seerilik lipi

sirilik varnamaala
Romanian-kirilitza-tatal-nostru.jpg
prakaar varnamaala
boli jaane waali bhaashaaen poorvi aur dakshini slaavi bhaashaaeain aur bhootapoorv soviyt sangh ki takreeban sabhi bhaashaaeain
kaal sirilik ke puraane roop 940 E se astitv mein hain
mool pranaaliyaan
bandhu pranaaliyaan roman varnamaala
kopti (misr) varnamaala
arameniyaai varnamaala
glaagoliti varnamaala
yoonikod range U+0400 se U+04FF tak
U+0500 se U+052F tak
U+2DE0 se U+2DFF tak
U+A640 se U+A69F tak
ISO 15924 Cyrl
Cyrs (puraana church slaavoni roop)
Cyrl
Cyrs (puraana church slaavoni roop)
not: is panne par yoonikod mein IPA dhvanyaatmak chinh ho sakte hain.

seerilik lipi (ya, seerileeya lipi / Cyrillic) poorvi Europe aur madhya Asia ke kshetr ki kai bhaashaon ko likhne mein prayukt hoti hai. ise ajbuka bhi kehte hain, jo is lipi ki varnamaala ke shuruaati do aksharon ke puraane naamon ko milaakar banaaya gaya hai, jaise ki yoonaani varnamaala ke do shuruaati aksharon - alfa aur beeta - ko milaakar alfaabet (Alphabet) yaani varnamaala banta hai. is lipi ke varnon se jin bhaashaon ko likha jaata hai usamein roosi bhaasha pramukh hai. soviyt sangh ke poorv sadasya taajikistaan mein faarasi bhaasha ka sthaaneeya roop (yaani taajik bhaasha) bhi isi lipi mein likha jaata hai. iske alaava bulgaariyn, sarbiyn, kajaakh, maiseedoniyaai, ujbek, yookreni tatha mangoliyaai bhaasha bhi mukhyat: isi lipi mein likhi jaati hai. is varnamaala ko Europeeya sangh mein aadhikaarik maanyata praapt hai jahaaain keval roman tatha yoonaani lipi hi anya aadhikaarik lipiyaaain hain.

anukram

paraya bhaasha

hindi se milti-julati tajakistaan aur ujbekistaan (surakhaanadariya praant) ke kuchh bhaagon mein boli jaane waali paraya bhaasha (Пaaаaaрaaьaaя яaaзaaыaaк) bhi sirilik lipi mein likhi jaati hai.[1][2]

itihaas

san 1863 E. mein do bhaai kireell aur mefodi ne puraani slaav varnamaala ka nirmaan kiya. yeh puraani greek varnamaala ke aadhaar par banaai gayi thi. puraani slaav varnamaala mein 43 varn the. sirilik mein greek varnamaala ke sab varn sammilit hain. iske siva ismein yahoodi, braahmi ki varnamaala ke bhi kuchh varn hain.

aadhunik roosi varnamaala mein 33 varn hain – 10 svar aur 23 vyanjan. aadhunik roosi varnamaala ka maanakeekaran karne ke liye usamein bahut sudhaar kiye gaye the. ye sudhaar varnon ki sankhya kam karne ke liye kiye gaye the. antim lipi sudhaar san 1918 E. mein kiya gaya tha.

sirilik ke mukhya akshar

sirilik aksharon ke do roop hote hain - seedhe aur aaitailik. yeh donon aur sambandhit dhvaniyaaain neeche di gayi hain. dhyaan rahe ki kuchh bhaashaaoain mein in ke aalaava kuchh anya akshar bhi sirilik mein jode jaate hain.

а б в г д е ё ж з и й к л м н о п р с т у ф х ц ч ш щ ъ ы ь э ю я
а б в г д е ё ж з и й к л м н о п р с т у ф х ц ч ш щ ъ ы ь э ю я
a/aa b va g the/d ye jh za i/E ya k l m na O p r s t/t oo f kh ts ch sh sh O ya/i A ye/A yu ya

aadhunik sirilik

sirilik lipi ka prayog karne vaale kshetr

roosi bhaasha ke liye prayukt sirilik

bade akshar chhote akshar aksharon ka naam lipyantaran uchchaaran
(aaipeee)
devanaagari
uchchaaran
А а a a [a] aa
Б б be b [b] b
В в ve v [v] va
Г г ge g [g] g
Д д de d [d] the
Е е je [ʲaae] ye
Ё ё jo io [ʲaao] yo
Ж ж žae j [ʒ] jh
З з ze z [z] za
И и i i [i] i maatra
Й й i kratkoié
и кaрaаaтaкaоaе
ï [j] ya
І і i s totchkoï
и с тaaоaaчaaкaaоaaй
ì [i] i
К к ka k [k] k
Л л el l [l] l
М м em m [m] m
Н н en n [n] na
О о o o [o] a ya O
П п pe p [p] p
Р р er r [ɾ] r
С с es s [s] s
Т т te t [t] t
У у ou ou [u] u
Ф ф ef f [f] f
Х х kha kh [x] kh
Ц ц tse ts [ʦ] ts
Ч ч čae tch [ʧ] tsh
Ш ш šaa ch [ʃ] sh
Щ щ šaačaaa chtch [ʃaaʧ] sh
Ъ ъ tvjordyj znak
тaaвaaёaaрaaдaaыaaй зaaнaaаaaк
, - [palat.] neerav
Ы ы y
(jery, еaaрaaы)
y [ɨ] i tendu
Ь ь miagkiï znak
мaaяaaгaaкaaиaaй зaaнaaаaaк
', ' + [palat.] neerav
Ѣ ѣ yat'
яaaтaaь
ě [ʲaaɛ]
Э э è oborotnoje
э оaaбaaоaaрaaоaaтaaнaaоaaе
è [ɛ] A
Ю ю ju you [ʲaau] yu
Я я ja ia [ʲaaa] ya
Ѳ ѳ f̀aaita
Ѳaaиaaтaaа
[f] ~ [fʲ] f
Ѵ ѵ ižaaica
иaaжaaиaaцaaа
[i] i

bulgaariyn bhaasha ke liye prayukt aadhunik sirilik

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. bholaanaath tivaari, "soviyt sangh mein boli jaane waali hindi boli: taajujbeki : aitihaasik aur tulanaatmak adhyayan tatha sankshipt shabdakosh", naishanal pablishing house, 1970
  2. Tatiana Oranskaia, "Parya yazyk", Yazyki Rossiyskoy Federatsii i sosednix gosudarstv. Entsiklopediya. V tryox tomax. II K-R. Moskva: "Nauka"; 2001

baahari kadiyaaain