shrungaar ras

mani maadhav chaakyaar dvaara shrrungaar ras ka pradarshan

shrungaar ras rason me se ek pramukh ras hai. yeh rati bhaav ko darshaata hai.

parichay

bharatanaatyam mein shrrungaar ras ka pradarshan

shrungaar mukhyat: sanyog tatha vipralanbh ya viyog ke naam se do bhaagon mein vibhaajit kiya jaata hai, kintu dhananjaya aadi kuchh vidvaan vipralanbh ke poorvaanuraag bhed ko sanyog-vipralanbh-virhit poorvaavastha maankar ayog ki sanjnyaa dete hain tatha shesh viprayog tatha sanbhog naam se do bhed aur karte hain. sanyog ki anek paristhitiyon ke aadhaar par use aganeya maankar use keval aashray bhed se naayakaarabdh, naayikaarabdh athva ubhayaarabdh, prakaashan ke vichaar se prachhann tatha prakaash ya spasht aur gupt tatha prakaashanaprakaar ke vichaar se sankshipt, sankeern, sanpannatar tatha samruddhimaan naamak bhed kiye jaate hain tatha vipralanbh ke poorvaanuraag ya abhilaashahetuk, maan ya ishryaahetuk, pravaas, virh tatha karun prilanbh naamak bhed kiye gaye hain.

"kaavyaprakaash" ka virhahetuk naya hai aur shaapahetuk bhed pravaas ke hi antargat gruheet ho sakta hai, "saahityadarpan" mein karun vipralanbh ki kalpana ki gayi hai. poorvaanuraag kaaran ki drushti se gunashravan, pratyakshadarshan, chitradarshan, svapn tatha indrajaal-darshan-janya evam raag sthirta aur chamak ke aadhaar par neeli, kusunbh tatha manjishtha naamak bhedon mein baaainta jaata hai. "alankaarakaustubh" mein sheegra nasht honevaale tatha shobhit na honevaale raag ko "haaridr" naam se chautha bataaya hai, jise unka teekaakaar "shyaamaaraag" bhi kehta hai. poorvaanuraag ka dash kaamadashaaeain - abhilaash, chinta, anusmruti, gunakeertan, udveg, vilaap, vyaadhi, jadta tatha maran (ya apradashrya hone ke kaaran uske sthaan par moorha) - maani gayi hain, jinke sthaan par kaheen apne tatha kaheen doosare ke mat ke roop mein vishnudharmottarapuraan, dasharoopak ki avalok teeka, saahityadarpan, prataaparudreeya tatha sarasvateekanthaabharan tatha kaavyadarpan mein kinchit parivartan ke saath chakshupreeti, man:sang, smaran, nidraabhang, tanuta, vyaavrutti, lajjaanaash, unmaad, moochrha tatha maran ka ullekh kiya gaya hai.

shaaradaatanaya (13veen shati) ne ichha tatha utkantha ko jodkar tatha vidyaanaath (14veen shati poorvaardh) ne smaran ke sthaan par sankalp laakar aur pralaap tatha sanjvar ko badhaakar inki sankhya 12 maani hai. yeh yuktiyukt naheen hai aur inka antarbhaav ho sakta hai. maan-vipralanbh pranaya tatha ishrya ke vichaar se do prakaar ka tatha maan ki sthirta tatha aparaadh ki gambheerta ke vichaar se laghu, madhyam tatha guru naam se teen prakaar ka, pravaasavipralanbh kaaryaj, shaapaj, sainbhramaj naam se teen prakaar ka aur kaaryaj ke yasyatpravaas ya bhavishyat gachhatpravaas ya vartamaan tatha gatapravaas ya bhavishyat gachhatpravaas ya vartamaan tatha gatapravaas ya bhootapravaas, shaapaj ke taadroopya tatha vairoopya, tatha sanbhramaj ke utpaat, vaat, divya, maanush tatha parachakraadi bhed ke kaaran kai prakaar ka hota hai. virh gurujanaadi ki sameepata ke kaaran paas rahakar bhi naayika tatha naayak ke sanyog ke hone ka tatha karun vipralanbh mrutyu ke anantar bhi punarjeevan dvaara milan ki aasha bani rahanevaale viyog ko kehte hain. shrrungaar ras ke antargat naayikaalankaar, ritu tatha prakruti ka bhi varnan kiya jaata hai.

sandarbh