shailesh matiyaani

rameshachandr Singh matiyaani
Shailesh Matiyani.jpg
shailesh matiyaani
upanaam: shailesh matiyaani
janm: 26 March, 1907
baadechheena, almoda, uttaraakhand
mrutyu: 24 April 2001
Delhi, Bhaarat
kaaryakshetr: patrakaar, lekhak
raashtreeyata: bhaarateeya
bhaasha: hindi
kaal: aadhunik kaal
vidha: gadya aur padya
vishay: kahaani, upanyaas va nibandh
saahityik
aandolan
:
nai kahaani va
yathaarthavaad
pramukh kruti(yaaain): arddhaangini kahaani

shailesh matiyaani (14 October 1931 - 24 April 2001) aadhunik hindi saahitya mein nai kahaani aandolan ke daur ke evam usase jude hue prasiddh gadyakaar hain. unhonne 'muthabhed', 'boreebali se Mumbai' jaise upanyaas, cheel, ardhaangini jaisi kahaaniyon ke saath hi anek nibandh aur sansmaran bhi likhe hain.

anukram

jeevan vrutt

unka janm baadechheena gaanv (jila alamoda, uttaraakhand (Bhaarat)) mein hua tha. unka mool naam rameshachandr Singh matiyaani tha. baarah varsh (1943) ki avastha mein unke maata-pita ka dehaant ho gaya. us samay ve paanchaveen kaksha ke chhaatr the. iske baad ve apne chaachaaon ke sanrakshan mein rahe kintu unki padhaai ruk gayi. unhein boochadkhaane tatha jue ki naal ughaane ka kaam karna pada.

paanch saal baad 17 varsh ki umr mein unhonne fir se padhna shuru kiya. vikt paristhitiyon ke baavajood unhonne haaiskool pareeksha utteern ki. ve 1951 mein almoda se Delhi aa gaye. yahaaain ve 'amar kahaani' ke sampaadak, aachaarya Omprakash gupta ke yahaan rahane lage. tabatak 'amar kahaani' aur 'rangamahal' se unki kahaani prakaashit ho chuki thi. iske baad ve Allahabad gaye. unhonne mujffr nagar mein bhi kaam kiya. Delhi aakar kuchh samay rahane ke baad ve Mumbai chale gaye. fir paanch-chhah varshon tak unhein kai kathin anubhavon se gujarana pada. 1956 mein shreekrushn puri house mein kaam mila jahaaain ve agale saadhe teen saal tak rahe aur apna lekhan jaari rakha. Mumbai se fir almoda aur Delhi hote hue ve Allahabad aa gaye aur kai varshon tak vaheen rahe. 1992 mein chhote putr ki mrutyu ke baad unka maanasik santulan bigad gaya. jeevan ke antim varshon mein ve haldvaani aa gaye. vikshiptata ki sthiti mein unki mrutyu Delhi ke shahaadara aspataal mein hui.

rachana karm

1950 se hi unhonne kavitaaen aur kahaaniyaan likhni shuroo kar di thi. shuru mein ve ramesh matiyaani 'shailesh' naam se likhte the. unki aaranbhik kahaaniyaan 'rangamahal' aur 'amar kahaani' patrika mein prakaashit hui. unhonne 'amar kahaani' ke liye 'shakti hi jeevan hai' (1951) aur 'doraaha' (1951) naamak laghu upanyaas bhi likha. unka pehla kahaani sangrah 'meri taintees kahaaniyaan' 1961 mein prakaashit hua. unki kahaaniyon mein 'dabboo malang', 'rahamatulla', 'postamain', 'pyaas aur patthar', 'do dukhon ka ek sukh' (1966), 'cheel', 'arddhaangini', ' juloos', 'mahaabhoj', 'bhavishya' aur 'mitti' aadi vishesh ullekhaneeya hai. kahaani ke saath hi unhonne kai prasiddh upanyaas bhi likha. unke kai nibandh sangrah evam sansmaran bhi prakaashit hue. unhonne 'vikalp' aur 'janapaksh' naamak do patrikaaeain nikaali. unke patra 'lekhak aur samvedna' (1983) mein sankalit hain.

kahaani sangrah

  • 'do dukhon ka ek sukh' (1966)
  • 'naach jamoore naach',
  • 'haara hua',
  • 'jungle mein mangal' (1975),
  • 'mahaabhoj' (1975),
  • 'cheel' (1976),
  • 'pyaas
  • patthar'(1982),
  • 'barf ki chattaanein'(1990)
  • 'suhaagini tatha anya kahaaniyaan' (1967),
  • 'paap mukti tatha anya kahaaniyaan' (1973),
  • 'maata tatha anya kahaaniyaan' (1993),
  • 'ateet tatha anya kahaaniyaan',
  • 'bhavishya tatha anya kahaaniyaan',
  • 'ahinsa tatha anya kahaaniyaan',
  • 'bheinde aur gaderiye'

upanyaas

  • 'hauladaar' (1961),
  • 'chit‌aathi rasen' (1961),
  • 'mukh sarovar ke hans',
  • 'ek mooth sarason' (1962),
  • 'bela hui aber' (1962),
  • 'gopuli gafooran' (1962),
  • 'naagavallari',
  • 'aakaash kitna anant hai'
  • 'boreebali se boreebandar',
  • 'bhaage hue log',
  • 'muthabhed' (1993),
  • 'chand auraton ka shahar' (1992)
  • 'kissa narmada ben gangoo baai',
  • 'saavitri',
  • 'chhote-chhote pakshi',
  • 'baavan nadiyon ka sangam',
  • 'barf gir chukane ke baad',
  • 'kabootarakhaana' (1960),
  • 'maaya sarovar' (1987)
  • 'raamakali'

nibandh aur sansmaran

  • 'mukhya dhaara ka savaal',
  • 'kaagaj ki naav' (1991),
  • 'raashtrabhaasha ka savaal',
  • 'yada kada',
  • 'lekhak ki haisiyat se',
  • 'kiske Ram kaise Ram' (1999),
  • 'janta aur saahitya' (1976),
  • 'yatha prasang',
  • 'kabhi-kabhaar' (1993),
  • 'raashtreeyata ki chunautiyaan' (1997)
  • 'kise pata hai raashtreeya sharm ka matlab' (1995)

puraskaar sammaan