santara (fal)

santara
संतरे के वृक्ष पर लगे फल
santare ke vruksh par lage fal
vaigyaanik vargeekaran
jagat: paadap
(ashrenikrut) maagnolyofita
(ashrenikrut) evdeekootiledones
(ashrenikrut) roseedai
gan: saapeendaales
kul: rootaakeai
prajaati: keetroos
jaati: C. sinensis
dvipd naam
Citrus sinensis
(L.) orbek[1]
santara, florida
poshak moolya prati 100 gra.(3.5 ons)
urja 50 kilo kailori 190 kJ
kaarbohaaidret 11.54 g
- sharkara 9.14 g
- aahaareeya resha 2.4 g
vasa 0.21 g
proteen 0.70 g
thaayameen (vit. B1) 0.100 mg 8%
raaiboflevin (vit. B2) 0.040 mg 3%
naayasin (vit. B3) 0.400 mg 3%
paintothainik aml (B5) 0.250 mg 5%
vitaamin B6 0.051 mg 4%
folet (Vit. B9) 17 μaag 4%
vitaamin C 45 mg 75%
kailshiym 43 mg 4%
lohatatv 0.09 mg 1%
maiganeeshiym 10 mg 3%
fausforas 12 mg 2%
poteshiym 169 mg 4%
jasta 0.08 mg 1%
pratishat ek vayask hetu ameriki
sifaarishon ke saapeksh hain.
srot: USDA Nutrient database

santara ek fal hai. santare ko haath se chheelane ke baad pesheeyoain ko alag kar ke choosakar khaaya ja sakta hai. saintare ka ras nikaalkar peeya ja sakta hai. santara thanda, tan aur man ko prasannata dene wala hai. upavaas aur sabhi rogon mein naarangi di ja sakti hai. jinki paachan shakti kharaab ho, unako naarangi ka ras teen gune paani mein milaakar dena chaahiye. ek vyakti ko ek baar mein ek ya do naarangi lena paryaapt hai. ek vyakti ko jitne vitaamin 'si' ki aavashyakta hoti hai, vah ek naarangi pratidin khaate rahane se poori ho jaati hai. khaansi-jukaam hone par naarangi ke ras ka ek gilaas nitya peete rahane se laabh hoga. svaad ke liye namak ya mishri daalkar pi sakte hai.[2]

anukram

paushtik gun

Ambersweet oranges.jpg

santara ek svaasthyavardhak fal hai. ismein prachur maatra mein vitaamin si hota hai. loha aur poteshiym bhi kaafi hota hai. santare ki sabse badi visheshata yeh hai ki ismein vidyamaan fruktoj, dekstroj, khanij evam vitaamin shareer mein pahunchate hi oorja dena praarambh kar dete hain. santare ke sevan se shareer svasth rahata hai, chusti-furti badhti hai, tvacha mein nikhaar aata hai tatha saundarya mein vruddhi hoti hai. prastut hai iske kuchh prayog-

  • santare ka ek gilaas ras tan-man ko sheetalata pradaan kar thakaan evam tanaav door karta hai, hrudaya tatha mastishk ko nai shakti va taajagi se bhar deta hai.
  • pechish ki shikaayat hone par santare ke ras mein bakari ka doodh milaakar lene se kaafi faayda milta hai.
  • santare ka niyamit sevan karne se bavaaseer ki beemaari mein laabh milta hai. raktasraav ko rokane ki ismein adbhut kshamata hai.
  • tej bukhaar mein santare ke ras ka sevan karne se taapamaan kam ho jaata hai. ismein upasthit saaitrik aml mootr rogon aur gurda rogon ko door karta hai.
  • dil ke mareej ko santare ka ras shahad milaakar dene se aashcharyajanak laabh milta hai.
  • santare ke sevan se daaainton aur masoodon ke rog bhi door hote hain.
  • chhote bachchon ke liye to santare ka ras amrutatulya hai. unhein svasth va hrusht-pusht banaane ke liye doodh mein chauthaai bhaag meethe santare ka ras milaakar pilaane se yeh ek aadarsh taunik ka kaam karta hai.
  • jab bachchon ke daaaint nikalte hain, tab unhein ulti hoti hai aur hare-peele dast lagte hain. us samay santare ka ras dene se unki bechaini door hoti hai tatha paachan shakti bhi badh jaati hai.
  • pet mein gas, apach, jodon ka dard, uchch raktachaap, gathiya, beri-beri rog mein bhi santare ka sevan bahut kuchh laabhakaari hota hai.
  • garbhavati mahilaaon tatha yakrut rog se grasit mahilaaon ke liye santare ka ras bahut laabhakaari hota hai. iske sevan se jahaaain prasav ke samay hone waali pareshaaniyon se mukti milti hai, vaheen prasav peeda bhi kam hoti hai. bachcha svasth va hrusht-pusht paida hota hai.
  • santare ka sevan jahaaain jukaam mein raahat pahuainchaata hai, vaheen sookhi khaaainsi mein bhi faayda karta hai. yeh kaf ko patala karke baahar nikaalata hai.
  • santare ke sookhe chhilkon ka maheen choorn gulaab jal ya kachche doodh mein milaakar peesakar aadhe ghante tak lep lagaane se kuchh hi dinon mein chehara saaf, sundar aur kaantimaan ho jaata hai. keel muainhaase-jhaaiyon va saaainvalaapan door hota hai.
  • santare ke taaje fool ko peesakar usaka ras sir mein lagaane se baalon ki chamak badhti hai. baal jaldi badhte hain aur usaka kaalaapan badhta hai.
  • santare ke chhilkon se tel nikaala jaata hai. shareer par is tel ki maalish karne se machhar aadi naheen kaatate.
  • bachche, boodhe, rogi aur durbal logon ko apni durbalata door karne ke liye santare ka sevan avashya karna chaahiye.
  • santare ke mausam mein iska niyamit sevan karte rahane se motaapa kam hota hai aur bina daayating kiye hi aap apna vajan kam kar sakte hain.

is tarah santara sehat ko hi naheen, khoobsoorti ko bhi sanvaarata hai. hamesha pake va meethe santare ka hi sevan karna chaahiye. garmiyon mein santare ki fasal apne poore jor par hoti hai.

anya bhaashaaon mein

  • saamaanya hindi - santara
  • maithili - santola ya samatola
  • baangla - kॊmॊla leboo (baangala - কaaমaaলaaা লaaেaaবaaু)
  • tamil - aaranju (tamil bhaasha - ஆaaரaaநaa்aaசaaு (tamil hijja ashuddh ho sakta hai))

ek naarangi, vishesh roop se, meethi santare, neenboo × Citrus sinensis (syn. saaitras ka ped L var hai. Dulcis L, ya saaitras ka ped Risso) aur uske fal. santare ki kheti praacheen mool ke ek sankar, pomelo ke beech sanbhavat: hai (saaitras maxima) aur keenoo (reticulata saaitras). yeh ek chhota sa fool ke baare mein 10 sadaabahaar patte, jo baari ki vyavastha, crenulate munaafa aur 4-10 semi lambe samay se ovate aakaar ke hote hain saath lamba mi badhti vruksh hai. naarangi fal ek hesperidium, beri ka ek prakaar hai.

dakshin poorv Asia mein utpann santare. Citrus sinensis ka fal meetha naarangi kaha ki yeh saaitras ka ped se alag, kadvi naarangi hai. naam ke ant mein apne antim roop se naarangi ka ped, ke liye Dravid aur tamil shabd se praapt vikaasasheel madhyavarti anek bhaashaaon ke maadhyam se gujar jaane ke baad laga hai. sabhi saaits pedon ekal jeenas, saaitras ke hain aur kaafi had tak rah interbreedable, vah hai, vahaaain keval ek "superspecies" jo grapefruits, neenboo, neeboo aur santare shaamil hai. fir bhi, naam jeenas ke vibhinn sadasyon ko diya gaya hai, santare aksar Citrus sinensis aur saaitras ped ke roop mein bheja ja raha hai. jeenas saaitras ke sabhi sadasyon ka fal jaamun maana jaata hai kyonki ve kai beej hai, hain maansal aur naram aur ek hi andaashaya se nikaale jaate hain. naarangi rang ka beej ek ghaayal karna kaha jaata hai. chheel ke andar se judi saamagri ki tarah safed dhaage kathit majja hai.

chitr deergha

dekhein

paadatippani

sandarbh

  • McPhee, John. Oranges (1966) - focuses on Florida groves.
  • Sackman, Douglas Cazaux. Orange Empire: California and the Fruits of Eden (2005) comprehensive, multidimensional history of citrus industry in California
  • Train, John. Oranges (2006)
  • Culture & Care for the genus Citrus on CultureSheet.org

baahari kadiyaaain