shivkaashi

Sivakasi
city
Gopuram of Mariamman temple
Gopuram of Mariamman temple
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Tamil Nadu
jila Virudhunagar
janasankhya 72,170 (2001 tak )
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)

• 101 meter (331 fee॰)

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 9°a27′aN 77°a49′aE / 9.45°aN 77.82°aE / 9.45; 77.82

film ke liye, dekhein shivkaashi (film).

shivkaashi (tamil: சaaிaaவaaகaaாaaசaaி) Bhaarat ke raajya Tamil Nadu ke virudhunagar jile mein sthit ek sakriya shahar aur nagarapaalika hai. yeh Bhaarat ke pataakha udyog ki rajdhani hai jahaaain takareeban 8,000 bade aur chhote kaarkhaane hain jinmein kul milaakar 90 pratishat pataakhon ka utpaadan hota hai.

aantarik studiyo evam kalaakaaron ke saath shivkaashi ke vishaal printing press laakhon bhaarateeyon ke liye teji se badalti hui rangeen va bhadkeele postaron tatha kaileindaron ki shreni ka utpaadan karte hain. yeh shahar apne pataakhon ke kaarkhaanon ke liye poore Bhaarat mein mashahoor hai. is audyogik shahar mein lagbhag 400 utpaadak maujood hain.

is shahar ko apne shaktishaali chhapaai udyog aur maachis-banaanevaale udyogon ke liye bhi jaana jaata hai. javaaharalaal Nehru ne ise "kutti Japan" (angreji mein mini Japan) ka naam diya tha. iske aaspaas ke shahar hain shreevilleeputtoor, sattoor aur thiruthangal.

anukram

janasaankhyiki

2001 tak Bhaarat ki janaganana[1] ke anusaar shivkaashi ki aabaadi 72,170 hai. yahaaain purushon ki aabaadi 50% aur mahilaaon ki aabaadi 50% hai. shivkaashi ki ausat saaksharata dar 77% hai jo ki raashtreeya ausat dar 59.5% se kaheen adhik hai: purush saaksharata 82% hai aur mahila saaksharata 69% hai. shivkaashi ki kul aabaadi ka 11% pratishat 6 varsh se kam umr ke bachchon ka hai.

itihaas

shivkaashi --- "shivling kaashi se laaya gaya"

shivkaashi ka itihaas 600 varshon se adhik ka hai. 1428 aur 1460 E. ke beech madurai ke tatkaaleen mahaaraaj, raaja hareekesari parakkeeraama paandiyn ne madurai ke dakshini kshetr par shaasan kiya tha. itihaas ke anusaar ve tenakaashi (dakshin kaashi) mein Bhagwan Shiv ke ek mandir ka nirmaan karna chaahate the. isliye ve kaashi Varanasi gaye aur Bhagwan Shiv ki pooja ki aur vahaaain se ek shivling lekar aaye. varadaan mein mile shivling ke saath apne mahal mein lautate samay unhonne Bhagwan Shiv ki pasand, vilva pedon ki ek jhuramut ke neeche aaraam kiya. shivling ko lekar aane waali gaaya ne un sthaan se aage badhne se mana kar diya jisse shivling ko tenakaashi le jaana sambhav naheen ho saka. raaja ne mahasoos kiya ki Bhagwan Shiv ki ichha unki ichha se alag thi aur unhonne shivling ko usi sthaan par sthaapit kar diya jahaaain gaaya ruk gayi thi. vah sthaan jo "kaashi se laaye gaye shivling" dvaara pavitra ho gaya tha is ghatna ke baad se shivkaashi kaha jaane laga. iske baad raaja ne tenakaashi mein Bhagwan Shiv ke liye ek anya mandir ka nirmaan kiya.

"kaashi vishvanaath svaami" mandir

baad mein raaja paandiya aur raaja thirumalaai naaikar ne is mandir ke vistaar mein yogadaan diya aur iska naam "kaashi vishvanaath svaami" mandir rakha. iske nirmaan ki avadhi 15veen aur 16veen shataabdiyon ke beech ki thi. anaayaappa gyaani ne is mandir ka punarnirmaan karavaaya. naaikaron ke shaasan ke antargat mandir ko aur bhi adhik viksit kiya gaya. muthoo veerappa naayakar ne 1659 mein ratham (samaarohon ke dauraan dhoom-dhaam se savaari nikaalne ke liye mandir ka rath) ka nirmaan kiya tha.

pathira kaali amman - ek 'kaaval daivam' (gaanv ki raksha karanevaala devata)

chitr:SivakasiTemple2.jpg
shivkaashi patiraakaali amman mandir

yahi vah jagah hai jahaaain pathira kaali amman - ek 'kaaval daivam' (gaanv ki raksha karanevaali devi) ke liye Tamil Nadu mein ab tak ke sabse ooainche tower ka nirmaan kiya gaya hai. is mandir ki dekhbhaal shivkaashi naadar devasthaanam samiti dvaara ki ja rahi hai. is mandir ke "kunbhaabhishekam" ka aayojan 11 June 1987 ko kiya gaya tha. 7 July 1995 ko "raaja gopuram" ke liye "kunbhaabhishekam" (mukhya tauvar) aayojit kiya gaya tha. raaja gopuram ki 7 charanon mein lanbaai 66 fut (20 mi), chaudaai 44 fut (13 mi) aur ooainchaai 110 fut (34 mi) hai. iski neenv 30 fut (9 mi) ke liye, 100 moortiyon ke saath 6 varshon mein pattharon se taiyaar ki gayi thi. 7 charanon ke 80 fut (24 mi) ka nirmaan 1½ varsh ki avadhi ke andar 30 vaastukaaron dvaara kiya gaya tha. 'paurnami pooja' poornima ke din dhoom-dhaam se ki jaati hai. log badi sankhya mein devi ki pooja karne aate hain. is mandir mein ek bahut hi sundar bageecha hai aur yeh kaafi had tak darshakon ko prabhaavit karta hai.

panguni pongal aur chithiraai pongal

har saal panguni pongal aur chithiraai pongal tyauhaar April aur May ke maheenon mein kramash: devi "mariymma" aur "bhadrakaaleeamma" ke liye manaaya jaata hai. donon tyauhaar sambandhit mandiron mein dhvaj utthaapan ke din se das dinon tak chalte rahate hain.

chithiraai pongal mein 5vein aur 6the din ke samaaroh iske "kala nirdeshan" ke kaaran bahut prasiddh hain jo aam taur par shahar mein Shiv mandir ke saamane mandir ki aatanrik sajja ka ek pratiroop hota hai. us samay sthaaneeya "uraavin muraai samooh" dvaara pradarshani ka bhi aayojan kiya jaata hai. 8vein din ka tyohaar "kaayiroo kuthoo" ka hai (is din koolhon ke aaspaas sui se chhedakar dhaage fansaae jaate hain). us din shahar ke log apne chahare aur shareer ko kaale aur safed dhabbon se peint ka lete hain aur sambandhit mandiron mein jaate hain. 9vein din ka tyauhaar therottam (car samaaroh) hota hai. shahar mein sab log ek saath ikattha hote hain aur do rathon ko sabhi chaar rath veedhiyon (sadakon) se hokar kheenchate hain. aur antim din ke tyauhaar ke liye "karupatti mutaai" aur vellaai mutaai" jaisi mithaaiyaaain sookhe khajoor ke patton se bane dibbon mein upalabdh hoti hain.

bhoogol

shivkaashi 9°a27′aN 77°a49′aE / 9.45°aN 77.82°aE / 9.45; 77.82[2] mein sthit hai. iski ausat oonchaai 101 meter (331 feet) hai. shivkaashi mein saalon bhar sookha aur kuchh garm mausam rahata hai. monsoon ke dauraan shahar mein thodi varsha hoti hai.

udyog

shivkaashi ke udyogon ne 1960 ke dashak mein Bhaarat ke aarthik sangharsh se Uber kar achhi pragati ki. sarkaari sahaayata ke bagair sthaaneeya logon ne maachis, pataakhe aur chhapaai udyogon ka nirmaan kiya jo aaj Bhaarat ke kul maachis utpaadan ka 80%, Bhaarat ke kul pataakha utpaadan ka 90% aur Bhaarat ke kul ofaset printing saulyushan ka 60% ka yogadaan karta hai. yeh sabse adhik bikri/utpaad shulk/seema shulk ka bhugataan karne vaale shaharon mein se ek hai aur isne 100% rojagaar ka lakshya haasil kiya hai. 80 ke dashak ke dauraan ek samay baal shram bahut adhik hota tha, lekin ab ise poori tarah samaapt kar diya gaya hai.

bam ke goalon ka banana

shivkaashi ko "teen udyogon ka ek shahar" kaha ja sakta hai, jinke naam hain

shivkaashi shahar mein badi sankhya mein ofaset chhapaai ki masheene maujood hain - jo Germany ke gutenabarg shahar ke baad duniya mein doosari sabse badi sankhya hai. shri ke.S.A. arunaagiri naadar printing ko is shahar mein laane ke liye jimmedaar the aur isliye shivkaashi mein unhein "printing ke sansthaapak" ke roop mein jaana jaata hai. daayariyon, kaileindaron aadi ka printar koroneshan litho varks shahar ka sabse pehla printing press hai jo shahar ka prasiddh printar hai.

ayya naadar aur unke bhaai shanmuga naadar ne maachis udyog aur kai collegeon ki sthaapana ki thi. naaitaengal steshanareej aur tilk raaj teksataail ke designer aur nirmaata - shreenivaas faain Arts ullekhaneeya mahatva ke hain jinki sthaapana 1969 mein hui thi aur jo ek pramukh pratishthit teksataail shoroom hai.

printing aur pataakhon ke alaava shivkaashi ke nikat thiruthangal mein ek chhote star par grenaait (peela) ka utkhanan kiya jaata hai. yahaaain khadaan maalikon ke khilaaf nivaasiyon dvaara kai baar virodh pradarshan kiye gaye hain kyonki pattharon ke kan aavaaseeya kshetron ke aaspaas kaafi najadeek tak fail jaate hain.

sanskruti

shivkaashi mein ek vyast sadak

is shahar ki aabaadi mukhyat: hindu hai, haalaanki kai muslim school aur kuchh church bhi yahaaain maujood hain. mariymma aur patrakaaleeamma mandiron ke liye vaarshik thiruvijha (April aur May ke dauraan) tyauhaar logon ke beech kaafi lokapriya hain. esaechaenavi (SHNV) school mein naadar uraavinmuraai samiti dvaara vaarshik pradarshani aayojit ki jaati hai jo yahaaain ke saanskrutik kaaryakramon ko dekhne ke liye badi sankhya mein bheed ko utsaah poorvak aakarshit karti hai. shivkaashi ka ek sakriya laayans club, rotari club aur udyami mahilaaon ke liye inar vheel club hai.

pathiraakaaliymma mandir parisar ke andar kaayam 'paaramparik nandaavanam' bahut hi paaramparik hai aur isne apni puraani parampara ko aaj bhi vaise hi banaae rakha hai. badi sankhya mein mor aur moraniyaaain kisi tarah ki parishrami bhaageedaari ke bagair baageeche mein bekhauf ghoomti rahati hain jo aapki time machine ko puraane dinon mein vaapas le jaaengi.

raat ke khaane ke dauraan sthaaneeya log jyaadaatar apne gharon mein chaaval, doodh aur khasta "pakoda" ke saath saadhaaran bhojan karte hain. karoopatti (taad ke ped se bani meethi candy) mitaai aur vellaai mitaai (kalagaandoo meethi candy se bana) bhi shivkaashi mein ek pasandeeda naashta hai. "kaara sev" ek aur masaaledaar aur khasta namakeen naashta hai jo jyaadaatar shivkaashi se 15 kimi door, sattoor mein bana hota hai.

shivkaashi ke vyanjan

shivkaashi ka ek ullekhaneeya pakavaan hai parota, jise ek vishesh grevi ke saath parosa jaata hai. shivkaashi apne pakodon ke liye prasiddh hai. pakoda ke saath aam taur par kheer (paal saadham) diya jaata hai aur ise shaadiyon mein bhi parosa jaata hai. tyauhaaron ke mausam mein, shahar ki mithaaiyon ki dukaanon mein karoopatti mithaai (chaaval ke aate aur taad ke shakkar se bani) aur vellaai mithaai (chaaval ke aate aur cheeni se bani) jaisi mithaaiyaan bechi jaati hain.

idali ke saath kothukari (keema aur masaalon se bana kurma) naashte ki ek lokapriya saamagri hai. boli, jo maida, gud aur bangaali chane se bana ek tarah ka meetha painakek hai, ise sadak ke kinaare ki dukaanon mein becha jaata hai.

karthigaai tyauhaar mein shivkaashi ke log moongafali aur gud ke laddoo banaate hain.

parivhan

shivkaashi mein shahar bas seva chalti hai jo shahar ke andar, upanagaron aur shivkaashi ke 20 kimi ke daayare mein sthit sthaanon ke andar sampark seva pradaan karti hai. yahaaain niji mini-bas sevaaen bhi sanchaalit ki jaati hain jo shivkaashi shahar ke andar aur iske aaspaas lagbhag har sadak ko jodti hai.

sadak maarg

sarkaari parivhan seva vaataanukoolit AC basein chalaati hain aur niji yaatri sevaaon dvaara semi-sleeper basein jaise ki muthukumaari, praveen, epeees (APS), vivegaam, amaranaath pratidin chennai tak ke liye sanchaalit ki jaati hain. yeh shahar Coimbatore, madurai, tooteekorin aur bangalor jaise pramukh nagaron se achhi tarah juda hua hai. sabhi pramukh nagaron ke liye dainik aadhaar par niji bas sevaaen bhi sanchaalit ki jaati hain. velamurugan aur murugan illam bas

train dvaara

podhigaai express (2662) jo senagottaai se chennai egmor tak chalti hai yeh pratidin 20.53 baje sivaakaasi (esaveekees) (SVKS) station par rukati hai aur yeh 07.05 baje chennai pahuainchati hai. yahi train (2661) pratidin 20.50 baje chennai se chalti hai aur har din 06.24 baje shivkaashi station par rukati hai. is maarg mein bhaari maang ke kaaran dakshini railway ne ek vishesh train (0609 aur 0610) senagottaai express ki ghoshana ki hai jo kramash: har shanivaar aur ravivaar ko chalti hai.

iske alaava 08.53 baje, 14.02 baje aur 18.00 baje virudhunagar aur thirumangalam se hokar madurai tak ke maarg mein ek yaatri train bhi chalti hai jo pratidin 07.00 baje, 11.25 baje aur 17.30 baje tenakaashi, shreevilleeputhur, raajaapalaayam, shankaranakoli se hokar senagottaai tak sampark jodti hai.

havaai maarg

niktatam havaai adda madurai aur tooteekorin mein hai. koi bhi aasaani se madurai tak ke liye bas le sakta hai aur vahaaain se raajya ke alag-alag hisson ke liye sampark sthaapit kar sakta hai.

shiksha

shivkaashi mein maadhyamik shiksha ke saath-saath peshevar padhaai ke liye bhi bahut achhe shaikshanik sansthaan maujood hain. yeh kai school college bhi hain jinmein se jyaadaatar niji svaamitv vaale hain aur unke dvaara sanchaalit kiye jaate hain saath hi yahaaain kuchh sarkaari sahaayata praapt sansthaan bhi chalaae ja rahe hain. shivkaashi mein sthit pratyek sansthaan chhaatron ke anushaasan aur akhandata ke liye kaafi pragatisheel hai.

mahatvaakaankshi logon ne padhaai ko kaafi mahattv diya hai aur iseeliye unhonne shivkaashi mein aur iske aaspaas kai schoolon aur collegeon ka shubhaaranbh kiya hai - yahaaain sabhi samudaaya ke log kisi bhi pakshapaat ke bina shiksha praapt kar rahe hain.

kala aur vigyaan ke college

pauliteknik aur aaiteeaai

  • araasan Ganeshan pauliteknik
  • pi.S.aar. (P.S.R.) pauliteknik college
  • ayya naadar jaanki ammal pauliteknik college
  • shivkaashi instityoot of printing teknoloji
  • raamalakshmi industrial training instityoot
  • padmanaabh industrial training instityoot
  • pabaanaas industrial training instityoot

bi.Ed. aur teacher training college

school

  • velanakanni maatha haaiyar sekandari school, shivkaashi
  • kammaavar maitrikuleshan haaiyar sekandari school
  • annaamalaai naadar unnaamalaai ammal haaiyar sekandari school
  • shivkaashi hindu naadar Victoria haaiyar sekandari school
  • shivkaashi hindu naadar Victoria maitrikuleshan haaiyar sekandari school
  • yennaarki ravindran thilgaavathi vidyaashaala (vaayaaarateevi) (YRTV)
  • laayans maitrikuleshan haaiyar sekandari school
  • veeesake (VSK) duraisvaami naadar maitrikuleshan haaiyar sekandari school
  • shri metha jain pablik school
  • jeseej maitrikuleshan haaiyar sekandari school
  • kaamaraajaar maitrikuleshan haaiyar sekandari school
  • shri vinyaagaar maitrikuleshan haaiyar sekandari school
  • shivkaashi muslim haaiyar sekandari school
  • shivkaashi muslim elimeintri school
  • seeemaes (CMS) girls haai school, sachiyaapuram
  • seeesaaai (C.S.I.) school for meintali ritaarted, sachiyaapuram
  • myunisipl haai school
  • shruti vidyodhyaaya
  • raagalaind maitrikuleshan haaiyar sekandari school
  • sevanth de edveintist maitrikuleshan school
  • koroneshan girls haaiyar sekandari school
  • shivkaashi hindu naadar girls haaiyar sekandari school
  • A.vi.M. (A.V.M.) maarimuthu naadar haaiyar sekandari school, vilmapatti
  • amman kovil patti gavarnameint haai school
  • N.pi.S.S. (N.P.S.S.) raathina naadar kanagammal rotari maitrik haaiyar sekandari school

thiruthangal ke school

  • vaaya.aar.ti.vi. (Y.R.T.V.) maitrik haaiyarasekandari school
  • kalaaimagal haaiyarasekandari school
  • S.N.ji. (S.N.G.) girls haaiyar sekandari school
  • ke.M.ke.A. (K.M.K.A.) maitrik haaiyar sekandari school
  • glori haaiyarasekandari school
  • thiruthangal laayans haaiyar sekandari school
  • muthumaari maitrik haaiyar sekandari school
  • S.aar. (S.R.) gavarnameint haaiyarasekandari school
  • sundaraavel maitrik haaiyar sekandari school

shivkaashi ke pavitra sthal

  • shri ananda udhanda madaasvaami kovil
  • svaami kaashi vishvanaath thiru kovil (shivn kovil)
  • murugan kovil
  • pathira kaali amman thiru kovil
  • maari amman thiru kovil
  • sakkammal thiru kovil
  • kadaai kovil
  • kaamaachi amman kovil
  • kachaakaara amman kovil
  • peroomal kovil
  • ayappa svaami thiru kovil
  • karrupa svaami kovil
  • umaamaheshvari amman thiru kovil
  • seeesaaai (CSI) raagalaind memoriyl church
  • romans Catholic church for maatha
  • Canara bank ke nikat baajaar masjid, varsh 1700 tak ka pehla aur praacheen masjid,
  • varsh 1827 tak ka shafi madhab periya palleevasal,
  • hanaafi madhab palleevasal,
  • madhina palleevasai,
  • tamil nagar palleevasal,
  • tauheed jamaat palleevasal,
  • E.S.I. (E.S.I.) aspataal ke paas reserve line palleevasal,
  • saratha nagar palleevasai,
  • masjid A peeramohammad, pallaapatti,
  • jinda shekh madhaar dargaah,
  • passeepatanam naina mohammad dargaah,
  • sangoor pethaapan dargaah, koroneshan colony,
  • seingaamaala naachiyaar puram ke najadeek padayaali saahib dargaah,
  • vilaayaathulla dargaah
  • naagoor andaavar dargaah
  • Ajmer kaaja mohideen dargaah,
  • sivaakaasi church of gaud, church
  • sivaakaasi East gethaasaamne preyar house
  • kaaramel preyar feloship church, shivkaashi
  • mispaah preyar house, pallaapatti
  • epostolik krischiyn esembali, thiruthangal

sandarbh

haal ke samaachaar

baahari links

inhein bhi dekhein

  • shivkaashi (Loksabha nirvaachan kshetr)

saaaincha:Municipalities of Tamil Nadu