shiksha ka adhikaar

bachchon ko kisi bhi desh ke sarvochch sampatti hain. ve sambhaavit maanav sansaadhan hai kihai karne ke liye drudhta se jaankaar aur desh ki pragati saksham punya kiye jaane hain. shiksha ek aadmi ke jeevan mein traanseindaintal mahatva ka hai. aaj, shiksha, sandehake ek kan ke bina, ek hai ki ek aadmi ke aakaar hai. RTE adhiniymavibhinn visheshataaon ke saath ja raha hai, ek anivaarya prakruti mein hai, isaliyesach ke roop mein, lambe samay laga aur sabhi ke liye shiksha pradaan karne keeaavashyakata sapana laane ke liye mein aa gaya hai. Bhaarat 66 pratishtak ke ekagareeb saaksharata dar, ke roop mein apni report 2007 mein sanyukt raashtra shaikshik, vaigyaanik aur saanskrutik sangathan dvaara di gayi aur jaisa ki sanyukt raashtra vikaas kaaryakram ki report, 2009 mein shaamil ke saath vishv saaksharata ranking mein149, sthaan hai.

vaastav mein, shiksha jo ek samvaidhaanik adhikaar tha shuroo mein ab ek maulik adhikaar ka darja praapt hai. adhikaar ki shiksha ke liye vikaas is tarah hua hai: Bhaarat ke samvidhaan ki shuruaat mein, shiksha ka adhikaar anuchhed 41 ke tahat raajya ke neeti nirdeshak siddhaanton ke tahat maanyata di gayi thi jiske anusaar,

"raajya apni aarthik kshamata aur vikaas ki seemaaon ke bheetar, shiksha aur berojgaari, vruddhaavastha, beemaari aur viklaangata ke maamale mein saarvajanik sahaayata karne ke liye kaam karte hain, sahi haasil karne ke liye prabhaavi vyavastha karne aur naahak ke anya maamalon mein chaahate hain ".

muft aur anivaarya shiksha ka aashvaasan raajya ke neeti nirdeshak anuchhed 45, jo is prakaar chalaata hai ke tahat, siddhaanton ke tahat fir se kiya gaya tha, "raajya ke liye pradaan karne ka prayaas, das saal ki avadhi ke bheetar hoga muft aur anivaarya shiksha ke liye is samvidhaan ke sabhi bachchon ke liye praarambh se jab tak ve chaudah varsh ki aayu poorn karein." iske alaava, shiksha pradaan karne ke saath 46 lekh bhi sambandhit jaatiyon anusoochi karne ke liye, janajaatiyon aur samaaj ke anya kamjor vargon anusoochi. tathya yeh hai ki shiksha ka adhikaar 3 lekh mein kiya gaya hai saath hi samvidhaan ke bhaag IV ke tahat nipta bataate hain ki kaise mahatvapoorn yeh samvidhaan ke nirmaataaon dvaara maana gaya hai. 29 lekh aur aalekh shiksha ke adhikaar ke saath 30 samjhaute aur ab, ham anuchhed 21A hai, jo ek majaboot tareeke se aashvaasan ab deta hai.

2002 mein, samvidhaan (assi chhathe sanshodhan) adhiniyam shiksha ke adhikaar ke maadhyam se ek maulik adhikaar ke roop mein pahachaana jaane laga. lekh 21A isliye sammilit hona jismein kaha gaya hai aaya, "raajya raajya ke roop mein is tareeke se, vidhi dvaara, nirdhaarit kar sakte mein chhah se chaudah varsh ki aayu ke sabhi bachchon ko muft aur anivaarya shiksha pradaan karega.we should punish those teachers who just sitv in the classes not teaching the students yeh antat: unni Krishnan JP vi. raajya Andhra pradesh ki ki shiksha ko ek maulik adhikaar mein laaya ja raha mein diya nirnaya kiya gaya tha. is ke baad bhi, yeh shaamil sangharsh ki ek bahut anuchhed 21A ke baare mein laane ke liye aur baad mein, shiksha ka adhikaar adhiniyam. isliye, RTE adhiniyam ke liye ek kachcha masauda vidheyak 2005 mein prastaav kiya gaya.

bachchon ke adhikaar ko ni: shulk aur anivaarya shiksha adhiniyam, lokapriya shiksha ka adhikaar adhiniyam ke roop mein jaana April, 2010 ke 1 ko prabhaav mein aaya tha. RTE adhiniyam ke 4 August 2009 ko Bhaarat ki sansad dvaara 2 July 2009 aur nidhan par cabinet mantraalaya dvaara 20 veen July, 2009 ko raajya sabha ke anumodan ke baad paarit kiya gaya tha. raashtrapati pratibha Patil ne is vidheyak ko manjoori de di hai uske aur is ke raajapatr mein ni: shulk bachche ke adhikaar par aur anivaarya shiksha adhiniyam ke roop mein adhisoochit kiya gaya sitmbar, 2009 3. 1 April 2010 par, yeh Bhaarat ke Jammu aur Kashmir raajya ko chhodkar, poora karne ke liye laagoo ke roop mein astitv mein aaya.

is prakaar, ant mein ek bahut mahatvapoorn adhikaar mahatvapoorn ek sahi hai ki yeh kaise ki sthiti se vasooli ke baad aakaar le liya.

itihaas

svargeeya gopaal Krishna gokhale ne 18 March 1910 mein hi Bhaarat mein 'muft aur anivaarya praathamik shiksha' ke praavadhaan ke liye british vidhaan parishd ke samaksh prastaav rakha tha, jo nihit svaarthon ke virodh ke chalte antat: khaarij ho gaya.

inhein bhi dekhein

  • muft aur anivaarya shiksha vidheyak
  • samaan shiksha
  • vidya

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