sem

sem ki lata patti, fal, fool
sem ke tarah-tarah ke beej
sem

sem ek lata hai. ismein faliyaan lagti hain. faliyon ki sabji khaai jaati hai. iski pattiyaan chaare ke roop mein prayog ki ja sakti hain. lalausi naamak tvacha rog sem ki patti ko sankramit sthaan par ragadne maatr se theek ho jaata hai.

sem sansaar ke praaya: sabhi bhaagon mein ugaai jaati hain. iski anek jaatiyaaain hoti hain aur usi ke anusaar faliyaaain bhinn-bhinn aakaar ki lambi, chipti aur kuchh tedhi tatha safed, hari, peeli aadi rangon ki hoti hai. iski faliyaaain shaak sabji ke roop mein khaai jaati hain, svaadisht aur pushtakar hoti hain yadyapi yeh utani supaachya naheen hoti. vaidyak mein sem madhur, sheetal, bhaari, balakaari, vaatakaarak, daahajanak, deepan tatha pitt aur kaf ka naash karne waali kahi gayi hain. iske beej bhi shaak ke roop mein khaae jaate hain. iski daal bhi hoti hai. beej mein proteen ki maatra paryaapt rahati hai. usi kaaran ismein paushtikta aa jaati hai.

sem ke paudhe bail prakaar ke hote hain. Bhaarat mein gharon ke nikat inhein chhaanon par chadhaate hain. kheton mein inki belein jameen par failati hain aur fal deti hain. uttar pradesh mein reindi ke khet mein ise bote hain.

yeh madhyam upaj dene waali mitti mein upajati hai. iske beej ek-ek foot ki doori par lagaai jaati hain. varsha ke praarambh se beej boya jaata hai. jaade ya vasant mein paudhe fal dete hain. garami mein paudhe jeevit rahane par faliyaaain bahut kam dete hain. at: prati baras beej bona chaahiye. yeh sookha sah sakta hai. iski kai kismein hoti hain jinmein fraansisi ya kidni sem adhik mahatva ki hai. yeh dakshini amareeka ka deshaj hai par sansaar ke pratyek bhaag mein upajaai jaati hai. yeh madhyam upaj waali mittiyon mein ho jaati hai. prati ekad 30-40 pound naaitrojan dena chaahiye. maidaanon mein sheetakaaleen vaaman ya jhaadi waali jaatiyaaain upajati hai. inhein October ya praarambh November tak dedh se do foot kataaron mein bote hain. beej 9 inch se 1 foot ki doori par lagaate hain. koodon mein 3 inch ki doori par bokar peechhe 9 inch se 1 foot ka virlan kar lete hain. yeh parvaton par achhi upajati hai aur ant March se June tak boi jaati hai. sinchaai pratyek pakhavaare karni chaahiye. iski anek jaatiyaaain hain. yeh leguminesi vansh ka paudha hai.

utpaadan

10 besar produsen kacang-kacangan 2011[1]
desh utpaadan (tan) tippani
Flag of India.svg Bhaarat 4330000
Flag of Myanmar.svg myaanmaar 3721949 A
Flag of Brazil.svg braajeel 3435366
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg cheeni janavaadi ganaraajya 1572000 *
Flag of the United States.svg sanyukt raajya America 899610
Flag of Tanzania.svg tanjaaniya 675948
Flag of Kenya.svg kenya 577674
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico 567779
Flag of Uganda.svg yugaanda 447430 *
Flag of Cameroon.svg Cameroon 366463
World 23061590 A
koi sanket naheen = aadhikaarik srot, F = FAO ka anumaan, * = anaadhikaarik srot, C = ganana ke aadhaar par, A = kul ;

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain