaatra ka vivran hai. iske baad narmada nadi ka maahaatmaya bataaya gaya hai, jismein yudhishthar ke vairaagya tatha maarkandeyaji ke saath unke samaagam ka varnan hai. iske baad pehle pralayakaaleen samay ka anubhav ka varnan amrutakeertan kalp kalp mein narmada ke alag alag naamon ka varnan narmadaaji ka aarshastotr kaalaraatri ki katha, mahaadevaji ki stuti alag alag kalp ki adbhut katha, vishlya ki katha, jaaleshvar ki katha, gaureevrat ka vivran, tripuradaah ki katha, dehapaatavidhi, kaaveri sangam, daarooteerth, brahmavart ishvarakatha, agniteerth sooryateerth meghanaadaadi teerth daarookateerth devateerth narmadeshateerth kapilaateerth karanjakateerth kundaleshateerth pipplaaditeerth vimleshvarateerth, shoolabhedanateerth, alag alag daanadharm deerghatapa ki katha, rishyashrang ka upaakhyaan, chitrasen ki punyamayi katha, kaashiraaj ka moksh, devashila ki katha, shabareeteerth, pavitra vyaadhopaakhyaan, pushkaneeteerth arkateerth aadityeshvarateerth, shakrateerth, karotiteerth, kumaareshvarateerth agasteshvarateerth aanandeshvarateerth maatruteerth lokeshvar, dhaneshvar mangaleshvar tatha kaamajateerth naageshvarateerth varaneshvarateerth dadhiskandaaditeerth hanumadeeshvarateerth raameshvarateerth someshvarateerth pingaleshvarateerth rinamoksheshvar kapileshvar pootikeshvar, jaleshaya, chandaark yamateerth kaalhodeeshvar nandikeshvar naaraayaneshvar koteeshvar vyaasateerth prabhaasateerth sankarshanateerth prashreshvarateerth erandeeteerth suvarnashilaateerth, karanjateerth, kaamarateerth, bhaandeerateerth, rohineebhavateerth chakrateerth dhautapaapateerth aangirsateerth kotiteerth anyonyateerth angaarateerth trilochanateerth indreshateerth kambukeshateerth, somateshateerth, kohaleshateerth, narmadaateerth, arkateerth, aagneyateerth, uttamabhaargaveshvarateerth, braahmateerth, daivateerth, maargeshateerth, aadivaaraaheshvar, raameshvarateerth, siddheshvarateerth, ahalyaateerth, kankateshvarateerth, shakrateerth, somateerth, naadeshateerth, koyeshateerth, rukmini aadi teerthon ka vivechan hai. iske saath hi naagar khand mein bhi teerthon ka varnan hai prabhaasakhand mein vibhinn naamॊn se shivji ke sthaanon ka vivechan hai.

sandarbh

  1. geetaapres daat kaam
  2. skand puraan-geetaapres Gorakhpur
  3. skand puraan-geetaapres Gorakhpur

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