shekhaavaati

uttar Bhaarat ka aitihaasik kshetr
shekhaavaati
माँडवा दुर्ग
Location uttari Rajasthan 27°a49′a7.44″aN 75°a1′a41.97″aE / 27.8187333°aN 75.028325°aE / 27.8187333; 75.028325Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 27°a49′a7.44″aN 75°a1′a41.97″aE / 27.8187333°aN 75.028325°aE / 27.8187333; 75.028325
Jaipur rajavaade ka
19veen shataabdi ka dhvaj
Flag of Jaipur.svg
raajya sthaapit: 1445
bhaasha shekhaavaati
vansh shekhaavat (1445-1949), Jaipur ke kachhaava vansh ki shaakha
aitihaasik raajadhaaniyaan amarasar, shaahapura
vibhaajit raajya shekhaavaati ke thikaane: khandela, khaatoo, khood, seekar, paintaaleesa, pachapana, khetadi,daanta aadi

shekhaavaati uttar-poorvi Rajasthan ka ek ardh-shushk aitihaasik kshetr hai. Rajasthan ke vartamaan seekar aur jhunjhunoo jile shekhaavaati ke naam se jaane jaate hai is kshetr par aajaadi se pehle shekhaavat kshatriyon ka shaasan hone ke kaaran is kshetr ka naam shekhaavaati prachalan mein aaya. deshi raajyon ke bhaarateeya sangh mein vilay se poorv manoharapur-shaahapura, khandela, seekar, khetadi, bisaaoo, surajagadh, navalagadh,mandaava, mukandagadh, daanta, khud,khaachariyaabaas, alaseesar, malaseesar,lakshmanagadh,beedasar aadi bade-bade prabhaavashaali sansthaan shekha ji ke vanshadharon ke adhikaar mein the. vartamaan shekhaavaati kshetr paryatan aur shiksha ke kshetr mein vishv maanachitr mein teji se ubhar raha hai, yahaaain Pilani aur lakshmanagadh ke Bhaarat prasiddh shiksha kendra hai. vahi navalagadh, fatehapur, alaseesar, malaseesar, lakshmanagadh, mandaava aadi jagahon par bani praacheen badi-badi haveliyaaain apni vishaalata aur bhitti chitrakaari ke liye vishv prasiddh hai jinhein dekhne deshi-videshi paryatakon ka taaainta laga rahata hai. pahaadon mein suramya jagahon bane jeen maata mandir, shaakambareedevi ka mandir, lohaarlgal ke alaava khaatoo mein Baba khaatooshyaamaji ka (barbareek) ka mandir,saalaasar mein hanumaan ji ka mandir aadi sthaan dhaarmik aastha ke aise kendra hai jahaaain door-door se shraddhaalu darshanaarth aate hai. is shekhaavaati pradesh ne jahaaain desh ke liye apne praanon ko balidaan karne vaale deshapremi diye vaheeain udyogon va vyaapaar ko badhaane vaale saikado udyogapati va vyaapaari diye jinhonne apne udyogon se laakhon logon ko rojagaar dekar desh ki arthavyavastha mein apna yogadaan diya. bhaarateeya sena ko sabse jyaada sainik dene wala jhunjhunoo jila shekhaavaati ka hi bhaag hai.

bhoogol

chitr:Harshnath.jpg

Rajasthan ka marubhoomi wala purvotari evam pashchimotari vishaal bhoobhaag vaidik sabhyata ke udaya ka usha kaal maana jaata hai. hajaaron varsh poorv bhoo-garbh mein vilupt vaidik nadi sarasvati yaheen par pravaah maan thi, jiske taton par tapasyaaleen aarya rishiyon ne vedon ke sootron ki saranchana ki thi. sindhughaati sabhyata ke avasheshon evam vibhinn sanskrutiyon ke paraspar milan, vikaas utthaan aur patan ki rochak evam gaurav gaathaaon ko apne vishaal aaainchal mein chhipaae yeh marubhoomi bhaarateeya itihaas ke gauravapoorn adhyaaya ki shrshtha aur drashta rahi hai. janapadeeya ganaraajyon ki janm sthali aur kreeda sthali bane rahane ka shreya isi marubhoomi ko raha hai. is marubhoomi ne aise vishishth purushon ko janm diya hai, jinhonne apne kaaryakalaapon se bhaarateeya itihaas ko prabhaavit kiya hai.

isi marubhoomi ka ek bhaag pramukh bhaag shekhaavaati pradesh hai jo vishaalakaaya marusthal ke purvotari anchal mein faila hua hai. iska shekhaavaati naam vigtakaaleen pauainch shataabdiyon mein is bhoo-bhaag par shaasan karne vaale shekhaavat kshatriyon ke naam par prasiddh hua hai. usase se poorv anek praanteeya naamo se is pradesh ki prasiddi rahi hai. isi bhaanti anek shaasak kulon ne samay-samay par yahaaain raajya kiya hai. [1]

1

veer bhoomi shekhaavaati pradesh ki sthaapana mahaaraav shekha ji evam unke vanshajon ke bal, vikram, shorya aur raajyaadhikaar praapt karne ki adviteeya pratibha ka pratifl hai. yahaaain ke daani-maani lakshmi putron, sarasvati ke amar saadhakon tatha shakti ke tyaagi-balidaani Singh sapooton ki anokhi gauravamayi gaathaaon ne iski alag pehchaan banaai aur sthaai roop dene mein apni tyaag va tapasya ki bhaavana ko gatisheel banaaye rakha. yahaaain ke prabal paraakrami, sabal saahasi, aan-baan aur maryaada ke sajag prahari shooraveeron ke rakt-beej se shekhaavaati ke roop mein yeh vat vruksh apni anek shaakhaaon prashaakhaaon mein laharaata, jhoomata aur prasfutit hota aaj bhi apni amar gaathaaon ko kah raha hai. shekhaavaati naam lene maatr se hi aaj bhi shorya ka sanchaar hota hai, daan ki dundubhi kaanon mein goonjati hai aur shiksha, saahitya, sanskruti tatha kala ka bhaav urmiyaaain udvelit hone lagti hai. yahaaain bhittichitron ne to shekhaavaati ke naam ko saare sansaar mein door-door tak ujaagar kiya hai. yeh dhara dhanya hai. rishiyon ki tapobhoomi rahi hai to krushakon ki karmabhoomi. yeh dharmadhara Rajasthan ki ek punya sthali hai. aitihaasik drashti se ismein amarasaravaati, jhunjhunoo vaati, Udaipur vaati, khandela vaati, narahad vaati, singhaana vaati, seekar vaati, fatehapur vaati, aadi kai bhaag parinit hote rahe hai. inka saamoohik naam hi shekhaavaati prasiddh hua. jab shekhaavaati ka apna alag raajanaitik astitv tha tab usaki seemaae is prakaar thi - uttar pashchim mein bhootapoorv Bikaner raajya, uttarapoorv mein lohaaroo aur jhajjar, dakshin poorv mein tanvaraavaati aur bhootapoorv Jaipur raajya tatha dakshin pashchim mein bhootapoorv Jodhpur raajya. parantu iski bhaugolik seemaaen seekar aur jhunjhunoo do jilon tak hi simit maani jaati rahi hai. vartamaan shaasan vyavastha mein bhi in do jilo ko hi shekhaavaati maana gaya hai. deshi raajyon ke bhaarateeya sangh mein vilay se poorv manoharapur-shaahapura, khandela, seekar, khetadi, bisaaoo, surajagadh, navalagadh, mandaava, mukandagadh, daanta, khud, khaachariyaabaas, alaseesar, malaseesar,lakshmanagadh aadi bade-bade prabhaavashaali sansthaan shekha ji ke vanshadharon ke adhikaar mein the. [2]

2

shekhaavat sangh ne, jo aamer raajavansh se udabhoot hai, kaal aur paristhitiyon ke prabhaav se apne paitrik raajya aamer ke baraabar sammaan aur shakti sanchaya kar li hai. yadhapi is sangh ka na koi likhit kaanoon hai aur na iska pratyaksh athva apratyaksh koi pradhaanaadhyaksh hai. kintu samaan hit ki bhaavana se prerit yeh sangh apna astitv banaaye rakhane mein sadaiv samarth raha hai. fir bhi yeh naheen maan lena chaahiya ki is sangh mein koi neeti-karm naheen hai. jab kabhi ek chhote se chhote saamant ke svatvadhikaaron ke hanan ka prashn upasthit hua to chhote-bade sabhi shekhaavat saamant saradaaron ne Udaipur naamak apne prasiddh sthaan par ikkathe hokar svatv-raksha ka samaadhaan nikaala hai. [3]

3

jis kaal ka ham varnan kar rahe hai, shekhaavaati pradesh thikaanon (chhote up raajyon) ka ek samooh tha, jiske uttar pashchim mein Bikaner, uttar poorv mein lohaaroo aur jhajjar, dakshin poorv mein Jaipur aur paatan tatha dakshin pashchim mein Jodhpur raajya tha. thaartan ke anusaar shekhaavaati ka kshetrafal 3890 varg meal hai jo bhaarateeya janaganana report 1941 ke aankadon ke lagbhag baraabar hai bhaarateeya janaganana report 1941 ke anusaar shekhaavaati ka kshetrafal 3580 varg meal hai. Colonel tod ne shekhaavaati ka kshetrafal 5400 varg meal hone ka anumaan lagaaya hai jo atishyoktipoorn evam avishvasaneeya hai. apni an-upajaaoo praakrutik sthiti ke kaaran shekhaavaati sadaiv se yoddhaaon, saahasikon aur durdaant daakuon ki bhoomi rahi hai. shekhaavaati Jaipur raajya mein sadaiv toofaan ka kendra bani rahi aur samay-samay par Jaipur ke aantarik shaasan mein british hastekshep ke liye avsar jutaati rahi. [4]

4

Jaipur,maaravaad aur mevaad ki bhaanti shekhaavaati raajanaitik aur bhaugolik drashti se ek prathak pradesh hai. shekhaavaati ke cheef log Jaipur raajya ki sahaayak sainik jaati ke hai aur ve naam maatr ko Jaipur raajya ke adheen hai. [5]

rasaale (ghudsavaar sena) ki bharti ke hetu shekhaavaati ke mukaabale samast Bhaarat mein koi doosra kshetr naheen hai. [6]

anukram

shekhaavaati ke shahar aur gaaainv

shahar aur kasbe

baahari sootr

sandarbh

  1. surajan Singh shekhaavat, prasiddh itihaasakaar
  2. dau॰aaudayaveer sharma, itihaasakaar
  3. Colonel James tod
  4. H.si.batra, M.A. itihaas
  5. hemiltan ka hindusthaan bhaag -1
  6. Colonel J.si.Brooke