shabdakalpadrum

shabdakalpadrum sanskrut ka aadhunik yug ka ek mahashabdakosh hai. yeh syaar raaja raadhaakaantadev baahaadur dvaara nirmit hai. iska prakaashan 1828-1858 i0 mein hua. yeh poornat: sanskrut ka ekabhaasheeya kosh hai aur saat khandon mein virchit hai. is kosh mein yathaasanbhav samast upalabdh sanskrut saahitya ke vaaङamaya ka upayog kiya gaya hai. iske atirikt ant mein parishisht bhi diya gaya hai jo atyant mahatvapoorn hai. aitihsik drushti se bhaarateeya-kosh-rachana ke vikaasakram mein ise vishisht kosh kaha ja sakta hai. paravarti sanskrut koshon par hi naheen, bhaarateeya bhaasha ke sabhi koshon par iska prabhaav vyaapak roop se padta raha hai.

yeh kosh vishuddh shabdakosh naheen hai, varan anek prakaar ke koshon ka shabdaarthakosh, praryaayakosh, jnyaaanakosh aur vishvakosh ka sanmishrit mahaakosh hai. ismein bahubidhaaya uddharan, udaaharan, pramaan, vyaakhya aur vidhaavidhaanon evam paddhatiyon ka parichay diya gaya hai. ismein gruheet shabd 'pad' hain, suvantatiङagant praatipdik ya dhaatu naheen.

anukram

parichay

shabdakalpadrum mein paaninivyaakaran ke anusaar pratyek shabd ki vyutpatti di gayi hai, shabdaprayog ke udaaharan uddhrut hain tatha shabdaarthasoochak kosh ya itar praamaanon ke samarthan dbaara arthanirdesh kiya gaya hai. paryaaya bhi diye gaye hai. dhaatuon se vyutpann kriyaapadon ke udaaharan bhi diye gaye hain. padodaaharan aadi bhi hain. kuchh thode atiprachalit vaidik shabdon ke atirikt shesh naheen hain. shabdon ki vistrut vyaakhya mein darshan, puraan, vaidyak dharmashaastr aadi naana prakaaron ke lambe lambe uddharan bhi diye gaye hai. tantr mantra, shaastr, streetn aadi se uddhrut karte hue anek sampoorn strot, taantrik mantra aadi ke bhi vistrut ansh uddhaarit hain. jyotishshaastr aur bhaarateeya vidyaaon ke paribhaashik shabdon ka bhi un vidyaaon ke visheshagyon ke sahayog se sapramaan vivran diya gaya hai. ismein kosh ki rachanaaparipaati ke vishay mein bhi vistrut vaktavya diya gaya hai. un koshon ki soochi bhi di gayi hai jo upalabdh the aur jins shabdasangrah kiya gaya hai. saath hi vibhinn koshon mein ullikhit par anupalabdh koshon athva koshakaaron ke naam bhi bhoomika mein diye gaye hain. lekhak svayamapi sanskrut vaidushya ke atirikt baangla, hindi, arabi, faarasi, angreji aadi anek bhaashaaon ka achha jaankaar tha.

udaaharan

neeche shabdakalpadrum ka ek chhota sa ansh prastut hai-

aksh, na oo vyaaptau . sanhatau . iti kaviklpadram: . na akshnoti dhanan lok: . vyaapnoti raasheekaroti va ityarth: . oo aakshishtaan . aashtaan . iti durgaadaas: .

aksh, oo vyaaptau . sanhatau . iti kaviklpadrum: . akshati dhanan lok: . vyaapnoti raasheekaroti va ityarth: . oo aakshishtaan . aashtaan . iti durgaadaas: .

akshan, kli, (akshnoti akshati va akshyate va anen atr va akshoo vyaaptau . pachaadyach ghanya va . ashnute atyarthan ashoo vyaaptau . asherdevane iti so va .) indriyan . (yatha vishnupuraane, --

“ashabdaadishvanuraktaani nigruhyaakshaani yogavit .
kuryyaachchittaanukaareeni pratyaahaaraparaayan:” .)

sauvarnyachalan . tuthan . iti medini . (chakshu: . yatha raamaayane, -- “asarvve teऽnimishairakshaistamanudrutachetas:” . iti .)

aksh:, pun, karshaparimaanan . (yatha, -- “ate shodashaaksh: karshoऽstri palan karshachatushtayan” .) paashak: . (akshairakshaan va deevyati . iti siddhaantakaumudi .) (paashakreeda . yathaah manu:) -- 'mrugayaaksho divaasvapn: pareevaad: striyo mad:' .) kalidrum: . ityamar: . (vibheetakavruksh: . yatha chhaandogye -- yatha vai dve aamalake dve kole dvau vaakshau mushtimnubhavati .) jnyaaataarthan . shakat: . vyavahaar: . rudraaksh: . indraaksh: . sarp: . chakran . iti medini . (chakradhaaranadaarubhed: . yatha, --

“achhinnanaasye bhagnayuge tiryyak pratimukhaagate .
akshabhaङage ch yaanasya chakrabhaङage tathaiv ch” .)

aatma . raavanaputr: . iti hemachandr: . (yatha raamaayane -- 'nishmya raaja samare sahotsukan kumaaramakshan prasamaikshataath vai' .) jaataandh: . garud: . iti shabdaratnaavali . (shiv: . yatha bhaarate -- “aakshashch rathayogi ch sarvvayogi bhahaaval:” . iti) sanskrutapalabha . yatha, --

“achandraashvinighna palabhaarddhita ch
laङakaavadhi: syaadih dakshinoksh:” .

iti bhaasyati . “aprabha sharaghna svatureeyayogaadaksh: sada dakshindik pradisht:” . iti jaatakaarnav: .

“adakshinottararekhaayaan sa tatr vishuvat prabha .
shaङakuchhaaya hate trijye vishuvat karnabhaajite .
lambaakshayye tayoshchaape lambaakshau dakshinau sadaa” .

iti sooryyasiddhaant: .

akshak:, pun, (aksh + k) tinishvruksh: . iti ratnamaala .

akshakreeda, stri, (akshai: ya kreeda) dyootakreeda paashakakreeda . yatha . akshakreedaayaan vyaasayudhishthirsanvaad: pracharati . iti tithyaaditttvan . tadvivranan chaturaङagashabde drashtavyan . * . kaarttikshuklapratipdi tatkreedaavidhiryatha . brahmapuraane, --

“ashaङkarashch pura dyootan sasarj sumanoharan .
kaarttike shuklapakshe tu prathameऽhani bhoopate .
jitshch shaङakarastatr jayan lebhe ch paarvvati .
atoऽrthaachhaङakaro du:khi Gauri nithan sukhoshita .
tasmaat dyootan prakarttavyan prabhaate tatr maanavai: .
tasmin dyoote jayo yasya tasya sanvatsar: shubh: .
paraajayo viruddhastu labdhanaashakaro bhaveta” .

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain