shilaaras

bina saaf kiya shilaaras (kachcha shilaaras)

shilaaras (petrolium) ek atyadhik upayogi padaarth hain, jiska upayog denik jeevan mein bahut adhik hota hain. shilaaras vaastav mein udapraangaaron ka mishran hota hai. iska nirmaan bhi koyale ki tarah vanaspatiyon ke pruthvi ke neeche dabane tatha kaalaantar mein unke upar uchch daab tatha taap ke aapatan ke kaaran hua. praakrutik roop se paae jaane vaale shilaaras ko aparishkrut tel (Crude Oil) kehte hain jo kaale rang ka gaadha drav hota hai. iske prabhaaji aasavan (fraikshanal distileshan) se kerosene, petrol, deejl, praakrutik gas, vaseline, lyoobrikeint tel ityaadi praapt hote hain.

daraasal jab tel ke bhandaar pruthvi par kaheen dhoondhe jaate hain, tab yeh gaadhe kaale rang ka hota hai. jise krood Oil kaha jaata hai aur ismein udapraangaaron ki bahulata hoti hai. udapraangaaron ki khaasiyat yeh hoti hai ki inmein maujood haaidrojan aur praangaar ke anu ek doosare se vibhinn shrrunkhalaaon mein bandhe hote hain. ye shrrunkhalaaen tarah-tarah ki hoti hain. yahi shrrunkhalaaen vibhinn prakaar ke tel utpaadon ka srot hoti hain. inki sabse chhoti shrrunkhala mithen naamak product ka aadhaar banti hai. inmein lambi shrrunkhalaaon vaale udapraangaaron thos jaise ki mom ya taar naamak utpaad ka nirmaan karte hain.

sachhidr chattaan (4) mein shilaaras sthit hai.

jab pruthvi se tel khod kar nikaala jaata hai us vakt aparishkrut tel (krood Oil) thos roop mein hota hai. isse tel ke vibhinn roop paane ke liye aparishkrut tel mein maujood udapraangaar ke vibhinn chen ko alag karna padta hai. udapraangaar ke vibhinn chenon ko alag karne ki prakriya raasaayanik kraans jodne udapraangaar kahalaati hai. jise ham shodhan prakriya ke naam se jaante hain. yeh shodhan prakriya shodhan kaarakhaanein (rifaainareej) mein hoti hai. ek tarah se yeh shodhan behad aasaan bhi hota hai aur mushkil bhi. yeh saral tab hota hai jab krood Oil mein paae jaane vaale udapraangaaron ke baare mein pata ho aur mushkil tab jab iski jaankaari naheen hoti hai. daraasal har prakaar ke udapraangaaron ka kvathanaank ke, alag-alag hota hai is tarah aasavan ki prakriya se unhein aasaani se alag kiya ja sakta hai. tel shodhak kaarkhaana ki poori prakriya mein yeh ek mahatvapoorn charan hota hai.

daraasal aparishkrut tel ko alag-alag taapamaan par garm karke vaashp ekatrit karke tatha use dobaara sanghanit karke udapraangaar ki alag-alag chen nikaal li jaati hain. tel shodhak kaarkhaana (Oil rifaainari) mein shodhan ka yeh sabse saamaanya aur puraana tareeka hai. ubalate taapamaan ka upayog karne waali is vidhi ko prabhaaji aasavan kehte hain. aasavan ka ek tareeka yeh bhi hota hai ki udapraangaar ki ek lambi chen ko jaise ka taisa nikaal lene ke bajaae use chhoti-chhoti chens mein todkar nikaal liya jaata hai. is prakriya ko raasaayanik prasanskaran kehte hain. to bachche ab aap samajh gaye honge ki petrol aur kairosin ke alaava doosare indhan kaise bante hain. is saari prakriya mein tel shodhak kaarkhaana ki aham bhoomika ho

shilaaras ka vishv vitran

yeh bhi dekhein