sanskruti ke chaar adhyaaya

sanskruti ke chaar adhyaaya
Sanskrati ke chaar adhyaaya.jpg
mukhaprushth
lekhak raamadhaari Singh dinkar
desh Bhaarat
bhaasha hindi
vishay saahitya
prakaashak saahitya academy nai Delhi
prakaashan tithi 1956
prushth 698
aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 81 7201 014 1

sanskruti ke chaar adhyaaya raashtrakavi svargeeya raamadhaari Singh dinkar ki ek bahucharchit pustak hai jise saahitya academy ne san 1956 mein na keval pehli baar prakaashit kiya apitu aage chalakar use puraskrut bhi kiya. is pustak mein dinkar ji ne Bhaarat ke sanskrutik itihaas ko chaar bhaagon mein baaaintakar use likhne ka prayatn kiya hai. ve yeh bhi spasht karna chaahate hain ki Bhaarat ka aadhunik saahitya praacheen saahitya se kin-kin baaton mein bhinn hai aur is bhinnata ka kaaran kya hai ? unka vishvaas hai ki bhaarateeya sanskruti mein chaar badi kraantiyaaain hui hain aur hamaari sanskruti ka itihaas unheen chaar kraantiyon ka itihaas hai.

pehli kraanti tab hui, jab aarya bhaaratavarsh mein aaye athva jab bhaaratavarsh mein unka aaryetar jaatiyon se sampark hua. aaryon ne aaryetar jaatiyon se milkar jis samaaj ki rachana ki, vahi aaryon athva hinduon ka buniyaadi samaaj hua aur aarya tatha aaryetar sanskrutiyon ke milan se jo sanskruti utpann hui, vahi Bhaarat ki buniyaadi sanskruti bani. is buniyaadi bhaarateeya sanskruti ke lagbhag aadhe upakaran aaryon ke diye hue hain. aur usaka doosra aadha aaryetar jaatiyon ka anshadaan hai. doosari kraanti tab hui, jab mahaaveer aur Gautam buddh ne is sthaapit dharm ya sanskruti ke viruddh vidroh kiya tatha upanishdon ki chintaadhaara ko kheench kar ve apni manovaankshit disha ki or le gaye. is kraanti ne bhaarateeya sanskruti ki apoorv seva ki, ant mein, isi kraanti ke sarokaar mein shaivaal bhi utpann hue aur bhaarateeya dharm tatha sanskruti mein jo gaindalaapan aaya vah kaafi door tak, unheen shaivaalon ka parinaam tha. teesari kraanti us samay hui jab islaam, ke vijetaaon ke dharm ke roop mein, Bhaarat pahuaincha aur desh mein hindutv ke saath usaka sampark hua aur chauthi kraanti hamaare apne samay mein hui, jab Bhaarat mein Europe ka aagaman hua tatha uske sampark mein aakar hindutv evam islaam donon ne nav-jeevan ka sambhav kiya. is pustak mein inheen chaar kraantiyon ka sankshipt itihaas hai.[1]


pustak ki bhoomika mein raamadhaari Singh dinkar kehte hain, " uttar-dakshin poorv pashchim desh mein jahaan bhi jo hindu basate hai. unki sanskruti ek hai evam Bhaarat ki pratyek kshetreeya visheshata hamaari isi saamaasik sanskruti ki visheshata hai. tab hindu evam musalmaan hain, jo dekhne mein ab bhi do lagte hain. kintu unke beech bhi saanskrutik ekta vidyamaan hai jo unki bhinnata ko kam karti hai. durbhaagya ki baat hai ki ham is ekta ko poorn roop se samajhne mein samarth rahe hai. yeh kaarya raajaneeti naheen, shiksha aur saahitya ke dvaara sampann kiya jaana chaahiye. is disha mein saahitya ke bheetar kitne hi chhote-bade prayatn ho chuke hai,. vartamaan pustak bhi usi disha mein ek vinmr prayaas hai.[2] is purastak ko saahitya academy puraskaar se bhi sammaanit kiya gaya.[3]


sandarbh

  1. "sanskruti ke chaar adhyaaya" (peeechapi). bhaarateeya saahitya sangrah. http://pustak.org/bs/home.php?bookid=2405#. abhigman tithi: 2008.
  2. "raamadhaari Singh dinkar" (angreji mein) (echateeem). India piks.com. http://www.indiapicks.com/Literature/Sahitya_Academy/Hindi/Hindi-1959.htm. abhigman tithi: 2008.
  3. "sanskruti ke chaar adhyaaya" (peeechapi). bhaarateeya saahitya sangrah. http://pustak.org/bs/home.php?bookid=2405#. abhigman tithi: 2008.