sansad bhavan

sansad bhavan
SansadBhavan.jpg
sansad bhavan ka drushya
संसद भवन is located in नई दिल्ली
saamaanya vibran
avastha sakreeya
prakaar raashtreeya vidhaayika
vaastukala shaili Delhi shrinkhala
pata sansad maarg, Delhi
shahar nai Delhi
raashtra Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
nirdeshaank 28°a37′a02″aN 77°a12′a29″aE / 28.617189°aN 77.208084°aE / 28.617189; 77.208084
nirmaanakaarya suru 1912
suruvaat 1927
svaamitv Bhaarat sarkaar
uchaai
vaastukala vruttaakaar abhinyaas
(madhya pradesh ke chaunsath yogineen mandir ki akruti se prerit)
chhat 118 foot(keindreeya kaksh)
praavidhik vivran
sanrachanaatmak pranaali vruttaakaar abhinyaas
(madhya pradesh ke chaunsath yogineen mandir ki akruti se prerit)
anya aayaam vyaas: 560 foot
533 meter
yojana evam nirmaan
vaastukaar edavin latiyns aur harbart bekar
anya jaankaari

sansad bhavan mein Bhaarat ki sansadeeya kaaryavaahi hoti hai. sansad ki imaaraton mein sansad bhavan, sansadeeya saudh, s‍aavaagat kaaryaalaya aur nirmaanaadheen sansadeeya jnyaaanapeeth athva sansad granthaalaya sam‍aamilit hain. in sabhi ko milaakar 'sansad parisar' kaha jaata hai. ismein lambe-chaude laan, jalaashaya, fav‍aavaare aur sadkein bani hui hain. yeh saara parisar sajaavati laal pat‍aathar ki deevaaron tatha lohe ke jangalon aur lohe ke hi vishaal darvaajon se ghira hua hai.

anukram

nirmaan

sansad bhavan
sansad bhavan

sansad bhavan ka nirmaan 1921-1927 ke dauraan kiya gaya tha. sansad bhavan nayi dil‍aali ki bahut hi shaanadaar bhavanon mein se ek hai. yeh vishv ke kisi bhi desh mein vidyamaan vaas‍aatukala ka ek utkrushth namoona hai. iski tulana vishv ke sarvottam vidhaan-bhavanon ke saath ki ja sakti hai. yeh ek vishaal vruttaakaar bhavan hai. jiska vyaas 560 foot tatha jiska ghera 533 meter hai. yeh lagbhag chhah ekad kshetr mein faila hua hai. bhavan ke 12 darvaaje hain, jinmein se paaainch ke saamane dwaar mandap bane hue hain. pehli manjil par khula baraamada halke peele rang ke 144 chittaakarshak khanbhon ki kataar se susaj‍aajit hain. jinki pratyek ki ooainchaai 27 foot hai.

bhale hi iska design videshi vaas‍aatukaaron ne banaaya tha kintu is bhavan ka nirmaan bhaarateeya saamagri se tatha bhaarateeya shramikon dvaara kiya gaya tha. tabhi iski vaas‍aatukala par bhaarateeya paranparaaon ki gahari chhaap hai.

is bhavan ka kendra bindu keindreeya kaksh (central haal) ka vishaal vruttaakaar dhaancha hai. keindreeya kaksh ke guband ka vyaas 98 foot tatha iski ooainchaai 118 foot hai. vishvaas kiya jaata hai ki yeh vishv ke bahut shaanadaar gubandon mein se ek hai. Bhaarat ki samvidhaan sabha ki baithak (1946-49) isi kaksh mein hui thi. 1947 mein angrejon se bhaarateeyon ke haathon mein satta ka aitihaasik hastaantaran bhi isi kaksh mein hua tha. is kaksh ka prayog ab donon sadanon ki sanyukkt baithak ke liye tatha raash‍aatrapati aur vishish‍aat atithiyon-raaj‍aaya ya shaasanaadh‍aayaksh aadi ke abhibhaashan ke liye kiya jaata hai. kaksh raash‍aatreeya netaaon ke chitron se saja hua hai. keindreeya kaksh ke teen or lok sabha, raaj‍aaya sabha aur granthaalaya ke teen kaksh hain. unke beech sundar bageecha hai jismein ghani hari ghaas ke laan tatha fav‍aavaare hain. in teenon kakshon ke chaaron or ek chaar manjila vruttaakaar imaarat bani hui hai. ismein mantriyon, sansadeeya samitiyon ke sabhaapatiyon aur party ke kaaryaalaya hain. lok sabha tatha raaj‍aaya sabha sachivaalayon ke mahat‍aavapoorn kaaryaalaya aur sansadeeya kaarya mantraalaya ke kaaryaalaya bhi yaheen hain.

pehli manjil par chaar samiti kakshon ka prayog sansadeeya samitiyon ki baithakon ke liye kiya jaata hai. isi manjil par teen an‍aaya kakshon ka prayog samvaadadaataaon dvaara kiya jaata hai. sansad bhavan ke bhoomi-tal par galiyaare ki baahari deevaar ko anek bhitti-chitron se sajaaya gaya hai. jinmein praacheen kaal se Bhaarat ke itihaas tatha padosi deshon ke saath Bhaarat ke saans‍aakrutik sambandhon ko pradarshit kiya gaya hai.

lok sabha kaksh mein, aadhunik dh‍aavani v‍aayavas‍aatha hai. deerghaaon mein chhote chhote laaudas‍aapeekar lage hue hain. sadas‍aaya maaikrofon ke paas aae bina hi apni seaton se bol sakte hain. lok sabha kaksha mein s‍aavachaalitmat-abhilekhan upakaran lagaae gaye hain. jinke dvaara sadas‍aaya matavibhaajan hone ki s‍aathiti mein sheeghrata ke saath apne mat abhilikhit kar sakte hain.

raaj‍aaya sabha kaksh lok sabha kaksh ki bhaanti hi hai. yeh aakaar mein chhota hai. ismein 250 sadas‍aayon ke baithane ke liye s‍aathaan hain.

keindreeya kaksh ke darvaaje ke oopar hamein panchatantr se sans‍aakrut ka ek padyaansh dekhne ko milta hai :-

ayan nij: paroveti ganana laghuchetasaam. udaaracharitaanaan tu vasudhaiv kutumbakam..

arthaat: “ayah mera hai tatha vah paraaya hai, is tarah ki dhaarana sankeern man vaalon ki hoti hai. kintu vishaal hrudaya vaalon ke liye saara vish‍aav hi unka kutunb hota hai.”


s‍aavaagat kaaryaalaya

s‍aavaagat kaaryaalaya 1975 mein nirmit ek vruttaakaar imaarat hai. yeh aakaar mein adhik badi naheen hai. yeh badi sankh‍aaya mein aane vaale mulaakaatiyaan/darshakon ke liye, jo sadas‍aayon, mantriyon aadi se milne ke liye ya sansad ki kaaryavaahi ko dekhne ke liye aate hain, ek maitreepoorn prateeksha s‍aathal hai. imaarat, poori tarah se vaataanukoolit hai.

sansadeeya saudh

sansadeeya saudh ki imaarat 9.8 ekad bhookhand par bani hui hai. iska farshi kshetrafal 35,000 varg meter hai. iska nirmaan 1970-75 ke dauraan hua. aage tatha peechhe ke b‍aalaak teen manjila tatha beech ka b‍aalaak 6 manjila hai. neeche ki manjil par jalaashaya jiske oopar jhoolati hui seedhiyaan bani hui hain.

bhoomitl ek at‍aayaadhunik s‍aathaan hai. yahaan raash‍aatreeya tatha antarraash‍aatreeya sam‍aamelan hote hain. ek vargaakaar praangan ke chaaron or ek mukh‍aaya samiti kaksh tatha chaar laghu samiti kakshon ka samooh hai. is praangan ke beech mein ek ash‍aatakoneeya jalaashaya hai. praangan mein oopar ki or pach‍aacheekaari yuk‍aat jaali ka parda hai. vahaan paudhe lagaakar ek praakrutik drush‍aaya taiyaar kiyaagaya hai. ismein pat‍aathar ki tukadiyon tatha chhote pat‍aatharon ke khand banaae gaye hain. paanchon ke paanchon samiti kakshon mein sansad bhavan mein lok sabha tatha raaj‍aaya sabha kakshon ki bhaanti saath saath bhaashaantar ki v‍aayavas‍aatha hai. prat‍aayek kaksh ke saath sansadeeya samitiyon ke sabhaapatiyon ke kaaryaalayon ke liye ek kamara hai.

darshakon ke liye bhraman ki v‍aayavas‍aatha

adhiveshan ke beech ki avadhiyon mein paryatakon, chhaatron aur roochi rakhane vaale an‍aaya v‍aayak‍aatiyon ko tay samay ke dauraan sansad ki imaaratein ghumaane ki v‍aayavas‍aatha hai. darshakon ke saath s‍aataaf ka ek sadas‍aaya jaata hai. jo unako imaaraton ke baare mein bataata hai. darshak har aadhe ghante baad mote taur par 40-50 v‍aayak‍aatiyon ke suvidhaajanak samoohon mein s‍aavaagat kaksh se bhraman ke liye pras‍aathaan karte hain. chhaatron tatha sansadeeya sans‍aathaaon ke kaaryakaran ke baare mein jaankaari praap‍aat karne mein vishesh roop se roochi rakhane vaale an‍aaya logon ke samoohon ke liye vishesh bhraman ki v‍aayavas‍aatha bhi ki jaati hai. aisi s‍aathatiyon mein, sansadeeya adh‍aayayan tatha prashikshan kendra bhraman shuroo karne se pehle darshakon ko sankship‍aat parichay dene ki v‍aayavas‍aatha karta hai. pichhle das varshon ke dauraan har varsh sansad bhavan ki imaaraton ko dekhne ke liye aane vaale darshakon ki kul sankh‍aaya 3,000 se lagbhag 90,000 ke beech rahi hai.

sansad mein seva-suvidhaaen

sansad mein donon sadanon se sambandhit saare kaam ke samuchit sanchaalan ke liye, lok sabha sachivaalaya aur Rajyasabha sachivaalaya banaae gaye hain. donon sachivaalayon mein sabse sheersh par ek mahaasachiv hota hai. prat‍aayek sachivaalaya apne peethaaseen adhikaariyon aur sabhi sadas‍aayon ko aavash‍aayak salaah, sahaayata aur suvidhaaen pradaan karta hai. sachivaalaya ke alag alag bhaag-anubhaag hain. jaise vidhaayi kaarya, prash‍aanakaal, samiti prashaasan, granthaalaya aur soochana seva, reporting, bhaashaantar aur anuvaad mudran aur prakaashan, suraksha aur safaai.

sansad granthaalaya tatha soochana-seva

bhaarateeya sansad ke paas bahut hi kushal soochana seva kendra hai. saath hi ek uttam sansadeeya pus‍aatakaalaya bhi hai. ise sansad granthaalaya tatha sandarbh, anusandhaan, pralekhan aur soochana seva kaha jaata hai. iska pehla uddesh‍aaya sansad sadas‍aayon ko desh videsh ke dainik ghatnaakram ki poori janakaari upalab‍aadh karaana hai.

is samay is pus‍aatakaalaya mein 15 lakh se adhik pus‍aatakein hain. angreji tatha bhaarateeya bhaashaaon ke lagbhag 300 bhaarateeya tatha videshi samaachaarapatr yahaan aate hain. 1100 ke kareeb patra-patrikaaon, kala pus‍aatakon aadi ka vishaal sangrah hai. sabse puraani chhapi hui pus‍aatak 1871 ki hai. kintu, pus‍aatakaalaya ki sarvaadhik moonl‍aayavaan dharohar samvidhaan sabha dvaara yatha s‍aaveekrut tatha iske sadas‍aayon dvaara has‍aataaksharit Bhaarat ke samvidhaan ki hindi tatha angreji mein mool sulikhit prati hai.

samay samay par sansad granthaalaya roochi ke vishyon par pus‍aatak pradarshaniyon ka aayojan karta hai. anusandhaan tatha soochana prabhaag sansad sadas‍aayon ki soochana sambandhi apekshaaon ka pehle se anumaan laga leta hai. ‍ifr uchit samay par vas‍aatunish‍aath soochana saamagri jaise vivranikaanen soochana buletin, prush‍aathabhoomi tip‍aapan, tath‍aaya-patra aadi jaari karta hai. isse sadas‍aayon ko antarraash‍aatreeya kshetron mein vartamaan ghatnaakram ki jaankaari milteerahati hai.

press tatha lok sampark prabhaag lok sabha sachivaalaya ke press tatha lok sampark se sambandhit saare kaarya ki dekhbhaal karta hai. jismein, mukh‍aaya roop se, press, sarkaari prachaar sangathanon aur jan prachaar maadh‍aayamon (media) ke saath nirantar sampark banaae rakhana sam‍aamilit hota hai.

1987 mein kanp‍aayootar kendra ki s‍aathaapana ki gayi. sansadeeya granthaalaya soochana pranaali national in‍aafaarmeshan center network se judi hui hai. is pranaali dvaara samooche desh mein jila soochana keindron ke saath soochanaaon ka aadaan pradaan kiya ja sakta hai.

pralekhan seva ka mukh‍aaya kaarya pus‍aatakaalaya mein upalab‍aadh pus‍aatakon, riporton, patra-patrikaaon, samaachaarapatron ki kataranon aur pralekhon ko theek s‍aathaan par rakhana, unka sangrah karna hai. inka vishyagat vargeekaran athva soocheekaran kiya jaata hai. fir sansad sadas‍aayon ko unke din pratidin ke sansadeeya kaarya mein prayog ke liye sambandhit saamagri ka saaraansh upalab‍aadh karaaya jaata hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain

praveshadvaar:Bhaarat sarkaar