seevaan

seevaan
shahar
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Bihar
jila seevaan
jilaadhikaari sanjaya Kumar Singh
janasankhya
ghanatv
2,714,349 (2001 tak )
• 1,223 /kimi2 (3,168 /varg meal)
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)
2,219 km² (857 sq mi)
• 64 meter (210 fee॰)
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: [http://[4] [5]]

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 26°a12′aN 84°a24′aE / 26.2°aN 84.4°aE / 26.2; 84.4


seevaan ya sivaan Bhaarat ganaraajya ke Bihar praant mein saaran pramandal ke antargat ek jila tatha shahar hai. yeh Bihar ke uttar pashchimi chhor par uttar pradesh ka seemaavarti jila hai. jila mukhyaalaya sivaan shahar daaha nadi ke kinaare basa hai. iske uttar tatha poorv mein kramash: Bihar ka gopaalaganj tatha saaran jila tatha dakshin evam pashchim mein kramash: uttar pradesh ka devariya aur baliya jila hai. Bhaarat ke pratham raashtrapati daa॰ Rajendra prasaad tatha kai agrani svatantrata senaaniyon ki janmabhoomi evam karmasthali ke liye sivaan ko jaana jaata hai.

anukram

naamaakaran

sivaan ka naamaakaran madhyakaal mein yahaaain ke raaja 'Shiv maan' ke naam par hua hai. unke poorvaj baabar ke yahaaain aane tak shaasan kar rahe the. iska ek anumandal mahaaraajaganj hai jiska naam is kshetr par raaj kar rahe mahaaraaja ka ghar ya kila sthit hone ke chalte pada hai. is jila ke ek saamant Ali baksh ke naam par ise aleeganj sivaan bhi pukaara jaata hai.

itihaas

paaainchavi sadi isaapoorv mein sivaan ki bhoomi kosal mahaajanapad ka ang tha. kosal raajya ke uttar mein Nepal, dakshin mein sarpika (saain) nadi, purab mein gandak nadi tatha pashchim mein paanchaal pradesh tha. iske antargat aaj ke uttar pradesh ka faijaabaad, gonda, basti, Gorakhpur tatha devariya jila ke atirikt Bihar ka saaran kshetr (saaran, sivaan evam gopaalaganj) aata hai. aathaveen sadi mein yahaaain banaaras ke shaasakon ka aadhiptya tha. 15 veen sadi mein sikndar lodi ne yahaaain apna aadhiptya sthaapit kiya. baabar ne apne Bihar abhiyaan ke samay sisvaan ke najadeek ghaaghara nadi paar ki thi. baad mein yeh mugal shaasan ka hissa ho gaya. Akbar ke shaasanakaal par likhe gaye aaina-A-akabari ke vivran anusaar kar sangrah ke liye banaae gaye 6 sarkaaron mein saaran vitteeya kshetr ek tha aur iske antargat vartamaan Bihar ke hisse aate the. 17veen sadi mein vyaapaar ke uddeshya se yahaaain dach aae lekin baksar yuddh mein vijay ke baad san 1765 mein angrejon ko yahaaain ka divaani adhikaar mil gaya. 1829 mein jab Patna ko pramandal banaaya gaya tab saaran aur Champaran ko ek jila banaakar saath rakha gaya. 1908 mein tirhut pramandal banane par saaran ko iske saath kar iske antargat gopaalaganj, sivaan tatha saaran anumandal banaae gaye. 1857 ki kraanti se lekar aajaadi milne tak sivaan ke nirbheek aur jujhaaru logon ne angreji sarkaar ke khilaaf apni ladaai ladi. 1920 mein asahayog aandolan ke samay sivaan ke braj kishor prasaad ne parda pratha ke virodh mein aandolan chalaaya tha. 1937 se 1938 ke beech hindi ke moordhanya vidvaan Rahul saankrutyaayan ne kisaan aandolan ki neenv sivaan mein rakhi thi. svatantrata ki ladaai mein yahaaain ke majaharul hak, Rajendra prasaad, Mahendra prasaad, foolena prasaad jaise mahaan senaaniyon nein samooche desh mein Bihar ka naam ooaincha kiya hai. svatantrata pashchaat 1981 mein saaran ko pramandal ka darja mila. June 1970 mein Bihar mein trivedi evaard laagoo hone par sivaan ke kshetron mein parivartan kiye gaye. san 1885 mein ghaaghara nadi ke bahaav sthiti ke anusaar lagbhag 13000 ekad bhoomi uttar pradesh ko sthaanaantarit kar diya gaya jabki 6600 ekad jameen sivaan ko mila. 1972 mein sivaan ko jila (mandal) bana diya gaya.

bhoogol

sivaan jila uttari ganga ke maidaan mein sthit ek samatal bhoo-bhaag hai. jile ka vistaar 25053' se 260 23' uttari akshaans tatha 840 1' se 840 47' poorvi deshaantar ke beech hai. nadiyon ke dvaara jama ki gayi mittiyon ki gaharaai 5000 feet tak hai. maidaani bhaag ka dhaal uttar-pashchim se dakshin-poorv ki or hai. nichle maidaan mein jalajamaav ka kai kshetr hai jo chaur kahalaata hai. yahaaain se kai chhoti nadi ya 'sota' bhi nikalte hain. mukhya nadi ghaaghara hai jiske kinaare daraara nirmit hua hai. is khaas bhaugolik banaavat mein baaloo ki moti parat par mrutrika aur silt ki patali parat paayi jaati hai. sivaan ki mitti khaadar (nayi jalodh) evam baangar (puraani jalodh) ke beech ki hai. khaadar mitti ko yahaaain domat tatha baangar ko balasundari kaha jaata hai. balasundari mitti mein kankar ki maatra paayi jaati hai. kai jagahon par gandhakayukt mitti milti hai jahaaain se kabhi saaltapeetar nikaal jaata tha. angreji shaasan mein yeh ek udyog hua karta tha lekin ab yeh gaayab ho chuka hai.[1]

  • nadiyaaain: gandaki evam ghaaghara yahaaain ki pramukh nadi hai. ghaaghara nadi jile ki dakshini seema par bahne waali sadaavaahi nadi hai. iske alaave jharahi, daaha, dhamati, siaahi, nikaari aur sona jaisi chhoti nadiyaaain bhi hai. jharahi au‍aar daaha ghaaghara ki sahaayak hai jabki gandaki aur dhamati gandak mein ja milti hai.
jalavaayu

sivaan mein uttar pradesh au‍aar pashchim Bengal ke beech ki jalavaayu paayi jaati hai. March se May ke beech yahaaain chalanevaali pachhuaa pavanon ke chalte mausam shushk hota hai lekin kai baar shaam mein chalanevaali puravaai hava aardrata le aati hai jisse uttar pradesh se chalne waali dhoolabhari aaaindhi ko viraam lag jaata hai. garmiyon mein taapamaan 40 degree celcius tak pahuainch jaata hai aur loo ka chalana in dinon aam hai. jaadon ka mausam suhaavana hota hai kintu kai baar sheet lahar ka prakop kashtadaayi ho jaata hai. July-August mein honevaali maunasooni varsha ke alaave pashchimi avadaab se jaade mein bhi baaris ka hona saamaanya baat hai. ausat vaarshik varsha 120 seinteemeetar hoti hai.

prashaasanik vibhaajan:
  • anumandal- sivaan evam mahaaraajaganj
  • prakhand- mairava, pacharukhi, raghunaathapur, aandar, guthani, mahaarajaganj, darauli, sisvaan, daraunda, husainaaganj, bhagavaanapur, haat, goriyaakothi, barahariya, habeebapur, basantapur, lakari, nabeeganj, jiraadei, nautan, hasanapur

krushi evam udyog

yahaaain ki fasalon mein dhaan, gehooain, ikh (ganna), makka, arahar aadi pramukh hain. iske alaava is jile mein kuchh jagahon par foolon aur sabjiyon ki bhi kheti rojagaaraparak krushi ke taur par ki jaati hai. krushi aadhaarit is jile mein kuteer udyogon ke alaava ganna mils, plastic factory, soot faiktriyaaain aadi kaafi sankhya mein thi, jinmein se ab adhikaansh band hai. ganna mil band hai

janajeevan evam sanskruti

sivaan jile ka adhikaansh janajeevan krushi keindrit/aadhaarit hai. iske alaava yeh poore poorvaanchal mein arab deshon ki rojagaar ke liye palaayan karne vaale majadooron ki sankhya mein bhi sanbhavat: avval sthaan par hai. arab deshon se parijanon dvaara bheje gaye paison se yahaaain ke jan-jeevan apne aarthik sthitiyon mein jeeta hai.

mahatvapoorn vyakti
  • daa॰ Rajendra prasaad- mahaatma gaaaindhi ke sahayogi, svatantrata senaani evam Bhaarat ke pratham raashtrapati
  • maulaana majaharool hak- mahaatma gaaaindhi ke sahayogi, svatantrata senaani evam hindu-muslim ekta ke prateek, sadaakat aashram tatha Bihar vidyaapeeth ke sansthaapak
  • khuda baksh Khan- paandulipi sangrahakarta evam khuda baksh laaibreri ke sansthaapak
  • fulena prasaad- svatantrata senaani
  • braj kishor prasaad- svatantrata senaani evam parda-pratha virodh aandolan ke janmadaata
  • umaakaant Singh- 9 August 1942 ko Bihar sachivaalaya ke saamane shaheed hue kraantikaariyon mein ek
  • daaroga prasaad rai- Bihar ke poorv mukhyamantri
  • prabhaavati devi: 1971-1972 mein chhaatr aandolan ke aguva rah chuke daa॰ jaya prakaash Narayan ki patni
  • paigaam afaaki- mashahoor urdoo saahityakaar, makaan, maafiya, darinda jaisi kitaabon ke rachayita
  • natavar laal- sivaan ke darauli prakhand mein barai bangara gaaainv mein janme mashahoor thag

shaikshanik sansthaan

  • praathamik vidyaalaya-
  • maadhyamik vidyaalaya-
  • uchch vidyaalaya-
  • degree mahaavidyaalaya:- di A vi college, Z A islaamiya college, daaroga prasaad rai college, Rajendra college, vi M intar college, prabhaavati devi baalika mahaavidyaalaya
  • vyavasaayik shiksha:- injiniyring college, ayurvedik medical college, homiyopaithik medical kaulejaa,I ti I kaalej

paryatan sthal

  • don stoop (darauli): darauli prakhand ke don gaaainv mein yeh ek mahatvapoorn bauddh sthal hai. darauli naam mugal shaasak shaahajahaaain ke bete daara shikoh ke naam par pada hai. aisi maanyata hai ki don mein Bhagwan buddh ka antim sanskaar hua tha. hindu log yeh maanate hain ki yahaaain kile ka avashesh mahaabhaarat kaal ka hai, jise guru dronaachaarya ne banavaaya tha. upalabdh saakshyon ko dekhne se is maanyata ko bal naheen milta. cheeni yaatri hvenasaang ne apne yaatra varnan mein is sthaan par ek puraana stoop hone ka jikr kiya hai. stoop ke avashesh sthal par taara mandir bana hai, jismein naveen sadi mein bani ek moorti sthaapit hai.
  • amarapur: darauli se 3 kilometer pashchim mein ghaaghara nadi ke tat par sthit is gaaainv mein mugal shaahajahaaain ke shaasanakaal (1626-1658) mein yahaaain ke naayab amarasinh dvaara ek masjid ka nirmaan shuru karaaya gaya, jo adhoora raha. laal pattharon se bani adhoori masjid ko yahaaain dekha ja sakta hai.
  • mairava dhaam: mairava prakhand mein hari Baba ka sthaan ke naam se prachalit jharahi nadi ke kinaare is sthaan par kaartik aur chaitr maheene mein mela lagta hai. yeh brahm sthaan ek sant ki samaadhi par sthit hai. is sthaan par daak bangla ke saamane bane chanaanari deeh (ooainchi bhoomi) par ek ahirni aurat ke aashram ko pooja jaata hai.
  • meinhadaar: sisvaan prakhand mein sthit is gaaainv ke baavan beeghe mein bane pokhar ke kinaare Shiv evam vishvakarma Bhagwan ka mandir bana hai. sthaaneeya logon mein is pokhar ko pavitra maana jaata hai. yahaaain shivraatri evam vishvakarma pooja (17 September) ko bhaadi bheed jutati hai.
  • lakdi dargaah: Patna ke muslim sant shaah arjan ke dargaah par rabbi-us-saani ke 11 vein din honevaale urs par bhaadi mela lagta hai. is dargaah par lakdi ka bahut achhi kaaseedagari ki gayi hai. kaha jaata hai ki is sthaan ki shaanti ke chalte shaah arjan bas gaye the aur unhonne 40 dinon tak yahaaain chilla kiya tha.
  • hasanapura: husaineeganj prakhand ke is gaaainv mein arab se aae chishti silsile ke ek muslim sant makhdoom saiyyad hasan chishti aakar bas gaye the. yahaaain unhonne khaanakaah bhi sthaapit kiya tha.
  • bhikhaabaandh: mahaaraajaganj prakhand mein is jagah par ek vishaal ped ke neeche bhaiya-bahini ka mandir bana hai. kaha jaata hai ki 14 veen sadi mein mugal sena se ladaai mein donon bhaai bahan maare gaye the.
  • jiraadei: sivaan shahar se 13 kimi pashchim mein desharatn da Rajendra prasaad ka janm sthaan
  • fareedapur: Bihar ratn maulaana majaharool hak ka janm sthaan
  • sohagara: Shiv Bhagwan ka mandir hai. jaha jaane ke liye guthani chauraaha se tenuaa mod aur gaaainv nainijor hote hue sohagara mandir jaaya jaata hai. yahaaain shivraatri aur saavan me bhaari bheed jutati hai.
  • hadsar: yeh duraudha railway station se do kilometer andar hai. yahaan kaali maan ka mandeer hai. aisi maanyata hai ki jo devi thaave mandir mein hai vah apne bhakt rahasoo bhagat ki pukaar par kalakatte se chali aur Calcutta se thaave jaate samay inka yahi antim padaav tha. ab yahaan koi mandir nahi hai, par aastha gahari hai.
  • paataar:- Ram ji Baba ka mandir hai jahaaain par kisi bhi aadmi ko sarp kaatata hai, to yahaaain par aane se sahi ho jaata hai. aisi maanyata bhi hai aur sachchaai bhi. isi gaaainv mein shri vishvanaath paandeya ji ke suputr prasiddh jyotish aachaarya muraari paandeya ji ka jaanmasthali he.
  • narahan:- yeh sivaan jila mukhyaalaya se 30 kimee0 dakshin mein avasthit hai. yeh hinduon ka prasiddh teerth sthaan hai. kaartik poornima evam makar sakraanti ke din yahaaain mele ka aayojan hota hai, jismein kaafi sankhya mein shraddhaalu aate hai aur sarayu nadi ke pavitra jal me snaan karte hai. yahaaain aashvin poornima ke din durga pooja ke baad ek bhavya julus ka aayojan hota hai, jise dekhne door-door se log aate hai. kuchh prasiddh sthalon mein shri naath ji ka mahaaraaj mandir, maaain bhagavati mandir, Ram jaanki mandir, maan kaali mandir evam thaakur ji mandir hai, jo is gaaainv ko chaaro or se ghere hue hai.

yaataayaat vyavastha

sadak maarg:

sivaan jile se vartamaan mein do raashtreeya raajamaarg tatha do raajakeeya raajamaarg gujarati hain. raashtreeya raajamaarg 85 chhapra se sivaan hote hue gopaalaganj jaati hai. chhapra se shuroo honevaali raashtreeya raajamaarg 101 jile ko muhammadapur ko jodti hai. sivaan jile mein raajakeeya raajamaarg sankhya 47, 73 evam 89 ki kul lanbaai 125 kilometer hai.[2] saarvajanik yaataayaat mukhyat: niji bason, autorickshaw aur niji vaahanon par aashrit hai. gopaalaganj, chhapra tatha Patna se yahaaain aane ke liye sadak maarg sabse upayuk‍aat hai. sivaan jile ki mahatvapoorn sadkon mein sivaan-mairava-guthani (31·aa5 kilometer), sivaan-chhapra (65 kilometer), sivaan-sarafara (35 kilometer), sivaan-raghunaathapur (27 kilometer), sivaan-sisvaan (37 kilometer), sivaan-mahaaraajaganj (19 kilometer), sivaan-baadali (17 kilometer), sivaan-meeraganj (16 kilometer), bhantaapokhar-jiraadei (5 kilometer), mairava- darauli (18 kilometer), mairava-punak (8 kilometer) tatha darauli, raghunaathapur hote hue guthani- chhapra (45 kilometer) shaamil hai.[3]

rel maarg:

Delhi-Hajipur-Guwahati relamaarg par sivaan ek mahatvapoorn jankshan hai. yeh poorv madhya railway ke sonapur mandal mein padta hai. jile mein 45 kilometer lambi relamaarg mairavaan, jiraadei, pacharookhi, daraundha hokar gujarati hai. daraundha se mahaaraajaganj ke beech ek loop-laain bhi maujood hai, jiska vistaar masarakh tak prastaavit hai. sivaan se Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, amrutasar, Kolkata aur Guwahati jaise mahatvapoorn shaharon ke liye seedhi trainein upalabdh hai.

vaayumaarg:

najadeeki havaai adda raajya ki rajdhani Patna mein hai. jayaprakaash Narayan antarraashtreeya havaai kshetr se dil‍aali, Kolkata, raaainchi aadi shaharon ke liye Indian, spaais jet, Kingfisher, jetalaait, indigo aadi vimaanasevaaeain upalabdh hain. sivaan se chhapra pahuainchakar raashtreeya raajamaarg 19 dvaara 140 kilometer door Patna havaai adda jaaya jaata hai.

sandarbh

  1. [1] sivaan ka bhoogol
  2. [2] Bihar mein raajakeeya raajamaarg ka vivran
  3. [3] sivaan mein yaataayaat ki suvidha

baahari kadiyaaain