shaahabaano prakaran= parinaamasanpaadit karein

shaah baano prakaran Bhaarat mein raajaneetik vivaad ko janm dene ke liye kukhyaat hai. isko aksar raajanaitik laabh ke liye alpasankhyak vote bank ke tushteekaran ke udaaharan ke roop mein prastut kiya jaata hai.

kaanooni vivran

shaah baano ek 62 varsheeya musalmaan mahila aur paaainch bachchon ki maaain theen jinhein 1978 mein unke pati ne taalaak de diya tha. muslim paarivaarik kaanoon ke anusaar pati patni ki marji ke khilaaf aisa kar sakta hai.

apni aur apne bachchon ki jeevika ka koi saadhan na hone ke kaaran shaah baano pati se gujaara lene ke liye adaalat pahucheen. uchchatam nyaayaalaya tak pahuainchate maamale ko saat saal beet chuke the. nyaayaalaya ne aparaadh dand sanhita ki dhaara 125 ke antargat nirnaya liya jo har kisi par laagoo hota hai chaahe vo kisi bhi dharm, jaati ya sanpradaaya ka ho. nyaayaalaya ne nirdesh diya ki shaah baano ko nirvaah-vyaya ke samaan jeevika di jaaya.

Bhaarat ke roodhivaadi musalmaanon ke anusaar yeh nirnaya unki sanskruti aur vidhaanon par anaadhikaar hastakshep tha. isse unhein asurakshit anubhav hua aur unhonne iska jamkar virodh kiya. unke neta aur pravakta M J Akbar aur Sayyed shaahabuddeen the. in logon ne all India parsanal law board naam ki ek sanstha banaai aur sabhi pramukh shaharon mein aandolan ki dhamaki di. us samay ke pradhaanamantri Rajiv Gandhi ne unki maangein maan leen aur ise "dharm-nirpekshata" ke udaaharan ke svaroop mein prastut kiya.

Bhaarat sarkaar ki pratikriya

1986 mein, Congress (I) party ne, jise sansad mein poorn bahumat praapt tha, ek kaanoon paas kiya jisne shaah baano maamale mein uchchatam nyaayaalaya ke nirnaya ko ulat diya. is kaanoon ke anusaar (uddharan):

"har vah aavedan jo kisi taalaakashuda mahila ke dvaara aparaadh dand sanhita 1973 ki dhaara 125 ke antargat kisi nyaayaalaya mein is kaanoon ke laagoo hote samay vichaaraadheen hai, ab is kaanoon ke antargat niptaaya jaayega chaahe uparyukt kaanoon mein jo bhi likha ho"

kyonki sarkaar ko poorn bahumat praapt tha, uchchatam nyaayaalaya ke dharm-nirpeksh nirnaya ko ulatane vaale, muslim mahila (taalaak adhikaar sarankshan) kaanoon 1986 aasaani se paas ho gaya.

is kaanoon ke kaaranon aur prayojanon ki charcha karna aavashyak hai. kaanoon ke varnit prayojan ke anusaar jab ek musalmaan taalaakashuda mahila iddat ke samay ke baad apna gujaara naheen kar sakti hai to nyaayaalaya un sanbandhiyon ko use gujaara dene ka aadesh de sakta hai jo musalmaan kaanoon ke anusaar usaki sampatti ke uttaraadhikaari hain. parantu - agar aise sambandhi naheen hain athva ve gujaara dene ki haalat mein naheen hain - to nyaayaalaya pradesh vakf board ko gujaara dene ka aadesh dega. is prakaar se pati ke gujaara dene ka uttaradaayitv iddat ke samay ke liye seemit kar diya gaya. taalaak ki iddat ke baare mein padhein

anukram

= parinaam

vyaktigat kaanoon

baahari kadiyaaain