siddhaant (thiari)

siddhaant, siddhi ka ant hai. yeh vah dhaarana hai jise siddh karne ke liye, jo kuchh hamein karna tha vah ho chuka hai aur ab sthir mat apnaane ka samay aa gaya hai. dharm, vigyaan, darshan, neeti, raajaneeti sabhi siddhaant ki apeksha karte hain.

parichay

dharm ke sambandh mein ham samajhte hain ki buddhi, ab aage aa naheen sakti; shanka ka sthaan vishvaas ko lena chaahiye. vigyaan mein samajhte hain ki jo khoj ho chuki hai, vah vartamaan sthiti mein paryaapt hai. ise aage chalaane ki aavashyakta naheen. pratishtha ki avastha ko ham peechhe chhod aae hain aur siddh niyam ke aavishkaar ki sambhaavana dikhaai naheen deti. darshan ka kaam samast anubhav ko gathit karna hai; daarshanik siddhaant samagr ka samaadhaan hai. anubhav se pare, iska aadhaar koi satta hai ya naheen? yadi hai, to vah chetan ke avachetan, ek hai ya anek? aise prashn daarshanik vivechan ke vishay hain.

vigyaan aur darshan mein gyaan pradhaan hai, iska prayojan satta ke svaroop ka jaanana hai. neeti aur raajaneeti mein karm pradhaan hai. inka lakshya shubh ya bhadr ka utpann karna hai. in donon mein siddhaant aisi maanyata hai jise vyavahaar ka aadhaar banaana chaahiye.

dharm ke sambandh mein teen pramukh maanyataaeain hain-

ishvar ka astitv, svaadheenata, amaratv. can't ke anusaar buddhi ka kaam prakatanon ki duniyaaain mein seemit hai, yeh in maanyataaon ko siddh naheen kar sakti, na hi inka khandan kar sakti hai. krutya buddhi inki maaaing karti hai; inhein neeti mein nihit samajhakar sveekaar karna chaahiye.

vigyaan ka kaam "kya', "kaise', "kyon'-in teen prashnon ka uttar dena hai. teesare prashn ka uttar tathyon ka anusandhaan hai aur yeh badalta rahata hai. darshan anubhav ka samaadhaan hai. anubhav ka srot kya hai? anubhavavaad ke anusaar saara gyaan baahar se praapt hota hai, buddhivaad ke anusaar yeh andar se niklata hai, aalochanaavaad ke anusaar gyaan saamagri praapt hoti hai, iski aakruti man ki den hai.

neeti mein pramukh prashn ni:shreyas ka svaroop hai. naitik vivaad bahut kuchh bhog ke sambandh mein hai. bhogavaadi sukh ki anubhooti ko jeevan ka lakshya samajhte hain; doosari or kath upanishd ke anusaar shreya aur preya do sarvatha bhinn vastueain hain.

raajaneeti raashtra ki saamoohik neeti hai. neeti aur raajaneeti donon ka lakshya maanav ka kalyaan hai;sh neeti bataati hai ki iske liye saamoohik yatn ko kya roop dhaaran karna chaahiye. ek vichaar ke anusaar maanav jaati ka itihaas svaadheenata sangraam ki katha hai aur raashtra ka lakshya yahi hona chaahiye ki vyakti ko jitni svaadheenata di ja sake, di jaae. yeh prajaatantr ka mat hai. iske vipreet ek-doosare vichaar ke anusaar saamaajik jeevan ki sabse badi kharaabi vyaktiyon mein sthiti ka antar hai; is bhed ko samaapt karna raashtra ka lakshya hai. kathinaai yeh hai ki svaadheenata aur baraabari donon ek saath naheen chalateen. sansaar ka vartamaan khinchaav in donon ka sangraam hi hai.

kuchh ullekhaneeya siddhaant

  • khagolashaastr: Big Bang Theory
  • jeevavijnyaaan: Cell theory — Evolution — Germ theory
  • rasaayan vigyaan: Atomic theory — Kinetic theory of gases
  • mausam vigyaan: Climate change theory (due to anthropogenic activity)
  • shikshaashaastr: Constructivist theory — Critical pedagogy theory — Education theory — Multiple intelligence theory — Progressive education theory
  • injeeniyri: Circuit theory — Control theory — Signal theory — Systems theory — Information theory
  • film: Film Theory
  • khel: Combinatorial game theory — Game theory — Rational choice theory
  • bhoovijnyaaan: Plate tectonics
  • maanavashaastr: Critical theory
  • saahitya: Literary theory
  • ganit: Approximation theory — Arakelov theory — Asymptotic theory — Bifurcation theory — Catastrophe theory — Category theory — Chaos theory — Choquet theory — Coding theory — Deformation theory — Dimension theory — Ergodic theory — Field theory — Galois theory — Game theory — Graph theory — Group theory — Hodge theory — Homology theory — Homotopy theory — Ideal theory — Intersection theory — Invariant theory — Iwasawa theory — K-theory — KK-theory — Knot theory — L-theory — Lie theory — Littlewood–Paley theory — Matrix theory — Measure theory — Model theory — Morse theory — Nevanlinna theory — Number theory — Obstruction theory — Operator theory — PCF theory — Perturbation theory — Potential theory — Probability theory — Ramsey theory — Representation theory — Ring theory — Set theory — Shape theory — Small cancellation theory — Spectral theory — Stability theory — Stable theory — Sturm–Liouville theory — Twistor theory
  • sangeet: Music theory
  • darshan: Proof theory — Speculative reason — Theory of truth — Type theory — Value theory — Virtue theory
  • bhautiki: Acoustic theory — Antenna theory — BCS theory — Landau theory — M-theory — Perturbation theory — Theory of relativity — Quantum field theory — Scattering theory — String theory
  • grah vigyaan: Giant impact theory
  • drushya kala: Aesthetics — Art Educational theory — Architecture — Composition — Anatomy — Color theory — Perspective — Visual perception — Geometry — Manifolds
  • samaajashaastr: Sociological theory — Social theory — Critical theory
  • kreeda: Chess theory
  • saankhyiki : Extreme value theory
  • naatyakala : Theory relating to theatrical performance.
  • anya: Obsolete scientific theories — Phlogiston theory

inhein bhi dekhein

  • bhautik niyam