siteegroop

Citigroup Inc.
prakaar Public
NYSE: C
TYO: 8710
udmog Banking
Financial services
sthaapana New York City, New York (1812)
mukhyaalaya New York City, New York, U.S.
kshetr Worldwide
pramukh vyakti Richard D. Parsons (Chairman)
Vikram Pandit (CEO)
John Gerspach (CFO)
utpaad Consumer banking
Corporate banking
Investment banking
Global wealth management
Financial analysis
Private equity
raajasv Red Arrow Down.svg $80.285 billion (2009)[1]
prachaalan aay Green Arrow Up Darker.svg $32.463 billion (2009)[1]
laabh Red Arrow Down.svg -$1.606 billion (2009)[1]
kul sampatti Red Arrow Down.svg $1.938 trillion (2Q 2010)
kul ikviti Green Arrow Up Darker.svg $157.330 billion (2Q 2010)[1]
karmachaari 259,000 (2Q 2010)[1]
website Citigroup.com
Citigroup ka vishv mukhyaalaya bhavan, 399 park evenyoo, New York city.
Citigroup center, New York city.

Citigroup ink. (Citi ke naam se brand kiya gaya) New York shahar mein aadhaarit ek pramukh ameriki vitteeya seva company hai. Citigroup ka gathan, itihaas ka sabse bada vilay tha jo vishaal banking company siteekaurp (Citicorp) aur vitteeya samooh trevelarsagrup (Travelers Group) ke sanyojan se 7 April 1998 ko falit hua.[2]

Citigroup ink. duniya ki sabse badi vitteeya seva network hai, jo lagbhag 16,000 kaaryaalayon ke saath duniya bhar mein 140 deshon mein faili hui hai. is company ke duniya bhar mein lagbhag 260,000 karmachaari hain aur ismein 140 se adhik deshon mein 200 million se adhik graahakon ka khaata hai. yeh US trejari pratibhootiyon mein ek praathamik dealer hai[3].

2008 ke vitteeya sankat ke dauraan Citigroup ko bhaari nuksaan sahana pada aur November 2008 mein ameriki sarkaar dvaara bade paimaane par diye gaye ek belaaaut (aarthik sahaayata) dvaara usaka bachaav hua.[4] iske sabse bade sheyaradhaarakon mein midl East aur Singapore ke dhan shaamil hain.[5] 27 fravari 2009 mein, Citigroup ne ghoshana ki ki sanyukt raajya sarkaar is company mein 36% share legi jiske tahat 25 billion dollar ki aapaatkaaleen sahaayata aam sheyaron mein tabdeel hogi; yeh hissa ghata kar 27% kar diya gaya jab Citigroup ne apne aam sheyaron mein se 21 billion share aur ikviti bech diye joki ameriki itihaas mein sabse badi ekal share bikri thi aur jo ek maah pehle bank of America ke dvaara beche gaye 19 billion dollar ke shayar ko bhi paar kar gayi.

Citigroup, sanyukt raajya America ke chaar bade bankon mein se ek hai, jinmein shaamil hai bank of America, JP maurgan ches aur vels faarago.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

anukram

itihaas

Citigroup ka gathan 8 October 1998 ko siteekaurp aur trevelars group ke beech hue 140 billion dollar ke vilay ke pashchaat hua, jiska uddeshya vishv ki sabse badi vitteeya seva sangathan banaana tha.[2] is prakaar, company ka itihaas, kai companiyon ke kaamkaaj mein vibhaajit hai jo samay-samay par ya to siteekaurp ke saath milti gayi, joki 100 se bhi adhik deshon mein sanchaalan karti ek bahuraashtreeya banking nigam hai; ya trevelars group mein shaamil ho gayi, jiske vyavasaaya mein kredit sevaaen, upabhokta vitt, dalaali aur beema shaamil hain. isliye company ke itihaas ki ganana nimnalikhit companiyon ki sansthaapana ki taareekh se shuroo hoti hai: 1812 mein, city bank of New York (aage chalakar siteebaink); 1870 mein, bank haindalovi; 1873 mein smith baarni, 1873 mein baanaameks; 1910 mein sauloman brothers.[13]

siteekaurp (Citicorp)

iske itihaas ki shuruaat city bank of New York se hui, jo New York raajya dvaara 16 June 1812 ko 2 million dollar ke saath shaasapatrit kiya gaya. New York ke vyaapaariyon ke samooh ke liye kaarya karte hue vyaapaar ke liye is bank ko usi varsh 14 September ko khola gaya aur saimyool osagud ko company ke pratham adhyaksh ke roop mein chuna gaya.[14] 1865 mein company ke naam ko badal kar di naishanal city bank of New York kar diya gaya, aisa uske nae ameriki raashtreeya banking pranaali se judne ke baad aur 1865 tak sabse bade ameriki bank banane ke baad kiya gaya.[14] yeh 1913 mein Federal reserve bank of New York ke liye pehla yogadaan karta bana aur agale varsh isne ek U.S. bank ki pehli videshi shaakha ka udghaatan byoonas aayars mein kiya, haalaanki bank unneesaveen sadi ke madhya ke baad se krushi arthavyavastha mein sakriya raha, udaaharan ke liye kyooba ke cheeni udyog. 1918 mein U.S. ovaraseej bank antararaashtreeya banking kauraporeshan ki khareed ne ise 1 billion dollar sampatti ko paar karne waali pehli ameriki bank banane mein madad ki aur 1929 mein yeh vishv ki sabse badi vaanijyik bank ban gayi.[14] jaise-jaise yeh viksit hota gaya, yeh bank vitteeya sevaaon mein ek agraneeya prarvatak ban gaya, iske saath hi yeh bachat (1921); asurakshit vyaktigat rin (1928); graahak jaanch khaaton (1936) aur parakraamya jama pramaan patra (1961) par yaugik byaaj ki peshakash karne wala pehla pramukh Amreeki bank ban gaya.[14]

1955 mein is bank ne apna naam badal kar di first naishanal city bank of New York rakh liya, jo 1962 mein company ke 150 veen varshagaanth par chhota karke first naishanal city bank kar diya gaya.[14] is company ne vyavasthit roop se patte aur kredit card kshetron mein pravesh kiya aur iske dvaara London mein shuroo kiya gaya USD jama pramaanapatr 1888 se baajaar mein sabse pehla naya parakraamya likht ke roop mein chihnit hua. bank ne 1967 mein apni first naishanal city chaarj service kredit card ki shuruaat ki - jo aam taur par "evareething card" ke naam se jaana jaata tha aur jo aage chal kar maastarkaard bana.[14]

1976 mein, CEO vaaltar bi. ristan ke netrutv mein first naishanal city bank (aur uske aashrit company first naishanal city korporeshan) ka siteebaink, N.A. ke naam se pun: naamakaran kiya gaya (aur siteekaurp, kramash:). iske kuchh hi samay baad, bank ne siteekaard ki shuruaat ki, jisnein 24-ghante ATM ke upayog ka beeda uthaaya.[14] jaise-jaise bank ka vistaaran hota gaya, 1981 mein naar vauren-kairalaain springs kredit card company ko khareed liya gaya. 1984 mein John S. reed ko CEO bana diya gaya aur city London mein sthit CHAPS samaashodhan gruh ka sansthaapak sadasya bana. unke netrutv mein, aane vaale 14 varshon ne siteebaink ko sanyukt raajya ka sabse bada bank bante dekha, jo vishv mein kredit card aur chaarj card ka sabse bada pradaata bana aur apni vaishvik pahunch ko 90 se bhi adhik deshon mein vistrut kiya.[14]

trevelars group

trevelars group, vilay ke samay, vitteeya masalon ka ek vividh samooh tha, jo CEO saindi veil ke netrutv mein ek saath milaayi gayi. iski jadein kamarshiyl kredit mein thi, jo control deta korporeshan ki ek sahaayak company thi aur jise 1986 mein veil dvaara usi varsh ke poorvaardh mein company ki baagdor sambhaalne ke pashchaat, niji bana diya gaya.[2][15] do varsh baad, veil ne praaimerika ke adhikaansh sheyaron par aadhiptya haasil kar liya - jo ek samooh company thi aur jisne pehle se hi jeevan beema company A L Williams aur saath hi stock dalaal smith baarne ko apne saath mila liya tha. nai company ne praaimerika naam ko dhaaran kiya aur ek aisi "kraus-seling" rananeeti ko apnaaya jiske tahat janak company ke bheetar ke sansthaaon mein se pratyek ne ek doosare ki sevaaon ko bechne ka laksh tay kiya. usaki gair vitteeya vyaapaaron ko band kar diya gaya.[15]

chitr:Travelers logo.png
traivalars ink. (1993-1998) ka kaurporet logo siteekaurp ke saath vilay se pehle.

1992 September mein, traivalars inshyoreins, jo bure achal sampatti nivesh ka saamana kar raha tha[2] aur Andrew toofaan ke baad nirantar hote mahatvapoorn nukasaanon ke chalte[16] December 1993 mein paireemerika ke saath ek rananeetik gathabandhan kiya jisne tahat yeh ek ekal company me ekeekrut ho gayi. is adhigrahan ke saath hi, yeh samooh traivalars ink. ban gaya. iske vyaapaar mein sampatti aur hataahat (proparti end kaijualti) aur jeevan aur vaarshikiyaan jokhim ankan kshamataaen bhi jodi gain.[15] is beech, traivalars ka vishisht laal chhaata logo ko, jo saude mein adhigrahit kiya gaya tha, nae naam vaale sangathan ke daayare me aane vaale sabhi vyaapaaron me laagoo kiya gaya. is avadhi ke dauraan, traivalars ne shearasan lemain ka adhigrahan kiya jo ek khudara dalaali aur aasti prabandhan farm tha jiska netrutv veil ne 1985[2] tak kiya aur use smith baarne ke saath vilay kar diya.[15]

sauloman brothers

ant mein, November 1997 mein, traivalars group (jiska April 1995 mein pun: naamakaran kiya gaya jab etana proparti end kaijualti, ink.), ne sauloman brothers, ko khareedne ka sauda 9 billion dollar mein tay kiya, joki ek pramukh bond dealer aur balj braiket nivesh bank thi.[15]. sauloman brothers ne smith baarne ko nai pratibhooti ikaai mein avashoshit kar liya jiska naam sauloman smith baarne rakha gaya tha; ek saal baad, is prabhaag ne siteekaurp ke poorv pratibhooti prachaalanon ko bhi shaamil kiya. sauloman smith baarne naam antat: October 2003 mein chhod diya gaya aisa vitteeya ghotaalon ki shrrunkhala ke chalte kiya gaya jisnein bank ki pratishtha ko kalankit kar diya.

siteekaurp aur traivalars ka vilay

6 April 1998 ko, siteekaurp aur traivalars group ke vilay ki ghoshana ko saarvajanik kiya gaya, jiske tahat lagbhag 700 billion dollar sampatti waali ek 140 billion dollar ki farm banaai gayi.[2] is saude ne traivalars ko siteekaurp ke khudara graahakon ke liye myuchual fund aur beema ka vipnan karne mein saksham bana diya, jabki banking prabhaagon ko niveshakon aur beema khareedaaron ke vistaarit graahak aadhaar mein abhigm pradaan kiya.

ek vilay ke roop mein prastut kiye jaane ke baavajood, yeh sauda vaastav mein ek share svaip ke jaisa tha, jiske tahat traivalars group ne siteekaurp ke sampoorn sheyaron ko 70 billion dollar mein khareed liya aur pratyek siteekaurp ke share ke badle city group ke 2.5 nae share jari kiye. is tantr ke maadhyam se, pratyek company ke maujooda sheyaradhaarak nai company aadhe bhaag ke maalik ban gaye.[2] jahaan ek or nai company apne naam mein siteekaurp ke "city" brand ko banaae rakhi thi, vaheen doosari or usane traivalars ke vishisht "laal chhaate" ko nae korporet logo ke roop mein apnaaya, jo 2007 tak istemaal kiya gaya.

donon janak companiyon ke adhyaksh John reed aur saindi veil ke naamon ki ghoshana kramash: nai company city group ink. ke sah adhyaksh aur sah CEO ke roop mein ki gayi, haalaanki donon ki prabandhan shailiyon mein bhaari bhinnata ne turant is prakaar ki vyavastha ki upayogita par savaaliya nishaan khada kar diya.

glaas-steegal adhiniyam ke shesh praavadhaan ne - jise great dipreshan ke baad adhiniymit kiya gaya - bankon ko beema under raaitars ke saath vilay hone se mana kiya aur iska aashay tha ki Citigroup ke paas do aur paanch varsh ke beech samay tha ki vah kisi bhi nishiddh sampatti ko viniveshit karta. haalaanki, veil ne vilay ke samay kaha ki unhein yeh vishvaas hai "ki us samay ke baad vidhaan mein parivartan aaega... humne is vishvaas ko haasil karne ke liye paryaapt vichaar vimarsh kiya hai ki yeh ek samasya naheen banegi".[2] daraasal, November 1999 mein gram-leech-blile adhiniyam ka paarit hona reed aur veil ke vichaaron ki pushti karta hai, jiske parinaam svaroop vitteeya seva sangathan ke raaste khul gaye aur vaanijyik banking, nivesh banking, beema jokhim ankan aur brokarej ke mishran ki peshakash sambhav hui.[17]

jo plumeri vilay ke baad siteekaurp aur traivalar group ke upabhokta vyaapaar ke ekeekaran ka netrutv kiya aur reed aur veil dvaara siteebaink north America ke CEO niyukt kiya gaya.[18][19] ve uske 450 khudara shaakhaaon ke network ki dekh rekh kar rahe the.[19][20][21] CIBC opanaheimar ke ek vishleshak J. paul nyoosam ne kaha: "ve prastuteekaran mein kai logon ki ummeedon par khare nahi ootar paae. unhein is kaarya mein gahra gyaan naheen tha. lekin siteebaink ko pata tha ki ek sanstha ke roop mein bank pareshaani mein hai - vah apratyaksh bikri karte hue ab naheen chal sakta tha - aur bank ke prayaason par paani ferane ka plumari mein poora joonoon tha."[22] yeh anumaan lagaaya gaya ki veel aur reed ke pad se hat jaane par sampoorn Citigroup ko chalaane ke liye ek pramukh daavedaar ban jaayega, jisse vah city bank mein ek gahari, pratyaksh prabhaav waali jeet haasil kar sake.[22] us haisiyat mein, plumari ne ikaai ki aay ko ek varsh mein 108 meeliyn dollar se badha kar 415 meeliyn dollar kar diya, jo kareeb 400% ki vruddhi thi.[23][24][25] January 2000 mein ve apratyaashit roop se city bank se sevaanivrutt ho gaye.[26][27]

2000 mein, Citigroup ne esosiyets first kaipitl korporeshan ka adhigrahan kiya jo 1989 tak gulf+western ke svaamitv waali thi (ab naishanal amyoojameint ka hissa hai). "apni hinsak rin paddhati ke kaaran esosiyets ki vyaapak roop se aalochna ki gayi aur city ne antat:, hinsak tareekon jaise "fliping" girvi, vaikalpik kredit bima ke saath "paiking" girvi aur bhraamak vipnan prathaaon ke shikaar graahakon ko 240 million dollar ka bhugataan karne par sahamati vyakt karke federal trade kamishn ke saath maamale ka niptaara kiya.[28]

traivalars ka punargathan

chitr:The Travelers Companies.svg
traivalars companiyon ke liye maujooda logo

company ne 2002 mein apne traivalars proparti end kaijualti beema jokhim ankan vyaapaar ko punargathit kiya. yeh punargathan Citigroup ke share moolyon par beema ikaai ke khinchaav ke dvaara prerit tha kyonki traivalars ki aay badi aapadaaon ke prati adhik mausami aur samvedansheel thi, vishesh roop se 11 sitmbar,2001 ko New York city ke world trade center par hue hamlon ke baad. is prakaar ki bima ko seedhe graahak ko bechana bhi mushkil hota tha kyonki adhikaansh audyogik graahakon ko ek dalaal ke maadhyam se beema khareedne ki aadat thi.

2004 mein di traivalars proparti end kaijualti korporeshan ka vilay di seint paul kanpneej ink. ke saath kar diya gaya jisse seint paul traivalar kanpneej ka gathan hua. Citigroup ne jeevan beema aur vaarshikiyaan jokhim ankan vyavasaaya ko banaae rakha; lekin, usane 2005 mein yeh kaarobaar metalaaif ko bech diya. Citigroup abhi bhi bhaari paimaane par sabhi prakaar ke beema bechata hai, lekin yeh ab beema ka jokhim ankan naheen karta hai.

traivalars inshyoreins ko adhikaar se vanchit karne ke baavajood, city group ne traivalars ki pehchaan laal chhatari logo ko fravari 2007 tak apna banaaye rakha, jab tak vah us logo ko seint paul traivalars[29] ko vaapas bechne ke liye raaji naheen ho gaya, jiska traivalars kanpneej ke naam se punarnaamakaran kiya gaya. city group ne kaurporet brand "city" ko bhi apne aur apni sahaayak companiyon ke liye apnaane ka faisala kiya, jinmein praaimerika aur baanaameks shaamil naheen hain.[29]

sabapraaim girvi sankat

2008 mein jaise-jaise sabapraaim girvi sankat geharaata gaya jamaanati rin daayitv (CDO) ke roop mein sankatagrast girvi ke prati bhaari jhukaav, kharaab jokhim prabandhan ke saath milkar city group ko museebaton ki or le gaya. company ne vistrut jokhim ganiteeya model ka prayog kiya jo vishesh bhaugolik kshetron ke girveeyon par dhyaan keindrit karta hai, lekin ismein raashtreeya aavaas mandi ya is sambhaavana ki ki miliynon girvi dhaarak apne girviyon par chook jaayeinge jaisi sambhaavanaaen kabhi shaamil naheen thi. vaastav mein, vyaapaar pramukh Thomas maaheraas varishth jokhim adhikaari, David bushanel ke niktatam mitr the, jisne jokhim chook ko kam kar diya.[30][31]. jaisa ki kaha jaata hai trejri sachiv, Robert rubin ne un adhiniymon ko hataane mein kaaragar bhoomika nibhaai, jisne 1998 mein traivalars aur siteekorp ke vilay ka maarg prashast kiya. kaha jaata hai ki Citigroup ke nideshak board par, rubin aur Charles prince, company ko sabapraaim bandhak baajaar mein emabeees aur seedeeo ki or dhakelane mein prabhaavashaali rahe.

jaise-jaise sankat ubharana shuroo hua, city group ne 11 April 2007 ko ghoshana ki ki vah ek aise vyaapak punargathan ke tahat 17,000 naukariyon, ya apne karmachaariyon ki sankhya ke 5 pratishat ko samaapt karega, jise laagat mein katauti karne aur lambe samay se apne kharaab pradarshan vaale share ko samarthan dene ke liye banaaya gaya hai.[32] 2007 ki garmiyon mein pratibhooti aur brokarej farm, biar starns ke gambhir museebat mein chale jaane ke baad bhi, Citigroup ne apne CDO ke saath samasyaaon ki sambhaavana ko itna chhota (1% ka 1/100 se kam) maana ki unhonne use apne jokhim vishleshan se baahar kar diya. sankat ke bigadne ke saath, Citigroup ne 7 January 2008 ko ghoshana ki ki vah apne karmachaariyon ki kul sankhya se, jo 327,000 thi, ek baar fir 5 pratishat se 10 pratishat ki chhantaai karne par vichaar kar raha hai.[33]

sangheeya sahaayata

pichhle kai dashakon mein, sanyukt raajya sarkaar ne ab city group ke naam se gyaat sanstha ke liye kam se kam chaar bhinn bachaavon ko taiyaar kiya hai.[34] 2008 tak ke sabse haaliya kar-daata vitt poshit bachaav ke dauraan, sangheeya TARP dvaara vitteeya sahaayata mein 25 billion dollar praapt kiye jaane ke baavajood, city group divaaliya ho chooka tha aur 17 November 2008 ko city group ne naukareeyon mein 52,000 nai katautiyon ki ghoshana ki, jo 2008 mein ki gayi 23,000 katautiyon ke atirikt thi jo chaar timaahiyon se utpann ghaaton aur un riporton ke parinaam svaroop ki gayi jinke anusaar 2010 se pehle uske laabh mein aane ki sambhaavana naheen thi. kai varishth adhikaariyon ko nikaal diya gaya[35] lekin Wall street ne uske sheyaron ki keemat ko do varsh pehle ke 300 billion dollar se ghata kar 6 billion dollar par la kar apni pratikriya di.[36] parinaamasvaroop, city group aur sangheeya niyaamakon ne company ko sthir karne aur company ke moolya mein giraavat ko rokane ke liye ek yojana par baatcheet ki. is vyavastha ke anusaar sarkaar ko takareeban 306 billion dollar ki sahaayata rin aur pratibhootiyon ke roop mein pradaan karne aur lagbhag 20 billion dollar seedhe company mein nivesh karne ke liye kaha gaya. yeh sampatti Citigroup ke baileins sheet mein rahegi; is samjhaute ka takaneeki naam ring feinsing hai. ek New York times ke Op-ed mein, Michael luis aur David enhorn ne 306 billion dollar guaranty ko "ek aprachhann tohafe" ke roop mein varnit kiya jo bina kisi asli sankat ke prerit hua.[37] yeh yojana, 23 November 2008 ko der shaam anumodit ki gayi.[4] trejari dipaartameint, Federal reserve aur Federal dipojit inshyoreins kaurp ke dvaara diye gaye ek sanyukt bayaan mein yeh ghoshana ki gayi ki; "in lenadenon ke saath, ameriki sarkaar vitteeya pranaali aur ameriki kardaataaon ki raksha aur ameriki arthavyavastha ko majaboot banaane ke liye aavashyak kaarravaai kar rahi hai."

2008 ke utaraardh mein Citigroup ke paas mortagej-linkd pratibhootiyon ke 20 billion dollar the, jinmein se adhikaansh, dollar par 21 seint aur 41 seint ke beech chihnit kiye gaye aur jinmein se kraya aur nigmeeya rin ke biliynon dollar the. arthavyavastha ke bigadne ki sthiti mein yeh auto, girvi aur kredit card rin par bhaari hoti hai. [is paira ko ek sandarbh ki aavashyakta hai, vishesh roop se uparokt uddhrut 20 billion dollar ke aankade ko. yeh sambhav hai ki yeh sankhya SIV ke baileins sheet mein anullekhit CDO ke holdings ke moolya gambhir roop se kam aanke gaye.]

16 January 2009 ko, Citigroup ne apne ko do parichaalan ikaaiyon mein punarsangathit karne ke iraade ki ghoshana ki: siteekaurp uske khudara aur nivesh banking ke liye aur city holding brokarej aur sanpatti prabandhan ke liye.[38] abhi ke liye Citigroup ek ekal company ke roop mein kaam karta rahega, lekin city holdings prabandhakon ko yeh kaarya saunpa jaayega ki ve "moolya ko badhaane vaale avsaron aur sanyojan maukon ka laabh uthaaen jaise hi ve ubhare",[38] aur ant mein spin-of ya vilay jismein donon mein se ek sanchaalan ikaai shaamil hon se inkaar naheen kiya gaya.[39] 27 fravari 2009 ko Citigroup ne ghoshana ki ki sanyukt raajya sarkaar dvaara company ikviti ka 36% le liya jaaega jo 25 billion dollar ke aapaatkaaleen sahaayata ko saamaanya sheyaron mein parivrtit karke kiya jaaega. is khabar par city group ke sheyaron mein 40% ki giraavat I.

1 June 2009 ko yeh ghoshana ki gayi ki city group ink. ko dauv jons ke 8 June 2009 se prabhaavi audyogik ausat se uske mahatvapoorn sarkaari svaamitv ki vajah se hataaya jaaega. Citigroup ink. ko city group ki sahaayak farm, beema company traivalars Co. dvaara pratisthaapit kiya gaya.[40]

sanbhaag

city group chaar pramukh vyaapaar samoohon mein vibhaajit hai: upabhokta banking, global dhan prabandhan, global card, sansthaagat graahak samooh.[41]

global kanjyoomar group

2006 mein city group ke is prabhaag ne 30.6 billion dollar raajasv mein aur 4 billion dollar se bhi adhik net aay mein utpann kiya, global kanjyoomar group mein chaar up prabhaag shaamil hai: kaards (kredit kaards), kanjyoomar leinding group (achal sanpatti rin, oto rin, chhaatr rin), kanjyoomar faainains aur retail banking. vyaktigat upabhoktaaon aur saath hi saath shote aur madhyam vyaapaareeyon ko lakshit kar ke, GCG apni vishv bhar mein faili shaakha network mein vitteeya sevaaen pradaan karta hai, inmein banking, rin, beema aur nivesh sevaaen shaamil hai. 31 March 2008 ko, city group ne ghoshana ki ki vah maujooda global kanjyoomar group mein se 2 nae vaishvik vyavasaayon ko banaayeinge - kanjyoomar banking (upabhokta banking) aur global card. is ke baad se yeh badal gaya. kanjyoomar banking "di amerikaaj" mainual madeena mora dvaara prabandhit kiya jaata hai jo baanaameks ke Citigroup ke saath vilay se poorve uske CEO the. pashchimi Europe, madhya Europe aur Asia aise kaarobaar prabandhakon ke dekh rekh mein hai jo upabhokta aur corporate/nivesh donon ke kaarobaar ke liye jimmedaar hai. 2008 ke baad, Citigroup ne siteeholdings ko ek alag ikaai ke roop mein alag kar diya taaki baadhit kaarobaar ka prabandhan kiya ja sake. Citigroup ne New York times dvaara 4 svatantr nideshak manoneet kiya hai (16 March 2009)

city card

city card GCG ke hue laabh ke lagbhag 40% ke liye jimmedaar hai aur yeh sabse bade kredit card pradaata aur saath hi saath 45 deshon mein 3,800 ank ATM (ATM) network ka pratinidhitv karta hai.

upabhokta vitt prabhaag (jo city faainainashiyl ke naam se brainded hai") GCG ke lagbhag 20% laabh ke liye jimmedaar hai aur yeh duniya bhar ke 20 deshon mein graahakon ko niji rin aur homaonar rin pradaan karta hai.[26]. America aur Canada mein iske 2,100 se bhi adhik shaakhaaen maujood hain.[27] September 2000 mein esosiyets first kaipitl ke adhigrahan ne city faainainashiyl ko apni jadein sanyukt raajya America ke baahar failaane mein saksham bana diya, vishesh roop se esosiyets Japan aur Europe mein 700,000 graahakon ka faayda uthaate hue.[28] 2008 mein city ne apni Britain mein apni city faainainashiyl parichaalan ko band kar diya[3].[29] baalteemor, maireelaind mein city faainainashiyl ka netrutv mairi maikadovel ke haathon mein hai.

siteebaink

ant mein, khudara bank mein city bank ke naam se brainded, city ki vaishvik shaakha network shaamil hai. siteebaink sanyukt raajya America ka teesara sabse bada khudara bank hai jo jama par aadhaarit hai (haalaanki apne chhote pratidvandviyon ke mukaabale iski kaafi kam khudara shaakhaaen maujood hain) aur Mexico ko chhod kar, iske paas duniya bhar ke deshon mein city bank ke brand waali shaakhaaen maujood hain; Mexico mein Citigroup ke bank parichaalanon ko baanaameks ke roop mein brand kiya gaya hai jo shahar ka doosra sabse bada bank hai aur Citigroup ki sahaayak company hai.

global velth management (vaishvik dhan prabandhan)

global velth management swayam ko city private bank, city smith baarne aur city investameint reesarch mein vibhaajit karta hai aur 2006 mein isne Citigroup ke kul raajasv ka 7% utpann kiya.[42] choonki raajasv, pramukh roop se nivesh aay se srujit hote hain, global velth management, ikviti aur nishchit-aay baajaaron ke rukh aur star ke prati company ke anya prabhaagon ke mukaabale adhik samvedansheel hai.[43]

city private bank

city private bank uchch nivl yogya vyaktiyon, niji sansthaaon aur kaanoon farmon ko banking aur nivesh sevaaen padaan karta hai. Citigroup ke sabhi utpaadon ke liye ek pravesh dwaar ke roop mein kaarya karte hue, city private bank paaramparik nivesh utpaadon aur vaikalpik vikalp ki peshakash karta hain, jiske tahat sabhi graahakon ko vyaktigat roop se apne portfolio se nipatne ke liye niji banker muhaiya karaae jaate hai. city private bank ne, banking aur vitteeya samaadhaanon ke liye city polaaris software lab limited ke saath bhaageedaari ki.[44]

city smith baarne

city smith baarne city ki vaishvik niji sampatti prabandhan ikaai thi, jo vishv bhar mein nigmon, sarkaaron aur vyaktiyon ko brokarej, nivesh banking aur parisanpatti prabandhan sevaaen pradaan karti thi. duniya bhar mein 800 se adhik kaaryaalayon ke saath, smith baarne ke paas 9.6 million ghareloo graahak khaate hain jo duniya bhar mein 1.562 triliyn dollar graahak parisampattiyon ka pratinidhitv karte hain.[45]

13 January 2009 ko city ne ghoshana ki ki unke brokarej farmon ko 2.7 billion dollar aur unke sanyukt udyam mein 49% byaaj ke badle sanyukt karne ke liye ve smith baarne, maurgan stainale nivesh bank ko hastaantarit kar deinge. city ko nakad ki tatkaal jaroorat ko is saude ka pramukh kaaran maana jaata hai. kai logo ne yeh anumaan lagaaya ki yeh city ke 'vitteeya suparamaarket' drushtikon ke ant ki shuruaat ho sakti hai.

city investameint reesarch (city nivesh anusandhaan)

22 deshon mein 390 anusandhaan vishleshakon ke saath city investameint reesarch city ka ikviti anusandhaan ikaai hai. city investameint reesarch 3,100 companiyon ko shaamil karta hai, jahaan vah pramukh vaishvik soochakaank ke baajaar poonjeekaran mein se 90 pratishat ka pratinidhitv karta hai aur vaishvik baajaar aur sector pravruttiyon ke maikro aur maatraatmak vishleshan pradaan karta hai.[45]

city institooshanal client group (city sansthaagat graahak samooh)

11 October 2007 ko city ne nae institooshanal client group ke gathan ki ghoshana ki jismein city market & banking (CMB) aur city oltaranetiv investameint (CAI) shaamil tha aur jismein vikram pandit, jo us samay 50 varsh ke the, adhyaksh aur CEO ke roop mein shaamil the.[46] vikram pandit ko do maheene baad sampoorn company ke CEO ke roop mein padonnat kar diya gaya.[47]

city market end banking

ismein shaamil hai city ke sarvaadhik baajaar samvedi prabhaag, "CMB" aur yeh do praathamik vyavasaayon mein vibhaajit hai: "global kaipitl maarkets aur banking" aur "global transaction sarvises" (GTS). global kaipitl market end banking nivesh aur vaanijyik banking sevaaen pradaan karta hai jiske tahat sansthaagat brokarej, salaahakaar sevaaen, videshi mudra, sanrachit utpaad, derivative, rin, patte aur upakaran vitt ko shaamil hain. is beech, GTS vishv bhar mein nigmon aur vitteeya sansthaaon ko nakadi-prabandhan, vyaapaar vitt aur pratibhooti sevaaen pradaan karta hai.[43] CMB Citigroup ke vaarshik raajasv ke lagbhag 32% ke liye jimmedaar hai, isne vitteeya varsh 2006 mein 30 billion Amreeki dollar se thoda kam arjit kiya.[42]

city kathit taur par ABRY partners ko 2010 mein moneetroniks ke sambhaavit bikri salaah de raha hai.[48]

city oltaranetiv investameints

city oltaranetiv investameints (CAI) ek vaikalpik nivesh manch hai jo paanch vargon mein parisampattiyon ka prabandhan karta hai jaise - niji ikviti, bachaav dhan, sanrachit utpaad, prabandhit dhan aur achal sampatti. 16 "buteek nivesh keindron" ke jariye yeh vibhinn nidhiyon ya alag khaaton ki peshakash karta hai jo vaikalpik nivesh rananeetiyon ka upayog karte hain, yeh mukhyadhaara ke myuchual fund ke vipreet hai jo haal mein leg mesan ko bech diya gaya. CAI, Citigroup svaamitv poonji ka aur saath hi saath truteeya paksh aur uchch nivl moolya niveshakon se sansthaagat nivesh ka prabandhan karta hai. 30 June 2007 tak, CAI ke paas poonji prabandhan ke tahat 59.2 billion ameriki dollar the,[49] aur Citigroup ke 2006 ke aay mein 7% ka yogadaan diya.[42] 2010 mein, city group leksingatan partners ko 900 million dollar mein apne private ikviti ikaai ko bechne par sahamat ho gaye, iski suchana raayatar ke saujanya se pi E hab ke anusaar di gayi. stepaston group ikaai ke liye prabandhan sevaaen pradaan karega. yeh bikri Citigroup ke apne avaanchhit sanpatti se bhaaramukt hone ke prayaason ka dyotak hoga.[50]

brand

  • siteebaink, upabhokta banking utpaad pradaan karta hai.
  • baanaameks, doosra sabse bada maiksikn bank
  • bainko kyoosakaatalaan, al saalvaador sabse bade bank.
  • bainko oono, madhya America ka sabse bada kredit card bank.
  • bank haindalovi dablyoo vaarsajviye Poland ka sabse puraana operating vaanijyik bank.
  • siteemortagej, bandhak rinadaata
  • siteeinashyorens, beema pradaata
  • siteekaipitl, sansthaagat vitteeya sevaaen
  • siteefaainainshial, upabhokta vitt urf sabapraaim udhaar
  • city vaikalpik nivesh
  • smith baarne, nivesh sevaaen, khudara dalaali poorn seva, niji graahak seva donon ke liye.
  • siteekaard, kredit card
  • kredikaard city, Brazil mein kredit card vyaapaar

Citigroup ne haal hi mein eg (egg) brand ko adhigraheet kiya jab usane duniya ke sabse bade Internet bank eg banking peeelasi ko proodeinshiyl se khareed liya. iska pehla pramukh kaarya tha ki usane card dhaarakon mein se lagbhag 7% ko rin dena band kar diya jo avaanchhaneeya maane jaate the. ismein kuchh aise log bhi shaamil the jo apne poorn raashi ka bhugataan niyamit roop se karte the, iska kaaran bataaya gaya "bigdti kredit profaail" lekin vyaapak roop se iska kaaran jimmedaar udhaarakartaaon se praapt hone vaale kam laabh ko maana jaata hai.

achal sanpatti (reeyal state)

Citigroup center, Chicago
Citigroup EMEA mukhyaalaya, kainari haarf, London
Sydney mein Citigroup saintar

Citigroup center Citigroup ka sabse prasiddh kaaryaalaya hai, jo East midtaaun mainahattan, New York city mein sthit ek vikrneeya-chhat waali gaganachunbi imaarat hai, joki aam vishvaas ke vipreet company ke mukhyaalaya ki imaarat naheen hai. Citigroup ka mukhyaalaya sadak ke paar 399 park evenyoo ki ek anaam dikhne waali imaarat mein sthit hai (city naishanal bank ke mool sthaan ka site). mukhyaalaya mein nau lakjari daaining room hain, jinmein niji khaanasaamon ka ek dal hai jo pratyek din ke liye ek alag menoo taiyaar karta hai. prabandhan team city bank shaakha se oopar teesari aur chauthi manjil par hai. Citigroup ne tribeka ke paas mainahattan mein 388 greenavich seint par ek imaarat ko bhi patte par liya hai, jo iske nivesh aur kaurporet banking parichaalan ke mukhyaalaya ka kaarya karta hai aur yeh traivalars group ka poorv mukhyaalaya tha.

rananeetik aadhaar par, company ke smith baarne prabhaag aur Wall street trading prabhaag ko chhodkar Citigroup ke sabhi New York city reeyal state, New York city sabave ke seva ki hai IND kveens bulovaard line par sthit hai, jo saaaincha:NYCS time 2 saaaincha:NYCS br saaaincha:NYCS time 2tren dvaara seva praapt hai. nateejatan, midtaaun sthit company ki imaaratein -jinmein shaamil hai 787 seveinth evenyoo, 666 fifth evenyoo, 399 park evenyoo, 485 leksingatan, 153 East 53rd street (Citigroup center) aur laang aailaind city, kveens mein sthit siteekaurp bilding, sabhi ek doosare se kuchh hi doori par sthit hain. vaastav mein, company ki pratyek imaarat saaaincha:NYCS time 2 saaaincha:NYCS br saaaincha:NYCS time 2 train dvaara seva praapt ek metro station ke oopar ya sadak ke paar sthit hai.

Citigroup dvaara sanchaalit vaastushilp ki drushti se ek sundar imaarat Chicago mein bhi sthit hai. siteekaurp center mein sheersh par vakrit aarchavej ki ek shrrunkhala hai aur apne pramukh pratidvandvi ebeeen emaro ke ebeeen emaro plaaja ke sadak ke us paar sthit hai. ismein kai khudara aur bhojan suvidhaaen upalabdh hain jo roj hajaaron ki taadaad mein metra graahakon ko ogilviye transport center ke maadhyam se seva pradaan karta hai.

Citigroup ne city field ke liye naamakaran adhikaaron ko praapt kiya, New York mets major league besabaul team ka gruh baulapaark hai, jinhonein 2009 mein vahaan apne gruh khelon ko khelna shuroo kiya tha.

aalochna

raaul selinaas aur kaale dhan ka kathit vaidhakaran

1998 mein, general lekha kaaryaalaya ne ek report jari kiya jismein Mexico ke poorv raashtrapati, kaarlos selinaas ke bhaai raaul selinaas di gorataari se praapt dhan ko siteebaink dvaara sanchaalit kiye jaane ki aalochna ki gayi thi. "raaul selinaas, city bank end elejed mani laundring," sheershak waali is report mein yeh ingit kiya gaya ki siteebaink ne kai million dollar ke antaran mein jatil vitteeya lenaden ke maadhyam se sahaayata ki taaki dhan ke kaagaji saboot chhipaae ja sake. report mein yeh bhi sanket diya gaya ki siteebaink ne raaul selinaas ko ek klaaent ke roop mein sveekaar karne se pehle is baat ki sampoorn jaanch tak naheen ki usane itna dhan kaise arjit kiya.[51]

nivesh anusandhaan par hiton ka sangharsh

December 2002 mein, Citigroup ne kul 400 million dollar jurmaane ka bhugataan kiya ismein se aadhi raashi raajyon aur aadhi sangheeya sarkaar ke beech vibhaajit kar di gayi. ye jurmaane ek samjhaute ka hissa the jismein yeh aarop bhi shaamil tha ki Citigroup sahit das bankon ne niveshakon ko pakshapaati anusandhaan dikha kar dhokha diya. das bankon se kul samjhaute ki raashi 1.4 billion dollar thi. is samjhaute ki maang thi ki bank apne nivesh banking ko anusandhaan se alag kar le aur IPO sheyaron ke kisi bhi aavantan par pratibandh lagaaye.[52]

enaraun, varldakaum aur global krosing divaaliyaapan

Citigroup ne enaraun korporeshan ko vitteeya sahaayata pradaan karne mein apni bhoomika ke liye jurmaane aur kaanooni niptaan ke taur par 3 billion dollar se adhik ka bhugataan kiya, enaraun korporeshan ek vitteeya ghotaale ke kaaran 2001 mein dhvast gayi. 2003 mein, Citigroup ne sikyuriteej end exchange kamishn aur di mainahattan ke jila vakeel ke kaaryaalaya dvaara kiye gaye daavon ke evaj mein jurmaane aur dand ke roop mein 145 million dollar ka bhugataan kiya. 2005 mein, Citigroup ne enaron ke niveshakon dvaara daayar mukadame ke evaj mein 2 billion dollar ka bhugataan kiya.[53] 2008 mein, Citigroup ne enaraun bainkarapsi estate ko 1.66 billion dollar ka bhugataan kiya, joki divaaliya company ke lenadaaron ka pratinidhitv karta tha.[54] 2004 mein, Citigroup ne varldakaum ke liye share aur baand bechne mein apni bhoomika ke liye daayar mukadame ke evaj mein 2.65 billion dollar ka bhugataan kiya, 2002 mein varldakaum ek lekha ghotaale mein dhvast ho gaya.[55] 2005 mein, Citigroup ne global krosing ke niveshakon dvaara daayar mukadame ke evaj mein 75 million dollar ka bhugataan kiya, jisne 2002 mein divaaliyepan ki yaachika daayar ki. Citigroup ko atiranjit anusandhaan report ko prakat karne aur hiton ke takaraav ko na jaahir karne ka ilajaam lagaaya gaya.[56]

Citigroup svaamitv waali sarkaari baund trading ghotaala

Europeeya baund baajaar ko baadha pahunchane ke liye Citigroup ki aalochna ki gayi jab usanein 2 August 2004 ko 11 billion Euro moolya ke baund ko MTS group vyaapaar manch par teji se bech diya, jiske kaaran usaki keemat mein teji se giraavat I aur fir usane unhein kam keemat par vaapas khareed liya.[57]

niyaamak kaarravaai

2004 mein, Japani niyaamak ne siteebaink Japan ke khilaaf kaarravaai ki jo share herafer mein shaamil ek graahak ko rin pradaan kiye jaane se sambandh tha. is kaarravaai ke tahat ek shaakha aur teen kaaryaalayon mein bank ki gatividhiyon ko nilambit karan aur unke upabhokta banking prabhaag par pratibandh lagaana shaamil tha. 2009 mein, Japani niyaamakon ne fir se siteebaink Japan ke khilaaf kaarravaai ki, is baar kaaryavaai bank ke kaale dhan ko vaidh banaane par ek prabhaavi nigraani pranaali na banaane ke kaaran ki gayi. niyaamak agency ne ek maah ke liye uske khudara banking parichaalan ke bheetar bikri parichaalan ko nilambit kar diya.[58]

23 March 2005 ko, NASD ne Citigroup global market, ink., American express faainainshiyl aidavaaijar aur chej investameint sarvises ke khilaaf kul 21.25 million dollar ke jurmaane ki ghoshana ki jo January 2002 aur July 2003 ke beech hue myoochual fund ki bikri prakriyaaon ki upayuktata aur paryavekshi ullanghan se sambandhit tha. Citigroup ke khilaaf is maamale mein myuchual fund ke class B aur class C sheyaron ki sifaarish aur bikri shaamil thi.[59]

6 June 2007 ko, NASD ne Citigroup global baajaar, ink ke khilaaf 15 million dollar se adhik ki raashi jurmaana aur kshatipoorti ke roop mein tay kiya, jo bhraamak dastaavej aur sevaanivrutti seminaaron aur belasaauth corporation ke liye uttari kerolina aur dakshin kerolina ke baithakon mein aparyaapt prakateekaran ke aaropon ko tay karne se sambandhit tha. NASD ne paaya ki Citigroup ne chaaralat, N.C. mein sthit dalaalon ke ek dal ki sahi tareeke se nigraani naheen ki, jinhonein belasaauth ke saikadon karmachaariyon ke saath hue darjanon seminaaron aur baithakon mein gumaraah karne vaale bikri saamagriyon ka upayog kiya.[60]

tera sikyuriteej ghotaala

November 2007 mein yeh saarvajanik ho gaya ki Citigroup tera sikyuriteej ghotaale mein bade paimaane par shaamil hai, jismein norve ki aath nagar paalikaaoain ka sanyukt raajya America ke baund baajaar mein vibhinn hej nidhi mein nivesh shaamil tha.[61] in fund ko tera sikyuriteej eesae dvaara nagar paalikaaon ko becha gaya, jabki utpaadon ko Citigroup dvaara pradatt kiya gaya. Norway ke vitteeya paryavekshi praadhikran se sanchaalan ki anumati vaapas liye jaane ki ghoshana sambandhi patra praapt karne ke ek din baad[62], tera sikyuriteej eesae ne 28 November 2007 ko divaaliyepan ke liye yaachika daayar ki. usi patra mein yeh bhi kaha gaya ki, "paryavekshi praadhikran ne daava kiya ki Citigroup ki prastuti aur saath hi saath tera sikyuriteej eesae ki prastuti aparyaapt aur bhraamak lagti hain kyonki ismein keindreeya tatv jaise atirikt bhugataan kshamata aur inke aakaar ke baare mein soochana mita di gayi hai.

graahakon ke khaaton se chori

26 August 2008 ko yeh ghoshana ki gayi ki Citigroup bhugataan vaapasi aur jurmaane ke taur par takareeban 18 million dollar ka bhugataan karne par sahamat ho gaya hai jo California ataarni general jeri brown dvaara lagaae gaye aaropon ko tay kiye jaane ke evaj mein tha jinmein yeh ilajaam lagaaya gaya tha ki usane kredit card dhaarakon ke khaaton se galat tareeke se dhan liya. Citigroup deshbhar mein lagbhag 53,000 graahakon ko 14 million dollar lautaaega. ek teen varsheeya jaanch mein paaya gaya ki 1992 se 2003 tak Citigroup ek anuchit kanpyootareekrut "sweep" pranaali ka prayog karke card dhaarakon ko bataae bina unke card khaate se sakaaraatmak raashi ko bank ke saamaanya kosh mein antaran kar leta tha.[63]

brown ne ek bayaan mein bataaya ki Citigroup ne "jaanboojhkar apne graahakon se, jinmein se adhiktar gareeb aur haaliya mrutak the, dhan churaaya jab isne sveeps ko design aur kaaryaanvit kiya...jab ek sachetak ne ghotaale ka pardaafaash kiya aur ise apne varishthon ke sanjnyaaan mein laaya, unhonne is jaankaari ko daba diya aur is avaidh abhyaas ko jaari rakha."[63]

sangheeya (Federal) aarthik sahaayata 2008

24 November 2008 ko, ameriki sarkaar ne Citigroup ke liye ek vishaal vitteeya sahaayata ki ghoshana ki, jo company ko divaaliyaapan se bachaane ke liye design kiya gaya tha aur saath hi yeh sarkaar ko iske prachaalan mein hastakshep ka ek pramukh adhikaar pradaan karta. trejri, trablad eset reeleef program (TARP) ke tahat ek aur 20 billion dollar ki sahaayata pradaan karega jo October mein diye gaye 25 billion dollar ke atirikt hoga. trejri vibhaag, Federal reserve aur sangheeya nikshep beema nigam (FDIC) apne 335 billion dollar ke portfolio mein 90% ghaate ko nipta diya aisa usane Citigroup ke dvaara pehla 29 billion dollar ghaaton mein avashoshit karne ke baad kiya gaya.[64] badle mein bank Washington ko pasandeeda sheyaron aur share praapt karne ke warrant mein se 27 billion dollar dega. sarkaar ko banking parichaalan par vyaapak adhikaar praapt honge. indeemaik (IndyMac) bank ke patan ke baad, Citigroup ne FDIC dvaara sthaapit maanakon ke anusaar girveeyon ko sanshodhit karne par sahamati jataai, iska lakshya tha unke gharon mein jitne sambhav hon utane gruh svaamiyon ko rakhana. kaaryakaari vetan ko surakshit kiya jaaega.[65]

vitteeya sahaayata ke shart ke roop mein, Citigroup ke laabhaansh bhugataan ko ghata kar 1 seint prati share kar diya gaya.

jaise-jaise sabapraaim girvi sankat prakat hona shuroo hua, jamaanati rin baadhyata (CDO) ke roop mein toksik girvi ke prati bade paimaane par khulepan aur kharaab jokhim prabandhan ka mishran company ko gambhir museebat tak le gaya. 2007 ke poorvaardh mein Citigroup ne apne karmachaariyon ki sankhya mein se 5 pratishat ko hata diya, laagat mein katauti aur uske lambe samay se chal rahe kharaab pradarshan ko aadhaar pradaan karne ke uddeshya se design kiye hue ek vyaapak punargathan ke tahat aisa kiya gaya.[32] November 2008 tak chal rahe sankat ne Citigroup par gahra prabhaav daala aur sangheeya TARP ke vitteeya sahaayata ke baavajood, company aage aur katauti ki ghoshana ki.[35] iska share baajaar moolya do varsh poorv ke 244 billion dollar se gir kar 6 billion dollar ho gaya.[36] parinaamasvaroop, Citigroup aur sangheeya niyaamak ne baatcheet karke company ko sthir karne ki ek yojana banaai.[4] iski ekamaatr sabse badi sheyaradhaarak hain Saudi arab ke Rajkumar al vaalid bin taalaal, jinki hissedaari 4.9% ki hai.[66] vikram pandit Citigroup ke vartamaan CEO hain, jabki richrd paarsans maujooda adhyaksh hain.[47]

New York ataarni general Andrew kuomo aur Wall street journal ki report ke anusaar 2008 ke utaraardh mein TARP dvaara 45 billion dollar ki vitteeya sahaayata praapt karne ke baad, Citigroup ne apne 1,038 karmachaariyon ko sainkadon million dollar bonas ka bhugataan kiya. ismein shaamil hai 738 karmachaariyon mein se pratyek ko 1 million dollar ka bonas mein praapt hua, 176 karmachaariyon mein se pratyek ko 2 million dollar ka bonas mein praapt hua, 124 mein se pratyek ko 3 million dollar bonas mein praapt hua aur 143 mein se pratyek ko 4 million dollar se lekar 10 million dollar se adhik tak ka bonas mein praapt hua.[67]

tera farama invesateegeshan mukadama

December 2009 mein, Britain ki share farm tera farama invesateegeshan ne Citigroup par dhokhaadhadi ka mukadama daayar kar diya, yeh mukadama tera farama ke EMI sangeet korporeshan ke lebal ko khareedne aur sangeet prakaashan ke adhikaaron mein dhokhaadhadi karne se sambandhit tha.[68]

janta aur sarkaar ke saath sambandh

raajaneetik daan

center of reponsiv politiks ke anusaar, Citigroup sanyukt raajya ke sabhi sangathanon mein se 16vaan sabse bada raajaneetik abhiyaan yogadaanakarta hai. roodhivaadi kaipitl reesarch center ke ek varishth sampaadak, Matthew vaadm ke anusaar Citigroup vaamapanthi kendra ke raajaneetik hiton ke liye ek bada yogadaanakarta hai.[69] haalaanki, company ke sadasyon ne 1989 se 2006 tak 23033490 dollar se adhik ka daan diya, jiska 49% democrat ko gaya aur 51% Republican ke paas gaya.[70]

pairavi aur raajaneetik salaah

2009 mein, richrd paarsans ne lambe samay se Washington, di.si ke prachaarak richrd ef. holt ko paarsans aur is company ko America sarkaar ke saath sambandh par salaah dene ke liye rakha gaya, parantu unhein company ki pairavi karne ko mana kiya gaya. jabki kuchh logo ne gumanaam roop se andaaja lagaaya ki FDIC shri holt ke dhyaan ka pramukh kendra bani rahegi, holt ne kaha ki unka sarkaari beema nigam ke saath koi sampark naheen hua. kuchh poorv niyaamakon ko, samaachaar report mein, shri holt ke city group ke saath bhaageedaari par aalochna ka mauka mil gaya, iska kaaran tha 1980 ke dashak mein bachat aur rin sankat ke samay vitteeya-seva udyog ke saath unki bhaagedaari. shri holt ne apne javaab mein kaha ki haalaanki pehle ke prakaran mein galatiyaan ho chuki hain, lekin unke anya nae graahakon jaise faini mae aur Washington myuchual dvaara yeh kehne ki jaroorat naheen hai ki ve kabhi kisi sarkaari agency dvaara jaanche naheen gaye aur unke anubhav ne unhein "prachaalan kamre" mein vaapas lautane ke kaaran diye hain kyonki paartiyaan adhik haaliya sankat ka zikr karti hain.[71]

saarvajanik aur sarkaari sambandh

2010 mein, company ne Edward skaailar ko apne varishth saarvajanik aur sarkaari sambandh ke pad ke liye naamit kiya, jo poorv mein New York shahar sarkaar mein aur Bloomberg L.pi. mein the.[72] skaailar ke naamit hone se pehle aur uske rojgaar ki talaash shuroo karne se pehle, company ne kathit taur par teen alag-alag vyaktiyon se is pad par aaseen hone ke vishay mein baat kiya tha: NY deputy mayor kevin sheki, jo mayor Michael Bloomberg ke raajaneetik guru the...[jo] unke raashtrapati pad ki daud ke liye kiye gaye alpajeevit chonchale mein agrani rahe..., jo jald hi mayor ki company Bloomberg L.pi. ke pad ke liye city hall chhodne vaale hain.... 2001 ke mayor pad ki hod mein shri Bloomberg ke asambhaavya jeet ke baad, shri skaailar aur shri sheki dono unki company se city hall tak unke peechhe-peechhe chale. tab se, ve "atyadhik prabhaavashaali salaahakaar mandali ke ek bhaag bane rahe; haavard volfasan, jo Hillary rodham Clinton ki raashtrapati pad ke liye abhiyaan mein aur shri Bloomberg ke punarnirvaachan boli mein poorv sanchaar nideshak the; aur Gary ginsabarg, jo abhi time vornar mein hain aur poorv mein news korporeshan mein the.[73]

nots

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  2. a aa i E u oo A ai Martin, Mitchell (April 7, 1998). "Citicorp and Travelers Plan to Merge in Record $140 Billion Deal: A New No. 1: Financial Giants Unite". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on February 20, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080220064016/http://www.iht.com/articles/1998/04/07/citi.t.php. abhigman tithi: April 4, 2007.
  3. "Primary Dealers List". Federal Reserve Bank of New York. http://www.ny.frb.org/markets/pridealers_current.html. abhigman tithi: April 27, 2007.
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  6. Winkler, Rolfe (September 15, 2009). "Break Up the Big Banks". Reuters. http://blogs.reuters.com/rolfe-winkler/2009/09/15/break-up-the-big-banks/. abhigman tithi: December 17, 2009.
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  8. "Citigroup posts 4th straight loss; Merrill loss widens". The Associated Press. October 16, 2008. http://www.usatoday.com/money/companies/earnings/2008-10-16-citigroup_N.htm. abhigman tithi: December 17, 2009.
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  25. "parampara ko todte hue: Willis pun: urjaavaan", risk transfer maigajeen, 1 April 2004
  26. "Joe Plumeri, Playing in Traffic: with his quest for adventure and 'just go for it' philosophy, the CEO of insurance broker Willis Group Holdings has got the competitive spirit kicking in again at this 175-year-old company". Directors & Boards. June 22, 2004. http://goliath.ecnext.com/coms2/gi_0199-4230519/Joe-Plumeri-playing-in-traffic.html. abhigman tithi: July 15, 2010.
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  28. Citigroup ne 215 million dollar ke esosiyets rikaard-seting ke khilaaf FTC ke shulk ka bhukataan kiya jo sabapraaim rin peediton ke liye tha http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2002/09/associates.shtm
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  33. Plumb, Christian (January 1, 2008). "Citi mulls cutting work force by 5 to 10 percent: report". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/businessNews/idUSN0738522020080107. abhigman tithi: August 7, 2008.
  34. New York times, 31 October 2009, "kya Citigroup apna bhaar khud utha paayega?" http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/01/business/economy/01citi.html?_r=1&hpw
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  38. a aa "Citi to Reorganize into Two Operating Units to Maximize Value of Core Franchise". Citigroup. January 16, 2009. http://www.citigroup.com/citi/press/2009/090116b.htm. abhigman tithi: January 16, 2009.
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  51. The Washington Post. December 4, 1998. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/inatl/longterm/mexico/stories/981204.htm.
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  64. trejri 5 million dollar ko ghaata maan lega; 10 billion dollar FDIC dvaara avashoshit kar liya jaaega; aur fir Federal reserve baaki ke jokhim ko utha lega.
  65. erik daish, "America ne Citigroup ko haani ka saamana karne mein madad karne ke liye yojana ko manjoori di,"new yaurk times 23 November 2008
  66. Riz Khan. (October 18, 2005). Alwaleed: Businessman, Billionaire, Prince. HarperCollins Entertainment. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0007215134.
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  68. tera farma nivesh ke Citigroup ke khilaaf mukadame se sambandhit daily varaayati lekh
  69. "Liberalism Never Sleeps:". http://www.spectator.org/archives/2008/11/25/liberalism-never-sleeps/print. abhigman tithi: November 29, 2008.
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  71. "Citigroup haayars Mr. inasaaid" grechen morajenasan aur Andrew Martin dvaara likhi, New York times 10 October 2009 (pi NY BU1 ki ed. 2009-10-11). 2009-10-11 ko pun:praapt.
  72. "mayor Bloomberg deputy Edward skaailaar city hall ko alvida kehte hain" Adam lisbarg dvaara, New York daily news, 31 March 2010, 4:00 AM i ti. 2010/07/27 ko pun: praapt.
  73. "Bloomberg ke androoni chakr se ek aur nikaas", Michael baarabaaro ke dvaara, di New York times, 30 March 2010 (31 March 2010 p. A19 of NY ed.) 2010/07/27 pun: praapt.

sandarbh

dekhein SEC - company jaankaari: Citigroup ink

yeh bhi dekhein Citigroup aur Yahoo!

  • 20 January 2005 - arning konfreins call (Q3 2004) (press vigyapti jaari)(slaaid) (audio)
  • 14 October 2004 - arning konfreins call (Q3 2004) (slaaid) (audio)
  • 15 July 2004 - arning konfreins call (Q2 2004) (slaaid) (audio)
  • 20 October 2003 - arning konfreins call (Q3 2003) (slaaid) (audio) (* ananya, saindi veil ke saath pichhla call)
  • 31 January 2005 - meelaaif, traivalars life aur enyooiti ko praapt karne wala hai (prastuti) (audio)

baahya link

New York City portal
Companies portal

saaaincha:Citigroup