shinjiyaang

cheen ka naksha, shinjiyaang gahre laal rang mein
shinjiyaang mein kaaraakoram raajamaarg ke najdeek ka drushya
tiyaanchi sarovar
burachin jile mein ek nadi

shinjiyaang (uigur: شaaىaaنaaجaaاaaڭ, angreji: Xinjiang, cheeni: 新aa疆) janavaadi ganaraajya cheen ka ek svaayattashaasi kshetr hai. ye ek registaani aur shushk ilaaka hai isliye is ki aabaadi bahut kam hai. shinjiyaang ki sarahadein dakshin mein Tibet aur Bhaarat, dakshin-poorv mein ching hai aur gaansoo, poorv mein mangoliya, uttar mein roos aur pashchim mein kaajkstaan, kirgijstaan, taajikistaan, afgaanistaan aur Pakistan se milti hain. Bhaarat ka aksaai chin ka ilaaka bhi, jispar cheen ka kbja hai, prashaasanik roop se shinjiyaang mein shaamil hai.[1] shinjiyaang ki rajdhani urumachi naam ka shahar hai, jabki iska sabse bada nagar kaashgar hai.

anukram

soobe ka naam

maanchhu bhaasha mein 'shinjiyaang' ka matlab 'naya sooba' hai. yahaaain Turkey nasal ki jaati ke logon toork hain jo uigur kahalaate hain aur jo takreeban sabhi musalmaan hain. ye ilaaka cheeni turkistaan ya masharaki turkistaan bhi kahalaata hai.[2]

alagaavavaadi sangharsh

shinjiyaang sangharsh[3] shinjiyaang praaaint mein cheen se alag hone ke liye chal raha[4] sangharsh hai.[5] uigur logon ka ek alagaavavaadi samooh maanata hai ki yeh kshetr, jise ve poorvi turkistaan kehte hain, cheen ka vaidh ansh naheen hai balki 1949 mein cheen dvaara aakraman karke kabjaaya gaya tha aur abhi tak cheen us par anadhikrut roop se kaabij hai. alagaavavaadi aaaindolan kuchh Turkey muslim sangathanon dvaara chalaaya ja raha hai, jinmein poorvi turkistaan svaadheenata aaaindolan naam ka dal pramukh hai.

kuchh ghatnaakram

haal ki ghatanaaeain

24 April 2013 ko kaashgar ke nikat hinsak jhadpon mein 21 ki mrutyu hui, jinmein 15 policekarmi the.[6][7][8] ek sthaaneeya sarkaari adhikaari ne bataaya ki ye jhadpein tab huin jab teen sarkaari adhikaariyon ne kaashagaar ke baahar selibuya ilaake mein kuchh sandigdh chaakoodhaari logon ke chhupe hone ki khabar di.[9]

do maheene baad 26 June 2013 ko hue dange mein 27 log maare gaye; jinmein 17 dangaaiyon dvaara maare gaye the aur baaki das kathit taur par hamlaavar the jinhein police ne Lukqun shahar mein maar giraaya.[10]

1 March 2014 ko chaakoodhaari hamlaavaron ke ek samooh ne kunaming railway station par logon par hamla kiya jismein kam se kam 29 log maare gaye aur 130 anya ghaayal hue.[11] cheen ne in hamlon ke liye shinjiyaang ke ugravaadi tatvon ko jimmedaar thaharaaya.[12]

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Xinjiang: China's Muslim borderland, S. Frederick Starr, M.E. Sharpe, 2004, ISBN 978-0-7656-1318-9
  2. The Ili Rebellion: the Moslem challenge to Chinese authority in Xinjiang, 1944-1949, Linda Benson, M.E. Sharpe, 1990, ISBN 978-0-87332-509-7
  3. (PDF) The Xinjiang Conflict: Uyghur identity, Language, Policy, and Political discourse, East West center, http://www.eastwestcenter.org/fileadmin/stored/pdfs/PS015.pdf . The Xinjiang conflict.
  4. Uyghur Separatist conflict, American, http://www1.american.edu/ted/ice/xinjiang.htm .
  5. Ismail, Mohammed Sa'id; Ismail, Mohammed Aziz (1960 (Hejira 1380)) (Privately printed pamphlet), Moslems in the Soviet Union and China, 1, Translated by U.S. Government, Joint Publications Service, Tehran, IR, pa॰ 52 translation printed in Washington: JPRS 3936, 19 September 1960.
  6. "China's Xinjiang hit by deadly clashes". BBC News. 24 April 2013. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-22276042. abhigman tithi: 24 April 2013.
  7. "Violence in western Chinese region of Xinjiang kills 21". CNN. 24 April 2013. http://edition.cnn.com/2013/04/24/world/asia/china-xinjiang-violence/index.html?hpt=hp_t3. abhigman tithi: 24 April 2013.
  8. "21 dead in Xinjiang terrorist clash". CNTV. 24 April 2013. http://english.cntv.cn/20130424/105282.shtml. abhigman tithi: 24 April 2013.
  9. "Violence erupts in China's restive Xinjiang". Al Jazeera. 24 April 2013. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/04/201342461038596954.html. abhigman tithi: 24 April 2013.
  10. "State media: Violence leaves 27 dead in restive minority region in far western China". Washington Post. June 26. Archived from the original on 2013-06-28. https://archive.is/7QH15. [mrut kadiyaaain]
  11. "Unidentified Assailant kills 29 at Kunming Railway Station in China". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. http://news.biharprabha.com/2014/03/unidentified-assailant-kills-27-at-kunming-railway-station-in-china/. abhigman tithi: 2 March 2014.
  12. Blanchard, Ben (2014-03-01). "China blames Xinjiang militants for station attack". Reuters. Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 2014-03-02. https://archive.is/trGQ6. abhigman tithi: 2014-03-01.