silikaun

alyuminiymsilikaunfausforas
C

Si

Ge
darshan
kristalaain, paraavarti, neelima yukt falak
SiliconCroda.jpg
silikaun ingat
saamaanya
naam, chinh, sankhya silikaun, Si, 14
tattv varg upadhaatu
samooh, aavart, block 14, 3, p
maanak parmaanu bhaar 28.0855(3) graa•aamol−1
ilektraun kaunfigreshan [Ne] 3s2 3p2
ilektraun prati shel 2, 8, 4 (aarekh)
bhautik gun
avastha thos
ghanatv (saamaanya taapamaan par) 2.3290 g•aacm−3
taral ghanatv galanaank par 2.57 g•aacm−3
galanaank 1687 K, a1414 °C, a2577 °F
kvathanaank 3538 K, a3265 °C, a5909 °F
paramaanvik gun

silikaun (Silicon) ; prateek : Si) ek raasaayanik tatv hai. yeh pruthvi par okseejan ke baad sabse adhik paaya jaane wala tatv hai. silikaun ke yaugik elektraunik avayav, saabun, sheeshe evam computer chips mein istemaal kiye jaate hain. silikaun ki khoj 1824 mein sveedan ke rasaayanashaastri jons jakab bajreliys ne ki thi. aavart saarini mein ise 14vein sthaan par rakha gaya hai.[1]

upayog

silikaun yaugikon, jaise silikaun kaarabaaid (SiC) ko unki anokhi visheshataaon ke liye istemaal kiya jaata hai. kathorata mein yeh tatv heere ki baraabari karta hai. jab silikaun ko anya tatvon ke saath milaaya jaata hai to us yaugik ko siliket kehte hain. silikets ko anek audyogik kaaryo ke liye istemaal mein laaya jaata hai. inki anya raasaayanik yaugikon ke saath kriya karaai jaati hai taaki yeh apne silikaun tatv alag karein ya anya tatvon ke saath vibhinn kaaryon ke liye kriya kar sakein. bakery ke naun-stick upakaran, bijli utpaadon ke shield silikaun se bante hain.

silikaun ka electronics kshetr mein adhikaadhik prayog hone ke kaaran America ki computer jagat ke kendra ko silikaun valley ka naam diya gaya hai.

sandarbh

  1. gupt, taarakanaath (November 2004). bhautiki evam rasaayan shaastr. Kolkata: bhaarati pustak mandir,. pa॰ 252-253.

baahari kadiyaaain

Wiktionary-logo-en.png
silicon ko vikshanari,
ek mukt shabdakosh mein dekhein.